Helsinki Airport

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This article is about the main airport of Helsinki. For Helsinki-Malmi Airport, see Helsinki-Malmi Airport.
Helsinki Airport
Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema
Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats
Helsinki Vantaa Logo.png
Helsinki-vantaa aerial.jpg
IATA: HELICAO: EFHK
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Finavia
Serves Helsinki, Finland
Location Vantaa
Hub for
Focus city for Blue1
Elevation AMSL 55 m / 179 ft
Coordinates 60°19′02″N 024°57′48″E / 60.31722°N 24.96333°E / 60.31722; 24.96333Coordinates: 60°19′02″N 024°57′48″E / 60.31722°N 24.96333°E / 60.31722; 24.96333
Website helsinki-vantaa.fi
Map
HEL is located in Finland
HEL
HEL
Location within Finland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04R/22L 3,400 11,200 Asphalt
04L/22R 3,060 10,039 Asphalt
15/33 2,901 9,518 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 15,279,043
Landings 82,890
Source: AIP Finland[1]
Statistics from Finavia[2]

Helsinki Airport[3] or Helsinki-Vantaa Airport[1] (IATA: HELICAO: EFHK; Finnish: Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema, Swedish: Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats[4]) is the main international airport of the Helsinki metropolitan region and the whole of Finland. It is located in Vantaa, Finland, about 5 kilometres (3 mi) west of Tikkurila, the centre of Vantaa, and 9.2 NM (17.0 km; 10.6 mi) north[1] of Helsinki city centre.

Originally built for the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, the airport served 15,279,043 passengers in 2013 and it is the fourth largest airport in the Nordic countries. Helsinki Airport is by far the busiest airport in Finland. In 2013, it had 15,278,994 passengers, almost 81% of the total number of passengers in Finland's 21 commercial airports combined (18,880,940).[5] It provides jobs for 20,000 people and there are 1,500 companies who operate at this airport.[6] Helsinki Airport is the leading and busiest cargo airport in the Nordic countries.

The airport is operated by Finavia, the state-owned enterprise that operates Finland's airports. Helsinki Airport was chosen as the best airport in the world in the IATA 1999 survey on the topic. In 2006 the global airport customer satisfaction survey AETRA ranked Helsinki Airport one of the best airports worldwide and according to Association of European Airlines 2005 delay rates, Helsinki Airport was the most punctual airport in Europe.

The airport is the international and domestic hub for Finnair, the Finnish flag carrier. It is also the hub for Blue1, the Finnish regional division of Scandinavian Airlines. Low cost carrier Norwegian Air Shuttle and Flybe Nordic are based at Helsinki Airport as well.

Facilities[edit]

Terminals[edit]

The airport is nominally divided into 2 terminals, located 250 metres (820 ft) apart and linked by an internal pedestrian connection both airside and landside. In practice, however, the airside parts of the terminal buildings are not divided into terminal 1 (the former domestic terminal) and terminal 2 (the former international terminal) but to Schengen and non-Schengen areas. The non-Schengen area of terminal 2 has been enlarged in 2009 enabling the airport to accommodate eight wide-body aircraft at gates simultaneously. Terminal capacity of the airport is approximately 16–17 million passengers per year.[7]

In 2013 Finavia announced plans to expand the airport to serve up to 20 million passenger by 2020. The construction is set to begin in 2014 by adding capacity to check-in and transit areas at Terminal 2. The expansion project is estimated to cost 900 million euros. Part of the plan is to build a satellite terminal next to Terminal 2 but no final decision is made yet.[8]

Runways[edit]

The airport's three runways provide a platform for future growth while the airport can accommodate wide-body aircraft such as the Airbus A340. The use of three runways allows for efficient clearing away of snow and ice during the winter months to keep the airport open.[9]

Ground handling[edit]

The following handling agents provide ground handling services for airlines:[10] Airpro, Inter Handling, ISS Aviation, Servisair, Groundpower, Swissport.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Runway 33 at Helsinki Airport
Check-in-area at Terminal 2
Lounge from Finnair at Terminal 2
An Norwegian Air Shuttle Boeing 737-800 at Helsinki Airport
An American Airlines Boeing 767-300ER at Helsinki Airport

Scheduled[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
airBaltic Riga 1
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel 2
American Airlines Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare 2
Arkia Israel Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 2
Belavia Minsk-National 2
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Eurolot Gdansk 2
Finnair Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Budapest, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Delhi, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Hong Kong, Ivalo, Joensuu, Kittilä, Kuopio, Kuusamo, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rovaniemi, Saint Petersburg, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Vaasa, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Yekaterinburg, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Bergen, Biarritz, Dubai, Dubrovnik, Gazipaşa, Hanoi, Krabi (begins 10 December 2014), Kraków, Lisbon, Ljubljana, Miami (begins 16 December 2014), Nice, Phuket, Pisa, Toronto-Pearson, Venice-Marco Polo, Xi'an
2
Finnair
operated by Flybe Nordic
Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Budapest, Copenhagen, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Joensuu, Kazan, (begins 18 August 2014), Kuopio, Kuusamo, Manchester, Munich, Nizhny Novgorod (begins 25 July 2014), Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Riga, Saint Petersburg, Samara (begins 7 August 2014), Stockholm-Arlanda, Stockholm-Bromma, Tallinn, Tampere, Turku, Vaasa, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Zürich
Seasonal: Tromsø
2
Flybe
operated by Flybe Nordic
Jyväskylä, Kajaani, Kemi/Tornio, Kokkola/Jakobstad, Mariehamn, Norrköping, Savonlinna, Tartu
Seasonal: Visby
2
Germanwings Berlin-Tegel (ends 31 August 2014)[11] 1
Gotlandsflyg
operated by Golden Air
Seasonal: Visby 1
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavík 1
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita 2
Jet Time Seasonal: Gazipaşa 2
KLM Amsterdam 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Athens, Barcelona, Budapest, Copenhagen, London-Gatwick, Madrid, Málaga, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Paris-Orly, Rome-Fiumicino, Rovaniemi, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Burgas, Chania, Corfu, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Ivalo, Kittilä, Larnaca, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Prague, Rhodes, Salzburg, Split, Tenerife-South, Venice-Marco Polo, Santorini
2
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo 2
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen 1
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by Blue1
Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Kittilä, Marseille, Split
1
Severstal Aircompany Cherepovets 2
Snowbird Airlines Enontekiö (begins 25 November 2014), Málaga (begins 2 October 2014) 2
SunExpress Izmir 2
TAP Portugal Lisbon 1
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 2
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil 2
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona 1
Wizz Air Seasonal: Gdansk (ends 28 July 2014) 1

Charter[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Adria Airways Summer seasonal: Ljubljana
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens, Kos
AnadoluJet Summer seasonal: Antalya
Corendon Airlines Summer seasonal: Antalya
Finnair Summer seasonal: Alghero, Antalya, Billund, Brindisi, Burgas, Catania, Corfu, Chania, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Enfidha, Faro, Funchal, Heraklion, Innsbruck, Jerez de la Frontera, Kavala, Kos, Larnaca, Mahon, Malta, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Ponta Delgada, Preveza, Rhodes, Rimini, Santorini, Skiathos, Varna, Verona, Zakynthos
Winter seasonal: Agadir, Aqaba, Bridgetown, Cancún, Colombo, Dubai, Eilat-Ovda, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Funchal, Goa, Ho Chi Minh City, Holguín, Hurghada, Innsbruck, Krabi, Langkawi, Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Monastir, Paphos, Phuket, Puerto Plata, Sharm el-Sheikh, Salzburg, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-North, Tenerife-South, Varadero
Freebird Airlines Summer seasonal: Antalya
Norwegian Air Shuttle Summer seasonal: Catania, Chania, Corfu, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca
Winter seasonal: Gran Canaria, Tenerife-South
Nouvelair Summer seasonal: Djerba
Winter seasonal: Monastir
Primera Air Winter seasonal: Eilat-Ovda, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Ponta Delgada, Salalah, Tenerife
Summer seasonal: Almeria, Antalya, Bourgas, Chania, Rhodes, Varna, Zakynthos
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Summer seasonal: Chania, Funchal, Hurghada, Kos, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Varna
Winter seasonal: Gran Canaria, Banjul, Funchal, Phuket, Tenerife-South
Thomson Airways Winter seasonal: Mombasa, Phuket
TUIfly Winter seasonal: Geneva, Gran Canaria, Salzburg, Tenerife-South
TUIfly Nordic Summer seasonal: Antalya, Burgas, Chania, Dalaman, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Samos
Winter seasonal: Boa Vista, Krabi, Lanzarote, Phuket, Sal, Tenerife-South

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Airest Tallinn
Amapola Flyg Maastricht
Avies Tallinn
DHL Aviation Leipzig/Halle, Saint Petersburg
FedEx Express Copenhagen
Finnair Cargo
operated by Nordic Global Airlines
Brussels, Hanoi, Hong Kong, New York-JFK, Novosibirsk[12]
TNT Airways Liège
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk, Stockholm-Arlanda
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Malmö, Stockholm-Arlanda
West Air Sweden Copenhagen

Statistics[edit]

10 busiest international routes[edit]

Rank City Airport(s) Weekly departures
(May 2014)
Airlines
1. Stockholm Stockholm Arlanda Airport, Stockholm Bromma Airport
149
Finnair, Flybe Nordic, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Blue1, Scandinavian Airlines, Jet Time
2. Copenhagen Copenhagen-Kastrup Airport
81
Finnair, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Blue1, Scandinavian Airlines, Cimber
3. London London Heathrow Airport, London Gatwick Airport
62
British Airways, Finnair, Norwegian Air Shuttle
4. Riga Riga Airport
50
Flybe Nordic, Air Baltic
5. Oslo Oslo Gardermoen Airport
48
Finnair, Flybe Nordic, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Blue1
6. Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport
42
Flybe Nordic, Lufthansa
7. Tallinn Tallinn Airport
39
Flybe Nordic
8. Paris Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris Orly Airport
38
Finnair, Flybe Nordic, Norwegian Air Shuttle
8. Berlin Berlin Tegel Airport
38
Air Berlin, Finnair, Flybe Nordic, Germanwings
10. Munich Munich Airport
35
Finnair, Flybe Nordic, Lufthansa
10. Amsterdam Amsterdam Schiphol Airport
35
Finnair, KLM

10 busiest domestic routes[edit]

Rank City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(May 2014)
Airlines
1. Oulu Oulu Airport
88
Finnair, Flybe Nordic, Norwegian Air Shuttle
2. Kuopio Kuopio Airport
47
Finnair, Flybe Nordic
3. Vaasa Vaasa Airport
39
Finnair, Flybe Nordic
4. Rovaniemi Rovaniemi Airport
32
Finnair, Flybe Nordic, Norwegian Air Shuttle
5. Tampere Tampere-Pirkkala Airport
31
Flybe Nordic
5. Turku Turku Airport
31
Flybe Nordic
7. Joensuu Joensuu Airport
30
Flybe Nordic
8. Kajaani Kajaani Airport
22
Flybe Nordic
9. Jyväskylä Jyväskylä Airport
21
Flybe Nordic
10. Kemi Kemi-Tornio Airport
20
Flybe Nordic
Passport stamp
Passport stamp (old style)

Passengers[edit]

Annual passenger statistics for Helsinki Airport[13]
Year Domestic passengers International passengers Total passengers Change
1999 2,803,907 6,760,931 9,564,028 +2.2% Increase
2000 3,042,914 6,967,234 10,010,148 +4.7% Increase
2001 2,999,672 7,031,246 10,030,918 +0.2% Increase
2002 2,747,862 6,862,025 9,609,887 −4.2% Decrease
2003 2,684,618 7,026,302 9,710,920 +1.1% Increase
2004 2,836,852 7,893,125 10,729,977 +10.5% Increase
2005 2,804,304 8,326,285 11,130,589 +3.7% Increase
2006 2,927,627 9,220,154 12,147,781 +9.1% Increase
2007 2,875,289 10,215,455 13,090,744 +7.8% Increase
2008 2,700,350 10,726,551 13,426,901 +2.2% Increase
2009 2,372,844 10,218,762 12,591,606 −6.3% Decrease
2010 2,208,521 10,674,878 12,883,399 +2.2% Increase
2011 2,707,044 12,158,827 14,865,871 +15.5% Increase
2012 2,693,151 12,165,064 14,858,215 −0.1% Decrease
2013 2,431,632 12,847,411 15,279,043 +2.8% Increase

Freight and Mail[edit]

Loaded/Unloaded freight and mail (tons, kg) Helsinki Airport[14]
Year Domestic freight Domestic mail International freight International mail Total freight and mail Change
2005 4,692 5,251 115,734 9,627 135,303 +1.9% Increase
2006 4,145 5,469 126,332 9,098 145,044 +7.2% Increase
2007 3,171 5,676 139,840 14,961 154,801 +6.7% Increase
2008 2,968 4,435 140,572 9,532 157,508 +1.8% Increase
2009 1,322 2,161 110,382 8,243 122,107 −22.5% Decrease
2010 1,083 1,992 147,139 7,793 158,007 +29.4% Increase
2011 615 2,464 157,178 9,962 169,985 +8.0% Increase
2012 1,747 1,930 180,426 8,100 192,204 +12.8% Increase

Other operations[edit]

Finnair's head office is located in Tietotie 11 on the grounds of Helsinki Airport. The company moved the head office there from central Helsinki in 1994. The company held a "house-warming" ceremony on 11 January 1994.[15] The head office of Finavia, the company that manages Finland's airports, is located on the grounds of the airport.[16] Other airlines with head offices on the grounds of the airport include Blue1.[17]

The Aviapolis is a new international business park adjacent to the Helsinki airport area, already hosting the operations of numerous companies around the airport. Several hotels are located near the airport as well.

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Tikkurila Railway Station

Connecting the airport by frequent local bus 61 of Helsinki Regional Transport Authority or taxi to the Tikkurila railway station provides access to commuter trains as well as to long-distance trains in the directions of Tampere and Lahti, including lines to Saint Petersburg and Moscow. Bus number 540 connects to Espoo railway station in the direction of Turku.

The construction of the Ring Rail Line rail link to the airport was started in May 2009, with an opening for traffic projected for mid-2015. The new railway will serve local commuter trains running at 10-minute intervals at peak periods. The trip from an underground station under the current airport terminal building to the Helsinki Central Station will take about 30 minutes. Passengers will be able to make the connection to and from long-distance trains at Tikkurila, an 8-minute journey away from the airport on the future rail connection.[18]

Bus[edit]

There are regular bus service 615 and 620 to the Helsinki Central railway station in 30–55 minutes, and major hotels and railway stations in the Greater Helsinki Area in 15–120 minutes. The chief operator of these services is Helsinki Regional Transport Authority under the "HSL" brand. A direct coach service by Finnair is also available to and from the city center (usually about 30 min).

Coach connections, daytime and overnight, to all parts of Finland are provided by Matkahuolto and ExpressBus. They depart from airport coach terminal.

Means of transport at Helsinki Airport
Means of transport Operator Route Destinations Website Notes
Bus Bus Helsinki Regional Transport Authority 615, 620 Helsinki Central railway station (Finnish: Rautatientori) www.hsl.fi
Pohjolan Liikenne Finnair City Bus Helsinki Central railway station www.pohjolanliikenne.fi
Matkahuolto -- Hämeenlinna, Imatra, Joensuu, Jyväskylä, Kotka, Kouvola, Kuopio, Lahti, Lappeenranta, Lohja, Mikkeli, Oulu, Pori, Porvoo, Rauma, Salo, Tampere, Turku, Vaasa www.matkahuolto.fi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "EFHK Helsinki-Vantaa" (PDF). AIP Suomi / Finland. Finavia. 17 December 2009. pp. EFHK AD 2.1, pp. 1–7. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
  2. ^ "Finavia's Air Traffic Statistics 2010" (PDF). Vantaa: Finavia. pp. 7, 9. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "Helsinki Airport". Finavia. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
  4. ^ As of 2010, the official English name of the airport is Helsinki Airport. The Finnish and Swedish names remain as Helsinki-Vantaa and Helsingfors-Vanda.
  5. ^ Raeste, Juha-Pekka: Lentoasemat pulassa. Helsingin Sanomat 8 June 2014, pp. B8-B9.
  6. ^ Helsinki Airport
  7. ^ http://www.helsinki-vantaa.fi/enemman-tietoa/helsinki-vantaa-lyhyesti/kehityshankkeet/terminaalilaajennus
  8. ^ Finavia is starting a major development programme at Helsinki Airport 16 October 2013
  9. ^ "How Helsinki airport deals with snow and ice". BBC News. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ http://www.airliners.de/aktuelle-streckenmeldungen/33085
  12. ^ "Route Map". Nordic Global Airlines. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  13. ^ "Traffic statistics – Passengers". Finavia. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  14. ^ "Traffic statistics – Freight traffic". Finavia. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "1994". Finnair Group History. Finnair Plc. Retrieved 14 February 2010. 
  16. ^ "Contact Information". Finavia. Retrieved 15 February 2010. 
  17. ^ "Blue1 Oy". BIS – Business Information System. National Board of Patents and Registration, Tax Administration. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  18. ^ "Ring Rail Line". Finnish Transport Agency. 14 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Helsinki-Vantaa Airport at Wikimedia Commons