Manjaro

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Manjaro
Manjaro logo text.png
Manjaro 17.0 Gellivara.png
Manjaro 17.0 KDE Edition
DeveloperGuillaume Benoit, Philip Müller
OS familyUnix-like
Working stateCurrent (bleeding edge, rolling release)
Source modelOpen-source
Initial releaseJuly 10, 2011; 8 years ago (2011-07-10)[1][2]
Latest release18.1.0 (Juhraya)[3] / September 12, 2019; 2 days ago (2019-09-12)
Latest preview18.1.0-rc10 (Juhraya) / September 5, 2019; 9 days ago (2019-09-05)
Platforms
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux)
UserlandGNU
Default user interfaceXfce, KDE Plasma 5, GNOME[4]
LicenseFree software licenses (mainly GPL)
Official websitemanjaro.org

Manjaro /mənˈɑːr/ is an open-source Linux distribution based on the Arch Linux operating system. Manjaro has a focus on user friendliness and accessibility, and the system itself is designed to work fully "straight out of the box" with its variety of pre-installed software. It features a rolling release update model and uses pacman as its package manager.[5]

Official editions[edit]

Manjaro Xfce features Manjaro's own dark theme as well as the Xfce desktop.[6]

Manjaro KDE features Manjaro's own dark Plasma Theme as well as the latest KDE Plasma, Apps and Frameworks.[7]

Manjaro GNOME became the third official version with the Gellivara release and offers the GNOME desktop along with a version of the Manjaro theme.[8]

While not official releases, Manjaro Community Editions are maintained by members of the Manjaro Team. They offer additional user interfaces over the official releases, including Budgie, Cinnamon, Deepin, i3, LXDE and MATE.[9]

Features[edit]

Manjaro comes with both a CLI and a graphical installer. The rolling release model means that the user does not need to upgrade/reinstall the whole system to keep it all up-to-date inline with the latest release.[10] Package management is handled by pacman via command line (terminal), and frontend GUI package manager tools called Pamac (for its GNOME and Xfce editions) & Octopi (for its KDE edition). It can be configured as either a stable system (default) or bleeding edge in line with Arch.[11]

The repositories are managed with their own tool called BoxIt, which is designed like git.[12]

Manjaro includes its own GUI settings manager where options like language, drivers, and kernel version can be simply configured.[13]

Certain commonly used Arch utilities such as the Arch Build System (ABS) are available but have alternate implementations in Manjaro.[14]

Manjaro Architect is a CLI net installer which allows the user to choose their own kernel version, drivers and desktop environment during the install process. Both the official and the community edition's desktop environments are available for selection.[15]

Screenshot of Manjaro 17.0 Cinnamon Edition
Screenshot of Manjaro 17.0 i3 Edition

Release history[edit]

The 0.8.x series releases were the last version of Manjaro to use a version number. The desktop environments offered, as well as the amount of programs bundled into each separate release have varied for different releases.

Version Codename Release date Kernel Notes
Old version, no longer supported: 0.1 2011-07-10
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.0[16][17] Askella 2012-08-20 3.4.9
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.1[18] Askella 2012-09-21 3.4.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.2[19] Askella 2012-11-10 3.4.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.3[20] Askella 2012-12-24 3.4.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.4[21] Askella 2013-02-25 3.7.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.5[22] Askella 2013-04-13 3.8.5
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.6[23] Askella 2013-06-02 3.9.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.7[24] Askella 2013-08-26 3.4.59 LTS
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.8[25][26] Askella 2013-11-24 3.10.20
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.9[27][28][29] Askella 2014-02-23 3.10.30
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.10[30] Askella 2014-06-09 3.12.20
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.11 Askella 2014-12-01
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.12 Askella 2015-02-06
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.13 Askella 2015-06-14
Old version, no longer supported: 15.09[31] Bellatrix 2015-09-27
Old version, no longer supported: 15.12[32] Capella 2015-12-22
Old version, no longer supported: 16.06 Daniella 2016-06-06
Old version, no longer supported: 16.06.1 Daniella 2016-06-11
Old version, no longer supported: 16.08[33] Ellada 2016-08-31
Old version, no longer supported: 16.10[34][35] Fringilla 2016-10-31
Old version, no longer supported: 17.0[6][7][36] Gellivara 2017-03-07 4.9 LTS First official version with GNOME[8]
Old version, no longer supported: 17.1[37][38] Hakoila 2017-12-31 4.14 LTS First made available pre-installed on the Manjaro Notebook from Station X, the Spitfire.
Old version, no longer supported: 18.0[39] Illyria[40] 2018-10-30 4.19 LTS
Current stable version: 18.1.0[41] Juhraya[42] 2019-09-12 4.19 LTS Choice between LibreOffice and FreeOffice during installation
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still supported
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

GNOME, KDE Plasma 5 and Xfce are the currently available official desktop environments.[43][8] Community supported versions include: E17, MATE, LXDE, Cinnamon, KDE/Razor-qt (a Manjaro Turkey project), the tiling window manager i3, and Fluxbox. Other desktop environments are also available for install in the repos.[44][45]

Relation to Arch Linux[edit]

Manjaro is based on Arch Linux and has its own collection of repositories. The distribution aims to be user-friendly while maintaining the Arch base, most notably the Pacman package manager and compatibility with the Arch User Repositories (AUR). Manjaro uses three sets of repositories: The unstable repositories contain the most bleeding edge Arch packages, possibly one or two days delayed; the testing repositories contain packages from the unstable repositories synchronized every week, which provides an initial screening; and the stable repositories contain only packages that are deemed stable by the development team.[46]

As of January 2019 package updates derived from the Arch Linux stable branch to the Manjaro stable branch typically has a lag of about 6 weeks.[47][Note 1]

History[edit]

Manjaro was first released on July 10, 2011.[1] By mid 2013, Manjaro was in the beta stage, though key elements of the final system had all been implemented such as: a GUI installer (then an Antergos installer fork); a package manager (Pacman) with its choice of frontends; Pamac (GTK+) for Xfce desktop and Octopi (Qt) for its Openbox edition; MHWD (Manjaro HardWare Detection, for detection of free & proprietary video drivers); and Manjaro Settings Manager (for system-wide settings, user management, and graphics driver installation and management).[48]

GNOME Shell support was dropped with the release of version 0.8.3. in 2012.[49] However, efforts within Arch Linux made it possible to restart the Cinnamon/GNOME edition as a community edition.[50] An official release offering the GNOME desktop environment was reinstated in March 2017.[8]

During the development of Manjaro 0.9.0 at the end of August 2015, the Manjaro team decided to switch to year and month designations for the Manjaro version scheme instead of numbers. This applies to both the 0.8.x series as well as the new 0.9.x series, renaming 0.8.13, released in June 2015, as 15.06 and so on.[51] Manjaro 15.09, codenamed Bellatrix and formerly known as 0.9.0, was released on 27 September 2015 with the new Calamares installer and updated packages.[51]

In September 2017, Manjaro announced that support for i686 architecture would be dropped because "popularity of this architecture is decreasing".[52] However, in November 2017 a semi-official community project "manjaro32", based on archlinux32, continued i686 support.[53]

Derivatives[edit]

Netrunner Rolling, in addition to Blue Systems Netrunner, which is Debian-based, the first version of Netrunner Rolling 2014.04 based on Manjaro 0.8.9 KDE was released in 2014. The latest released version is Netrunner Rolling 2019.04.[54]

The Sonar GNU/Linux project[55] was aimed at providing a barrier-free Linux to people who required assistive technology for computer use, with supporting GNOME and MATE desktop. The first version was released in February 2015, the latest release was in 2016.[56] As of 2017, the Sonar project was discontinued.[57]

Reception[edit]

Manjaro Linux is noted as an easy desktop to set up and use, suitable for both beginners and experienced users.[58] It is commended as an easy and friendly way to install, build and maintain a cutting-edge Arch-derived distribution.[59] Some users will find appeal in the large range of contributed software available from the AUR, which has a reputation for being kept up to date from upstream resources.[59]

Early versions of Manjaro had a reputation for crashing and for installation difficulties,[60] but this is reported to have improved with later versions,[61] and by 2014 was, according to Jesse Smith of DistroWatch, "proving to be probably the most polished child of Arch Linux I have used to date. The distribution is not only easy to set up, but it has a friendly feel, complete with a nice graphical package manager, quality system installer and helpful welcome screen. Manjaro comes with lots of useful software and multimedia support."[62]

Smith did a review of Manjaro 17.0.2 Xfce in July 2017 and observed that it did "a lot of things well".[59] He went on to extol some of the notable features as part of his conclusion:

"I found Manjaro's Xfce edition to be very fast and unusually light on memory. The distribution worked smoothly and worked well with both my physical hardware and my virtual environment. I also enjoyed Manjaro's habit of telling me when new software (particularly new versions of the Linux kernel) was available.

I fumbled a little with Manjaro's settings panel and finding some settings, but in the end I was pleased with the range of configuration I could achieve with the distribution. I especially like that Manjaro makes it easy to block notifications and keep windows from stealing focus. The distribution can be made to stay pleasantly out of the way."[59]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lag figure did not differentiate for package updates needed for fixing security vulnerabilities
  1. ^ i686 support is maintained by the manjaro32 project.
  2. ^ ARM support is maintained by the Manjaro ARM project.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Singer, Roland (ying) (2011-07-10). "Manjaro Linux Distribution". Community Contributions, Arch Linux Forums. Archived from the original on 2016-09-26. Retrieved 2015-12-12. Hi all, I am working now since a longer time on my arch linux livecd. It is called manjaro linux and uses the Desktop Environment Xfce. I uploaded a first testing livecd which is very experimental and many features are still missing. I would be thankful for any bugs reported,.... or if somebody wants to help and join the project he is always welcome. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  2. ^ "[0.8.8] Release Candidate 4 released (XFCE/Openbox) - Final images". manjaro.org. Archived from the original on 2016-09-17. Retrieved 2015-02-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  3. ^ "Manjaro 18.1.0 - Juhraya finally released!". Manjaro Linux. Archived from the original on 2019-09-12. Retrieved 2019-09-12. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
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  5. ^ "About page on the Manjaro Wiki". Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  6. ^ a b Philip Müller (2017-03-07). "Manjaro XFCE 17.0 released". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-09. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. ^ a b Philip Müller (2017-03-07). "Manjaro KDE 17.0 released". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-09. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  8. ^ a b c d Landauer, Bernhard (March 7, 2017). "Manjaro GNOME 17.0 released". Manjaro. Archived from the original on July 10, 2018. Retrieved March 10, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); Invalid |dead-url=Yes (help)
  9. ^ "Manjaro Community Editions". manjaro.org. Archived from the original on September 22, 2018. Retrieved September 22, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); Invalid |dead-url=Yes (help)
  10. ^ "Manjaro Linux Distribution". Linux Magazine (Spanish Edition) (88). Furthermore, Manjaro is a rolling distribution, i.e. it can be continually updated without ever having to install a new version. And speaking of installation, despite the primitive aspect of the text-based installer, the GUI process is very easy and has many assistants to detect and configure your hardware.
  11. ^ "About page on the Manjaro Wiki - features". Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  12. ^ Roland (August 1, 2012). "What's happening behind the curtain?". Archived from the original on September 22, 2017. Retrieved October 31, 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); Invalid |dead-url=Yes (help)
  13. ^ "Manjaro Linux - enjoy the simplicity". manjaro.github.io. Archived from the original on 22 September 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  14. ^ "Where is ABS?". Manjaro Linux Forum. Archived from the original on 18 May 2018. Retrieved 16 May 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  15. ^ "Install Manjaro as you want with Architect". manjaro.org. March 27, 2017. Archived from the original on September 28, 2018. Retrieved December 15, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); Invalid |dead-url=Yes (help)
  16. ^ Philip Müller (2012-08-20). "Finally! Manjaro XFCE edition is released". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-09. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  17. ^ Philip Müller (2012-08-20). "Last but not least! Manjaro KDE!". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  18. ^ Philip Müller (2012-09-21). "Manjaro 0.8.1 XFCE edition released". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  19. ^ Philip Müller (2012-11-10). "Manjaro 0.8.2 has been released!". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-09. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  20. ^ Philip Müller (2012-12-24). "Manjaro 0.8.3 has been unleashed!". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  21. ^ Philip Müller (2013-02-25). "Manjaro 0.8.4 has been released!". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  22. ^ Philip Müller (2013-04-13). "Manjaro 0.8.5 released". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  23. ^ Philip Müller (2013-06-02). "Manjaro 0.8.6 got unleashed!". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-09. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  24. ^ Philip Müller (2013-08-26). "Manjaro 0.8.7 hits the Wild!". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  25. ^ Philip Müller (2013-11-24). "Manjaro 0.8.8 lands on our servers". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2016-09-13. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  26. ^ "Manjaro Smooths Out Arch's Rough Edges" (Reviews). LinuxInsider. Archived from the original on 2018-06-22. Retrieved 2018-07-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  27. ^ Philip Müller (2014-02-23). "Manjaro 0.8.9 hit our Servers". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-05-18. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  28. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.9 review – KDE and Xfce desktops". LinuxBSDos.com. Archived from the original on 2018-06-28. Retrieved 2018-07-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  29. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.9 KDE Review - Gorgeous & Beginner Friendly, But Not Responsive Under Stress". Archived from the original on 2018-06-21. Retrieved 2018-07-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  30. ^ Philip Müller (2014-06-09). "Manjaro 0.8.10 is online!". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-05-18. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  31. ^ "Hands-on with Manjaro Linux 15.09: A new favourite". ZDNet. Archived from the original on 2018-02-25. Retrieved 2018-07-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  32. ^ "Manjaro 15.12 Xfce - It started almighty but then". Dedoimedo. Archived from the original on 2018-06-20. Retrieved 2018-07-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  33. ^ Philip Müller (2016-08-31). "Manjaro Ellada finally released". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-09. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  34. ^ Philip Müller (2016-10-31). "Manjaro Fringilla finally released". Manjaro. Archived from the original on 2017-03-09. Retrieved 2017-03-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  35. ^ "Manjaro Linux 16.10 Xfce - Surprised me, I like". Dedoimedo. Archived from the original on 2018-06-20. Retrieved 2018-07-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
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  37. ^ "Manjaro 17.1.6 Hakoila Plasma - A rollercaster of Tux". Dedoimedo. Archived from the original on 2018-06-20. Retrieved 2018-07-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  38. ^ "Manjaro 17.1.6 Hakoila Xfce - Whither goest thou?". Dedoimedo. Archived from the original on 2018-06-20. Retrieved 2018-07-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
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  40. ^ "Manjaro Linux on Twitter". April 8, 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018 – via Twitter.
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  44. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.5 Community Editions released (MATE, LXDE, KDE)". April 19, 2013. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved April 23, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); Invalid |dead-url=Yes (help)
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  46. ^ "Repositories and Servers". Manjaro Wiki. Archived from the original on 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2013-01-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  47. ^ Verma, Adarsh (9 January 2018). "9 Best Linux Distros For Programming And Developers (2018 Edition)". Fossbytes. 8. Manjaro Linux. Archived from the original on 23 February 2019. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  48. ^ "Mhwd page on the Manjaro Wiki". Archived from the original on 2014-01-02. Retrieved 2013-01-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  49. ^ Carl (December 24, 2012). "Manjaro 0.8.3 has been unleashed!". Archived from the original on May 31, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); Invalid |dead-url=Yes (help)
  50. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.5.2 Community Releases unleashed (KDE, Cinnamon, MATE)". May 13, 2013. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved 2013-05-29. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); Invalid |dead-url=Yes (help)
  51. ^ a b "Manjaro Update 2015-09-27 (stable)". manjaro.github.io. Manjaro Linux. Archived from the original on 2015-09-28. Retrieved 2015-09-27. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  52. ^ Müller, Philip (September 2, 2017). "[Maintenance] 2017-09-02 – Phasing out i686 support". Manjaro Linux. Archived from the original on August 17, 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); Invalid |dead-url=Yes (help)
  53. ^ "[Unstable Update][x32] 2017-11-24 - i686 lives!". Manjaro Linux Forum. 2017-11-24. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  54. ^ "Netrunner Rolling 2019.04 released". Archived from the original on 2019-07-08. Retrieved 2019-04-21.
  55. ^ "Sonar GNU/Linux". Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
  56. ^ "Sonar 2016.03 released - an accessible OS focused on assistive technology". March 6, 2016. Archived from the original on July 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); Invalid |dead-url=Yes (help)
  57. ^ "Sonar GNU/Linux". DistroWatch. March 24, 2018. Archived from the original on November 23, 2017. Retrieved December 10, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  58. ^ Antil, Pradeep (16 November 2018). "Manjaro Linux 18.0 – Review and Features". Linux Buzz. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
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  60. ^ Smith, Jesse (January 14, 2013). "Return to Manjaro Linux 0.8.3". DistroWatch. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  61. ^ Watson, JA (10 March 2017). "Manjaro Linux 17.0 has arrived: An excellent time to give it a spin". ZDNet. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
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External links[edit]