North Jersey is a colloquial term, with no precise consensus definition, for the northern portion of the U.S. state of New Jersey. However, every commonly utilized definition renders this geographic entity a part of the New York City Metropolitan Area.
Some[who?] define North Jersey as all points in New Jersey north of I-295 in the western part of the state and all points north of I-195 in the eastern part of the state. Others define it using the two original telephone area codes- 201 and all its additions for north and 609 (today plus 856) for south.
In this approach, the state is divided into three different sections, North Jersey being north of US 22, Central Jersey being south of the US 22 but north of Interstate 195, and South Jersey being anything south of Interstate 195.
New Jersey State Department of Tourism defines two distinct areas of North Jersey which address their quality and character:
North Jersey counties
The following counties are often considered part of North Jersey.
- Bergen County
- Essex County
- Hunterdon County
- Hudson County
- Mercer County
- Middlesex County
- Monmouth County
- Morris County
- Passaic County
- Ocean County
- Somerset County
- Sussex County
- Warren County
- Union County
North Jersey was the site of some of the earliest European settlements in what would become the United States of America. Its colonial history started after Henry Hudson sailed through Newark Bay in 1609. Although Hudson was British, he worked for the Netherlands, so he claimed the land for the Dutch as part of the provincial colony of New Netherland, with original settlements were centered around Bergen (today's Hudson County). In 1664 the region became part of the Province of New Jersey.
During the American Revolutionary War, New Jersey was a strategic location between New York City, and the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. Important materials necessary to the war effort were produced in North Jersey. The Continental Army made its home here during the war, and history from this period can be found in nearly every village and town in North Jersey. Battle fields, camps, skirmish sites, and headquarters can be found near Morristown and north in the Preakness Valley. In the northwestern part of the state, iron mines and foundries supplied raw material for guns and ammunition.
The Industrial Revolution in America started by the founding of the North Jersey town of Paterson. Today, the United States and the world enjoy the fruit born of seeds planted in North Jersey during the Industrial Revolution. Alexander Hamilton, Secretary for the Treasury and President of the Bank of New York during the end of the eighteenth century, selected the Great Falls area (also known as the Passaic Falls) for an ambitious experiment. He promoted the natural power of the Great Falls as an excellent location for textile mills and other manufacture.
Paterson attracted skilled craftsmen and engineers from Europe to run the mills and produced a large concentration of creative and able people. During the mid nineteenth century, the engines and materials to tame a continent were made here. Thomas Edison installed one of the first hydroelectric power plants in the world using the Great Falls as an energy source. This power plant still provides electricity today.
In West Orange, Edison created the first technical research and development facility with his "invention factory". Electric light, improved motion pictures, and sound recording, were among the hundreds of inventions produced here.
The seven counties that are included in North Jersey have a total population of 3,492,590 as of the 2000 U.S. Census. The demographics of all of the counties are 66.8% White, 15.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 6.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander and 18.5% Hispanic or Latino.
Sports allegiances are often divided between the northern and southern portions of the state. The 2009 World Series divided the people of New Jersey, because South Jersey residents generally root for the Philadelphia Phillies, while North Jersey residents usually root for the New York Yankees or the New York Mets. A similar trend exists for most other major sports, with North Jersey residents supporting the Brooklyn Nets or the New York Knicks in basketball, the New Jersey Devils or the New York Rangers in hockey, the New York Red Bulls in soccer, and the New York Giants or the New York Jets in football.
Notable North Jerseyans
- People from Bergen County
- People from Essex County
- People from Hudson County
- People from Morris County
- People from Passaic County
- People from Sussex County
- People from Warren County
- Bergen, New Netherland
- Cuisine of New Jersey
- New Jersey: The Movie
- New York metropolitan area
- Newark, New Jersey
- Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
- South Jersey
References and footnotes
- Jean Mikle (March 31, 2008). "An invisible boundary divides N.J.". Home News Tribune. Retrieved January 12, 2010.("Of course, part of the problem with understanding New Jersey's enduring regional tension is that few residents can agree on where the northern half of the state ends and the southern half begins.")
- "Visitor Information - Regional Tourism".
- "North Jersey Schools Get Break in Penalty Bill", The Record (Bergen County), June 20, 1995. "North Jersey includes schools in Bergen, Passaic, Morris, Sussex, Hudson, Essex, and Warren counties."
- "A short history of New Jersey".
- History of Northern New Jersey from Rt23.com'
- Asian Americans: Contemporary Trends and Issues Second Edition, Edited by Pyong Gap Min. Pine Forge Press - An Imprint of Sage Publications, Inc. 2006. Retrieved 2012-03-28.