Mahwah, New Jersey

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For the river named Mahwah, see Mahwah River.
Mahwah, New Jersey
Township
Township of Mahwah
Map highlighting Mahwah's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Mahwah's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Mahwah, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Mahwah, New Jersey
Coordinates: 41°04′58″N 74°11′15″W / 41.082746°N 74.187451°W / 41.082746; -74.187451Coordinates: 41°04′58″N 74°11′15″W / 41.082746°N 74.187451°W / 41.082746; -74.187451[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated November 7, 1944
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Mayor William Laforet [3]
 • Administrator Brian Campion[4]
 • Clerk Kathrine Coletta[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 67.835 km2 (26.191 sq mi)
 • Land 66.545 km2 (25.693 sq mi)
 • Water 1.290 km2 (0.498 sq mi)  1.90%
Area rank 102nd of 566 in state
1st of 70 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 75 m (246 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 25,890
 • Estimate (2012[11]) 26,168
 • Rank 95th of 566 in state
9th of 70 in county[12]
 • Density 389.1/km2 (1,007.7/sq mi)
 • Density rank 380th of 566 in state
66th of 70 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07430, 07495[13][14]
Area code(s) 201[15]
FIPS code 3400342750[16][2][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882312[18][2]
Website www.mahwahtwp.org

Mahwah is a township in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 25,890.[8][9] The population increased by 1,828 (+7.6%) from the 24,062 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6,157 (+34.4%) from the 17,905 counted in the 1990 Census.[19][20] The name "Mahwah" is derived from the Lenape word "mawewi" which means "Meeting Place" or "Place Where Paths Meet".[21][22][23]

The area that is now Mahwah was originally formed as Hohokus Township on April 9, 1849, from portions of Franklin Township. While known as Hohokus Township, territory was taken to form Orvil Township (on January 1, 1886; remainder of township is now Waldwick), Allendale (November 10, 1894), Upper Saddle River (November 22, 1894) and Ramsey (March 10, 1908). On November 7, 1944, the area was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature as the Township of Mahwah, based on the results of a referendum held that day, replacing Hohokus Township.[24]

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Mahwah as its 9th best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.[25]

History[edit]

Scarlet Oak Pond, Ramapo Mountain Reservation

The Lenape and ancestral indigenous peoples were the original inhabitants of Mahwah (the meeting place) and surrounding area. Their descendants have combined with other Native Americans and ethnicities and were recognized in 1980 by the state as the Ramapough Mountain Indians. They number approximately 5,000 people living around the Ramapo Mountains of northern New Jersey and southern New York. The tribe is officially recognized by New Jersey, but does not have federal recognition.[26] Their tribal office is located on Stag Hill Road in Mahwah, and the Chief of the Ramapough Lenape Indian Nation is Dwaine Perry (as of March 2007).[27]

For 25 years, Mahwah hosted the A&P Tennis Classic, a tune-up for the U.S. Open tennis tournament held at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in Forest Hills, Queens.[28]

The 75-room, three-story Crocker Mansion was built in 1901 for George Crocker, son of railroad magnate Charles Crocker. The estate, located at Crocker Mansion Drive, is one of New Jersey's historical landmarks.[29]

Ford Motor Company operated an assembly plant in Mahwah from 1955, producing 6 million cars in the 25 years it operated before the last car rolled off the line on June 20, 1980.[30][31] At the time of its completion, it was the largest motor vehicle assembly plant in the United States. The Ford plant, along with other businesses such as American Brake Shoe and Foundry Company, helped contribute to the economic development of the town and its reputation for low home property taxes.[32] The Mahwah town sports teams remain named Thunderbirds in honor of the Ford plant.

Due to contractors' dumping of hazardous wastes at the Ringwood Mines landfill site before federal regulation, it has been designated as an EPA Superfund site which needs extensive environmental cleanup. In 2006, some 600 Ramapough Indians filed a mass tort claim against Ford for damages.[33]

Mahwah, and the closure of the Ford plant, is mentioned in the opening line of the 1982 Bruce Springsteen song "Johnny 99".[34][35]

Geography[edit]

Mahwah is located at 41°04′58″N 74°11′15″W / 41.082746°N 74.187451°W / 41.082746; -74.187451 (41.082746,-74.187451). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 26.191 square miles (67.835 km2), of which 25.693 square miles (66.545 km2) of it was land and 0.498 square miles (1.290 km2) of it (1.90%) was water.[1][2] It is the largest municipality in Bergen County by area, more than 2½ times larger than the next-largest municipality, Paramus, and covering 10.6% of the total area of the entire county.[36]

Mahwah is near the Ramapo Mountains and the Ramapo River. Interstate 287 passes through Mahwah, but the only point of access is at the New Jersey–New York border, where 287 meets Route 17. U.S. Route 202 runs through Mahwah from Oakland to Suffern, across the state line.[37]

Several state and county parks are located in Mahwah, including Campgaw Mountain Reservation, Darlington County Park and Ramapo Mountain Reservation, all operated by Bergen County.[38] The Ramapo River runs through the western section of Mahwah.

Mahwah is bordered by the towns of Upper Saddle River, Ramsey, Allendale, Wyckoff, Franklin Lakes, and Oakland in Bergen County; Ringwood in Passaic County; and Ramapo and Suffern in Rockland County, New York.[37]

In addition to an area known as Mahwah Proper that is the township's center, other neighborhoods in Mahwah include the residential areas of Cragmere Park, Fardale and Masonicus, along with the mixed residential and commercial area of West Mahwah.[39]

Climate[edit]

Mahwah has a temperate mesothermal climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).

Climate data for Mahwah
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 36
(2)
40
(4)
47
(8)
60
(16)
70
(21)
79
(26)
84
(29)
82
(28)
74
(23)
64
(18)
53
(12)
42
(6)
60.9
(16.1)
Average low °F (°C) 19
(−7)
21
(−6)
29
(−2)
40
(4)
49
(9)
58
(14)
64
(18)
62
(17)
54
(12)
43
(6)
35
(2)
26
(−3)
41.7
(5.3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.11
(79)
2.99
(75.9)
3.85
(97.8)
4.21
(106.9)
4.09
(103.9)
4.64
(117.9)
4.42
(112.3)
4.41
(112)
4.42
(112.3)
4.49
(114)
4.06
(103.1)
3.92
(99.6)
48.61
(1,234.7)
Source: [40]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,274 *
1860 2,352 3.4%
1870 2,632 11.9%
1880 2,920 10.9%
1890 2,373 * −18.7%
1900 2,610 * 10.0%
1910 1,881 * −27.9%
1920 2,081 10.6%
1930 3,536 69.9%
1940 3,908 10.5%
1950 4,880 24.9%
1960 7,376 51.1%
1970 10,800 46.4%
1980 12,127 12.3%
1990 17,905 47.6%
2000 24,062 34.4%
2010 25,890 7.6%
Est. 2012 26,168 [11] 1.1%
Population sources: 1850-1920[41]
1850-1870[42] 1850[43] 1870[44]
1880-1890[45] 1890-1910[46]
1910-1930[47] 1900-2010[48][49][50]
2000[51][52] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[24]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,890 people, 9,505 households, and 6,245 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,007.7 per square mile (389.1 /km2). There were 9,868 housing units at an average density of 384.1 per square mile (148.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 85.67% (22,180) White, 2.62% (678) Black or African American, 0.56% (146) Native American, 7.81% (2,021) Asian, 0.01% (2) Pacific Islander, 1.40% (363) from other races, and 1.93% (500) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.26% (1,622) of the population.[8]

There were 9,505 households, of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.05.[8]

In the township, 19.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 16.2% from 18 to 24, 20.3% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.4 years. For every 100 females there were 87.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $92,971 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,209) and the median family income was $107,977 (+/- $7,049). Males had a median income of $85,873 (+/- $6,728) versus $54,111 (+/- $3,935) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $53,375 (+/- $3,851). About 2.2% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.[53][54] Same-sex couples headed 49 households in 2010, an increase from the 27 counted in 2000.[55]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 24,062 people, 9,340 households, and 6,285 families residing in the township. The population density was 927.9 people per square mile (358.3/km²). There were 9,577 housing units at an average density of 369.3 per square mile (142.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 87.93% White, 2.16% African American, 0.70% Native American, 6.31% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.27% of the population.[51][52]

There were 9,340 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01.[51][52]

In the township the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.[51][52]

The median income for a household in the township was $79,500, and the median income for a family was $94,484. Males had a median income of $62,326 versus $42,527 for females. The per capita income for the township was $44,709. About 1.2% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.[51][52]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Mahwah is governed within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government (Plan B), implemented by direct petition as of July 1, 1984.[56] The governing body consists of a mayor and a seven-member Township Council, with all members elected at-large to four-year terms of office in non-partisan elections held as part of the November general election in even years, with either three seats (and the mayoral seat) or four seats up for vote. The legislative power of the municipality is exercised by a seven-member Township Council.[6][57] In September 2010, the township council voted to shift the township's non-partisan elections from May to November, citing increased voter participation and prospective savings of $30,000 associated with supporting each election, with the first November election taking place in 2012.[58]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Mahwah is William C. Laforet, who was elected in November 2011 to serve the balance of the term of Richard Martel through December 31, 2013.[59] Members of the Township Council are Council President Harry Williams (R, 2014), Council Vice President Lisa H. DiGiulio (R, 2016), Charles Jandris (R, 2016), Roy B. Larson (R, 2014), John F. Roth (R, 2014) and Steven Sbarra (R, 2016).[57][60][61][62][63]

John Speich resigned from the council in June 2013 from a seat that runs through 2014, but the vacancy could not be filled until the November 2013 general election, as the council was unable to reach consensus on a replacement.[64]

In August 1997, due to personal debt, then-Mayor David J. Dwork shot and killed himself in the town's mayoral offices. There were also unverified allegations of corruption.[65] Dwork was memorialized with a tree dedicated to him at the site of the Mahwah Public Library. Dwork was succeeded by Richard J. Martel, then a township council member, who served for 14 years until his own death, of natural causes, on March 7, 2011.[66] Martel himself was succeeded by Council President John DaPuzzo as acting mayor.[67]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Mahwah is located in the 5th Congressional District[68] and is part of New Jersey's 39th state legislative district.[9][69][70] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Mahwah had been in the 40th state legislative district.[71]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[72] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[73][74] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[75][76]

The 39th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Gerald Cardinale (R, Demarest) and in the General Assembly by Holly Schepisi (R, River Vale) and Bob Schroeder (R, Washington Township, Bergen County).[77] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[78] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[79]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders.[80] The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014).[81] The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[82] As of 2014, Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn),[83] Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee),[84] Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge),[85] Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes),[86] Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington)[87] James J. Tedesco, III (D, 2015; Paramus)[88] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).[89][90] Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale),[91] Sheriff Michael Saudino (R),[92] Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill)[93][94][80]

Sheraton Crossroads, Mahwah

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 15,168 registered voters in Mahwah Township, of which 3,410 (22.5% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 4,349 (28.7% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 7,399 (48.8% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 10 voters registered to other parties.[95] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 58.6% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 73.1% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).[95][96]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 6,862 votes here (56.2% vs. 43.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 5,143 votes (42.1% vs. 54.8%) and other candidates with 99 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 12,203 ballots cast by the township's 16,357 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.6% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).[97][98]In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 6,768 votes here (54.3% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 5,501 votes (44.2% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 100 votes (0.8% vs. 0.8%), among the 12,457 ballots cast by the township's 15,705 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.3% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).[99][100] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 6,829 votes here (58.1% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 4,829 votes (41.1% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 67 votes (0.6% vs. 0.7%), among the 11,758 ballots cast by the township's 14,759 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.7% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).[101]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 4,602 votes here (57.4% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 2,942 votes (36.7% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 404 votes (5.0% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 34 votes (0.4% vs. 0.5%), among the 8,018 ballots cast by the township's 15,479 registered voters, yielding a 51.8% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).[102]

Highlands protection[edit]

The Highlands Water Protection and Planning Act regulates development in portions of Oakland and Mahwah that are included in the New Hersey Highlands geographic region.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The Mahwah Township Public Schools provides public education for students in prekindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[103]) are four elementary schools — Lenape Meadows Elementary School[104] (PreK-3; 475 students), Betsy Ross Elementary School[105] (K-3; 256), George Washington Elementary School[106] (K-3; 234) and Joyce Kilmer Elementary School[107] (4-5; 497) — along with Ramapo Ridge Middle School[108] (6-8; 842) and Mahwah High School[109] (9-12; 1,063).[110][111]

The district's newest building, Lenape Meadows, was opened in 2002 and changed the way the district divided up grade levels. Since each the K-3 grades are broken up by location in the township which determines the elementary school to attend, before Lenape Meadows was built, students of that section of town attended Commodore Perry School. Commodore Perry School, Betsy Ross, and George Washington originally only housed the K-2 grades and the entire 3rd grade class attended Joyce Kilmer. The construction of Lenape Meadows was so massive that there was room for 3rd grade students as well, making Betsy Ross and George Washington house their students for 3rd grade, too.

Public school students from the township, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.[112][113]

Private school[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Vocational schools[edit]

Local corporations[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

Franklin Turnpike in Mahwah with the Manhattan skyline 30 miles (48 km) distant.

The township had a total of 110.29 miles (177.49 km) of roadways, of which 81.91 miles (131.82 km) are maintained by the municipality, 20.59 miles (33.14 km) by Bergen County and 7.79 miles (12.54 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[125]

Interstate 287 and Route 17 merge in Mahwah, and U.S. Route 202 also passes through. The northern terminus of County Route 507 is also in Mahwah. Interstate 87, the New York Thruway, is just outside the state in Suffern, New York.

Interstate 287 heads north from Franklin Lakes, continuing for 5.3 miles (8.5 km) to the New York State border.[126] U.S. Route 202 heads north for 5.7 miles (9.2 km), running from Oakland to the New York State border.[127]

Route 17 extends 2.5 miles (4.0 km) from Ramsey until it forms a concurrency where it merges with Interstate 287.[128] County Route 507 runs 2.0 miles (3.2 km) across the northeastern portion of the township, from Ramsey to an intersection with U.S. Route 202 near the state line.[129]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit rail service is available from the Mahwah station[130] to Secaucus Junction, Hoboken Terminal, and Newark on the Main Line and Bergen County Line.[131][132] Passengers may also take advantage of express service on the same line from the Suffern station, just across the New York state line.[133]

Short Line Bus offers service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan and intermediate locations.[134][135]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Mahwah include:

Points of Interest[edit]

  • Campgaw Mountain Reservation- a Bergen County accredited park that has ski slopes for skiing. [1]
  • Mahwah Mall- a mall that is to be built in place of the Sheraton Crossroads Hotel. Many Mahwah citizens were against the mall being built because the mall would cause high congestion, increased crime rate, and increased pollution. [2] But the planning board approved the site. [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Department of Administration, Township of Mahwah. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  5. ^ Township Clerk, Township of Mahwah. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 169.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Mahwah, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Mahwah township, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 15. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Mahwah township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Mahwah, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 29, 2011.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed December 10, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Mahwah, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed December 10, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  18. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 20, 2012.
  20. ^ Staff. "Census 2010: Mahwah", The Record (Bergen County), February 9, 2011. Accessed March 31, 2011.
  21. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey State Library, May 1945. Accessed December 10, 2013.
  22. ^ Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living in: Mahwah", The New York Times, June 2, 1991.
  23. ^ Mahwah High School Mission Statement, Mahwah High School. Accessed June 23, 2012. "THE Leni Lenape Indians called it Mawewi -- the meeting place of rivers and paths -- and though its modern name, Mahwah, is slightly different, it is as appropriate today as it was in 1700, when the first white settler, Blandina Bayard, established a trading post there."
  24. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 81. Accessed June 23, 2012.
  25. ^ "Best Places To Live - The Complete Top Towns List 1-100", New Jersey Monthly, February 21, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2008.
  26. ^ Kelley, Tina. "New Jersey Tribe Member Dies After Police Shooting at a Back-Roads Party", The New York Times, April 11, 2006. Accessed October 24, 2007. "New York and New Jersey recognize the Ramapoughs as a tribe, but the tribe has failed to obtain federal recognition. It has about 5,000 members."
  27. ^ Salazar, Carolyn; and Markos, Kibret. "Two Ramapoughs also charged in Mahwah encounter", The Record (Bergen County), March 28, 2007. Accessed October 24, 2007. "Caption: Fran Mann, Emil Mann's sister-in-law, hugging Ramapough chief Dwaine Perry after learning of the indictment Tuesday."
  28. ^ Cassidy, Hilary. "MasterCard Fields a Full Lineup Keying on Baseball's All-Star Game - several professional sports marketing briefs", Brandweek, June 25, 2011. Accessed December 19, 2011. "A&P, suffering from a drop in its earnings and stock price, is out as title sponsor of the A&P Tennis Classic. The 24 year-old annual Mahwah, N.J., women's tennis event is locally popular and, under owner/director John Korff, combines a unique mix of tennis, concerts and family entertainment."
  29. ^ General Historic Information, Crocker Mansion. Accessed March 31, 2011.
  30. ^ via Associated Press. "Last Ford Rolls Off Line At Mahwah Plant", Toledo Blade, June 20, 1980. Accessed November 27, 2013. "A two-door, cream-and-tan-colored Fairmont Futura became the last of 6 million vehicles to roll of Ford's Mahwah assembly line as the 25-year-old plant shut down Friday, idling more than 3,700 employees."
  31. ^ Staff. "MAJORITY FROM FORD'S MAHWAH PLANT STILL JOBLESS", The New York Times, April 25, 1982. Accessed December 19, 2011. "Mr. Pfeiffer is one of 3,359 auto workers who lost their jobs when the Ford Motor Company closed its assembly plant in Mahwah, N.J., nearly two years ago."
  32. ^ HISTORY OF THE FORD ASSEMBLY PLANT, Mahwah Museum. Accessed December 19, 2011. "The Ford Motor Company operated an assembly plant in Mahwah from 1955 to 1980. At the time of its completion, it was the largest motor vehicle assembly plant in the United States. The Ford Plant, along with other businesses, such as, American Brake Shoe and Foundry Company, helped contribute to the economic development of the town of Mahwah."
  33. ^ McGrath, Ben (March 1, 2010). "Strangers on the Mountain". The New Yorker. Retrieved February 17, 2011. 
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Sources[edit]

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