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Original author(s)John MacFarlane
Initial release10 August 2006 (12 years ago) (2006-08-10)
Stable release
2.7.2 / 6 April 2019 (3 months ago) (2019-04-06)
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inHaskell
Operating systemUnix-like, Windows
PlatformIA-32, x64
LicenseGNU GPLv2

Pandoc is a free and open-source document converter, widely used as a writing tool (especially by scholars)[1] and as a basis for publishing workflows.[2] It was created by John MacFarlane, a philosophy professor at the University of California, Berkeley.[3]


Pandoc dubs itself a "markup format" converter. It can take a document in one of the supported formats and convert only its markup to another format. Maintaining the look and feel of the document is not a priority.[4]

Plug-ins for custom formats can also be written in Lua, which has been used to create an exporting tool for the Journal Article Tag Suite.[5]

An included module, pandoc-citeproc, allows the program to use data from reference management software such as BibTeX, EndNote, Mendeley, or Papers. It has the ability to integrate directly with Zotero.[6] The information is automatically transformed into a citation in various styles (such as APA, Chicago, or MLA) using an implementation of the Citation Style Language. This allows the program to serve as a simpler alternative to LaTeX for producing academic writing.[7]

Supported file formats[edit]

Pandoc's most thoroughly supported file format is an extended version of Markdown, but it can also read many other forms of:

It can create files in the following formats, which are not necessarily the same as the input formats:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mullen, Lincoln (23 February 2012). "Pandoc Converts All Your (Text) Documents". The Chronicle of Higher Education Blogs: ProfHacker. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
    - McDaniel, W. Caleb (28 September 2012). "Why (and How) I Wrote My Academic Book in Plain Text". W. Caleb McDaniel at Rice University. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
    - Healy, Kieran (23 January 2014). "Plain Text, Papers, Pandoc". Retrieved 27 June 2014.
    - Ovadia, Steven (2014). "Markdown for Librarians and Academics". Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian. 33 (2): 120–124. doi:10.1080/01639269.2014.904696. ISSN 0163-9269.
  2. ^ Till, Kaitlyn; Simas, Shed; Larkai, Velma (14 April 2014). "The Flying Narwhal: Small mag workflow". Publishing @ SFU. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
    - Maxwell, John (1 November 2013). "Building Publishing Workflows with Pandoc and Git". Publishing @ SFU. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
    - Maxwell, John (26 February 2014). "On Pandoc". eBound Canada: Digital Production Workshop, Vancouver, BC. Archived from the original on 28 February 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
    - Maxwell, John (1 November 2013). "Building Publishing Workflows with Pandoc and Git". Publishing @ SFU. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
    - Krewinkel, Albert; Robert Winkler (8 May 2017). "Formatting Open Science: agilely creating multiple document formats for academic manuscripts with Pandoc Scholar". PeerJ Computer Science. doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.112. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  3. ^ "John MacFarlane". Department of Philosophy. University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  4. ^ "Pandoc User's Guide". Description. Retrieved 22 January 2019. should not expect perfect conversions between every format and every other. Pandoc attempts to preserve the structural elements of a document, but not formatting details...
  5. ^ Fenner, Martin (12 December 2013). "From Markdown to JATS XML in one Step". Gobbledygook. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  6. ^ Hetzner, Erik (25 June 2014). "zotxt". Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  7. ^ Tenen, Dennis; Grant Wythoff (19 March 2014). "Sustainable Authorship in Plain Text using Pandoc and Markdown". The Programming Historian. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  8. ^ Mullen, Lincoln (20 March 2012). "Make Your Own E-Books with Pandoc". The Chronicle of Higher Education Blogs: ProfHacker. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  9. ^ "Getting started with pandoc". Creating a PDF. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  10. ^ See as an example MacFarlane, John (17 May 2014). "Pandoc for Haskell Hackers". BayHac 2014, Mountain View, CA. Retrieved 27 June 2014. The source file is written in Markdown.

External links[edit]