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Original author(s)John MacFarlane
Initial release10 August 2006 (12 years ago) (2006-08-10)
Stable release
2.5 / 27 November 2018 (9 days ago) (2018-11-27)
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inHaskell
Operating systemUnix-like, macOS, Windows
LicenseGNU GPLv2

Pandoc is a free and open-source software document converter, widely used as a writing tool (especially by scholars)[1][2][3][4] and as a basis for publishing workflows.[5][6][7][8][9] It was created by John MacFarlane, a philosophy professor at the University of California, Berkeley.[10]

Supported file formats[edit]

Input formats[edit]

Pandoc's most thoroughly supported file format is an extended version of Markdown, but it can also read many other forms of

Output formats[edit]

It can be used to create files in many more formats, including

Mathematical expressions[edit]

It has built-in support for converting LaTeX mathematical equations to MathML and MathJax, among other formats.[1]

Custom formats[edit]

Plug-ins for custom formats can also be written in Lua, which has been used to create an exporting tool for the Journal Article Tag Suite.[13]

Integration with reference managers[edit]

An included module, pandoc-citeproc, allows the program to use data from reference management software such as BibTeX, EndNote, Mendeley, or Papers. It has the ability to integrate directly with Zotero.[14] The information is automatically transformed into a citation in various styles (such as APA, Chicago, or MLA) using an implementation of the Citation Style Language. This allows the program to serve as a simpler alternative to LaTeX for producing academic writing.[15]


  1. ^ a b Mullen, Lincoln (2012-02-23). "Pandoc Converts All Your (Text) Documents". The Chronicle of Higher Education Blogs: ProfHacker. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  2. ^ McDaniel, W. Caleb (2012-09-28). "Why (and How) I Wrote My Academic Book in Plain Text". W. Caleb McDaniel at Rice University. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ Healy, Kieran (2014-01-23). "Plain Text, Papers, Pandoc". Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  4. ^ Ovadia, Steven (2014). "Markdown for Librarians and Academics". Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian. 33 (2): 120–124. doi:10.1080/01639269.2014.904696. ISSN 0163-9269.
  5. ^ Till, Kaitlyn; Simas, Shed; Larkai, Velma (2014-04-14). "The Flying Narwhal: Small mag workflow". Publishing @ SFU. Retrieved 2018-03-11.
  6. ^ Maxwell, John (2013-11-01). "Building Publishing Workflows with Pandoc and Git". Publishing @ SFU. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  7. ^ Maxwell, John (2014-02-26). "On Pandoc". eBound Canada: Digital Production Workshop, Vancouver, BC. Archived from the original on 2015-02-28. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  8. ^ Maxwell, John (2013-11-01). "Building Publishing Workflows with Pandoc and Git". Publishing @ SFU. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  9. ^ Krewinkel, Albert; Robert Winkler (2017-05-08). "Formatting Open Science: agilely creating multiple document formats for academic manuscripts with Pandoc Scholar". PeerJ Computer Science. doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.112. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
  10. ^ "John MacFarlane". Department of Philosophy. University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  11. ^ See as an example MacFarlane, John (2014-05-17). "Pandoc for Haskell Hackers". BayHac 2014, Mountain View, CA. Retrieved 2014-06-27. The source file is written in Markdown.
  12. ^ Mullen, Lincoln (2012-03-20). "Make Your Own E-Books with Pandoc". The Chronicle of Higher Education Blogs: ProfHacker. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  13. ^ Fenner, Martin (2013-12-12). "From Markdown to JATS XML in one Step". Gobbledygook. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  14. ^ Hetzner, Erik (2014-06-25). "zotxt". Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  15. ^ Tenen, Dennis; Grant Wythoff (2014-03-19). "Sustainable Authorship in Plain Text using Pandoc and Markdown". The Programming Historian. Retrieved 2014-06-27.

External links[edit]