1938 in Ireland
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|See also:||1938 in Northern Ireland
Other events of 1938
List of years in Ireland
Events from the year 1938 in Ireland.
- 17 January – the Ford Motor Company in Cork City produces its 25,000th car to be built there.
- 13 April – the Department of Local Government & Public Health reports that cases of typhoid and diphtheria have reduced; however, infant deaths have increased.
- 21 April – Douglas Hyde is selected unanimously by the two main political parties to serve as the first President of Ireland.
- 25 April – Anglo-Irish Trade Agreement, signed between Ireland and the United Kingdom in London, settles the Anglo-Irish Trade War and agrees to the Royal Navy abandoning the British sovereign bases at the Irish Treaty Ports in return for a one-off payment of £10 million.
- 10 May – the Government makes an order converting the "Saorstát pound" to the "Irish pound" as part of the new constitutional reforms.
- 24 May – the new Anti-Partition Party takes eight seats in a Unionist-controlled Londonderry Corporation.
- 17 June – Irish general election, 1938: Fianna Fáil under Éamon de Valera retain power, winning the first overall majority in the history of the State. Members of the 10th Dáil assemble on 30 June.
- 25 June – Douglas Hyde is formally inaugurated as the first President of Ireland.
- 11 July–3 October – Military installations at the Treaty Ports in the Republic (Berehaven, Spike Island at Queenstown, and Lough Swilly) are handed over from British control to the Government of Ireland, under terms of the Anglo-Irish Trade Agreement.
- 8 August – Dublin Corporation purchases 16 sets of traffic lights.
- 21 August – the £50,000 20,000-seat Cusack Stand is officially opened at Gaelic Athletic Association headquarters in Croke Park.
- 12 September – Éamon de Valera is elected President of the Assembly of the League of Nations in Geneva.
- 17 December – the Gaelic Athletic Association confirms that the President of Ireland, Douglas Hyde, will cease to be a patron of the organisation because of his attendance at an international soccer match.
Arts and literature
- Samuel Beckett publishes his novel Murphy.
- Cecil Day-Lewis publishes Overtures to Death, and Other Poems.
- Oliver St. John Gogarty publishes his poetry Others to Adorn, with a preface by W. B. Yeats.
- Louis MacNeice publishes I Crossed the Minch and his poetry The Earth Compels.
- Colin Middleton first exhibits at the Royal Hibernian Academy.
- Ewart Milne publishes his poetry Forty North Fifty West, with woodcuts by Cecil Salkeld
- Kate O'Brien publishes her novel Pray for the Wanderer.
- W. B. Yeats publishes New Poems, including "Lapis Lazuli".
January to June
- 2 February – John Moriarty, writer and philosopher (died 2007).
- 30 January – Mick Lanigan, Fianna Fáil Senator.
- 2 February – Detta O'Cathain, Baroness O'Cathain, businesswoman and politician in Britain.
- 27 March – Owen Dudley Edwards, historian and writer.
- 4 April – Declan Mulligan, rock guitarist.
- 29 April – Ray MacSharry, Tánaiste, Fianna Fáil TD, Cabinet Minister and European Commissioner.
- 2 May – Douglas Goodwin, cricketer.
- 13 May – Patrick Dineen, cricketer.
July to December
- 2 July – John McDonnell, head coach for the University of Arkansas Razorbacks track team.
- 15 July – Andy McEvoy, soccer player (died 1994).
- July – Seán Ó Cionnaith, Workers' Party of Ireland politician (died 2003).
- 1 August – Paddy Moloney, musician with The Chieftains.
- 3 August – Terry Wogan, BBC broadcaster and former RTÉ radio and television broadcaster (died 2016).
- 5 October – Frank Patterson, tenor (died 2000).
- 16 October – Gerry Collins, former Fianna Fáil TD for Limerick West, Cabinet Minister and Member of the European Parliament.
- 29 October – John Kirby, Bishop of Clonfert.
- 28 December – Frank Kelly, actor (died 2016).
Full date unknown
- John Behan, sculptor.
- Gerald Davis, artist (died 2005).
- Pa Dillon, former Kilkenny hurler.
- Jim Lane, Irish republican and socialist.
- Úna O'Connor, camogie player.
- 24 February – Thomas Gann, doctor, archaeologist and writer (born 1867).
- 3 June – John Flanagan, three-time Olympic gold medalist in the hammer throw (born 1873).
- 27 July – Tom Crean, Antarctic explorer and publican (born 1877).
- 4 August – William Moxley, representative from Illinois' 6th congressional district (born 1851).
- 8 September – Robert Henry Woods, Irish Unionist MP (born 1865).
- 21 October – Sir John Purser Griffith, member of the Seanad.
- 7 November – James Murray Irwin, British Army doctor (born 1858).
- 12 December – James McNeill, politician and second Governor-General of the Irish Free State (born 1869).
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 383–384. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. Text of agreement published 26 April; ratified by the Eire (Confirmation of Agreements) Act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom on 17 May.
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.