Animal-free agriculture

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Animal-free agriculture consists of farming methods that do not use animals or animal products.[1] Animal-free growers do not keep domesticated animals and do not use animal products such as farmed animal manures or animal parts (bone meal, blood meal, fish meal).[2][need quotation to verify] Emphasis is placed on using green manures instead.

Animal-free farming may use organic or non-organic farming techniques. However, most detailed discussions of animal-free agriculture currently focus on animal-free organic variants.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Introduction to veganics". Veganic Agriculture Network. 14 March 2010.
  2. ^ Definition of 'stock-free' used within the Stock-Free Organic Standards p2
  3. ^ Stock-Free Organic Services certifying organisation