Nafovanny in Vietnam is the largest captive-breeding primate facility in the world, supplying long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) to animal testing laboratories, including Huntingdon Life Sciences in the UK and Covance in Germany.
Criticism of the project was expressed by Dr. John Wedderburn, a former member of the RSPCA's ruling council: "It is terrible, terrible. There is no end to the ingenuity of man when it comes to making money and being cruel." Daniel Chen, a director of Vanny Chain Technology responded "We have not got a problem with that because what we are doing is very humane and it is for the welfare of human beings."
Location and size
Nafovanny consists of two main farms in Long Thanh, Vietnam. According to the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection (BUAV), the facility also maintains satellite breeding farms on the Cambodian border, in which the BUAV alleges wild monkeys may also be held. The existence of these farms is not referenced in the company's brochure, according to the BUAV.
The British Home Office has said it has no knowledge of Nafovanny satellite farms. However, it also said that "This decision was premised upon the contractual arrangements having been entered into in good-faith whilst Nafovanny was still considered to be an acceptable source, and animals already selected for onward supply to the UK. The view was taken that proper provision would be made for the welfare of these animals prior to their being shipped to the UK – and that this could be verified from the records and findings on arrival."
The British government approved Nafovanny to export primates to British laboratories in 1999. The British Animal Scientific Procedures Inspectorate visited Nafovanny in March 2005 and identified "shortcomings in animal accommodation and care", but since then, the government has "received assurances and evidence that significant improvements have been made".
According to Viet Nam News, 3,000 Nafovanny macaques were exported to the U.S. for testing purposes in 2000. The International Primate Protection League reported that Nafovanny exported 1,440 macaques to the United States in 2013.
- "Conditions at Nafovanny", video produced by the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection following an undercover investigation.
- "About Nafovanny", British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection; see also "Introduction"; "Conditions"; "Wild Capture", BUAV.
- Wallis, Keith. Vietnam: Anger at Monkey Farm Plan, South China Morning Post, December 6, 2004, link courtesy of the Australian National University, accessed February 26, 2008.
- Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons (2006). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard).: House of Commons official report. H.M. Stationery Office.
- "About Nafovanny", British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection.
- "Questions on the acquisition and supply of non-human primates from overseas sources (Nafovanny)" Archived 2007-06-10 at the Wayback Machine, Home Office, February 14, 2007.
- "Primates" Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine, Hansard, November 23, 2006, Column 231W.
- Tran Dinh Thanh Lam. "Kaleidoscope", Viet Nam News, June 28, 2004.
- IPPL (17 January 2014). "U.S. primate import statistics for 2013".
- "Animal Research: Primates, Hansard, July 25, 2006.