German submarine U-1199

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U995 2004 1.jpg
U-995 Type VIIC/41 at the Laboe Naval Memorial. This U-boat is almost identical to U-1199.
History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-1199
Ordered: 14 October 1941
Builder: Schichau-Werke, Danzig
Yard number: 1569
Laid down: 23 March 1943
Launched: 12 October 1943
Commissioned: 23 December 1943
Fate: Sunk on 21 January 1945 in the English Channel at 49°57′N 5°42′W / 49.950°N 5.700°W / 49.950; -5.700 by British frigates
General characteristics (VIIC/41)[1]
Class and type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement:
  • 759 tonnes (747 long tons) surfaced
  • 860 t (846 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
  • 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 230 m (750 ft)
  • Calculated crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44-52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Kptlt. Rolf Nollmann[2]
  • 23 December 1943 – 21 January 1945
Operations: 2 patrols
Victories: 1 merchant ship total loss (7,176 GRT)

German submarine U-1199 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 23 March 1943 by Schichau-Werke, Danzig as yard number 1569, launched on 12 October 1943 and commissioned on 23 December 1943 under Kapitänleutnant Rolf Nollmann.

Design[edit]

German Type VIIC/41 submarines were preceded by the heavier Type VIIC submarines. U-1199 had a displacement of 759 tonnes (747 long tons) when at the surface and 860 tonnes (850 long tons) while submerged.[3] She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8–27 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[3]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph).[3] When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-1199 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, (220 rounds), one 3.7 cm (1.5 in) Flak M42 and two twin 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 anti-aircraft guns. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.[3]

Service history[edit]

The boat's service career began on 23 December 1943 with the 8th Training Flotilla, followed by active service with 1st Flotilla on 1 August 1944, followed by 11th Flotilla on 10 November 1944.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-1199 took part in no wolfpacks

Fate[edit]

U-1199 was sunk on 21 January 1945 in the English Channel by depth charges from British destroyer HMS Icarus and British corvette HMS Mignonette at 49°57′N 05°42′W / 49.950°N 5.700°W / 49.950; -5.700. Obersteuermann Friedrich Claussen was the sole survivor, escaping via the conning tower as the submarine flooded.[4]

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[5]
21 January 1945 George Hawley  United States 7,176 Total loss

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Type VIIC/41". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Rolf Nollmann". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
  4. ^ "U-boat Archive - U-413 - U-1209 - U-877 - U-1199 - Interrogation Report". www.uboatarchive.net. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-1199". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 March 2015.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6.
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.