Demographics of Newfoundland and Labrador

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Newfoundland and Labrador (/ˈnjuːfəndlænd ənd læbrəˈdɔːr/; French: Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador, Irish: Talamh an Éisc agus Labradar, Latin: Terra Nova) is a province of Canada on the country's Atlantic coast in northeastern North America. The province has an area of 405,212 square kilometres (100,130,000 acres) and a population in 2011 of 514,563, with approximately 95% of the provincial population residing on the Island of Newfoundland (including its associated smaller islands), with nearly half of the population residing on the Avalon Peninsula. People from Newfoundland and Labrador are called "Newfoundlanders," "Labradorians" (as appropriate), or "Newfoundlanders and Labradorians".

Population since 1951[edit]

Year Population Five Year
 % change
Ten Year
 % change
Rank Among
Provinces
1951 361,416 n/a n/a 9
1956 415,074 14.8 n/a 9
1961 457,853 10.3 26.7 9
1966 493,396 7.8 18.9 9
1971 522,100 5.8 14.0 9
1976 557,720 6.8 13.0 9
1981 567,681 1.8 8.7 9
1986 568,350 0.1 1.9 9
1991 568,475 0.02 0.1 9
1996 551,790 -2.9 -2.9 9
2001 512,930 -7.0 -9.8 9
2006 505,469 -1.5 -8.4 9
2011 514,536 1.8 0.3 9
2016 519,716 1.0 2.8 9

Source: Statistics Canada[1][2]

Ethnicity[edit]

More than half the population identified their ethnocultural ancestry as Canadian, while two-fifths identified English ancestry, and one fifth identified Irish ancestry.

Ethnicity 2001 %
Canadian 271,345 53.41%
English 200,120 39.39%
Irish 100,260 19.73%
Scottish 30,295 5.96%
French 27,785 5.47%
North American Indian 16,030 3.16%
Inuit 7,445 1.47%
German 6,275 1.24%
Métis 6,120 1.20%
Newfoundlander 3,585 0.71%
Welsh 2,790 0.55%
Dutch (Netherlands) 1,385 0.27%
Italian 1,180 0.23%
Norwegian 1,180 0.23%
Chinese 1,110 0.22%
American (USA) 1,065 0.21%
East Indian 940 0.19%
British 925 0.18%
Spanish 765 0.15%
Portuguese 735 0.14%
Polish 665 0.13%
Swedish 655 0.13%
Ukrainian 580 0.11%
Lebanese 515 0.10%
Danish 455 0.09%
Jewish 370 0.07%
Filipino 340 0.07%
Russian 285 0.06%
Greek 245 0.05%
Hungarian (Magyar) 245 0.05%
Austrian 225 0.04%
African (Black), n.i.e. 180 0.04%
Egyptian 165 0.03%
Finnish 145 0.03%
Black 120 0.02%
Jamaican 120 0.02%
Acadian 115 0.02%
Arab, n.i.e. 115 0.02%
Belgian 115 0.02%
Czech 115 0.02%
Romanian 115 0.02%
South African 105 0.02%
Mongolian (2013) 1 0.00%
Indonesian (2013) 3 0.00%

The same data on ethnocultural ancestry, grouped more geographically by Statistics Canada, are shown below:

Origins 2001 %
North American 274,755 54.08%
British Isles 266,010 52.36%
Aboriginal 28,065 5.52%
French 27,835 5.48%
Western European 7,705 1.52%
Southern European 3,285 0.65%
Northern European 2,510 0.49%
Eastern European 2,050 0.40%
East and Southeast Asian 1,685 0.33%
Origins 2001 %
South Asian 1,110 0.22%
Arab 915 0.18%
Other European 520 0.10%
African 465 0.09%
Caribbean 270 0.05%
West Asian 130 0.03%
Latin, Central and
South American
75 0.01%
Oceania 45 0.01%

Percentages are calculated as a proportion of the total number of respondents (508,075) and may total more than 100% due to dual responses.
Only groups of more than 0.02% are shown
[3]

Visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population  % of total population
White 471,440 94.2%
Visible minority group
Source:[4]
South Asian 1,590 0.3%
Chinese 1,325 0.3%
Black 905 0.2%
Filipino 305 0.1%
Latin American 480 0.1%
Arab 540 0.1%
Southeast Asian 120 0%
West Asian 115 0%
Korean 60 0%
Japanese 140 0%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 75 0%
Multiple visible minority 65 0%
Total visible minority population 5,720 1.1%
Aboriginal group
Source:[5]
First Nations 7,765 1.6%
Métis 6,470 1.3%
Inuit 4,715 0.9%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 4,205 0.8%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 290 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 23,450 4.7%
Total population 500,610 100%

Languages[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census showed a population of 505,469.
Of the 499,830 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue the most commonly reported languages were:

2006 % 2001 %
1. English 488,405 97.71% 499,750 98.49%
2. French 1,885 0.38% 2,180 0.43%
3. Algonquian languages 1,625 0.33% 1,510 0.30%
Montagnais–Naskapi 1,585 0.32% 1,495 0.29%
4. Chinese 1,080 0.22% 525 0.10%
Cantonese 185 0.04% 55 0.01%
Mandarin 120 0.02% 25 ~
5. Spanish 670 0.13% 50 0.01%
6. German 655 0.13% 340 0.07%
7. Inuktitut 595 0.12% 550 0.11%
8. Urdu 550 0.11% 90 0.02%
9. Arabic 540 0.11% 210 0.04%
10. Dutch 300 0.06% 95 0.02%
11. Russian 225 0.05% 75 0.01%
12. Scandinavian languages 220 0.04% 125 0.02%
Norwegian 85 0.02% 40 0.01%
Danish 65 0.01% 55 0.01%
Swedish 65 0.01% 25 ~
13. Italian 195 0.04% 115 0.02%
14= Germanic languages n.i.e. 180 0.04% 75 0.01%
14= Tagalog (Filipino) 180 0.04% 130 0.03%
16. Serbo-Croatian (all) 170 0.03% 130 0.03%
Serbian 135 0.03% 15 ~
Croatian 35 0.01% 40 0.01%
Serbo-Croatian 0 ~ 75 0.01%
2006 % 2001 %
17. Bengali 165 0.03% 55 0.01%
18. Portuguese 150 0.03% 105 0.02%
19. Hungarian 140 0.03% 45 0.01%
20. Panjabi (Punjabi) 120 0.02% 95 0.02%
21= African languages n.i.e. 100 0.02% 10 ~
21= Non-verbal languages 100 0.02% N N
23= Bantu languages 95 0.02% 0 ~
23= Bulgarian 95 0.02% 75 0.01%
25. Niger–Congo languages n.i.e. 85 0.13% 40 0.1%
26. Romanian 75 0.02% 15 ~
27= Greek 70 0.01% 40 0.01%
27= Japanese 70 0.01% 45 0.01%
29. Telugu 65 0.01% 45 0.01%
30= Persian 60 0.01% 70 0.01%
30= Ukrainian 60 0.01% 20 ~
32= Czech 50 0.01% 15 ~
32= Gujarati 50 0.01% 50 0.01%
32= Hindi 50 0.01% 55 0.01%
32= Korean 50 0.01% 50 0.01%
36. Malayalam 40 0.01% 10 ~
37. Turkish 40 0.01% 25 ~
38. Welsh 35 0.01% 20 ~
39. Gaelic languages 30 0.01% 10 ~
40. Mongolian language (2013) 1 0.00% ~

Note: "n.i.e.": not included elsewhere

There were also about 25 single-language responses for Amharic, 25 for Bisayan languages, 20 for Sinhala and 20 for Slovak. In addition, there were also 435 responses of English and a non-official language; 30 of French and a non-official language; 295 of English and French; and 10 of English, French, and a non-official language. (Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.)[6]

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census counted a total of 8,380 immigrants living in Newfoundland and Labrador.
The most commonly reported origins for these immigrants were:[7]

Rank Origin # Immigrants
1. United Kingdom 2,335
2. United States 1,405
3. India 440
4. Germany 390
5. China 345
6. Pakistan 170
7. Philippines 160
8= Ireland (Éire) 150
8= Netherlands 150
10= Egypt 125
10= South Africa 125
12. Colombia 120

There were also about 115 immigrants from Portugal; about 105 each from Hong Kong and from Sudan; about 100 from the former Yugoslavia; about 95 each from El Salvador and from France; about 85 from Iraq; and about 75 each from Sri Lanka and from Russia.

Internal migration[edit]

A total of 41,840 people moved to Newfoundland and Labrador from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 79,125 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net outmigration of 18,820 people to Alberta, 9,900 to Ontario 4,690 to Nova Scotia, 1,615 to British Columbia, 940 to Saskatchewan, 825 to the Northwest Territories, and 700 to Prince Edward Island; and a net influx of 690 people from Manitoba. During this period there was also a net outmigration of 580 francophones to Quebec and 230 francophones moving to Ontario, and a net influx of 320 anglophones from Quebec. (All net inter-provincial movements of more than 500 persons and all official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.)[8][9]

Cities and towns[edit]

Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations in the province by population[10]

Urban Area 2016
St. John's (CMA) 205,955
Corner Brook (CA) 31,917
Grand Falls-Windsor (CA) 14,171
Gander (CA) 13,234
Bay Roberts (CA) 11,083

Municipalities by population[edit]

Municipalities in the province by population are
Rank Municipality 2016
1 St. John's 108,860
2 Conception Bay South 26,199
3 Mount Pearl 22,957
4 Paradise 21,389
5 Corner Brook 19,806
6 Grand Falls-Windsor 14,171
7 Gander 11,688
8 Portugal Cove-St. Philip's 8,147
9 Happy Valley-Goose Bay 8,109
10 Torbay 7,899
11 Labrador City 7,220
12 Stephenville 6,623
13 Clarenville 6,291
14 Bay Roberts 6,012
15 Marystown 5,316
16 Deer Lake 5,249
17 Carbonear 4,858
18 Channel-Port aux Basques 4,067
19 Pasadena 3,620
20 Placentia 3,496
21 Bonavista 3,448
22 Lewisporte 3,409
23 Bishop's Falls 3,156
24 Harbour Grace 2,995
25 Springdale 2,971
26 Botwood 2,875
27 Spaniard's Bay 2,653
28 Holyrood 2,463
29 Burin 2,315
30 Grand Bank 2,310
31 St. Anthony 2,258
32 Fogo Island 2,244
33 Logy Bay-Middle Cove-Outer Cove 2,221
34 Twillingate 2,196
35 New-Wes-Valley 2,172
36 Wabana 2,146
37 Glovertown 2,083
38 Pouch Cove 2,069
39 Kippens 2,008
40 Gambo 1,978
41 Wabush 1,906
42 Trinity Bay North 1,819
43 Victoria 1,800
44 Stephenville Crossing 1,719
45 Flatrock 1,683
46 Harbour Breton 1,634
47 Massey Drive 1,632
48 Witless Bay 1,619
49 Humber Arm South 1,599
50 Upper Island Cove 1,561
51 Clarke's Beach 1,558
52 Bay Bulls 1,500
53 Irishtown-Summerside 1,418
54 Fortune 1,401
55 Baie Verte 1,313
56 Burgeo 1,307
57 St. George's 1,203
58 St. Lawrence 1,192
59 St. Alban's 1,186
60 Centreville-Wareham-Trinity 1,147
61 Nain 1,125
62 Harbour Main-Chapel's Cove-Lakeview 1,067
63 Sheshatshiu 1,023
64 Roddickton-Bide Arm 999
65 Musgrave Harbour 990
66 Triton 983
67 Hare Bay 969
68 Petty Harbour-Maddox Cove 960
69 Samiajij Miawpukek 956
70 Arnold's Cove 949
71 Rocky Harbour 947
72 Natuashish 936
73 Summerford 906
74 Whitbourne 890
75 LaScie 872
76 Cape St. George 853
77 Peterview 828
78 Robert's Arm 805
79 Port aux Choix 789
80 Glenwood 778
81 Milltown-Head of Bay D'Espoir 749
82 Mount Moriah 746
83 Cupids 743
84 Carmanville 740
85 Norris Arm 737
86 Brigus 723
87 Badger 704
88 Embree 701
89 Cox's Cove 688
90 Conception Harbour 685
91 Salmon Cove 680
92 Heart's Delight-Islington 674
93 Port Saunders 674
94 Norris Point 670
95 Norman's Cove-Long Cove 666
96 Isle aux Morts 664
97 Dover 662
98 King's Point 659
99 Colliers 654
100 South River 647
101 Buchans 642
102 Avondale 641
103 Old Perlican 633
104 Meadows 626
105 Lawn 624
106 Burnt Islands 622
107 St. Lunaire-Griquet 604
108 Port Blandford 601
109 Cormack 597
110 Point Leamington 591
111 St. Jacques-Coomb's Cove 588
112 Port au Port East 579
113 Appleton 574
114 Hopedale 574
115 North River 570
116 Garnish 568
117 Musgravetown 564
118 L'Anse au Loup 558
119 Trout River 552
120 Birchy Bay 550
121 North West River 547
122 Lewin's Cove 544
123 McIvers 538
124 Englee 527
125 Lark Harbour 522
126 Reidville 509
127 Eastport 501
128 Lumsden 501
129 Cape Broyle 489
130 South Brook 482
131 Terrenceville 482
132 Trepassey 481
133 Middle Arm 474
134 Lourdes 465
135 Chapel Arm 457
136 Bauline 452
137 Campbellton 452
138 Winterton 450
139 Port au Port West-Aguathuna-Felix Cove 449
140 Ramea 447
141 Steady Brook 444
142 St. Bernard's-Jacques Fontaine 433
143 Hampden 429
144 Cow Head 428
145 Cartwright 427
146 Northern Arm 426
147 Hermitage-Sandyville 422
148 Ferryland 414
149 Port Hope Simpson 412
150 Gillams 410
151 Forteau 409
152 Comfort Cove-Newstead 407
153 Sunnyside 396
154 Bryant's Cove 395
155 Rose Blanche-Harbour le Cou 394
156 Bay de Verde 392
157 Winterland 390
158 Small Point-Adam's Cove-Blackhead-Broad Cove 387
159 Makkovik 377
160 Belleoram 374
161 Whiteway 373
162 Southern Harbour 369
163 Mount Carmel-Mitchells Brook-St. Catharine's 349
164 St. Mary's 347
165 Parson's Pond 345
166 York Harbour 344
167 Mary's Harbour 341
168 Heart's Content 340
169 Port Rexton 340
170 Hant's Harbour 329
171 Fermeuse 325
172 Ming's Bight 319
173 Hawke's Bay 315
174 Anchor Point 314
175 Burlington 314
176 St. Vincent's-St. Stephen's-Peter's River 313
177 Elliston 308
178 Rigolet 305
179 Seal Cove (White Bay) 303
180 Renews-Cappahayden 301
181 Fox Cove-Mortier 295
182 Pilley's Cove 294
183 Leading Tickles 292
184 Charlottetown 290
185 Bishop's Cove 287
186 Jackson's Arm 284
187 Woody Point 282
188 Little Burnt Bay 281
189 Cottlesville 271
190 Flower's Cove 270
191 Lamaline 267
192 Traytown 267
193 Greenspond 266
194 Baytona 262
195 Chance Cove 256
196 Hughes Brook 255
197 Daniel's Harbour 253
198 Fox Harbour 252
199 St. Bride's 252
200 Parkers Cove 248
201 Rushoon 245
202 Fleur de Lys 244
203 Main Brook 243
204 Seal Cove (Fortune Bay) 242
205 Bay L'Argent 241
206 St. Pauls 238
207 Grand le Pierre 235
208 Gaskiers-Point La Haye 232
209 Point May 231
210 Sandringham 229
211 Branch 228
212 Come By Chance 228
213 Glenburnie-Birchy Head-Shoal Brook 224
214 L'Anse-au-Clair 216
215 River of Ponds 215
216 Heart's Desire 213
217 Change Islands 208
218 Howley 205
219 Happy Adventure 200
220 Westport 195
221 St. Lewis 194
222 Pool's Cove 193
223 Woodstock 190
224 Red Harbour 189
225 Brighton 188
226 New Perlican 186
227 Long Harbour-Mount Arlington Heights 185
228 Riverhead 185
229 Bird Cove 179
230 Crow Head 177
231 Postville 177
232 Raleigh 177
233 Indian Bay 175
234 Goose Cove East 174
235 Conche 170
236 Frenchman's Cove 169
237 Red Bay 169
238 Trinity 169
239 Lushes Bight-Beaumount-Beaumont North 168
240 Pacquet 164
241 Lord's Cove 162
242 Brent's Cove 157
243 Point of Bay 154
244 Portugal Cove South 150
245 St. Brendan's 145
246 English Harbour East 139
247 Recontre East 139
248 Gaultois 136
249 Admirals Beach 135
250 Beachside 132
251 Point Anson 130
252 Little Bay East 127
253 Baine Harbour 124
254 Salvage 124
255 Cook's Harbour 123
256 Sandy Cove 122
257 St. Joseph's 115
258 West St. Modeste 111
259 Coachman's Cove 105
260 Little Bay 105
261 Miles Cove 104
262 Point Lance 102
263 Morrisville 101
264 King's Cove 90
265 Pinware 88
266 Point au Gaul 88
267 Nippers Harbour 85
268 Millertown 81
269 Aquaforte 80
270 Colinet 80
271 Terra Nova 73
272 Little Bay Islands 71
273 St. Shott's 66
274 Bellburns 53
275 Port Kirwan 52
276 Keels 51
278 Gallants 50
279 Duntara 30
280 Sally's Cove 20
281 Tilt Cove 5

See also[edit]

NL
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References[edit]