Netflix

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Qwikster)
Jump to: navigation, search
Netflix, Inc.
Type Public
Traded as NASDAQNFLX
S&P 500 Component
Industry Video rental and Streaming
Founded 1997[1]
Headquarters Los Gatos, California, United States
Area served United States
Canada
Mexico
South America
United Kingdom
France
Germany
Scandinavia
Austria
Netherlands
Ireland
Switzerland
Belgium
Finland
Luxembourg
Key people Reed Hastings
(co-founder and CEO)
David Wells
(Chief Financial Officer)
Neil Hunt
(Chief Technology Officer)
Ted Sarandos
(Chief Content Officer)
Products Video streaming, online DVD and Blu-ray Disc rental
Revenue Increase US$4.37 billion (FY 2013)[2]
Operating income Increase US$228 million (FY 2013)[2]
Net income Increase US$112 million (FY 2013)[2]
Total assets
  • Increase US$ 5.412563 billion (2013) [3]
  • Increase US$ 3.96789 billion (2012) [3]
Total equity Increase US$1.33 billion (FY 2013)[2]
Employees 2,000 full-time (FY 2013)[2]
Website www.netflix.com

Netflix, Inc. is an American provider of on-demand Internet streaming media available to viewers in North and South America, the Caribbean, and parts of Europe (Denmark, Finland, Ireland, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom, France, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium, and Germany),[4] and of flat rate DVD-by-mail in the United States, where mailed DVDs are sent via Permit Reply Mail. The company was established in 1997 and is headquartered in Los Gatos, California. It started its subscription-based service in 1999. By 2009, Netflix was offering a collection of 100,000 titles on DVD and had surpassed 10 million subscribers.[5]

As of September 2014, Netflix has subscribers in over 40 countries, with intentions of expanding their services in unreached countries (such as New Zealand).[6]

On February 25, 2007, Netflix delivered its billionth DVD.[7] In April 2011, Netflix had 23.6 million subscribers in the United States and over 26 million worldwide.[8] By 2011, the total digital revenue for Netflix reached at least $1.5 billion.[9] On October 23, 2012, however, Netflix reported an 88% decline in third-quarter profits.[10] In January 2013, Netflix reported that it had added two million U.S. customers during the fourth quarter of 2012 with a total of 27.1 million U.S. streaming customers, and 29.4 million total streaming customers. In addition, revenue was up 8% to $945 million for the same period.[11]

As of mid-March 2013, Netflix had 33 million subscribers.[12] That number increased to 36.3 million subscribers (29.2 million in the U.S.) in April 2013.[13] As of September 2013, for that year's third quarter report, Netflix reported its total of global streaming subscribers at 40.4 million (31.2 million in the U.S.).[14] By the fourth quarter of 2013, Netflix reported 33.1 million U.S. subscribers.[15] By the second quarter of 2014, there were more than 50 million subscribers globally.[16]

On January 16, 2014, the nomination of The Square (2013) for an Academy Award became the first ever nomination for a Netflix original production.[17][18]

History[edit]

Netflix headquarters in Los Gatos.

Netflix was founded in 1997 in Scotts Valley, California by Marc Randolph[19][20] and Reed Hastings, who previously had worked together at Pure Software. Randolph was a co-founder of MicroWarehouse, a computer mail order company; and was later employed by Borland International as vice president of marketing. Hastings, who once worked as a math teacher, had founded Pure Software, which he had recently sold for $700 million. Hastings invested $2.5 million in startup cash for Netflix.[21] The idea of Netflix came to Hastings when he was forced to pay $40 in overdue fines after returning Apollo 13 well past its due date.[22] The Netflix website was launched on August 29, 1997[23] with only 30 employees and 925 works available for rent through a traditional pay-per-rental model (50¢US per rental U.S. postage; late fees applied).[24] Netflix introduced the monthly subscription concept in September 1999,[25] and then dropped the single-rental model in early 2000. Since that time, the company has built its reputation on the business model of flat-fee unlimited rentals without due dates, late fees, shipping and handling fees, or per title rental fees.

In 2000, Netflix was offered for acquisition to Blockbuster for $50 million, however Blockbuster declined the offer. Netflix initiated an initial public offering (IPO) on May 29, 2002, selling 5.5 million shares of common stock at the price of US$15.00 per share. On June 14, 2002, the company sold an additional 825,000 shares of common stock at the same price. After incurring substantial losses during its first few years, Netflix posted its first profit during fiscal year 2003, earning US$6.5 million profit on revenues of US$272 million. In 2005, 35,000 different film titles were available, and Netflix shipped 1 million DVDs out every day.[26]

Netflix developed and maintains an extensive personalized video-recommendation system based on ratings and reviews by its customers. On October 1, 2006, Netflix offered a $1,000,000 prize to the first developer of a video-recommendation algorithm that could beat its existing algorithm, Cinematch, at predicting customer ratings by more than 10%.[27]

In February 2007, the company delivered its billionth DVD[28] and began to move away from its original core business model of mailing DVDs by introducing video on demand via the Internet. Netflix grew as DVD sales fell from 2006 to 2011.[29][30]

Netflix has played a prominent role in independent film distribution. Through the division Red Envelope Entertainment, Netflix licensed and distributed independent films such as Born into Brothels and Sherrybaby. As of late 2006, Red Envelope Entertainment also expanded into producing original content with filmmakers such as John Waters.[31] Netflix closed Red Envelope Entertainment in 2008, in part to avoid competition with its studio partners.[32][33]

Netflix has been one of the most successful dot-com ventures. A September 2002 article from The New York Times said that at the time, that Netflix mailed about 190,000 discs per day to its 670,000 monthly subscribers.[34] The company's published subscriber count increased from one million in the fourth quarter of 2002 to around 5.6 million at the end of the third quarter of 2006, to 14 million in March 2010. Netflix's growth has been fueled by the fast spread of DVD players in households; as of 2004, nearly two-thirds of U.S. homes had a DVD player. Netflix capitalized on the success of the DVD and its rapid expansion into U.S. homes, integrating the potential of the Internet and e-commerce to provide services and catalogs that brick and mortar retailers could not compete with. Netflix also operates an online affiliate program which has helped it to build online sales for DVD rentals. The company offers unlimited vacation time for salaried workers and allows employees to take any amount of their paychecks in stock options.[35]

By 2010, Netflix's streaming business had grown so quickly that within months the company had shifted from the fastest-growing customer of the United States Postal Service's first-class mail service to the biggest source of Internet traffic in North America in the evening. In November of that year, it began offering a standalone streaming service separate from DVD rentals.[36] On September 18, 2011, Netflix announced its intentions to rebrand and restructure its DVD home media rental service as an independent subsidiary company called Qwikster, totally separating the DVD rental and streaming services.[37][38][39] Andy Rendich, a 12-year veteran of Netflix, would have been appointed the CEO of Qwikster. The new service would carry video games whereas Netflix did not.[40] However, in October 2011, Netflix announced that it would retain its DVD service under the name Netflix and would not, in fact, create Qwikster for that purpose.[41]

On October 24, 2011, Netflix announced it lost 800,000 subscribers in the U.S. during the third quarter of 2011 and more subscriber losses were expected in the fourth quarter of 2011. Despite the losses, earnings for Netflix jumped 63 percent for the third quarter of 2011.[42][43] On January 26, 2012, Netflix said it added 610,000 subscribers in the U.S. by the end of the fourth quarter of 2011, totaling 24.4 million U.S. subscribers for this time period.[44]

In April 2012, Netflix filed with the Federal Election Commission (FEC) to form a political action committee (PAC) called FLIXPAC.[45] Politico referred to the Los Gatos, California-based PAC as "another political tool with which to aggressively press a pro-intellectual property, anti-video piracy agenda."[45] The hacktivist group Anonymous called for a boycott of Netflix following the news.[46] Netflix spokesperson Joris Evers indicated that the PAC was not set up to support the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the PROTECT IP Act (PIPA), tweeting that the intent was to "engage on issues like net neutrality, bandwidth caps, UBB and VPPA."[47][48]

On December 24, 2012, at around 1:00 p.m. Eastern Time, a number of Amazon Web Services servers crashed, affecting numerous services including Netflix "instant streaming". The outage lasted more than 20 hours.[49][50]

In February 2013, Netflix announced it would be hosting its own awards ceremony, The Flixies.[51] On March 13, 2013, Netflix announced it would add a Facebook sharing feature to the Netflix interface, letting subscribers in the U.S. see lists of content "Watched by your friends" and "Friends' Favorites" once they agree to share.[52] This was not legal until the 1988 Video Privacy Protection Act was modified at the beginning of 2013.[53]

In April 2014, Netflix approached 50 million global subscribers with a 32.3% video streaming market share in the United States. Netflix operates in a total of 41 countries around the world.[54] In June 2014, Netflix unveiled a redesigned version of its logo (using a modified typeface, and removing the dropshadowing and red background of the previous logo) and website UI. The change was controversial; some liked the new minimalist design, whereas others felt more comfortable with the old interface.[55] In July 2014, Netflix surpassed 50 million global subscribers, with 36 million of them being in the United States.[56]

International[edit]

On September 22, 2010, Netflix launched a streaming-only service in Canada, marking the company's first expansion into international markets.[57] This was followed in the spring of 2011, with Netflix's announcement of its entrance into the Latin American market by the end of the year, and then into the European market in the following year starting with Spain,[58] although this ultimately proved to be false. Subsequently, Netflix completed the launch of streaming-content services in Latin America in September 2011 by launching its service in the Caribbean, Mexico, Central and South America.

On January 9, 2012, Netflix officially launched a streaming-only service in the United Kingdom and Ireland.[59][60] In 2012, Netflix reached the one million member milestone in the two countries.[60] By September 2013, Netflix had added content from Channel 4, ITV and the BBC.[61] Netflix expanded further by rolling out its services to Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Finland before the end of 2012.[62] The service was launched on October 18, 2012.[63]

Netflix announced on June 19, 2013 that the company would expand its service to The Netherlands by late 2013. Further details on the service in this area, such as prices and content, would be released at a later time.[64] The Netherlands service was launched on September 11, 2013;[65] Kelly Merryman, the company’s Vice President of Content Acquisition, revealed that shows that perform well on BitTorrent networks and other pirate sites are more likely to be offered as part of the expansion. Netflix's CEO further explained that illegal downloading helps to create demand, as users may switch to legal services for an improved user experience.[66][67] On May 21, 2014, Netflix announced its intention to expand and launch in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, France, Belgium and Luxembourg.[68] Netflix launched in those countries on September 15 that same year, except for Luxembourg where it launched on September 19.

In June 2014, rumors surfaced from Australian film industry magazine Inside Film that Netflix was seeking the Australasian rights for various films and television shows, with plans to launch in Australia and New Zealand in the first quarter of 2015. A Netflix spokesperson declined to comment on the matter.[69]

Services[edit]

Netflix is a subscription-based movie and television program rental service that offers media to subscribers via Internet streaming and via US mail.

Internet video streaming[edit]

In addition to Netflix's disc rental service, Netflix separately offers an Internet video streaming service, which gives internet-connected devices access to Netflix's online content library. The two libraries are also notably different, with the disc library having more movie titles available,[70] while the streaming library has more Netflix original content. According to a 2013 report by Sandvine, Netflix is the biggest source of North American downstream web traffic, at 32.3%, and registered 28.8% of aggregate traffic.[71]

When the streaming service first launched, Netflix's traditional rental-disc subscribers were given access at no additional charge. Subscribers were allowed approximately one hour of streaming per dollar spent on the monthly subscription (a $16.99 plan, for example, entitled the subscriber to 17 hours of streaming media).

In January 2008, however, Netflix lifted this restriction, at which point virtually all rental-disc subscribers were entitled to unlimited streaming at no additional cost (however, subscribers on the restricted plan of two DVDs per month ($4.99) were still limited to two hours of streaming per month). This change was a response to the introduction of Hulu and to Apple's new video rental services.[72] Subsequently, as it became clear that disc-rental and internet streaming markets were distinct, Netflix split DVD rental subscriptions and streaming subscriptions into separate, standalone services, at which point the monthly caps on internet streaming were lifted.

Until October 10, 2014 Netflix did not officially support playback on Linux PCs, although the Linux-based Roku devices are supported. It is possible to connect the Roku device, game console, or Blu-ray Disc player to a Linux PC (or directly to the computer monitor) with an adapter. It is also possible to run Windows and Netflix in a virtual machine such as Virtualbox or QEMU. In a TechRepublic interview in August 2010, Netflix's VP of Corporate Communications stated that available Silverlight plugins for Linux, such as Moonlight, do not support the PlayReady DRM system that Netflix requires for playback.[73] Netflix does support the Android operating system, which uses a forked version of the Linux kernel. There is an unofficial Netflix app based on Wine that allows watching Netflix's streaming content on Linux without installing Windows in a virtual machine. Pipelight, an add-on for Firefox based on the Netflix-Desktop project allows Netflix playback through Linux Native web browsers by connecting to the Silverlight plug-in running on a Wine base.[74] However, on October 10, 2014 the required DRM plugins to play Netflix's HTML 5 videos became available for Chrome users running Ubuntu 12.04 or 14.04.[75]

The selection of available titles is based upon the user's IP address. For most users, this corresponds to the user's physical location. However, it means that, for example, a user in Canada who is accessing the Internet through a U.S.-based router connection will see the selection available to U.S. users.

According to a survey by Nielsen in July 2011, 42% of all Netflix users make use of a stand-alone computer to connect to the service, 25% do so by using the Wii, 14% by connecting their computers to a television set, 13% make use of a PlayStation 3 and 12% use an Xbox 360.[76]

History[edit]

On October 1, 2008, Netflix announced a partnership with Starz Entertainment to bring more than 2,500 new movies and television shows to "Watch Instantly" as part of a service called Starz Play.[77]

In August 2010, Netflix reached a five-year deal worth nearly $1 billion to stream movies from Paramount Pictures, Lions Gate Entertainment and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. The deal increased the amount Netflix was spending on streaming movies annually and adds roughly $200 million per year. It spent $117 million in the first six months of 2010 on streaming, up from $31 million in 2009.[78]

On July 12, 2011, Netflix announced that it would separate its existing subscription plans into two separate plans: one covering the instant streaming and the other DVD rental services.[79] The cost for streaming would be $7.99 per month, while DVD rental would start at the same price. The announcement led to a flurry of negative reception amongst Netflix's Facebook followers, posting negative comments on the company's wall.[80] Twitter comments also spiked a "Dear Netflix" trend with generally negative comments.[80] The company defended its decision during its initial announcement of the change. "Given the long life we think DVDs by mail will have, treating DVDs as a $2 add-on to our unlimited streaming plan neither makes great financial sense nor satisfies people who just want DVDs," Netflix wrote on its blog. "Creating an unlimited-DVDs-by-mail plan (no streaming) at our lowest price ever, $7.99, does make sense and will ensure a long life for our DVDs-by-mail offering."[79]

In a reversal, Netflix announced in October 2011 that its streaming and DVD-rental plans would remain together under the Netflix brand.[81]

On September 1, 2011, Starz announced it would remove their movies from Netflix streaming on February 28, 2012. Since the agreement was strictly for streaming movie titles, DVD rentals through Netflix were not affected.[82] However, around that same time, it was announced Netflix would, in 2013, assume the pay-TV rights to films from DreamWorks Animation (those output rights are currently held by HBO).

Disc rental[edit]

Example of a Netflix DVD rental of Kill Bill. Discs are returned in the same envelopes they are sent to customers.

In the United States, the company provides a monthly flat-fee service for the rental of DVD and Blu-ray Discs. A subscriber creates an ordered list, called a rental queue, of movies to rent. The movies are delivered individually via the United States Postal Service from an array of regional warehouses. As of March 28, 2011, Netflix had 58 shipping locations throughout the U.S.[83] The subscriber can keep the rented movie as long as desired, but there is a limit on the number of movies (determined by subscription level) that each subscriber can have on loan simultaneously. To rent a new movie, the subscriber must mail the previous one back to Netflix in a metered reply mail envelope. Upon receipt of the disc, Netflix ships the next available disc in the subscriber's rental queue.

Netflix offers several pricing tiers for DVD rental of one to three DVDs at a time. Subscribers with accounts in good standing can upgrade to plans offering up to eight DVDs at a time. Gift subscriptions are also available. On November 21, 2008, Netflix began offering its subscribers access to Blu-ray Discs for an additional fee. In addition to its movie rental service, Netflix formerly sold used movies. The purchase was delivered via the same system and billed using the same payment methods as rentals. This service was discontinued at the end of November 2008.[84]

On January 6, 2010, Netflix reached an agreement with Warner Bros. Pictures to delay rentals of new releases for 28 days from their retail release, in an attempt to help studios sell more physical media at retail outlets. Similar deals with Universal Studios and 20th Century Fox was reached on April 9, 2010.[85][86][87] In 2011, Netflix split its service pricing so that customers can decide whether they want to pay for online streams, access to DVDs by mail, or both.

Qwikster[edit]

On September 18, 2011, Netflix CEO and Co-Founder Reed Hastings said in a Netflix blog post that the DVD section of Netflix would be split off and renamed Qwikster, and the only major change would be separate websites for the services.[88] The new service was to also carry video games for an additional charge, whereas the previous Netflix did not.[40] Netflix subscribers who wanted DVDs by mail would have had to use a separate website to access Qwikster.

On October 10, 2011, following negative reaction from customers, Hastings cancelled the planned Qwikster service and said the DVD-by-mail service would remain a part of Netflix.[89]

Profiles[edit]

In June 2008, Netflix announced plans to eliminate its online subscriber profile feature.[90] Profiles allow one subscriber account to contain multiple users (for example, a husband and wife, two roommates, or parent and child) with separate DVD queues, ratings, recommendations, friend lists, reviews, and intra-site communications for each. Netflix contended that elimination of profiles would improve the customer experience.[91] However, likely as a result of negative reviews and reaction by Netflix users,[92][93][94] Netflix reversed its decision to remove profiles 11 days after the announcement.[95] In announcing the reinstatement of profiles, Netflix defended its original decision, stating, "Because of an ongoing desire to make our website easier to use, we believed taking a feature away that is only used by a very small minority would help us improve the site for everyone," then explained its reversal: "Listening to our members, we realized that users of this feature often describe it as an essential part of their Netflix experience. Simplicity is only one virtue and it can certainly be outweighed by utility."[96]

Five profiles[edit]

Netflix introduced a "Profiles" feature on August 1, 2013 that permits accounts to accommodate up to five unique user profiles, associated either with individuals or themes of their choosing (e.g., "Date Night"). "Profiles" effectively segregates the viewing habits of each profile category (e.g., family member) so that each profile will receive individualized suggestions and the ability to add its own favorite titles. This is important, according to Todd Yellin, Netflix's vice president of product innovation, because, "About 75 percent to 80 percent of what people watch on Netflix comes from what Netflix recommends, not from what people search for".[97] Moreover, Mike McGuire, a vice president at Gartner, said: "profiles will give Netflix even more detailed information about its subscribers and their viewing habits, allowing the company to make better decisions about what movies and TV shows to offer".[98] Additionally, the profiles feature lets users link their Facebook accounts, and thus share their individual viewing history and receive recommendations from friends.[98][99] (Netflix added Facebook integration in March after lobbying Congress to change an old video law.[99]) Neil Hunt, Netflix's chief product officer, told CNNMoney: "profiles are another way to stand out in the crowded streaming-video space", and, "The company said focus-group testing showed that profiles generate more viewing and more engagement".[100]

Hunt says Netflix may link profiles to specific devices, in time, so a subscriber can skip the step of launching a specific profile each time s/he logs into Netflix on a given device.[101]

Critics of the feature have noted:

  • New profiles are created as "blank slates"s,[101] but the viewing history prior to the creation of new, unique profiles stays with the main profile.[102]
  • We don't always watch Netflix alone, and shows watched from a profile that accommodate one's viewing partner(s) - whose tastes may not reflect those of the profile owner(s) - affect recommendations made to that profile[100][101][102]

In response to both concerns, however, users can refine future recommendations for a given profile by rating the shows watched and by their ongoing viewing habits.[101][102]

Programming[edit]

Original programming[edit]

In March 2011, Netflix began acquiring original content for its popular subscription streaming service, beginning with the hour-long political drama House of Cards, which debuted on the streaming service in February 2013. The series was produced by David Fincher, and stars Kevin Spacey.[103] In late 2011, Netflix picked up two eight-episode seasons of Lilyhammer and a fourth season of the former Fox sitcom Arrested Development.[104][105] Netflix announced that it would release the supernatural drama series Hemlock Grove in early 2013.[106] In February 2013, DreamWorks Animation and Netflix agreed to produce a new animated series called Turbo FAST, based on the movie Turbo, which premiered in July of that year.[107][108]

House of Cards, Lilyhammer, Hemlock Grove and Orange Is the New Black were each renewed for an additional season, with scheduled 2014 returns.[109] In mid-2013, Netflix revealed that it holds the option to produce another season of Arrested Development, but a confirmed schedule was not released.[110]

In November 2013, Netflix and Marvel Television (a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company) announced a five-season deal to produce live action series focused on four Marvel superheroes: Daredevil, Jessica Jones, Iron Fist and Luke Cage. The deal involves the broadcast of four 13-episode seasons that culminate in a mini-series called The Defenders. The programs are planned for a 2015 debut.[111][112][113] In addition to the Marvel Television deal with Netflix, The Walt Disney Company announced that the television series Star Wars: The Clone Wars would release its sixth and final season exclusively on Netflix, as well as all five prior seasons and the Clone Wars feature film. The new content was released on Netflix's streaming service on March 7, 2014.[114]

In December 2013, Netflix acquired the exclusive rights to stream the anime series Knights of Sidonia in all its territories.[115] The entire first season was released on Netflix one week after ending its run in Japan on July 4, 2014 and a second season is in production.

In February 2014, just after the second season of House of Cards was released, it was renewed for a third season, scheduled to air in 2015.[116]

In April 2014, Netflix signed Arrested Development creator Mitch Hurwitz and his production firm The Hurwitz Company to a multi-year deal to create original projects for the service.[117]

In September 2014, Netflix beat out Amazon Prime and Hulu for the rights to Love, a new romantic-comedy series from Judd Apatow, Leslie Arfin, and Paul Rust (who will star alongside Gillian Jacobs). It also announced that Hemlock Grove was renewed for a third and final season, to air in 2015.[118]

Movie and television library[edit]

Netflix currently has exclusive "pay TV window" deals with major and mini-major movie studios (the "pay TV" deals in essence, give Netflix exclusive streaming rights and are not distinct from the distribution rights held by traditional pay television services, which are also effectively prohibited from obtaining first-run linear television rights with these deals). As of 2014, films featured on "Watch Instantly" service in the United States include recent releases from Relativity Media (and its subsidiary Rogue Pictures),[119] as well as titles from DreamWorks Animation (DreamWorks Animation began streaming its films in 2013 after the expiration of HBO's previous deal with the studio),[120] Open Road Films[121] (Netflix's contract with Open Road Films will expire after 2016, at which time Showtime will assume pay television rights[122]), FilmDistrict,[123] The Weinstein Company,[124][125] Sony Pictures Animation,[126] and Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures (including Walt Disney Pictures, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Disneynature, Pixar, Lucasfilm and Marvel Studios), among others.

Epix (one of the first traditional pay television channels to launch a Netflix-style streaming service) signed a five-year streaming deal with Netflix in which for the first two years, first-run as well as back catalog content from Epix was exclusive to Netflix (Epix films will come to Netflix 90 days after they premiere on Epix. The exclusivity clause ended on September 4, 2012, when Amazon signed a deal with Epix to distribute its movie rights to its Amazon Instant Video streaming service.[127] These include films from Paramount Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Lionsgate).[128][129]

On September 1, 2011, Starz ceased talks with Netflix to renew its streaming deal. As a result, Starz's library of movies and series were removed from the Netflix streaming service on February 28, 2012. Movie titles that are available on DVD were not affected and can be acquired from Netflix by this method.[130] However, select movies that have previously been seen on Starz continue to be available on Netflix under license from their respective television distributors. For instance, certain Revolution Studios films shown on Netflix are under license from Lionsgate/Debmar-Mercury. Netflix can also negotiate to distribute animated films from Universal Studios that HBO declines to acquire rights, such as The Lorax and ParaNorman.[131]

Netflix's "Watch Instantly" also holds rights to back-catalog titles to films from among other distributors, Warner Bros., Universal Pictures, Sony Pictures Entertainment, 20th Century Fox and Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. Netflix also holds current and back-catalog rights to television programs under license by Disney–ABC Television Group, DreamWorks Classics, Kino International, Warner Bros. Television, 20th Television, Hasbro Studios, Saban Brands and CBS Television Distribution. The streaming service also held current and back-catalog rights to television programs distributed by NBCUniversal Television Distribution, 20th Century Fox Television, Sony Pictures Television, as well as select shows from Warner Bros. Television. Netflix also previously held the rights to select titles from the Criterion Collection, but those were pulled from the streaming library when Criterion titles were added to Hulu's Hulu Plus streaming library.[132]

On August 23, 2012, Netflix and The Weinstein Company sign a multi-year output deal for releases from Weinstein's RADiUS-TWC unit.[133] On December 4, 2012, Netflix and The Walt Disney Company announced an exclusive multi-year agreement for the first-run U.S. subscription television rights to Walt Disney Studios' animated and live-action films. New titles from Walt Disney Pictures, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Pixar, Marvel Studios and Disneynature will be available on Netflix beginning in 2016 (assuming the rights from Starz, making Disney the first major film studio not to distribute its films via a traditional pay television service). However, classic titles such as Dumbo, Pocahontas and Alice in Wonderland immediately became available on the service.[134] Direct-to-video new releases were made available in 2013.[135][136]

On January 14, 2013, Netflix signed an agreement with Time Warner subsidiaries Turner Broadcasting System and Warner Bros. Television to distribute content from Cartoon Network, Warner Bros. Animation and Adult Swim, as well as TNT's revival of the drama Dallas beginning in March 2013. The streaming rights to Cartoon Network and Adult Swim programs came not long after the expiration of Viacom's rights deal to allow Netflix access to stream programs from Nickelodeon and Nick Jr. (which were subsequently assumed by Amazon Instant Video).[137]

In Canada, Netflix has pay TV rights (approximately 8 months after theatrical release) to films from Paramount, DreamWorks Animation and 20th Century Fox. In 2015, it will assume pay TV rights to films from Disney (including Disney Live Action, Disneynature, DreamWorks Studios, Lucasfilm, Marvel, Pixar, and Walt Disney Animation Studios) which are currently held by The Movie Network/Movie Central.[2]

On September 30, 2014 Netflix announced they would be producing and releasing their first original movie. It is the sequel to "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon", entitled "Crouching Tiger,Hidden Dragon:The Green Destiny". It is scheduled for release on August 28, 2015 .[138] On October 15, 2014, Netflix announced that will begin streaming the complete series of Friends in high-definition, beginning on January 1, 2015.[139]

Device support[edit]

Hardware supported[edit]

The devices featured in this list feature hardware that is compatible for streaming Netflix:[140]

Software support[edit]

Supported web browsers by platform:

Other software options:

Video game consoles[edit]

At E3 2008, Microsoft announced a deal to distribute Netflix videos over Xbox Live.[161] This service was launched on November 19, 2008[162] to Xbox 360 owners with a Netflix Unlimited subscription and an Xbox Live Gold subscription[163] allowing them to stream movies and television shows directly from their Netflix Instant Queue from an application on the Dashboard.[164] Xbox Live's Party Mode had a popular feature where users could create a virtual party and bring their avatars to a virtual theater to watch Netflix simultaneously and even send comments and smiley faces to each other. This feature was discontinued on December 6, 2011.[165]

In November 2009, Netflix service became available on the Sony PlayStation 3. The set-up was similar to that on the Xbox 360, allowing Netflix subscribers to stream movies and television shows from their Instant Queue to watch on the console. Unlike on the Xbox 360, the Netflix application was originally available on a Blu-ray Disc (available free to subscribers). On October 19, 2010, a downloadable application was made available through the PlayStation Network.[166] Users do not have to pay for use of the service other than the monthly Netflix subscription.[167] In 2012, the PlayStation 3 became the device most used to watch Netflix.[168]

In spring 2010, Netflix service became available on the Nintendo Wii. The service allows the console to stream content in a user's Instant Queue. Initially, a streaming disc specifically for the Wii was required, along with an Internet connection to the console. Besides a Netflix account with unlimited streaming, there are no additional costs for the service. In contrast to the other two consoles, the Wii is not capable of HD resolution.[169] The Wii streaming disc was released for testing to customers on March 25, 2010, and was released to all registered Netflix members on April 12, 2010.[170] On October 18, 2010, Netflix became a free downloadable application on the Wii Shop Channel, making the streaming disc no longer necessary.

The Netflix service launched on the Nintendo 3DS on July 14, 2011.[171] The Netflix application for PlayStation Vita was launched the same day as the device's launch on February 22, 2012, making it available for download via the PlayStation Store for free.[172]

The Wii's successor console, the Wii U, began supporting Netflix shortly after its North American release on November 18, 2012.[173] Netflix was later embedded in the Wii U's own Nintendo TVii app the following March 2013.[174]

On November 15, 2013, the Netflix app became available for download on the Playstation 4 via the Playstation Store upon the console's U.S. release.[175]

Shortly after Microsoft's November 22, 2013 release of the Xbox One in the United States, Netflix became available for download as an app for the console.[176] In 2014, Microsoft changed the terms for Xbox Live, no longer requiring a Gold subscription to access Netflix and any other online streaming service on Xbox consoles; however, a Netflix subscription is still required to access content.

Set-top boxes[edit]

In May 2008, Roku released the first set-top box, The Netflix Player by Roku, to stream Netflix's Instant Watch movies directly to television sets. The device provided unlimited access to the Netflix streaming media catalog for all subscribers.[148]

Blu-ray Disc players[edit]

On August 6, 2008, LG demonstrated the world's first Blu-ray Disc Player with Netflix streaming embedded.[177] The product was launched in U.S. stores later that month. Hastings stated in the announcement that "LG Electronics was the first of our technology partners to publicly embrace our strategy for getting the Internet to the TV, and is the first to introduce a Blu-ray player that will instantly stream movies and TV episodes from Netflix to the TV." Subsequently, Netflix agreed to instantly stream movies to two of Samsung's Blu-ray Disc players.[178] Soon after, it agreed to instantly stream movies to TiVo DVRs.[179]

Televisions[edit]

In January 2009, Netflix partnered with Vizio and LG to instantly stream movies directly to newer HDTV set models.[180]

In July 2009, Sony partnered with Netflix to enable Sony BRAVIA Internet Platforms to access instant queues for Netflix users. Any Netflix member with an Internet-enabled BRAVIA HDTV will be able to link up their account to their television and stream videos from their queue.[181]

The 2010 line of Panasonic HDTVs with Viera Cast functionality gained the ability to stream Netflix content directly to the television.[182] With the 2010 release of the Google TV, Netflix streaming was included a built-in application. A Netflix application is available to download on Samsung Smart TV through the Samsung Apps Service, and is preloaded on higher-end sets.

Handheld devices[edit]

  • In September 2009, Hastings expressed his desire to expand his company's video-streaming service to Apple's iPhone and iPod Touch mobile devices, once the Xbox 360 exclusivity deal expired.[183] In April 2010, the Netflix app debuted on the iTunes app store for use with the iPad.[184] The version for iPod Touch and iPhone was released on August 26, 2010 via the App Store.[159]
  • Netflix is also available on Windows Phone devices.
  • On March 15, 2011, Netflix was available for Android phones, however not all phones using the OS can use the application due to digital rights management (DRM) issues.[185] The DRM was later removed and the app now works on the majority of Android devices.
  • Netflix became available on July 14, 2011 on the Nintendo 3DS, although no 3D content is available at this time.[186]
  • In November 2011, Barnes & Noble began shipping Nook Tablets with the Netflix app preinstalled, and offering Netflix as an optional app for Nook Color devices.[187]
  • When the PlayStation Vita launched on February 22, 2012, it had a Netflix app built in.[188][189]
  • A Sandvine report released in 2013 stated that the company's mobile data usage share doubled over a 12-month period in North America.[190]

Sales and marketing[edit]

Netflix.com attracted at least 194 million visitors annually by 2008, according to a Compete.com survey. This is about five times the number of visitors to Blockbuster.com.[191]

During the first quarter of 2011, sales and rentals of packaged DVDs and Blu-ray Discs plunged about 20%, and the sell-through of packaged discs fell 19.99% to $2.07 billion, with more money spent on subscription rentals than in-store rentals.[192]

In July 2012, Netflix hired Kelly Bennett – who had previously been at Warner Bros. for almost a decade as the Vice President of Interactive, Worldwide Marketing – to become its new chief marketing officer. This also filled a vacancy at Netflix that had been empty for over six months when their previous CMO Leslie Kilgore left in January 2012.[193]

Expansion[edit]

Availability of Netflix

Netflix launched its instant streaming service in Canada in the fall of 2010, making Canada the first international market expansion for Netflix.[194] On September 22, 2010, Netflix became available in Canada for $7.99/month, but with a severely limited selection.[195]

In 2011, Netflix began to expand its services into 43 countries and territories in Latin America and the Caribbean by the end of that year, offering content in English, Spanish and Portuguese.[196] On September 5, Brazil became the first country in Latin America to introduce the service, followed by Argentina on September 7, Chile on September 8, Colombia on September 9 and Mexico on September 12, with the service having become available in the rest of the continent over the next few weeks.[when?]

Netflix launched in the UK and Ireland on January 9, 2012,[197] and in The Netherlands on September 11, 2013.[198]

Competitors[edit]

Netflix's success was followed by the establishment of numerous other DVD rental companies, both in the United States and abroad. Wal-Mart began an online rental service in October 2002 but left the market in May 2005. However, Wal-Mart later acquired the rental service Vudu, in 2010.[199]

Blockbuster Video entered the U.S. online market in August 2004, with a US$19.95 monthly subscription service. This sparked a price war; Netflix had raised its popular three-disc plan from US$19.95 to US$21.99 just prior to Blockbuster's launch, but by October, Netflix reduced this fee to US$17.99. Blockbuster responded with rates as low as US$14.99 for a time, but by August 2005, both companies settled at identical rates.[citation needed] On July 22, 2007, Netflix dropped the prices of its two most popular plans by US$1.00 in an effort to better compete with Blockbuster's online-only offerings.[200] On October 4, 2012, Dish Network scrapped plans to make Blockbuster into a Netflix competitor.[201] (Dish bought the ailing Blockbuster, LLC in 2011 and will continue to license the brand name to franchise locations, and keep its "Blockbuster on Demand" video streaming service open.)[202]

In 2005, Netflix cited as a potential competitor Amazon.com,[203] which until 2008, offered online video rentals in the United Kingdom and Germany. This arm of the business was eventually sold to LoveFilm, however Amazon then bought LoveFilm in 2011.[204] In addition, Amazon now streams movies and television shows through Amazon Instant Video (formerly Amazon Video On Demand and LOVEFiLM Instant).[205]

Redbox is another competitor that uses a kiosk approach: Rather than mailing DVDs, customers pick up and return DVDs at self-service kiosks located in metropolitan areas. In September 2012, Coinstar, the owners of Redbox, announced plans to partner with Verizon to launch Redbox Instant by Verizon by late 2012.[206] In early 2013, Redbox Instant by Verizon began a limited beta release of its service,[207] which was described by critics as "No netflix killer"[208] due to "glitches [and] lackluster selection."[209]

Netflix and Blockbuster largely avoid offering pornography, but several "adult video" subscription services were inspired by Netflix, such as SugarDVD and WantedList.[210][211]

Hulu Plus, like Netflix and Amazon Prime Instant Video, "ink[s] their own deals for exclusive and original content", requiring Netflix "not only to continue to attract new subscribers, but also keep existing ones happy."[212]

Awards[edit]

On July 18, 2013, Netflix earned the first Primetime Emmy Award nominations for original online-only web television programs at the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards. Three of its web series, Arrested Development, Hemlock Grove and House of Cards, earned a combined 14 nominations (nine for House of Cards, three for Arrested Development and two for Hemlock Grove).[213] The House of Cards episode "Chapter 1" received four nominations for both the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards and 65th Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards, becoming the first webisode of a television series to receive a major Primetime Emmy Award nomination: David Fincher was nominated in the category of Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series.[213][214] "Chapter 1" joined Arrested Development '​s "Flight of the Phoenix" and Hemlock Grove '​s "Children of the Night" as the first webisodes to earn Creative Arts Emmy Award nomination, and with its win for Outstanding Cinematography for a Single-Camera Series, "Chapter 1" became the first webisode to be awarded an Emmy.[215][216] Fincher's win for Directing for a Drama Series made the episode the first Primetime Emmy-awarded webisode.[217]

Year Series Category Recipient(s) Result Ref
2013
House of Cards
(season 1)
Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series
Kevin Spacey
Nominated
[218][219]
Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series
Robin Wright
Nominated
Outstanding Drama Series Nominated
Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series
David Fincher / "Chapter 1"
Won
Arrested Development
(season 4)
Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series[220]
Jason Bateman
Nominated
2013
House of Cards
(season 1)
Outstanding Cinematography for a Single-Camera Series
Eigil Bryld / "Chapter 1"
Won
Outstanding Single-Camera Picture Editing for a Drama Series
Kirk Baxter / "Chapter 1"
Nominated
Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Original Dramatic Score)
Jeff Beal / "Chapter 1"
Nominated
Outstanding Original Main Title Theme Music
Jeff Beal
Nominated
Outstanding Casting for a Drama Series
Laray Mayfield/Julie Schubert
Won
Arrested Development
(season 4)
Outstanding Music Composition for a Series[220]
David Schwartz / "Flight of the Phoenix"
Nominated
Outstanding Single-Camera Picture Editing for a Comedy Series[220]
Kabir Akhtar and AJ Dickerson / "Flight of the Phoenix"
Nominated
Hemlock Grove
(season 1)
Outstanding Original Main Title Theme Music
Nathan Barr
Nominated
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Special Visual Effects[220]
"Children of the Night"
Nominated
2014
House of Cards
(season 2)
Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series
Kevin Spacey
Nominated
Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series
Robin Wright
Nominated
Outstanding Drama Series Nominated
Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series
Carl Franklin / "Chapter 14"
Nominated
Outstanding Writing for a Drama Series
Beau Willimon / "Chapter 14"
Nominated
Orange Is the New Black
(Season 1)
Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series
Taylor Schilling
Nominated
Outstanding Comedy Series Nominated
Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series
Kate Mulgrew
Nominated
Outstanding Directing for a Comedy Series
Jodie Foster / "Lesbian Request Denied"
Nominated
Outstanding Writing for a Comedy Series
Liz Friedman & Jenji Kohan / "I Wasn't Ready"
Nominated
Derek
Derek (season 2)
Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series
Ricky Gervais
Nominated
2014
House of Cards
(season 2)
Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series
Reg E. Cathey
Nominated
Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series
Kate Mara
Nominated
Outstanding Art Direction for a Contemporary or Fantasy Series (Single-Camera) Nominated
Outstanding Casting for a Drama Series
Laray Mayfield, Julie Schubert
Nominated
Outstanding Cinematography for a Single-Camera Series
Igor Martinovic
Nominated
Outstanding Music Composition for a Series
Jeff Beal
Nominated
Outstanding Single-Camera Picture Editing for a Drama Series
Byron Smith
Nominated
Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Comedy or Drama Series (One Hour) Won
Orange Is the New Black
(Season 1)
Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series
Uzo Aduba
Won
Laverne Cox
Nominated
Natasha Lyonne
Nominated
Outstanding Casting for a Comedy Series
Jennifer Euston
Won
Outstanding Single-Camera Picture Editing for a Comedy Series
Shannon Mitchell
Nominated
Michael S. Stern
Nominated
William Turro
Won
The Square
Outstanding Documentary or Nonfiction Special Nominated
Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming Won
Outstanding Directing for Nonfiction Programming
Jehane Noujaim
Won
Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming
Pedro Kos, Christopher de la Torre & Muhamed El Manasterly
Won

On December 12, the network earned six Golden Globe Award nominations, including four for House of Cards.[221] Among those nominations was Wright for Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama for her portrayal of Claire Underwood, which she won at the 71st Golden Globe Awards on January 12. With the accolade, Wright became the first actress to win a Golden Globe for an online-only web television series. It also marked Netflix' first major acting award.[222][223][224]

Year Award Category Recipient(s) Result Ref
2014
Golden Globe Awards
Best Television Series – Drama
Nominated
[225]
Best Actor – Television Series Drama Kevin Spacey Nominated
Best Actress – Television Series Drama Robin Wright Won
Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film Corey Stoll Nominated

House of Cards and Orange is the New Black also won Peabody Awards in 2013.[226]

On July 10, 2014, Netflix received 31 Emmy nominations. Among other nominations, House of Cards received nominations for Outstanding Drama Series, Outstanding Directing in a Drama Series and Outstanding Writing in a Drama Series. Kevin Spacey and Robin Wright were nominated for Outstanding Lead Actor and Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series. Orange is the New Black was nominated in the comedy categories, earning nominations for Outstanding Comedy Series, Outstanding Writing For A Comedy Series and Outstanding Directing For A Comedy Series. Taylor Schilling, Kate Mulgrew and Uzo Aduba were respectively nominated for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series, Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series and Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series (the latter was for Aduba's recurring role in season one, as she was promoted to series regular for the show's second season).[227]

Time Warner[edit]

In a 2010 New York Times interview, Time Warner CEO Jeffrey Bewkes downplayed Netflix as a threat to more traditional media companies. Bewkes told the newspaper, "It's a little bit like, is the Albanian army going to take over the world? I don’t think so." At the same time, he recognized that the company's DVD service may have contributed to a decline in DVD sales, and regarding the industry's willingness to make special deals with Netflix in the future, he added "this has been an era of experimentation, and I think it's coming to a close."[228] Bewkes later refined his position, stating during a 2011 conference call that "things like Netflix are welcome additions to the infrastructure. They can monetize value for companies like Warner that maybe there wasn't – in terms of efficiency for older product, wasn’t as available before[...]Our view of Netflix has been very consistent. I've tried at times to be humorous about it, sometimes to make a point."[229]

Finance and revenue[edit]

2010[edit]

In 2010, Netflix's stock price increased 219% to $175.70 and it added eight million subscribers, bringing its total to 20 million. Revenue jumped 29% to $2.16 billion and net income was up 39% to $161 million.[230]

2011[edit]

In April 2011, Netflix was expected to earn $1.07 a share in the first quarter of 2011 on revenue of $705.7 million, a huge increase compared to the year-earlier profit of 59¢ on revenue of $493.7 million, according to a survey of 25 analysts polled by FactSet Research.[231]

At their peak, in July 2011, Netflix shares were trading for $299. Following the customer dissatisfaction and resulting loss of subscribers after the announcements by CEO Reed Hastings that streaming and DVD rental would be charged separately, leading to a higher price for customers who wanted both (on September 1), and that the DVD rental would be split off as the subsidiary Qwikster (on September 18), the share price fell steeply, to around $130.[232][233] However, on October 10, 2011, plans to split the company were scrapped. The reason being that "two websites would make things more difficult," he stated on the Netflix blog. On November 22, Netflix's share tumbled, as share prices fell by as much as 7%.[234] By December 2011, as a consequence of its decision to raise prices, Neflix had lost over 75% of its total value from the summer.[235][236] Describing their business model as "broken," Wedbush downgraded Netflix's stock rating to "underperform," the equivalent of sell.[237]

2014[edit]

In May 2014, Netflix increased the fee for UK subscribers by £1.[238] The price increase took effect immediately for new subscribers, but will be delayed for two years for existing members. Netflix applied similar increases in the United States (an increase of $1) and the Eurozone (an increase of €1). According to Forbes,[239] "Netflix can add roughly $500 million in annual incremental revenues in the U.S. alone by 2017 with this move" and "roughly $200-$250 million in incremental revenues from price changes in international markets".

Legal issues and controversies[edit]

Recommendation algorithm and the "Netflix Prize"[edit]

Main article: Netflix Prize

In 2006, Netflix held the first Netflix Prize competition to find a better program to predict user preferences and beat its existing Netflix movie recommendation system, known as Cinematch, by at least 10%. CEO Reed Hastings did not necessarily expect a lot of quick progress towards the prize,[240] "We thought we built the best darn thing ever."[240] But by June 2007, Hastings said the competition is "three-quarters of the way there in three-quarters of a year."[241] Three teams – an AT&T Research Team called BellKor, commendo's team BigChaos, and Pragmatic Theory – combined to win the 2009 grand prize competition for $1 million. The winning team, called BellKor's Pragmatic Chaos, used machine learning techniques to find that, for example, the rating system people use for older movies is very different from that used for a movie they just saw. The mood of the day made a difference also; for example, Friday ratings were different from Monday morning ratings.[242]

In 2010, Netflix canceled a running contest to improve the company's recommendation algorithm due to privacy concerns: under the terms of the competition, contestants were given access to customer rental data, which the company had purportedly anonymized. However, it was discovered that even this anonymized dataset could, in fact, identify a user personally. Netflix was sued by KamberLaw L.L.C. and ended the contest after reaching a deal with the FTC.[243]

Throttling of DVDs by mail[edit]

Netflix's allocation policy – referred to by many as "throttling" – gives priority shipping and selection to customers who rent fewer discs per month. Higher volume renters may see some of their selections delayed, routed elsewhere, or sent out of order.[244] Netflix claims that "the large majority of our subscribers are able to receive their movies in about one business day following our shipment of the requested movie from their local distribution center."[245] However, not all shipments come from the subscriber's local distribution center, and shipments from distant centers are often delayed, as well.

In September 2004, a consumer class action lawsuit, Frank Chavez v. Netflix, Inc.,[246] was brought against Netflix in San Francisco Superior Court. The suit alleged false advertising in relation to claims of "unlimited rentals" with "one-day delivery." In January 2005, Netflix changed its terms of use to acknowledge what has commonly become known as "throttling" (Mike Kaltschnee, owner of the Hacking Netflix blog, says Netflix calls this practice "smoothing" internally).[247]

In October 2005, Netflix proposed a settlement for those who had enrolled as a paid Netflix member prior to January 15, 2005. These earlier members would be able to renew their subscriptions with a one-month free membership, and those early members with current subscriptions would receive a one-month free upgrade to the next-highest membership level. Netflix's settlement denied allegations of any wrongdoing, and the case did not reach a legal judgment. Netflix estimated the settlement cost at approximately US$4 million, which included up to US$2.53 million to cover plaintiff lawyer fees. A controversial aspect of the settlement offer was that the customer's account would continue at the renewed or upgraded membership level after the free month provided by the settlement, with customers being charged accordingly unless they opted out after the month-long free period ended. After Trial Lawyers for Public Justice filed a challenge to the proposed settlement[248] and the Federal Trade Commission filed an amicus brief urging the rejection or modification of the settlement, Netflix offered to alter the settlement terms, requiring customers to actively approve any continuation after the free month. The final settlement hearing took place on March 22, 2006.[249] Implementation of the settlement was delayed pending appeal in the California Appellate Courts.[250] The settlement was affirmed on April 21, 2008, with the court stating, "the trial court did not abuse its discretion in approving the amended class action settlement agreement, approving the notice given to class members, or determining the amount of fees."[251] Interestingly, the court approved email notice and an online claims submission process.[252] The court said:

The summary notice and long-form notice together provided all of the detail required by statute or court rule, in a highly accessible form. The fact that not all of the information was contained in a single e-mail or mailing is immaterial… Using a summary notice that directed the class member wanting more information to a Web site containing a more detailed notice, and provided hyperlinks to that Web site, was a perfectly acceptable manner of giving notice in this case… The class members conducted business with defendant over the Internet, and can be assumed to know how to navigate between the summary notice and the Web site. Using the capability of the Internet in that fashion was a sensible and efficient way of providing notice, especially compared to the alternative Vogel apparently preferred—mailing out a lengthy legalistic document that few class members would have been able to plow through.

The settlement was criticized because it paid out $2.5 million to attorneys for fees and costs, while offering only coupons to the class members.[253][254]

The Terms of Use have since been amended with terms that indicate such a suit would not be possible in the future:[255]

These Terms of Use shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the state of Delaware, without regard to conflicts of laws provisions. You and Netflix agree that the United States District Court for the Northern District of California and/or the California Superior Court for the County of Santa Clara shall have exclusive jurisdiction over any dispute between you and Netflix relating in any way to the Netflix service or Web site or these Terms of Use. You and Netflix expressly and irrevocably consent to personal jurisdiction and venue in these courts. The parties agree that in any such dispute or subsequent legal action, they will only assert claims in an individual (non-class, non-representative) basis, and that they will not seek or agree to serve as a named representative in a class action or seek relief on behalf of those other than themselves.

Releasing this week[edit]

The Netflix website at one time featured a list of titles, "Releasing This Week" (RTW), that enabled customers to easily view new DVDs the company planned for rental release each week.[256] On December 21, 2007, the company removed the link to the page without notice and replaced it with a slider system showing only four previously released movies at a time. The new page, called "Popular New Releases", does not list newly released DVDs for rental.[257] The listing of new releases is still active,[256] although there is no menu option that links to the page.

On January 1, 2008, a Netflix employee unofficially stated on the Netflix Community Blog that customers used the RTW page to add newly released movies to the top of their queues, then complained about delays in receiving them after demand outstripped the supply of DVDs on hand. By removing the page, Netflix sought to quell complaints that these movies were not readily available. Critics, however, have suggested this was just another Netflix attempt at throttling.[258]

Dynamic queue, subscription, and delivery methods[edit]

On April 4, 2006, Netflix filed a patent infringement lawsuit in which it demanded a jury trial in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, alleging that Blockbuster's online DVD rental subscription program violated two patents held by Netflix. The first cause of action alleged Blockbuster's infringement of U.S. Patent No. 7,024,381 (issued April 4, 2006; only hours before the lawsuit was filed) by copying the "dynamic queue" of DVDs available for each customer, Netflix's method of using the ranked preferences in the queue to send DVDs to subscribers, and Netflix's method permitting the queue to be updated and reordered.[259] The second cause of action alleged infringement of Patent No. 6,584,450 (issued June 24, 2003), which covers in less detail the subscription rental service as well as Netflix's methods of communication and delivery.[260] The dispute ended a year later, on June 25, 2007, with both companies declining to disclose the terms of their legal settlement, except for a statement by Blockbuster that it would not have a major impact on its future financial performance.[261][262] Blockbuster also said that the company planned to close 282 stores that year to shift focus to its online service. The company already had closed 290 stores in 2006.[263]

In fall 2006, Blockbuster signed a deal with The Weinstein Company that gave it the exclusive rental rights to the studio's films beginning on January 1, 2007.[264] This agreement forced Netflix to obtain copies from mass merchants or retailers, instead of directly from the studio.[265] Netflix has speculated that the effect of the Blockbuster-Weinstein agreement could result in higher rental costs and/or fewer copies of the studio's movies, which would limit the number of each movie's DVDs that would be available to subscribers at any one time.[266] As of June 2007, Netflix continues to make available Weinstein movies, including Unknown, School For Scoundrels and Harsh Times, among others. The first-sale doctrine allows Netflix and other video rental businesses to offer movies released by The Weinstein Company, but the long-term effects of the Blockbuster-Weinstein deal remain uncertain.

Removal of social networking feature[edit]

Beginning in 2004, Netflix subscribers could use a feature that allowed them to interact with friends who were also members. This feature was meant to tap into the growing popularity of social networking. With this feature, users could see how their friends rated a movie on that movie's page; view what DVDs their friends were renting; and allow them to leave their friends notes with film recommendations.[267][268]

In March 2010, as part of a redesign of its movie-details pages, the Friends feature began to be phased out. Users could no longer see their friends' ratings on movie pages, and what remained of the friends section was moved to a small link at the bottom of each page. The initial announcement about the redesign on Netflix's official blog made no reference to any changes to the Friends feature.[269] Hundreds of angry users posted negative comments, and the feedback prompted Netflix's Vice President of Product Management, Todd Yellin, to post a follow-up statement. While apologizing for poor communication about the changes, Yellin stated that the Friends feature would continue to be phased out, citing figures that only 2% of members used the feature and the company's limited resources to maintain the service.[267][268][270] Netflix users also began using the movie-reviews section of the website to post comments protesting the changes.[271]

Linux support[edit]

Netflix formerly supported online streaming only on Microsoft Windows, OS X, iOS and Android, relying on Microsoft Silverlight. Partly due to digital rights management issues, despite the open-source implementation of Silverlight known as Moonlight, this has created problems for users of fully open source versions of Linux and similar operating systems.[272] Though Google's partially proprietary Android and Chrome OS platforms are essentially based upon Linux and other open source software infrastructure, Netflix did not provide any crossover support for using its proprietary components to stream any of its content upon fully free systems, such as Ubuntu and Fedora.

On August 9, 2011, Netflix released a Google Chrome web store item for Chrome OS, Mac OS, and Windows; however, it does not yet enable Netflix streaming on Linux machines. On Linux systems running the Chrome browser, the extension simply redirects users to view Netflix.com.[273]

In June 2014, Netflix chose to switch from Silverlight to HTML 5 playback using the Encrypted Media Extensions, since then, the extensions were added to Microsoft's Internet Explorer on Windows 8.1[274] and Apple's Safari on Mac OS X Yosemite.[274]

Since August 5, 2014, Google implemented the Encrypted Media Extensions[275] to its Developer and Beta versions of the Chrome Browser for Linux, Allowing Linux users to use the service natively from the web browser.

Third-party solutions[edit]

As of May 9, 2011, Google had initially released plans for a plugin for the Chrome browser and Chrome OS which would allow Netflix streaming, including traditional Linux users.[276]

On November 15, 2012, patches to the Wine compatibility layer to make viewing of Netflix on Linux and similar systems were made available.[277]

On November 18, 2012, a PPA and installation files were made publicly available making the installation and use of Netflix much easier for users of Ubuntu 12.04 and possibly other distributions.[278]

On August 8, 2013, software repositories were made publicly available making possible the usage of the Windows Silverlight plugin in Linux-native web browsers using Wine.[279][280] Previous Linux Netflix support required running the entire Firefox web browser through the Wine compatibility layer.[278]

Closed captioning[edit]

On March 11, 2011, Don Cullen filed a national class action lawsuit[281] against Netflix alleging that the service failed to closed caption its streaming video library and had misled deaf and hard of hearing customers. In June 2011, the National Association of the Deaf filed a lawsuit against Netflix for not providing closed captioning on all of its movies on the "Watch Instantly" service. The group claims Netflix is violating the Americans with Disabilities Act by not providing equal access on entertainment.[282] On November 11, 2011, the court denied a Netflix motion to dismiss the case.[283]

In March 2012, Netflix increased the number of programs that are closed captioned. Almost all Netflix-ready devices in distribution today (including AppleTV, BD players, the Roku set-top box, and all the game consoles, phone apps, tablet apps, and TVs) are capable of rendering captions.[284]

In July 2012, Netflix formed an experimental project to crowdsource the closed-captioning effort using the Amara (formerly Universal Subtitles) platform.[285] However, this proved problematic in the face of claims that crowdsourced subtitles, regardless of whether they are transcriptions or translations, are derivative works which infringe copyright if created or distributed without consent from the film's copyright owner.[286] Amara operates under DMCA safe-harbor provisions which indemnify it from secondary copyright infringement lawsuits over user-uploaded content, and presumably Netflix would not publish any subtitles produced by this effort without authorization. Netflix was careful to say it is not committed to using any subtitles produced by the crowdsourcing project.[285]

In October 2012, Netflix was found to be offering the television series Andromeda to customers in Finland with unauthorized subtitles from the fansub scene.[287] Such subtitles, and motion pictures incorporating them, have long been traded online, resulting in cease and desist notices, takedowns, and copyright infringement lawsuits against traders, website operators, and search engines; even criminal prosecution happened in one Norwegian case involving the distribution of fan-created subtitles alone.[288] When confronted, Netflix apologized and promised to remove the unauthorized translations, but did not explain how the content came to be offered in the first place, or whether other potentially copyright-infringing subtitles exist in the company's repertoire.[citation needed]

On January 20, 2014, Jon Christian published an article in The Week, titled "How Netflix alienated and insulted its deaf subscribers: The streaming video giant still can't manage to competently produce closed captions", which catalogues Netflix's various technical and legal issues regarding closed captioning, including the poor quality of the subtitles that are provided. For example, he states: "But for all the service's strengths, one aspect is still decidedly twentieth century: The bizarrely low standards for Netflix's closed captions, which continue to alienate subscribers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or simply have difficulty understanding dialogue." The article was updated the following day to publish Netflix's response: "Update: The day after this article was published, a representative from Netflix contacted the author of this piece with an additional comment: 'While we don't have the rights to make edits to subs/captions we do, in fact, request redelivery of subtitles or captions when we discover errors. The titles in your piece are now under investigation.'"[289]

Technical details[edit]

Streaming[edit]

Initially streaming solely using Microsoft technologies and codecs such as VC-1 for video and WMA for audio, the rapid expansion and diversity of Netflix-capable devices have necessitated encoding into many different formats – including H.264 (AVC), VC-1, H.263 and H.265 (HEVC) for video, and Dolby Digital, Dolby Digital Plus, AAC and Ogg Vorbis for audio.[290] According to Netflix, the vast number of codec and bitrate combinations can mean having to encode the same title 120 different times before it can be delivered to all streaming platforms.[291]

Netflix uses adaptive bitrate streaming technology to adjust the video and audio quality to match a customer’s broadband connection speed and realtime network conditions.

Netflix recommend:

Quality Required download speed Ref
Minimum (low) 1.5Mbit/s [292]
DVD quality (480p) 3Mbit/s [292]
HD (720p) 5Mbit/s [292]
Super HD (1080p) 7Mbit/s [292]
3D Streaming 12Mbit/s [292]
4K UHD (2160p) 25Mbit/s [293]

Netflix provides users the ability to choose their download rates quality of video on its website (https://account.netflix.com/VideoQuality).

Netflix API[edit]

On October 1, 2008, Netflix launched an application programming interface (API).[294] The Netflix API[295] allows access to data for all Netflix titles as well as access on a user's behalf to manage his or her movie queue. The API is free and allows commercial use.[296] The Developer Network includes a forum for asking and answering questions.[297]

A variety of services has been created around or has integrated the API. Examples include Rotten Tomatoes and The New York Times, which allow users to click to add titles to their Netflix queue or begin watching on "Watch Instantly" from their pages,[297] and Jinni, which enables one to search within Watch Instantly and imports some user information such as reviews.[298]

Additionally, the API has allowed many developers to release Netflix applications for mobile devices. For example, on November 16, 2009, Netflix released an official Nokia app that allows some trailer streaming,[299] and on August 26, 2010, Netflix released an official iPhone app.[159] However, in June 2012, Netflix began to cut back the availability of its public API.[300][why?] In June 2014, Netflix announced that they would be retiring the API. This would be effective November 14, 2014, with the intent of allowing Netflix to focus on supporting a growing member base and increasing numbers of devices. In retiring the public API Netflix will partner with the developers of eight services deemed to have been the most valuable to Netflix users. These eight applications will be allowed to operate beyond November 14, and include Instant Watcher, Fanhattan, Yidio, and Nextguide.[301]

IT infrastructure[edit]

In 2010, Netflix migrated its infrastructure to Amazon EC2. Master copies of digital films from movie studios are stored on Amazon S3, and each film is encoded into over 50 different versions based on video resolution and audio quality using machines on the cloud. In total, Netflix has over 1 petabyte of data stored on Amazon, and the data are sent to content delivery networks (including Akamai, Limelight and Level 3) that feed the content to local ISPs. Netflix uses a number of pieces of open-source software in its backend, including Java, MySQL, Gluster, Apache Tomcat, Hive, Chukwa, Cassandra and Hadoop.[302]

Netflix Open Connect CDN[edit]

Netflix settlement freely peers with ISPs directly and at common Internet exchange points; for larger ISPs that have over 100,000 subscribers Netflix offers free Netflix Open Connect storage appliances that cache Netflix content within the ISPs' data centers or networks to further reduce Internet transit costs.[303][304] The Open Connect Appliances are purpose-built servers that focus on low power and high storage density, and run the FreeBSD operating system, nginx and the Bird Internet routing daemon.[305]

Cultural effects[edit]

The rise of Netflix has affected the way audiences watch televised content. Neil Hunt, Netflix’s chief product officer, believes that Netflix is a model for what television will look like in 2025. He points out that because the Internet allows users the freedom to watch shows at their own pace, an episode does not need cliffhangers to tease the audience to keep tuning in week after week, because they can just binge straight into the next episode.[306] Netflix has allowed content creators to deviate from traditional formats that force 30 minute or 60 minute timeslots once a week, which it claims gives them an advantage over networks. Their model provides a platform that allows varying run times per episode based on a storyline, eliminates the need for a week to week recap, and does not have a fixed notion of what constitutes a "season". This flexibility also allows Netflix to nurture a show until it finds its audience, unlike traditional networks which will quickly cancel a show if it is unable to maintain steady ratings.[307]

Netflix has strayed from the traditional necessary production of a pilot episode in order to establish the characters and create arbitrary cliffhangers to prove to the network that the concept of the show will be successful. Kevin Spacey spoke at the Edinburgh International Television Festival about how the new Netflix model was effective for the production of House of Cards, "Netflix was the only company that said, ‘We believe in you. We've run our data, and it tells us our audience would watch this series." Though traditional networks are unwilling to risk millions of dollars on shows without first seeing a pilot, Spacey points out that in 2012, 113 pilots were made, 35 of those were chosen to go to air, 13 of those were renewed, and most of those are gone now. The total cost of this is somewhere between $300–$400 million, which makes Netflix’s deal for House of Cards extremely cost effective.[308] Netflix's subscription fee also eliminates the need for commercials, so they are free from needing to appease advertisers to fund their original content, a model similar to traditional pay television services such as HBO and Showtime.

The Netflix model has also affected viewers' expectations. According to a 2013 Nielsen survey, more than 60% of Americans admitted to binge-watching shows and nearly eight out of 10 Americans have used technology to watch their favorite shows on their own schedule.[309] Netflix has successfully continued to release its original content by making the whole season available at once, acknowledging changing viewer habits. This allows audiences to watch episodes at a time of their choosing rather than having to watch just one episode a week at a specific scheduled time; this effectively gives its subscribers freedom and control over when to watch the next episode at their own pace. Netflix has capitalized on these habits by automatically playing the next episode in the series, removing the 15-second wait times of content on other streaming services. The structure that allows convenient viewing of episodes as well as the intent to provide content of quality comparable to some broadcast and cable television programs in effect, often results in the viewer being hooked into the program by the time the next episode starts.[310]

Netflix in popular culture[edit]

  • In season 1, episode 11 of The Blacklist [titled "The Alchemist (No. 101)"], Tom "confesses" to Liz that he watched the last episode of The Real Housewives while away in Nebraska. Liz replies, "I know; it showed up on our Netflix queue". This interaction refers to several Netflix features and usage trends: multiple individuals can and do share subscriptions, subscribers can login from multiple locations and devices, and subscribers who share an account can see each other's viewing history.[98][99]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Netflix Management". Netflix. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Hastings, Reed; Wells, David (February 3, 2014). "Netflix, Inc. - Annual Report [2013]". ir.netflix.com. Netflix. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "NETFLIX INC 2013 Annual Report Form (10-K)" (XBRL). United States Securities and Exchange Commission. February 3, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Netflix takes on language challenge in next phase of European expansion". Investing.com. 
  5. ^ TechCrunch. “Netflix.” Retrieved August 5, 2014.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "Netflix delivers 1 billionth DVD". MSNBC. February 25, 2007. 
  8. ^ "Netflix Q1 Earnings Up 88%, Adds 3.M Subscribers". SeekingAlpha. April 25, 2011. 
  9. ^ Joseph Tartakoff. "The paidContent 50: The Most Successful Digital Media Companies in the U.S.". paidContent. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. 
  10. ^ "The woes of Netflix: Looks bleak". The Economist. October 27, 2012. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Netflix 4Q 2012 Earnings Show 2 Million User Surge In Subscriber Base" Huffington Post Retrieved February 4, 2013
  12. ^ Paskin, Willa (March 19, 2013). "Netflix Resurrected Arrested Development. Next Up: Television Itself". Wired (website) (New York City, New York: Condé Nast). Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  13. ^ The Associated Press (July 22, 2013). "By The Numbers: Netflix subscribers". Yahoo! News (Yahoo). Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014. 
  14. ^ Stelter, Brian (October 21, 2013). "Netflix Hits Milestone and Raises Its Sights". The New York Times (New York City, New York: NYTC). ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Netflix Seen Reporting U.S. Web Users Grew to 33.1 Million". Bloomberg News/Newsmax. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  16. ^ Netflix Eyes Global Streaming Domination As It Crosses 50 Million Subscriber Mark
  17. ^ Balise, Julie (2014-01-16). "Netflix original documentary gets Oscar nomination - The Technology Chronicles". blog.sfgate.com. Retrieved 2014-03-07. 
  18. ^ Kung, Michelle (January 16, 2014). "Egypt Documentary 'The Square' Could Put Netflix in Winner's Circle at Oscars". The Wall Street Journal Speakeasy Blog (New York City, New York: News Corp). ISSN 0099-9660. OCLC 781541372. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  19. ^ self. "Marc Randolph LinkedIn Profile". Retrieved October 31, 2011. 
  20. ^ Robin Wauters. "Marc Randolph Techcrunch". Retrieved October 31, 2011. 
  21. ^ "Netflix Company History". 
  22. ^ Netflix. "Happy Moon Landing Day!". Retrieved July 20, 2009. 
  23. ^ Carr, David (October 3, 2013). "Netflix Inc.". The New York Times. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  24. ^ Stephen Czar (1998). "DVD Historical Timeline". Retrieved January 30, 2006. 
  25. ^ O'Brien, Jeffrey M. (December 2002). "The Netflix Effect". Wired News. 
  26. ^ "Movies to go". The Economist. July 7, 2005. 
  27. ^ "Netflix Prize Website". Retrieved December 8, 2006. 
  28. ^ "The Victoria Advocate – Feb 26, 2007". p. B4. 
  29. ^ "DVD Sales Plunge in U.S., Digital Sales on the Rise". Time. May 4, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Netflix offers streaming movies to subscribers". 
  31. ^ Dornhelm, Rachel (December 8, 2006). "Netflix expands indie film biz". American Public Media. Retrieved December 11, 2006. 
  32. ^ Jesdanun, Anick (July 23, 2008). "Netflix shuts movie financing arm to focus on core". Associated Press. Retrieved August 11, 2008. [dead link]
  33. ^ Goldstein, Gregg (July 22, 2008). "Netflix closing Red Envelope". Secure Thoughts. Retrieved August 11, 2008. 
  34. ^ Wayner, Peter (September 23, 2002). "nytimes.com". The New York Times. 
  35. ^ Blitstein, Ryan (March 22, 2007). "Vacation policy at Netflix: Take as much as you want". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 10, 2008. 
  36. ^ Arango, Tim; Carr, David (November 25, 2010). "Netflix’s Move Onto the Web Stirs Rivalries". The New York Times. pp. A1. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  37. ^ Hastings, Reed (September 18, 2011). "The Official Netflix Blog : US & Canada: An Explanation and Some Reflections". Blog.netflix.com. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  38. ^ Lawler, Richard (September 19, 2011). "Netflix spins DVD-by-mail service off into Qwikster, says it's 'done' with price changes (video)". Engadget. AOL. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  39. ^ Murph, Darren (September 19, 2011). "Editorial: Reed Hastings' Netflix spinoff isn't about DVD success, it's about hedging the stream". Engadget. AOL. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  40. ^ a b "Netflix renames DVD-by-mail service, adds video games". CNN. September 19, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  41. ^ Lawler, Richard (October 10, 2011). "Netflix backtracks on Qwikster, will keep DVDs and streaming under the same URL". Engadget. AOL. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  42. ^ Netflix Drops Most Since 2004. Retrieved October 25, 2011
  43. ^ Netflix earnings jump. Retrieved October 25, 2011
  44. ^ Netflix Shares Surge on Subscriber Growth. Retrieved January 29, 2012
  45. ^ a b Levinthal, Dave (April 7, 2012). "Netflix forms PAC". Politico. 
  46. ^ Franzen, Carl. "Anonymous Launches 'Operation Boycott Netflix' Over PAC". Talking Points Memo. 
  47. ^ Rashid, Fahmida Y. (April 10, 2012). "Netflix Isn't Pro-CISPA, Facebook Is". PC Magazine. 
  48. ^ Thier, Dave (April 10, 2012). "Netflix Has NOT Formed a Pro-Sopa Super-PAC". Forbes. 
  49. ^ Bishop, Bryan (December 24, 2012). "Netflix streaming down on some devices due to Amazon issues (update)". The Verge. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  50. ^ "Summary of the December 24, 2012 Amazon ELB Service Event in the US-East Region". Amazon Web Services. December 24, 2012. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  51. ^ "Netflix launching its own awards, honoring outstanding achievements in Netflix". Newswire. February 27, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2013. 
  52. ^ Hokenson, Christian (March 13, 2013). "Netflix Adds Facebook Sharing Feature". HD Report. 
  53. ^ Congress tweaks US video-privacy law so Netflix can get on Facebook, Ars Technica
  54. ^ Chakrabarty, Saumyadeb; Kalluvila, Sriraj, eds. (April 22, 2014). "Netflix price hikes seen boosting global expansion". Reuters. Reporting by Soham Chatterjee; Photo Credit: Reuters/Mike Blake (London: Thomson Reuters). Archived from the original on April 22, 2014. Retrieved April 22, 2014. 
  55. ^ Kleinman, Alexis (June 13, 2014). "Netflix Has A New Logo And A New Look". The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  56. ^ Lawler, Richard (July 22, 2014). "Netflix crosses 50 million subscribers worldwide and takes aim at Comcast / TWC". Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  57. ^ Nowak, Peter (September 22, 2010). "Netflix launches Canadian movie service". CBC News. Retrieved July 2, 2012. 
  58. ^ Whitehouse, David (June 3, 2011). "Netflix to Expand in Europe, Starting With Spain, Figaro Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved June 29, 2011. 
  59. ^ Netflix to provide service to the UK, Ireland. Retrieved October 25, 2011
  60. ^ a b Vitorovich, Lilly (August 20, 2012). "Netflix Reaches 1 Million Membership Milestone in UK, Ireland". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 18, 2012. 
  61. ^ "Netflix UK Review". slinkystudio.info. September 10, 2013. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  62. ^ Lawler, Richard (August 15, 2012). "Netflix Watch Instantly streaming coming to Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Finland this year". Engadget. AOL. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  63. ^ Netflix (October 18, 2012). "Netflix Launches In Sweden, Denmark, Norway And Finland". bloomberg.com (Press release). Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  64. ^ Reisinger, Don (June 19, 2013). "Netflix streaming heads to The Netherlands in late 2013". CNET News. Credit:Screenshot by Lance Whitney/CNET (San Francisco: CBS). Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  65. ^ Netflix (September 11, 2013). "Netflix Now Available In The Netherlands". digitaljournal.com (Press release). Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  66. ^ Janko Roettgers (September 10, 2013). "Netflix makes it official, launches in The Netherlands". GigaOM. GigaOM. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  67. ^ ernesto (September 14, 2013). "Netflix Uses Pirate Sites to Determine What Shows to Buy". TorrentFreak. TorrentFreak. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  68. ^ "It's official! We'll launch in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, France, Belgium and Luxembourg later this year. #Netflix". Twitter. Netflix US. May 21, 2014. 
  69. ^ http://tvnz.co.nz/national-news/netflix-could-coming-nz-next-year-report-5984622
  70. ^ Falcone, John P. (May 9, 2008). "Netflix Watch Now: Missing too much popular content". CNET. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  71. ^ "Netflix Accounts For Nearly One-Third Of US Internet Traffic At Home". TubeFilter. Retrieved October 23, 2013. 
  72. ^ "Netflix Expands Internet Viewing Option". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on January 15, 2008. Retrieved January 13, 2008. 
  73. ^ Wallen, Jack. "The Netflix Linux conjecture: How Netflix snubs the Linux community". Blogs.techrepublic.com.com. Archived from the original on January 2, 2013. Retrieved June 29, 2011. 
  74. ^ "Pipelight". January 7, 2014. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  75. ^ http://www.pcworld.com/article/2824623/ubuntu-linux-gets-netflix-without-weird-workarounds.html
  76. ^ "What Netflix and Hulu Users are Watching… and How". NielsenWire. July 27, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2011. 
  77. ^ "More mainstream movies for Netflix online". Los Angeles Times. October 1, 2008. Retrieved November 21, 2008. 
  78. ^ Stelter, Brian (August 10, 2010). "Netflix to Stream Films From Paramount, Lions Gate, MGM". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2010. 
  79. ^ a b Reisinger, Don (July 12, 2011). "Netflix hikes prices, adds DVD-only plan | The Digital Home – CNET News". News.cnet.com. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  80. ^ a b Mack, Eric (July 12, 2011). "'Dear Netflix': Price hike ignites social-media fire". CNET News. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  81. ^ Stelter, Brian (October 10, 2011). "Netflix, in Reversal, Will Keep Its Services Together". The New York Times. 
  82. ^ Starz says it won't renew Netflix streaming contract. Retrieved September 1, 2011
  83. ^ Lilly, Paul (March 28, 2011). "GameFly Complains USPS Favors Netflix". Maximum PC. Retrieved April 2, 2011. "Netflix has 58 shipping locations" 
  84. ^ "The Official Netflix Blog: Ending sales of previously viewed DVDs on website". netflix.com. November 3, 2008. Retrieved November 21, 2008. 
  85. ^ "Netflix Press Release on Warner Delayed release deal.". netflix.mediaroom.com. January 6, 2010. 
  86. ^ "Netflix Press Release on Universal Delayed release deal.". netflix.mediaroom.com. April 9, 2010. 
  87. ^ "Netflix Press Release on 20th Century Fox Delayed release deal.". netflix.mediaroom.com. January 6, 2010. 
  88. ^ "An Explanation and Some Reflections". Qwikster. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  89. ^ "DVDs Will Be Staying at Netflix.com". 
  90. ^ "Netflix Unveils Profiles". Netflix. January 18, 2005. Retrieved August 12, 2008. 
  91. ^ "Profiles feature going away". Netflix Community Blog. January 19, 2008. Retrieved January 19, 2008. "[T]he motivation is solely driven by keeping our service as simple and as easy to use as possible. Too many members found the feature difficult to understand and cumbersome, having to consistently log in and out of the website. Please know that the motivation is solely driven by keeping our service as simple and as easy to use as possible." 
  92. ^ "Netflix To Eliminate Profiles Feature". Slashdot. January 19, 2008. Retrieved January 19, 2008. "Unfortunately, the fun stops September 1, at which point Netflix is, for unknown reasons, going to terminate this feature. Why? To '...help us to continue to improve the Netflix website for all our customers.' Improvement indeed." 
  93. ^ "Netflix to eliminate profiles, instigate roommate feuds". c|Net news. January 19, 2008. Retrieved January 19, 2008. "Lousy move, Netflix. A thread on feedback forum Get Satisfaction revealed that other people aren't too happy either." 
  94. ^ "Netflix killing extra queues to "improve" service". ars technica. June 19, 2008. Retrieved June 19, 2008. "An online petition is already available, with signees agreeing to either move to a cheaper plan, put their account on hold, or cancel their accounts entirely. Netflix must be banking that the improvements to its web site will offset the ill will and lost subscribers that this news has engendered." 
  95. ^ "What is happening to Profiles?". Netflix Customer Service. January 19, 2008. Retrieved January 19, 2008. 
  96. ^ "Netflix Community Blog: Profiles feature NOT going away". Blog.netflix.com. June 30, 2008. Retrieved November 21, 2008. 
  97. ^ Stenovec, Timothy (August 1, 2013). "Netflix Launches Profiles, Finally Realizing How People Really Watch Movies On It". The Huffington Post. 
  98. ^ a b c "Netflix Launches Profiles, Finally Realizing How People Really Watch Movies On It". The Huffington Post. August 1, 2013. 
  99. ^ a b c Pepitone, Julianne (August 1, 2013). "Netflix launches user profiles for individual recommendations". CNN Money. 
  100. ^ a b Pepitone, Julianne (August 1, 2013). "Netflix launches user profiles for individual recommendations". CNNMoney. 
  101. ^ a b c d Lawler, Ryan (August 1, 2013). "Netflix Makes Recommendations More Personalized By Adding Individual User Profiles". TechCrunch. 
  102. ^ a b c Rogowsky, Mark (August 2, 2013). "Netflix Profiles: One Step Up, Two Steps Back". Forbes. 
  103. ^ Andreeva, Nellie. "It's Official: Netflix Picks Up David Fincher- Kevin Spacey Series 'House Of Cards'". Deadline.com. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  104. ^ Andreeva, Nellie. "Netflix Picks Up New Episodes Of 'Arrested Development'". Deadline.com. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  105. ^ Adler, Tim (October 3, 2011). "Update: Miramax's Mike Lang and Netflix's Ted Sarandos Talk Shop; Netflix Adds ‘Lilyhammer’ To TV Lineup". Deadline.com. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  106. ^ Tartaglione, Nancy (March 21, 2012). "Famke Janssen, Bill Skarsgard Cast In Eli Roth’s ‘Hemlock Grove’; Netflix To Air Gaumont-Produced Series In Early 2013". Deadline (PMC). Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014. 
  107. ^ Lieberman, David (February 12, 2013). "DreamWorks Animation To Produce First Netflix Original Series For Kids". Deadline (PMC). Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  108. ^ Lieberman, David (June 17, 2013). "DreamWorks Animation To Produce TV Shows Based On Its Characters For Netflix". Deadline (PMC). Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  109. ^ "'Hemlock Grove' Season 2 Premiere Date: 'Orange Is The New Black' Madeline Brewer Joins Cast Ahead Of 2014 Release". International Digital Times. iDigital Times. October 25, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  110. ^ Rosz, Jeff (July 12, 2013). "Netflix Expects to Film More ‘Arrested Development’ in Summer 2014". ScreenFury.com. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  111. ^ "Marvel TV shows to debut on Netflix". BBC News. November 8, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  112. ^ Lieberman, David (November 7, 2013). "Disney To Provide Netflix With Four Series Based On Marvel Characters". Deadline.com. Retrieved November 7, 2013. 
  113. ^ Spangler, Todd (November 7, 2013). "Netflix Orders Four Marvel Live-Action Series". Variety. Retrieved November 7, 2013. 
  114. ^ "Star Wars: The Clone Wars - The Lost Missions Now on Netflix". starwars.com. Lucasfilm. March 7, 2014. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014. 
  115. ^ "Netflix to Stream Knights of Sidonia Anime in Summer 2014". Anime News Network. 2013-12-12. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  116. ^ "House Of Cards renewed". London: DailyMail. February 5, 2014. 
  117. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (April 22, 2014). "Mitch Hurwitz Inks Multi-Year Deal With Netflix For New Series". Deadline (PMC). Archived from the original on April 23, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2014. 
  118. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (2 September 2014). "Netflix Renews ‘Hemlock Grove’ For Third And Final Season". Deadline.com. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  119. ^ Wall Street Journal: Relativity Media Netflix. Retrieved July 6, 2010
  120. ^ Barnes, Brooks; Stelter, Brian (September 26, 2011). "Netflix, DreamWorks Announce Content Deal". The New York Times. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  121. ^ Ben Fritz (June 28, 2012). "Company Town". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 28, 2012. 
  122. ^ "Open Road Inks Deal to Bring Pics to Showtime". October 1, 2013. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  123. ^ FilmDistrict Netflix. Retrieved July 6, 2010
  124. ^ "Weinstein Co. and Netflix sign a multi-year licensing agreement". Deadline.com. March 9, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2012. 
  125. ^ Netflix, Weinstein Co To “Reinvent” Pay-TV Experience With New Multi-Year Pact Retrieved August 20, 2013
  126. ^ Netflix Gets Rights to Sony Animation Films. Retrieved May 27, 2014
  127. ^ Bloomberg News (September 4, 2012). "Amazon Adds Movies to Streaming Service in New Challenge to Netflix". Advertising Age. Crain Communications. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  128. ^ Blair, Nancy (August 10, 2010). "Epix, Netflix announce deal to stream movies". content.usatoday.com (Tysons Corner, VA: Gannett). ISSN 0734-7456. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  129. ^ Adegoke, Yinka (May 3, 2012). McCormick, Gerald E.; Von Ahn, Lisa, eds. "Viacom profit beats, but Nickelodeon worries loom". Reuters. Reporting By Yinka Adegoke (New York); Photo Credit: Reuters/Lucas Jackson (London: Thomson Reuters). Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  130. ^ "Starz to Split From Netflix". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 1, 2011. 
  131. ^ Szalai, Georg (December 5, 2012). "Netflix's Ted Sarandos Calls Disney Content Deal a 'Game Changer'". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  132. ^ Chabot, Jeff (February 18, 2011). "Netflix loses Criterion films". HD Report. Retrieved February 18, 2011. 
  133. ^ "Netflix And RADiUS-TWC Announce Multi-Year Output Deal in the United States To Bring Diverse Slate To Widest Possible Audience". .heraldonline.com. August 23, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2012. 
  134. ^ Netflix outbids premium TV for rights to Disney movies. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
  135. ^ Disney inks exclusive licensing deal with Netflix. effective December 31, 2012.
  136. ^ 'Disney Movies Online' Store, Site Shutting Down Retrieved December 4, 2012
  137. ^ "Netflix scores deals with Turner, Warner Bros.". CNET. January 14, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2013. 
  138. ^ http://lurknow.com/2014/10/01/netflix-to-release-an-original-movie/
  139. ^ Raftery, Liz (October 15, 2014). "Friends Is Coming to Netflix!". TV Guide (tvguide.com). CBS Interactive. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  140. ^ "Netflix Ready Devices". Netflix.com. Retrieved June 29, 2011. 
  141. ^ "Apple TV website". Apple. Retrieved July 10, 2011. 
  142. ^ Bla1ze (March 11, 2013). "Download Netflix for your BlackBerry Z10". crackberry.com. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  143. ^ "Boxee website". Boxee.tv. Retrieved June 29, 2011. 
  144. ^ Kalning, Kristin (July 14, 2008). "Microsoft partners with Netflix on Xbox Live". MSN.com. Retrieved June 1, 2011. 
  145. ^ "Netflix instantly streams movies online to Wii". 
  146. ^ Molina, Brett (March 2, 2011). "Nintendo 3DS to support Netflix this summer". USA Today. Retrieved March 2, 2011. 
  147. ^ Nosowitz, Dan (January 7, 2010). "Philips Eco LED TVs Stream Netflix While Saving the Earth". Gizmodo. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  148. ^ a b "Netflix Teams With Streaming Media Innovator Roku on Player That Instantly Streams Movies From Netflix Directly to the TV (Archive)" (Press release). Netflix. May 20, 2008. Archived from the original on June 9, 2008. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  149. ^ "Samsung Apps". Samsung.com. Retrieved June 29, 2011. 
  150. ^ "Sharp Blu-ray Disc Players". Sharpusa.com. Retrieved June 29, 2011. 
  151. ^ "Wii and PS3 To Be Disc Free". October 18, 2010. 
  152. ^ "Instantly watch movies & TV episodes from Netflix on your TiVo box". 
  153. ^ Heinonen, Chris (March 18, 2013). "The Yamaha A-1020 Universal Blu-ray Player In Use". "Yamaha A-1020 Universal Blu-ray Player". hometheaterhifi.com. Redwood City, CA. p. 3. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  154. ^ Topolsky, Joshua. "Netflix finally brings 'Watch Instantly' to Macs via Silverlight – Engadget". Engadget.com. Retrieved November 21, 2008. 
  155. ^ "netflix.ca". 
  156. ^ "Netflix on Google Play". Google. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  157. ^ "Connect Google Chromebook to Your Netflix Account". 
  158. ^ "Netflix Available on iPad". Netflix. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  159. ^ a b c d "Netflix on iPhone?". Netflix. April 2, 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  160. ^ "PPA for Netflix Desktop App". 
  161. ^ "E3 2008: Microsoft Media Briefing Live Blog". IGN. July 14, 2008. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  162. ^ "Xbox.com | Xbox News – New Holiday Bundles Include Free Games". Xbox.com. Retrieved November 21, 2008. [dead link]
  163. ^ "Netflix Online Movie Rentals – Rent DVDs, Classic Films to DVD New Releases". Netflix.com. Retrieved November 21, 2008. 
  164. ^ "Microsoft partners with Netflix on Xbox Live – On the Level". Msnbc.msn.com. July 14, 2008. Retrieved November 21, 2008. 
  165. ^ "Say Goodbye to Netflix Party Mode". kotaku.com. December 8, 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2012. 
  166. ^ "Netflix on PS3 without disc". Hexus.net. October 19, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2011. 
  167. ^ "Netflix Officially Coming to PS3". 1UP.com. 
  168. ^ "The PS3 Is What Most People Use To Stream Netflix Instant On". Gameranx. December 4, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  169. ^ "Movies, TV Episodes Streamed Instantly From Netflix Headed to Nintendo's Wii Console This Spring" (Press release). Netflix. January 13, 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  170. ^ "THOUSANDS OF MOVIES & TV EPISODES FROM NETFLIX NOW AVAILABLE VIA NINTENDO'S Wii CONSOLE" (Press release). Netflix. April 12, 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  171. ^ Heater, Brian (July 14, 2011). "Nintendo confirms Netflix on the 3DS hitting today". Engadget. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  172. ^ "Netflix, Music Unlimited Coming to PS Vita". PlayStation Lifestyle. January 9, 2012. Retrieved March 5, 2012. 
  173. ^ Kerr, Dara (November 18, 2012). "Netflix is immediately available on Nintendo's Wii U". CNET. Retrieved November 25, 2012. 
  174. ^ Green, Andy (March 27, 2013). "Netflix Now Available on TVii". Nintendo Life. Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  175. ^ Young, Rory (November 7, 2013). "Sony reveals initial PlayStation 4 launch apps, including Netflix, Hulu and Redbox". neoseeker.com. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  176. ^ Sliva, Marty (November 8, 2013). "Microsoft Reveals Xbox One Launch Window Apps". IGN. San Francisco: j2 Global. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  177. ^ "LG ELECTRONICS ANNOUNCES FIRST BLU-RAY DISC PLAYER WITH CAPABILITY TO INSTANTLY STREAM MOVIES FROM NETFLIX TO THE TV" (Press release). LG. July 31, 2008. Retrieved August 6, 2008. 
  178. ^ "Netflix and Samsung Partner to Instantly Stream Movies on Next Generation Blu-ray Disc Players" (Press release). Netflix. October 23, 2008. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  179. ^ "TiVo and Netflix Announce Partnership to Instantly Stream Movies and TV Episodes From Netflix Directly to the TV Through TiVo DVRs" (Press release). Netflix. October 30, 2008. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  180. ^ "Netflix Announces Partnership With VIZIO to Instantly Stream Movies to New High Definition TVs" (Press release). Netflix. January 7, 2009. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  181. ^ "Sony Adds Netflix to Bravia Internet Video Platform". PRNewswire. July 9, 2009. 
  182. ^ Burns, Matt (September 10, 2010). "Netflix Now Streaming To 2010 Panasonic VIERA Cast HDTVs & Blu-ray Players". Crunchgear.com. Retrieved June 29, 2011. 
  183. ^ Reisinger, Don (September 22, 2009). "Netflix CEO hopes to stream to PS3, Wii, iPhone". CNET. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  184. ^ "Behold: the iPad has come". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on April 7, 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2013. "Users can download the 150,000 iPhone apps, plus 1,000 or so unique to the iPad, and stream Netflix movies straight to their screens." 
  185. ^ "apk file Netflix for Android APK Leaked". Phandroid.com. March 15, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2011. 
  186. ^ Molina, Brett (March 2, 2011). "Nintendo 3DS to support Netflix this late May". USA Today. Retrieved March 2, 2011. 
  187. ^ Chris Marlowe (November 8, 2011). "Nook Tablet Comes with Netflix, Hulu Plus and Pandora". dmwmedia.com. Retrieved April 2, 2012. 
  188. ^ Buesch, Corbin (January 12, 2012). "PS VITA Netflix". 
  189. ^ "Netflix Now Streaming To North American Nintendo 3DSs". TechCrunch. July 14, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  190. ^ "Global Internet Phenomena". Sandvine. Sandvine Incorporated ULC. 2003–2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013. 
  191. ^ "Netflix outruns Blockbuster five-to-one online". Siteanalytics.compete.com. Retrieved June 29, 2011. 
  192. ^ Mark Hachman, PCmag.com. "Netflix, Video Kiosks Replacing the Local Video Store." May 4, 2011. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
  193. ^ Lawler, Ryan. July 24, 2012. "Netflix Adds Warner Bros. Exec As Its New chief marketing officer." http://techcrunch.com/2012/07/23/netflix-adds-warner-bros-exec-as-its-new-chief-marketing-officer/
  194. ^ "Netflix To Launch Canadian Service". Netflix. July 19, 2010. 
  195. ^ Why Netflix won't conquer Canada, part 2. Canadian Business (February 10, 2013). Retrieved on December 9, 2013.
  196. ^ "Netflix expands online service to Latin America". Reuters US Edition (Reuters). July 5, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2011. 
  197. ^ "Netflix launches UK film and TV streaming service". BBC News. January 9, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  198. ^ "Netflix beschikbaar in Nederland". NU. September 11, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
  199. ^ Scott Merrill (February 23, 2010). "Walmart buys VUDU". TechCrunch. AOL Inc. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  200. ^ Liedtke, Michael (July 24, 2007). "Netflix Gives Up Profit to Gain Business". Forbes. Archived from the original on October 15, 2007. Retrieved July 24, 2007. 
  201. ^ "Blockbuster Abandons Plans for Netflix-Like Streaming Service". PC Magazine. Retrieved October 6, 2012. 
  202. ^ Cheng, Andrea (6 November 2013). "Roll credits: Dish shuttering its remaining 300 Blockbuster stores". MarketWatch (Dow Jones & Company). Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  203. ^ Fisher, Ken (June 19, 2005). "Netflix sees a bright future, sans Amazon competition". arstechnica.com. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on April 25, 2014. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  204. ^ PASCAL-EMMANUEL GOBRY (January 20, 2011). "Amazon Buys Lovefilm, The Netflix Of Europe". Business Insider. Business Insider, Inc. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  205. ^ Mike Flacy (March 9, 2013). "Netflix Instant vs. Hulu Plus vs. Amazon Instant Video". Digital Trends. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  206. ^ "Redbox-Verizon Streaming to Challenge Netflix by Year-End". Businessweek. Retrieved October 6, 2012. 
  207. ^ Lawer, Richard. "Redbox Instant beta invites slowly start rolling out, iOS and Android apps appear". Engadget. Engadget. Retrieved February 4, 2013. 
  208. ^ Cheng, Roger. "Redbox Instant is no Netflix killer". CNET. CNET. Retrieved February 4, 2013. 
  209. ^ Benzinga. "Redbox Instant Beta Launches with Glitches, Lackluster Selection". NASDAQ. NASDAQ. Retrieved February 4, 2013. 
  210. ^ Sjöberg, Lore (February 19, 2004). "Netflix Imitators Are Everywhere". Wired. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  211. ^ McGinn, Daniel (November 2005). "Skin City". Wired. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  212. ^ Stenovec, Timothy (August 1, 2013). "Netflix Launches Profiles, Finally Realizing How People Really Watch Movies On It". The Huffington Post. 
  213. ^ a b Stelter, Brian (July 18, 2013). "Netflix Does Well in 2013 Primetime Emmy Nominations". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2013. 
  214. ^ "House Of Cards". Emmys.com. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  215. ^ "Netflix Makes History With Two Primetime Creative Arts Emmy® Awards". NJ.com. PR Newswire. September 15, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  216. ^ House of Cards (September 15, 2013). "@HouseofCards status update". Twitter. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  217. ^ Sharma, Amol and Alexandra Cheney (September 23, 2013). "Netflix Makes Some History With Showing at Emmys". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  218. ^ "Emmy nominations 2013: "House of Cards" makes history, "American Horror Story" leads". Cbsnews.com. July 18, 2013. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  219. ^ "The 65th Annual Primetime Entertainment Emmy Award Nominations" (PDF). New York: Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. July 18, 2013. Retrieved May 1, 2013. 
  220. ^ a b c d "Arrested Development". Emmys.com. Retrieved July 18, 2013. 
  221. ^ Farley, Christopher John (December 12, 2013). "Golden Globes Nominations 2014: ’12 Years a Slave,’ ‘American Hustle’ Lead Field". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 12, 2013. 
  222. ^ Zurawik, David (December 12, 2013). "'House of Cards' star Robin Wright earns series' sole Golden Globes win". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 13, 2014. 
  223. ^ Hyman, Vicki (January 12, 2014). "2014 Golden Globes: Robin Wright wins best actress for online-only 'House of Cards'". The Star-Ledger. NJ.com. Retrieved January 13, 2014. 
  224. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (January 12, 2014). "Golden Globes: ‘Brooklyn Nine Nine’ Nabs Upset TV Comedy Wins". Variety. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  225. ^ Nordyke, Kimberly (January 12, 2014). "Golden Globes: Complete Winners List". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  226. ^ "73rd Annual Peabody Awards". PeabodyAwards.cm. May 2014. 
  227. ^ "Netflix just scored a remarkable 31 Emmy nominations". BGR.com. July 10, 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  228. ^ Arango, Tim (December 12, 2010). "Time Warner Views Netflix as a Fading Star". The New York Times. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  229. ^ Phillips, Matt (May 4, 2011). "Time Warner Chief: ‘Things Like Netflix are Welcome Additions’". Wall Street Journal blog. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  230. ^ Ben Fritz, Los Angeles Times. "Netflix Chief Executive Reed Hastings' compensation doubled to $5.5 million." April 20, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
  231. ^ David B. Wilkerson, Market Watch."Netflix expected to post strong earnings." April 21, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
  232. ^ "Netflix messes up". The Economist. September 24, 2011. 
  233. ^ Mucken, Lynn (Jul 13, 2011). "Alternatives for angry Netflix customers: Ticked over the company's price increase? Here's what some of the other video services have to offer". money.msn.com. Archived from the original on 2012-04-27. 
  234. ^ "Netflix shares hit by bleak 2012 outlook". Toronto: Reuters. November 22, 2011. Retrieved November 24, 2011. 
  235. ^ "Netflix, Inc.: NASDAQ:NFLX quotes & news – Google Finance". Google. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  236. ^ "Netflix Stock May Never Recover from Qwikster Calamity". InvestorPlace. October 25, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  237. ^ "Analyst calls Netflix's business 'broken' – The Ratings Game". MarketWatch. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  238. ^ http://www.theguardian.com/money/2014/may/09/netflix-fee-increase-uk-subscribers
  239. ^ http://www.forbes.com/sites/greatspeculations/2014/05/15/the-impact-of-netflixs-price-rise/
  240. ^ a b New York Times "You Want Innovation? Offer a Prize" by David Leonhardt. January 31, 2007.
  241. ^ New York Times. "Netflix Prize Still Awaits a Movie Seer" by Katie Hafner. June 4, 2007.
  242. ^ "BelKor Home Page". AT&T Labs, Inc. – Research. Retrieved November 9, 2010. 
  243. ^ Lohr, Steve (March 12, 2010). "Netflix Cancels Contest After Concerns Are Raised About Privacy". The New York Times. 
  244. ^ Liedtke, Michael (February 10, 2005). "'Throttling' angers Netflix heavy renters". Associated Press (Internet Archive). Archived from the original on February 15, 2006. Retrieved February 11, 2005. 
  245. ^ "Terms of Use". Netflix. Retrieved January 30, 2006. 
  246. ^ Class action suit[dead link]
  247. ^ "Blockbuster Throttling". Hacking Netflix. Retrieved December 17, 2006. 
  248. ^ "Court Urged To Strike Down Proposed Netflix Class Action Settlement in Deceptive Advertising Case" (Press release). Trial Lawyers for Public Justice. 
  249. ^ "Netflix Claim Form Process" (Press release). Netflix. 
  250. ^ California Appellate Courts Chavez v. Netflix Inc. Appeal Status
  251. ^ Chavez v. Netflix Inc. (Court of California 1st Appellate District April 21, 2008). Text
  252. ^ Kralowec, Kimberly A. (April 28, 2008). "New class action objector opinion: Chavez v. Netflix, Inc.". The UCL Practitioner. Retrieved August 21, 2008. 
  253. ^ Slater, Dan (April 23, 2008). "Court Orders Netflix to Deliver $2 million in Attorneys Fees". The Wall Street Journal Law Blog (Dow Jones & Company, Inc.). Retrieved August 21, 2008. 
  254. ^ Spring, Tom (March 27, 2007). "Solutions for Digital Annoyance". PC World. Retrieved August 21, 2008. 
  255. ^ "Netflix Terms of Use: Disputes; Governing Law". Retrieved July 31, 2009. 
  256. ^ a b "All DVDs Releasing This Week". Netflix. Retrieved October 3, 2009. 
  257. ^ "Netflix Removes New Releases Page – Customers Complain". Hacking Netflix. Retrieved March 25, 2008. 
  258. ^ "Happy New Year". Netflix Community Blog. Retrieved March 25, 2008. 
  259. ^ US patent 7024381, Hastings; W. Reed (Santa Cruz, CA), Randolph; Marc B. (Santa Cruz, CA), Hunt; Neil Duncan, "Approach for renting items to customers", issued 2006-04-04 
  260. ^ US patent 6584450, Hastings; W. Reed (Santa Cruz, CA), Randolph; Marc B. (Santa Cruz, CA), Hunt; Neil Duncan (Mountain View, CA), "Method and apparatus for renting items", issued 2003-06-24 
  261. ^ "Form 8-K for BLOCKBUSTER INC". Yahoo! Finance. [dead link]
  262. ^ hollywoodreporter.com.Bond, Paul (June 29, 2007). "Blockbuster to shutter 282 stores this year". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 19, 2010. [dead link]
  263. ^ Blockbuster to close 282 stores this year - San Francisco Business Times. Bizjournals.com (June 29, 2007). Retrieved on December 9, 2013.
  264. ^ "Blockbuster, Weinsteins sign exclusive deal". Video Business. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on Jan 3, 2007. 
  265. ^ Sciretta, Peter (November 16, 2006). "How The Weinstein Company ruined Home Entertainment". Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  266. ^ "Annual Report" (Press release). Netflix. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  267. ^ a b Kuang, Cliff (March 16, 2010). "5 Ways Netflix Could Have Avoided an Ugly User Backlash". Fast Company. 
  268. ^ a b Conneally, Tim (March 18, 2010). "Netflix axes 'friends' feature due to unpopularity". Betanews. 
  269. ^ "New Movie Details Page Rolled Out". Netflix. March 4, 2010. 
  270. ^ "Friends Update". Netflix. March 17, 2010. 
  271. ^ "Unhappy Netflix Customers using Netflix Movie Reviews to Protest Friends Feature Removal". Hacking Netflix. March 14, 2010. 
  272. ^ Wallen, Jack (August 14, 2010). "The Netflix Linux Conjecture: How Netflix snubs the Linux community". 
  273. ^ "Netflix – Chrome Web Store". 
  274. ^ a b http://techblog.netflix.com/2013/06/html5-video-in-ie-11-on-windows-81.html
  275. ^ http://build.chromium.org/f/chromium/perf/dashboard/ui/changelog.html?url=/branches/2062/src&range=287650:286351&mode=html
  276. ^ West, Jullian (May 9, 2011). "Netflix Plug-in for Chrome and Chrome OS is on the way". 
  277. ^ iheartubuntu (November 15, 2012). "Netflix on Ubuntu Is Here". iheartubuntu.com. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  278. ^ a b iheartubuntu (November 18, 2012). "PPA for Netflix Desktop App". iheartubuntu.com. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  279. ^ "Pipelight – Using Silverlight in Linux browsers". ubuntugeek.com. August 26, 2013. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  280. ^ Fds-Team (October 15, 2013). "Pipelight - Installation". fds-team.de. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  281. ^ NATIONWIDE CLASS ACTION FILED AGAINST NETFLIX; LAWSUIT ALLEGES POPULAR MOVIE WEBSITE FAILED TO CAPTION STREAMING VIDEO LIBRARY IN VIOLATION OF STATE AND FEDERAL LAW, MISLED DEAF AND HARD OF HEARING CUSTOMERS. Cullen v. Netflix, Inc., Case No. CV 11-1199 (N.D. Cal.). Retrieved 3/1/2012
  282. ^ Whitney, Lance (June 20, 2011). "Netflix sued by deaf group over lack of subtitles". 
  283. ^ MEMORANDUM AND ORDER REGARDING DEFENDANT’S MOTION TO DISMISS AMENDED COMPLAINT. United States DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS. Case 3:11-cv-30168-MAP. Document 32. Retrieved December 30, 2011.
  284. ^ "An Update on Captioning for our Members". Blog.Netflix.com. February 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  285. ^ a b Roettgers, Janko (July 30, 2012). "Netflix experiments with crowd-sourced captioning". GigaOM. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  286. ^ Paletta, Anthony (October 3, 2012). "Lost in Translation, Found in Subtitles". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  287. ^ Ernesto (October 19, 2012). "Netflix Caught Using "Pirated" Subtitles in Finland". TorrentFreak. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  288. ^ Enigmax (June 8, 2012). "Student Fined For Running Movie & TV Show Subtitle Download Site". TorrentFreak. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  289. ^ Christian, Jon (January 20, 2014). "How Netflix alienated and insulted its deaf subscribers: The streaming video giant still can't manage to competently produce closed captions". The Week. 
  290. ^ Ronca, David (May 2013). "A Brief History of Netflix Streaming". 
  291. ^ McEntee, Kevin (December 17, 2012). "Complexity In The Digital Supply Chain". 
  292. ^ a b c d e "Internet Connection Speed Recommendations". Netflix. Archived from the original on 10 March 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  293. ^ "Can I stream Netflix in Ultra HD 4K?". Netflix. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  294. ^ "Netflix API Launches Tomorrow". ReadWriteWeb. Retrieved September 30, 2008. 
  295. ^ "Netflix API – Welcome to the Netflix Developer Network". Netflix. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  296. ^ "Netflix API Management Solution". 
  297. ^ a b "New York Times & Rotten Tomatoes Add Netflix "Add" & "Watch" Links". HackingNetflix. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  298. ^ "Jinni Searches Netflix better than Netflix". CNET. Retrieved March 18, 2009. 
  299. ^ Hart, Michael (November 16, 2009). "Netflix for Nokia Phones". Netflix. Retrieved April 2, 2011. 
  300. ^ "Upcoming Changes to the Netflix API Program". Netflix. June 15, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  301. ^ Jacobson, Daniel (13 June 2014). "Retiring the Netflix Public API". Netflix. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  302. ^ OSCON Data 2011, Adrian Cockcroft, "Data Flow at Netflix" on YouTube
  303. ^ Netflix Open Connect Content Delivery Network
  304. ^ Netflix Shifts Traffic To Its Own CDN; Akamai, Limelight Shrs Hit
  305. ^ Netflix Content Delivery
  306. ^ "What Television Will Look Like in 2025, According to Netflix". Wired. May 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  307. ^ "Netflix's Long Term View". Netflix. 
  308. ^ "House of Cards". YouTube. 
  309. ^ "House of Cards". America.Aljazeera.com. February 14, 2014. 
  310. ^ Lum, Shelby (16 Feb 2014). "Opinion: Netflix spoils subscribers, might be future of television". The Lantern. 

External links[edit]