Clifton, New Jersey

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Clifton, New Jersey
City
City of Clifton
Official seal of Clifton, New Jersey
Seal
Map of Clifton in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Clifton in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Clifton, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Clifton, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°51′44″N 74°09′37″W / 40.862137°N 74.160393°W / 40.862137; -74.160393Coordinates: 40°51′44″N 74°09′37″W / 40.862137°N 74.160393°W / 40.862137; -74.160393[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Passaic
Incorporated April 26, 1917
Government[6]
 • Type 1923 Municipal Manager Law
 • Mayor James A. Anzaldi (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Manager Matthew U. Watkins[4]
 • Clerk Barbara Nagy[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 11.397 sq mi (29.518 km2)
 • Land 11.260 sq mi (29.164 km2)
 • Water 0.137 sq mi (0.355 km2)  1.20%
Area rank 198th of 566 in state
4th of 16 in county[2]
Elevation [7] 131 ft (40 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total 84,136
 • Estimate (2013)[12] 85,390
 • Rank 11th of 566 in state
2nd of 16 in county[13]
 • Density 7,472.0/sq mi (2,885.0/km2)
 • Density rank 52nd of 566 in state
4th of 16 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 07011-07015[14][15]
Area code(s) 973[16]
FIPS code 3403113690[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID 0885188[19][2]
Website www.cliftonnj.org

Clifton is a city in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 84,136,[8][10][11] retaining its position as the state's 11th-largest municipality,[9] as the population increased by 5,464 (+6.9%) from the 78,672 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6,930 (+9.7%) from the 71,742 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

Clifton was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 26, 1917, replacing Acquackanonk Township, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier.[21] Clifton is listed under five different ZIP Codes (07011 Main Avenue, 07012 Allwood, 07013, 07014 Delawanna and 07015).[22]

Geography[edit]

Clifton is located at 40°51′44″N 74°09′37″W / 40.862137°N 74.160393°W / 40.862137; -74.160393 (40.862137,-74.160393). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 11.397 square miles (29.518 km2), of which, 11.260 square miles (29.164 km2) of it was land and 0.137 square miles (0.355 km2) of it (1.20%) was water.[1][2]

Clifton is located 10 miles (16 km) west of New York City off both Route 3 and Route 46. The city is also served by the Garden State Parkway, Route 19 and Route 21.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 11,869
1920 26,470 123.0%
1930 46,875 77.1%
1940 48,827 4.2%
1950 64,511 32.1%
1960 82,084 27.2%
1970 82,437 0.4%
1980 74,388 −9.8%
1990 71,742 −3.6%
2000 78,672 9.7%
2010 84,136 6.9%
Est. 2013 85,390 [12] 1.5%
Population sources:
1910-1920[23] 1910-1930[24]
1930-1990[25] 2000[26][27] 2010[8][9][10][11]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 84,136 people, 30,661 households, and 21,125 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,472.0 per square mile (2,885.0 /km2). There were 31,946 housing units at an average density of 2,837.1 per square mile (1,095.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.63% (58,588) White, 4.92% (4,137) Black or African American, 0.50% (419) Native American, 8.90% (7,488) Asian, 0.03% (22) Pacific Islander, 12.44% (10,464) from other races, and 3.59% (3,018) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 31.92% (26,854) of the population.[8]

There were 30,661 households, of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.33.[8]

In the city, 22.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.4 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,271 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,208) and the median family income was $76,070 (+/- $2,883). Males had a median income of $49,780 (+/- $2,391) versus $40,149 (+/- $2,057) for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,812 (+/- $1,255). About 7.2% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.[28]

Same-sex couples headed 243 households in 2010.[29]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 78,672 people, 30,244 households, and 20,354 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,965.2 people per square mile (2,688.1/km2). There were 31,060 housing units at an average density of 2,749.9 per square mile (1,061.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.22% White, 2.89% African American, 0.24% Native American, 6.44% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.60% from other races, and 4.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.84% of the population.[26][27]

There were 30,244 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.20.[26][27]

In the city the population was 21.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.[26][27]

The median income for a household in the city was $50,619, and the median income for a family was $60,688. Males had a median income of $40,143 versus $32,090 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,638. About 4.3% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.[26][27]

The largest ancestry groups in Clifton as of 2000 were Italian American (17%), Polish American (13%), Irish American (9%) and German American (8%).[30] Many Turkish, Albanian, and Ukrainian immigrants also live in Clifton. There are significant populations of Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Arabs, Filipinos, Chinese, and Indians as well.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The city of Clifton is governed under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law. The government consists of a City Council comprising seven council members, with all positions elected at large in nonpartisan elections to four-terms of office on a concurrent basis. The mayor is chosen by the City Council, with the position usually given to the top vote getter in the previous election.[6] Clifton's municipal elections are held in even numbered years, and had been held in May as required for municipalities conducting nonpartisan elections. Following the passage of a state law in 2010 allowing nonpartisan elections to be shifted to November, Clifton voters were overwhelmingly in favor of the move in a non-binding referendum held in November 2013. On December 13, 2013, the Clifton City Council voted 6-0, with one abstention, to make the move to a November election binding, which had the effect of extending the terms of all sitting council members by six months, from June 30 to December 31. Officials cited increased voter participation and reduced costs as the justifications behind supporting the shift.[31]

As of 2014, Clifton's mayor is Republican James Anzaldi, whose term of office ends December 31, 2014. Anzaldi had been a member of the City Council since 1978 and was first selected to be Mayor in 1990, succeeding two-term Mayor Gloria Kolodziej. Anzaldi is the first mayor in Clifton's history to be elected to six terms. Other members of the City Council are Peter C. Eagler, Matthew Grabowski, Steven Hatala, Jr., Joseph C. Kolodziej, Mary Sadrakula and Matthew J. Ward.[32][33]

If a vacancy occurred at any time in the term, a special election would be held in November of the year the seat became vacant. Since 1990 Clifton has called special elections to fill council seats twice. The first came in 1996 after Councilman Richard Stockinger died, and Edward Welsh was elected to replace him. The second came in 2006 after newly elected Councilman Antonio Latona was blocked from taking his seat after it was ruled that, as a city firefighter, he could not both serve on the City Council and work for the Clifton Fire Department as he would technically be his own boss. In the latter case, current council member Matt Ward was appointed to the seat as the discrepancy was discovered prior to the swearing in of the new Council and Ward, who placed eighth in the general election, was the highest vote getter among non-winners. Ward ran for election to the seat in a special election held that November and won.

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Clifton is located in the 9th Congressional District[34] and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district.[10][35][36] Prior to the 2010 Census, Clifton had been part of the 8th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[37]

New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson).[38] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[39][40] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[41][42]

The 34th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill (D, Montclair) and in the General Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D, Montclair) and Sheila Y. Oliver (D, East Orange).[43] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[44] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[45]

Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected to staggered three-year terms office on an at-large basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year.[46] As of 2013, Passaic County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Bruce James (D, term ends December 31, 2014; Clifton),[47] Freeholder Deputy Director Theodore O. Best Jr. (D, 2014; Paterson),[48] John W. Bartlett (D, 2015; Wayne), Ronda Cotroneo (D, 2015; Ringwood), Terry Duffy (D, 2013; West Milford),[49] Pat Lepore (D, 2013; Woodland Park)[50] and Hector C. Lora (D, 2015; Passaic).[51][52] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Kristin M. Corrado (2014),[53] Sheriff Richard H. Berdnik[54] and Surrogate Bernice Toledo.[55]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 44,550 registered voters in Clifton, of which 14,138 (31.7% vs. 31.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 7,542 (16.9% vs. 18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 22,851 (51.3% vs. 50.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 19 voters registered to other parties.[56] Among the city's 2010 Census population, 52.9% (vs. 53.2% in Passaic County) were registered to vote, including 67.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.8% countywide).[56][57]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 18,260 votes here (56.5% vs. 58.8% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 12,848 votes (39.8% vs. 37.7%) and other candidates with 334 votes (1.0% vs. 0.8%), among the 32,317 ballots cast by the city's 44,903 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.0% (vs. 70.4% in Passaic County).[58] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 15,597 votes here (52.0% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 13,120 votes (43.8% vs. 42.7%) and other candidates with 228 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 29,971 ballots cast by the city's 41,220 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.7% (vs. 69.3% in the whole county).[59]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 9,080 ballots cast (49.1% vs. 50.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 8,221 votes (44.5% vs. 43.2%), Independent Chris Daggett with 786 votes (4.3% vs. 3.8%) and other candidates with 243 votes (1.3% vs. 0.9%), among the 18,483 ballots cast by the city's 43,808 registered voters, yielding a 42.2% turnout (vs. 42.7% in the county).[60]

Emergency services[edit]

Fire[edit]

Education[edit]

The Clifton Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2010-11 school year, the district's 17 schools had an enrollment of 11,452 students and 771 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.85.[61] Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment from the National Center for Education Statistics[61]) are 14 elementary schools serving grades K-5 — School 1[62] (319), School 2[63] (429), School 3[64] (275), School 4[65] (172), School 5[66] (371), School 8[67] (221), School 9[68] (312), School 11[69] (470), School 12 / Annex[70][71] (594), School 13[72] (456), School 14[73] (320), School 15[74] (347), School 16[75] (213) and School 17[76] (530) — Christopher Columbus Middle School[77] (1,127 students) and Woodrow Wilson Middle School[78] (1,376) for grades 6-8, along with Clifton High School / Annex[79][80] (3,373) for grades 9-12.[81][82]

With over 3,300 students enrolled, Clifton High School is the largest single-facility high school in New Jersey; Elizabeth High School had more students, but they were spread over multiple campuses before the school was split into separate academies.[83] An additional site for roughly 500 incoming freshmen has been built and labeled "Clifton High School Annex" and was constructed at a cost of $17 million. This was initially met with strict opposition but opened in September 2009 to about 500 incoming Freshman to alleviate overcrowding.[84]

Classical Academy Charter School of Clifton, a charter school for Clifton residents that provides an education based on the classics to students in sixth through eighth grades, was recognized in 2008 by the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program.[85]

Transportation[edit]

Road sign directing traffic to Clifton.

New Jersey Transit trains at the Clifton station and Delawanna station follow the New Jersey Transit Main Line to Suffern and Hoboken Terminal.[86] Until 1966, the Newark Branch of the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad served several stations in the town, Athenia (Colfax Avenue) and Allwood.[87]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service on the 190, 191, 192 and 195 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, to Newark on the 13, 27 and 72 routes, and local service on the 74, 702, 703, 705, 707, 709, 744 routes.[88]

Popular culture references[edit]

  • The character of Rupert Pupkin in Martin Scorsese's film The King of Comedy comes from Clifton.[89]
  • The movie Donnie Brasco, which starred Johnny Depp and Al Pacino, was filmed partially in Clifton in 1996.[90]
  • Many scenes from The Sopranos were filmed in town, including the parking lot of the Valley Regency on Valley Road, Main Memorial Park, and Clifton High School. The golf scenes were filmed at the Upper Montclair Country Club.
  • New York Yankee Hall of Famers Yogi Berra and Phil Rizzuto owned a bowling alley in Clifton called "Rizzuto-Berra Bowling Lanes."[91] The alley, later known as Astro Bowl, was located in the Styertowne Shopping Center in the Allwood section of town and remained open until 1999.
  • The Upper Montclair Country Club was home to the NFL Golf Classic. The Sybase Classic golf tournament was held there annually until 2009.[92]
  • Baseball Hall of Famer Honus Wagner played his last two seasons (1896–1897) of minor league baseball for the Paterson Silk Sox.[93] While the team was named Paterson, the team played their games at Doherty Field, located off of Main Avenue behind the Doherty Silk Mill.
  • Clifton has an old sewerage system, accessible to intrepid urban explorers and evidently not actively maintained by any municipal authority or utility, known to some as the "Gates Of Hell." The walls are full of graffiti. The Clifton "Gates of Hell" are featured in Weird New Jersey.[94]

Commerce[edit]

Rutt's Hut, in Clifton, was opened in 1928.
  • Rutt's Hut, a hot dog restaurant, is located at the east end of Delawana Avenue. Established in 1928, it was described by Peter Applebome of The New York Times as being "on the long shortlist of the state's esteemed hot dog palaces".[95]
  • Clifton Commons, a shopping center located near Route 3, features numerous stores, restaurants and a 16-screen AMC movie theater, with a gross leasable area of 448,848 square feet (41,699.3 m2).[96]
  • Promenade Shops at Clifton is an upscale mall located on Route 3 West.
  • The now defunct Linens 'n Things, bedding and home furnishings retailer, was headquartered in Clifton before its 2009 bankruptcy.[97]
  • Many low-rise office buildings, containing professional tenants such as law and accounting firms and medical practices, are found on the stretch of Clifton Avenue between City Hall (at Van Houten) and Allwood Road.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Clifton include:

References[edit]

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  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 9, 2014. As of date accessed, Anzaldi is listed as having a term-end date of June 30, 2014.
  4. ^ City Manager's Corner, City of Clifton. Accessed July 13, 2012.
  5. ^ City Clerk, City of Clifton. Accessed July 13, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2006, p. 165.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Clifton, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Clifton city, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 18, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 15, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 14. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Clifton city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 18, 2011.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
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  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Clifton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 18, 2011.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 8, 2013.
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  17. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 14, 2012.
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  28. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Clifton city, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 16, 2012.
  29. ^ Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2013.
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  31. ^ Gicas, Tony. "Clifton elections officially changed to November", Clifton Journal, December 13, 2013. Accessed February 10, 2014. "After months of passionate debate and an overwhelming vote of confidence from City voters on a non-binding referendum last month, the municipal council officially moved its election date from May to November.... After months of passionate debate and an overwhelming vote of confidence from City voters on a non-binding referendum last month, the municipal council officially moved its election date from May to November."
  32. ^ City Council, City of Clifton. Accessed January 13, 2013.
  33. ^ Greenberg, Adam. "Anzaldi wins historic sixth term as mayor in Clifton", The Record (Bergen County), May 11, 2010. Accessed January 13, 2013. "James Anzaldi, the city’s longest-serving mayor, finished strong in Tuesday’s election, taking both a ninth City Council term and an unprecedented sixth term as mayor, as the election’s top vote-getter. His resounding victory comes amid an ongoing fiscal crisis."
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  39. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  40. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  41. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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  49. ^ Terry Duffy, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  50. ^ Pat Lepore, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  51. ^ Freeholders, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  52. ^ Patberg, Zach. "Democrats take full control of Passaic County freeholder board", The Record (Bergen County), January 4, 2013. Accessed January 9, 2013. "Ronda Casson Cotroneo, a family law attorney, wants [to] establish a program that links lawyers and counselors with victims of domestic violence. John Bartlett, also a lawyer, imagines more parks, calling them the county’s 'undiscovered gem.'... Lora, a Passaic city councilman, says better communication with constituents is the key to good government, whether through handshakes or social media."
  53. ^ County Clerk, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
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  65. ^ School 4, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
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  67. ^ School 8, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  68. ^ School 9, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  69. ^ School 11, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  70. ^ School 12, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  71. ^ School 12 Annex, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  72. ^ School 13, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  73. ^ School 14, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  74. ^ School 15, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  75. ^ School 16, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  76. ^ School 17, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  77. ^ Christopher Columbus Middle School, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  78. ^ Woodrow Wilson Middle School, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  79. ^ Clifton High School, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  80. ^ Clifton High School Annex, Clifton Public Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
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