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B e e r

A portal dedicated to beer


The Beer Portal

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Beer is the world's most widely consumed alcoholic beverage and the third most popular drink after water and tea. It is produced by the brewing and fermentation of starches, mainly derived from cereal grains—the most common of which is malted barley, although wheat, maize (corn), and rice are widely used. Most beer is flavored with hops, which add bitterness and act as a natural preservative, though other flavorings such as herbs or fruit may occasionally be included. Alcoholic beverages distilled after fermentation, fermented from non-starch sources such as grape juice (wine) or honey (mead), or fermented from un-malted starches (rice wine) are not classified as beer.

Some of humanity's earliest known writings refer to the production and distribution of beer: the Code of Hammurabi included laws regulating beer and beer parlours, and "The Hymn to Ninkasi," a prayer to the Mesopotamian goddess of beer, served as both a prayer and as a method of remembering the recipe for beer in a culture with few literate people. Today, the brewing industry is a global business, consisting of several dominant multinational companies and many thousands of smaller producers ranging from brewpubs to regional breweries.

The basics of brewing beer are shared across national and cultural boundaries and are commonly categorized into two main types—the globally popular pale lagers, and the regionally distinct ales, which are further categorised into other varieties such as pale ale, stout and brown ale. The strength of beer is usually around 4% to 6% alcohol by volume (abv.) though may range from less than 1% abv., to over 20% abv. in rare cases.

Beer forms part of the culture of various beer-drinking nations and has acquired various social traditions and associations, such as beer festivals and a rich pub culture involving activities such as pub crawling or pub games such as bar billiards.


The Beer WikiProject

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WikiProject Beer is an association of Wikipedians with an interest in beer and beer-related subjects. They have come together to coordinate the development of beer and brewery articles here on Wikipedia. Additionally, other groups have formed other projects that entertain subjects that are directly related to beer, bartending and pubs. Additionally, the mixed drinks project covers topics that include beer cocktails. If any of these subjects pique your interest, please feel free to visit their projects. These groups would love to have you participate!

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Fuller's India pale ale.jpg
India Pale Ale (IPA, also known as Imperial Pale Ale), is a distinct style of beer and is characterized as a sparkling pale ale with a high level of alcohol and hops, thus having an increased bitterness.

IPA descends from the earliest pale ales of the 17th century, when the term "pale ale" probably simply distinguished ales which were light in color compared with brown ales of that day. By the mid-18th century, pale ale was mostly manufactured with coke-fired malt, which produced less smoking and roasting of barley in the malting process, and hence produced a paler beer. One such variety of beer was October beer, a pale well-hopped brew popular among the landed classes, who brewed it domestically; once brewed it was intended to cellar two years.

Double India Pale Ales (also abbreviated as Double IPAs or IIPAs) are a strong, very hoppy style of pale beer. Also known as Imperial IPAs, perhaps in reference to the Russian Imperial Stout, a much stronger version of the English Stout, these beers are essentially India Pale Ales with higher amounts of malt and hops. Double IPAs typically have alcohol content above 7% by volume. IBUs are in the very high range (60+). Such "style" labels can seem arbitrary however, since the aforementioned Ballantine IPA in its original formulation was certainly well above these benchmarks.


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Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
B. March 27, 1942 – d. August 30, 2007

Michael Jackson was an English writer and journalist; he was the author of several books about beer and whisky. He became famous in beer circles in 1977 when his book, The World Guide To Beer, was published. This was later translated into more than ten languages and is still considered to be one of the most fundamental books on the subject. He also hosted a popular show entitled The Beer Hunter on the Discovery Channel.

Jackson considered beer as a component of culture and described beers in their cultural context. Although he travelled around the world and discovered different beer cultures, he was especially fond of the Belgian beers. In 1998, he brought forth his own line of beer glassware.


Selected brewery

The Saris Brewery (Slovak: Pivovar Šariš) is the largest brewery in Slovakia, located in Veľký Šariš near Prešov. The brewery is a member of global brewing giant SABMiller (since 1997). Saris Brewery was founded in 1964. The first litres of Šariš beer were brewed on May 26, 1967.
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Selected beer

Medalla Light beer
Medalla Light
Produced by Cervecería India

Medalla Light is a light lager beer and one of the best-selling beers in Puerto Rico. Its popularity may be due to its lower cost compared to its competitors, in part because it is exempt from a special tax on imported beers. This situation is often used by the brewery's marketing efforts by stating that Puerto Rico is a "permanent Happy Hour zone" (Zona de Happy Hour Permanente in Spanglish). Medalla was awarded medallions in Australia, Barcelona and New Zealand, as one of the best beers of the world, according to Cervecería India's president, Camalia Valdés. According to the company, the beer was awarded for its manufacturing process, the quality of the product, and commitment to its unique taste.

The awards were: Gold medal and best beer in its class in the International Golden Lager category at the 2007 New Zealand Beer Awards, Quality Medal for the third consecutive year at the World Selection contest 2007, and Quality Medal at the 2007 Australian International Beer Awards, the second biggest beer competition in the world.



Hallertau hops


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Well ya see, Norm, it's like this... A herd of buffalo can only move as fast as the slowest buffalo, and when the herd is hunted, it is the slowest and weakest ones at the back that are killed first. This natural selection is good for the herd as a whole, because the general speed and health of the whole group keeps improving by the regular killing of the weakest members. In much the same way, the human brain can only operate as fast as the slowest brain cells. Excessive intake of alcohol, as we know, kills brain cells, but naturally it attacks the slowest and weakest brain cells first. In this way, regular consumption of beer eliminates the weaker brain cells, making the brain a faster and more efficient machine. That's why you always feel smarter after a few beers.

The Buffalo Theory as explained on an episode of Cheers by Cliff Clavin to his drinking buddy, Norm Peterson


Selected picture

The landmark Grain Belt beer sign
Credit: Mulad, June 4, 2005

The landmark Grain Belt beer sign on Nicollet Island in Minneapolis, Minnesota.


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