1886 in Ireland
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|See also:||1886 in the United Kingdom
Other events of 1886
List of years in Ireland
Events from the year 1886 in Ireland.
- January – Ulster Protestant Unionists begin to lobby against the Irish Home Rule Bill, establishing the Ulster Loyal Anti-Repeal Union in Belfast.
- 30 January – SS Fulmar sinks off Kilkee with the loss of all 17 aboard.
- March – Prime Minister William Gladstone announces his support for Irish Home Rule.
- 8 April – Gladstone introduces the Irish Home Rule Bill in the House of Commons. During the debates on the Bill
- Financial Secretary to the Treasury H.H. Fowler states his support for the Bill which in his words would bring about a "real Union—not an act of Parliament Union—but a moral Union, a Union of heart and soul between two Sister Nations".
- Lord Randolph Churchill voices his opposition with the slogan "Ulster will fight, Ulster will be right".
- 8 June – the First Home Rule Bill fails to pass the British Parliament on a vote of 343–313.
- June – Protestants celebrate the defeat of the Home Rule Bill, leading to renewed rioting on the streets of Belfast and the deaths of seven people, with many more injured.
- 12 June – in a statement to Parliament, Gladstone calls for a general election and, with the dissolution of Parliament, an official election is held the next month.
- 12 July – mid-September: Belfast riots begin with the Orange Institution parades and continue sporadically throughout the summer; clashes take place between Catholics and Protestants, and also between Loyalists and police. Thirteen people are killed in a weekend of serious rioting, with an official death toll of 31 people over the period.
- October – the first tenant farmers are evicted during the first year of the Plan of Campaign.
- 15 October – the SS Great Eastern begins a 5-month period on display at the North Wall Quay, Dublin.
- 30 November – Maud Gonne's father dies leaving her a substantial inheritance ensuring her financial independence.
- St Mary's Pro-Cathedral in Dublin is officially elevated to Pro-cathedral status.
- Eason & Son, booksellers and stationers, established in Dublin.
- The 1886 Tramways Act allows the Board of Works to grant loans to railway companies including £54,400 to the West Clare Railway one of the first railways to be built in western Ireland.
- Charles Cunningham Boycott, who supposedly gave rise to the eponymous word, leaves his land agent's post in Ireland.
- J. M. Synge joins the Dublin Naturalist's Field Club.
Arts and literature
- 17 January – the Anglo-Irish writers cousins Somerville and Ross first meet, at Castletownshend.
- December – W. B. Yeats poem The Stolen Child is published.
- Yeats's verse play Mosada
- Edward Dowden's The Life of Percy Bysshe Shelley is published.
- George Moore's Confessions of a Young Man and A Drama in Muslin are published.
- Emily Lawless's Hurrish is published.
- T. P. O'Connor's The Parnell Movement is published.
- Dublin University professor G.T. Stokes' Ireland and the Celtic Church is published.
- Rev. J. A. Wylie's History of the Scottish Nation, a valuable resource of Celtic Ireland, begins publication.
- Dublin Lodge of the Theosophical Society is founded.
- December – the Dublin University Harriers Club is founded in an effort to promote cross country running.
- March 18 – the Irish Chess Association is invited to a match against the Belfast Chess Club in an advertisement in the Belfast Newsletter and Northern Whig.
- September 20 – October 1: the Irish Chess Association holds a national tournament, consisting of an even and handicap tournament, as Richard Barnett (although W.K. Pollock gained a full score) defeats British Chessmasters John Blackburne and Amos Burn filling the vacancy by former champion Porterfield Rynd.
- March – Linfield F.C. is formed in Belfast.
- The first Gaelic Athletic Association match in the United States is held between Kerry and Galway in Boston, Massachusetts.
- Polo player John Watson wins the Irish Dublin Cup.
- The British polo team, including two players from the All Ireland Polo Club, win the American International Polo Cup.
- 9 February – Edwin Maxwell, actor (died 1948).
- 21 March – Oscar Traynor, Fianna Fáil politician (died 1963).
- 25 March – Jack McAuliffe, boxer (died 1937).
- 3 April – David Nelson, soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross for gallantry in 1914 at Néry, France (died 1918).
- 10 May – Richard Mulcahy, Chief of Staff, TD, Cabinet Minister and former leader of Fine Gael (died 1971).
- 5 June – Alexander McCabe, Sinn Féin MP, member of 1st Dáil, Cumann na nGaedheal TD (died 1972).
- 24 June – George Shiels, dramatist (died 1949).
- 13 July – Edward J. Flanagan, popularly known as Father Flanagan, founder of Boys Town in Nebraska (died 1948).
- 28 August – Pat Hone, cricketer (died 1976).
- 4 September – Alice Milligan, nationalist poet and author (died 1953).
- 4 October – Lennox Robinson, dramatist, poet and theatre director and producer (died 1958).
- 10 October – Louis Meldon, cricketer (died 1956).
- 25 November – Frank MacDermot, barrister, soldier, banker and politician (died 1975).
- 8 December – James Geoghegan, Fianna Fáil TD, Minister for Justice, Attorney General of Ireland and Justice of the Supreme Court (died 1951).
- 12 December – Owen Moore, actor (died 1939).
- 25 February – Lady Katherine Sophia Kane, botanist (born 1811).
- 12 March – Trevor Chute, British Army officer (born 1816).
- 28 March – Richard Chenevix Trench, Archbishop of Dublin (Church of Ireland) (born 1807).
- 4 May – James Muspratt, chemical manufacturer in Britain (born 1793).
- 11 June – James Alipius Goold, Roman Catholic Bishop and Archbishop of Melbourne (born 1812).
- 11 June – Thomas Francis Hendricken, first Bishop of Providence, Rhode Island (born 1827).
- 27 July – Eliza Lynch, former First Lady of Paraguay (born 1835).
- 9 August – Samuel Ferguson, poet, barrister, antiquarian, artist and public servant (born 1810).
- 10 October – Joseph M. Scriven, poet and philanthropist (born 1820).
- 10 December – Abraham Dowdney, United States Representative from New York and officer in the Union army in the American Civil War (born 1841).
- 19 December – Robert Spencer Dyer Lyons, physician and politician (born 1826).
- 30 December – George Fletcher Moore, explorer and writer (born 1798).
- Stewart, A.T.Q. (1981). Edward Carson. Gill's Irish Lives. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. ISBN 0-7171-1075-3.
- "Parades and Marches – Chronology 2: Historical Dates and Events". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- Toomey, Deirdre (2004). "Gonne, (Edith) Maud (1866–1953)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
- Norgate, G. Le G. (2004). "Boycott, Charles Cunningham (1832–1897)’". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
- Hayes, Dean (2006). Northern Ireland International Football Facts. Belfast: Appletree Press. p. 150. ISBN 0-86281-874-5.