Ewing Township, New Jersey

Coordinates: 40°15′48″N 74°47′55″W / 40.263344°N 74.798704°W / 40.263344; -74.798704
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Ewing Township, New Jersey
Aerial view of Ewing, looking southeast and featuring Trenton–Mercer Airport, Interstate 295, and the Delaware River
Aerial view of Ewing, looking southeast and featuring Trenton–Mercer Airport, Interstate 295, and the Delaware River
Official seal of Ewing Township, New Jersey
Location of Ewing Township in Mercer County highlighted in red (right). Inset map: Location of Mercer County in New Jersey highlighted in orange (left).
Location of Ewing Township in Mercer County highlighted in red (right). Inset map: Location of Mercer County in New Jersey highlighted in orange (left).
Census Bureau map of Ewing Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Ewing Township, New Jersey
Ewing Township is located in Mercer County, New Jersey
Ewing Township
Ewing Township
Location in Mercer County
Ewing Township is located in New Jersey
Ewing Township
Ewing Township
Location in New Jersey
Ewing Township is located in the United States
Ewing Township
Ewing Township
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°15′48″N 74°47′55″W / 40.263344°N 74.798704°W / 40.263344; -74.798704[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyMercer
IncorporatedFebruary 22, 1834
Named forCharles Ewing
Government
 • TypeFaulkner Act (mayor–council)
 • BodyTownship Council
 • MayorBert H. Steinmann (D, term ends December 31, 2026)[3][4]
 • AdministratorJames McManimon[5]
 • Municipal clerkKim J. Macellaro[6]
Area
 • Total15.56 sq mi (40.29 km2)
 • Land15.21 sq mi (39.38 km2)
 • Water0.35 sq mi (0.90 km2)  2.24%
 • Rank174th of 565 in state
8th of 12 in county[1]
Elevation128 ft (39 m)
Population
 • Total37,264
 • Estimate 
(2022)[9][11]
34,589
 • Rank64th of 565 in state
3rd of 12 in county[12]
 • Density2,450.6/sq mi (946.2/km2)
  • Rank255th of 565 in state
5th of 12 in county[12]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
08560, 08618, 08628, 08638[13][14]
Area code609[15]
FIPS code3402122185[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID0882128[1][18]
Websitewww.ewingnj.org

Ewing Township is a township in Mercer County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The township falls within the New York metropolitan area as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau.[19] It borders the Philadelphia metropolitan area and is part of the Federal Communications Commission's Philadelphia Designated Market Area.[20] As of the 2020 United States census, the township's population was 37,264,[9][10] its highest decennial count ever and an increase of 1,474 (+4.1%) from the 35,790 recorded at the 2010 census,[21][22] which in turn reflected an increase of 83 (+0.2%) from the 35,707 counted in the 2000 census.[23]

History[edit]

Woodlands along West Branch Shabakunk Creek represent Ewing Township's appearance before the arrival of European settlers.

The earliest inhabitants of present-day Ewing Township in the historic era were Lenni Lenape Native Americans, who lived along the banks of the Delaware River. Their pre-colonial subsistence activities in the area included hunting, fishing, pottery-making, and simple farming.[24] European settlers, mostly from the British Isles, began to colonize the area in 1699. One of the earliest European settlers was William Green, and his 1717 farmhouse still stands on the campus of The College of New Jersey.[25]

The area that is now Ewing Township was part of Hopewell Township in what was a very large Burlington County at the beginning of the 18th century. In 1714 Hopewell was removed from Burlington County and added to Hunterdon County.[26][27] By 1719, the area which was to become Ewing Township had been removed from Hopewell Township and added to the newly created Trenton Township.[28] Portions of Trenton Township were incorporated as Ewing Township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 22, 1834, posthumously honoring Charles Ewing for his work as Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court.[29] The township became part of the newly created Mercer County on February 22, 1838. After incorporation, Ewing Township received additional territory taken from Lawrence Township and the city of Trenton in 1858. In 1894 the city of Trenton took back some of that territory, annexing more in 1900.[30]

When Ewing Township was incorporated in the 19th century, it was primarily farmland with a handful of scattered hamlets, including Carleton (now known as Ewing), Cross Keys (now known as Ewingville), Birmingham (now known as West Trenton) and Greensburg (now known as Wilburtha).[24] Since the beginning of the 20th century, the township has developed as a suburb of Trenton. The sections near the city border are distinctly urban, but most of the township is suburban residential development. The main commercial district extends along North Olden Avenue Extension (County Route 622), originally constructed to connect north Trenton residences with the now-closed General Motors Inland Fisher Guide Plant. Ewing Township today is the location of The College of New Jersey, the Community Blood Council of New Jersey, New Jersey State Police headquarters, the Jones Farm State Correction Institute, the Trenton Psychiatric Hospital, the New Jersey Department of Transportation headquarters, the Maria H. Katzenbach School for the Deaf and Trenton-Mercer Airport.

From 1953 until 1997, Ewing was the home of Naval Air Warfare Center Trenton, encompassing 528 acres (214 ha) on Parkway Avenue.[31] It was used by the United States Navy as a jet engine test facility until its closure based on the recommendations of the 1993 Base Closure and Realignment Commission.[31] Nearly 700 civilian positions were eliminated, most of which were relocated to other facilities in Maryland and Tennessee.[32] The base's Marine operations were transferred to Fort Dix, which has since become Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst.[33] A charity to end homelessness acquired the base at no cost in October 2013 in a process involving the United States Department of Defense, the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, Mercer County and Ewing Township.[33]

The first location of an industrial robot used to replace human workers was at Ewing's Inland Fisher Guide Plant in 1961, a facility that operated in the township for 1938 to 1998, after which the plant was demolished and targeted for redevelopment.[34][35][36]

Geography[edit]

The Delaware River forms the western border of Ewing Township.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 15.56 square miles (40.29 km2), including 15.21 square miles (39.38 km2) of land and 0.35 square miles (0.90 km2) of water (2.24%).[1][2]

The highest elevation in Ewing Township is 225 feet (69 m) AMSL just southeast of Interstate 295 and just west of Trenton-Mercer Airport,[37] while the lowest point is just below 20 feet (6.1 m) AMSL along the Delaware River near the border with Trenton.[38]

The largest body of water completely within the township is Lake Sylva, a man-made lake that was created in the 1920s when an earthen dam was constructed across the Shabakunk Creek.[39] The 11-acre (4.5 ha) lake is located on the campus of The College of New Jersey.[40] Watercourses in Ewing include the Delaware River along its western boundary and the Shabakunk Creek in the eastern and central portions of the township.

The township has a number of distinct neighborhoods, including Agasote,[41] Altura,[42] Arbor Walk,[43] Braeburn Heights,[43][44][45] Briarcrest,[43][46][47] Briarwood,[43][48][49] Cambridge Hall,[43] Churchill Green,[43][50][51][52] Delaware Rise,[43][50][53][54] Ewing,[41][55] Ewing Park,[56] Ewingville,[43][57][58] Fernwood,[41][59] Ferry Road Manor,[60] Fleetwood Village,[43][50][61][62] Glendale,[41][43][59] Green Curve Heights,[63] Hampton Hills,[43][61][64][65] Heath Manor,[66] Hickory Hill Estates,[43][61][67][68] Hillwood Lakes,[69][70][71][72] Hillwood Manor,[43][61][73][74] Mountainview,[41][43][50][75] Parkway Village,[41][43][61][76] Prospect Heights,[41][43][77][78] Prospect Park,[77][79] Scudders Falls,[41][43][80] Shabakunk Hills,[43][81][82] Sherbrooke Manor,[43][61][83][84] Somerset,[41] Spring Meadows,[43][85][86] Spring Valley,[43] Village on the Green,[43][50][61][87] Weber Park,[77][88][89] West Trenton,[41][43][90][91] Whitewood Estates,[50] Wilburtha[41][43][92][93] and Wynnewood Manor.[43][61][94][95] Some of these existed before suburbanization, while others came into existence with the suburban development of the township in the 20th century.

The township borders the municipalities of Hopewell Township, Lawrence Township, Trenton in Mercer County; and Lower Makefield Township, Upper Makefield Township and Yardley in Bucks County across the Delaware River in Pennsylvania.[96][97][98]

Map of Ewing Township neighborhoods

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18401,017
18501,48045.5%
18602,07940.5%
18702,47719.1%
18802,412−2.6%
18903,12929.7%
19001,333*−57.4%
19101,88941.7%
19203,47584.0%
19306,94299.8%
194010,14646.2%
195016,84066.0%
196026,62858.1%
197032,83123.3%
198034,8426.1%
199034,185−1.9%
200035,7074.5%
201035,7900.2%
202037,2644.1%
2022 (est.)34,589[9][11]−7.2%
Population sources:
1840–1920[99] 1840[100] 1850–1870[101]
1850[102] 1870[103] 1880–1890[104]
1890–1910[105] 1910–1930[106]
1940–2000[107] 2000[108][109]
2010[21][22] 2020[9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[30]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 United States census counted 35,790 people, 13,171 households, and 7,982 families in the township. The population density was 2,346.9 per square mile (906.1/km2). There were 13,926 housing units at an average density of 913.2 per square mile (352.6/km2). The racial makeup was 63.14% (22,598) White, 27.62% (9,885) Black or African American, 0.30% (109) Native American, 4.30% (1,538) Asian, 0.04% (15) Pacific Islander, 2.24% (803) from other races, and 2.35% (842) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.62% (2,727) of the population.[21]

Of the 13,171 households, 22.3% had children under the age of 18; 43.0% were married couples living together; 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present and 39.4% were non-families. Of all households, 30.5% were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.97.[21]

16.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 20.0% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females, the population had 88.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 85.9 males.[21]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $69,716 (with a margin of error of +/− $2,668) and the median family income was $86,875 (+/− $4,312). Males had a median income of $56,308 (+/− $6,003) versus $52,313 (+/− $1,887) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,489 (+/− $1,527). About 4.7% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.[110]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States census[16] there were 35,707 people, 12,551 households, and 8,208 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,328.6 inhabitants per square mile (899.1/km2). There were 12,924 housing units at an average density of 842.8 per square mile (325.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 69.02% White, 24.82% African American, 0.15% Native American, 2.27% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.83% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.44% of the population.[108][109]

There were 12,551 households, out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.00.[108][109]

In the township the population was spread out, with 18.0% under the age of 18, 17.3% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.[108][109]

The median income for a household in the township was $57,274, and the median income for a family was $67,618. Males had a median income of $44,531 versus $35,844 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,268. About 3.3% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.[108][109]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Ewing Township has a Hot-summer Humid continental climate (Dfa).

Climate data for Ewing Twp, Mercer County (40.2626, -74.8027), Elevation 128 ft (39 m), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981-2022
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71.5
(21.9)
77.5
(25.3)
87.8
(31.0)
95.3
(35.2)
95.4
(35.2)
98.3
(36.8)
103.6
(39.8)
100.0
(37.8)
97.6
(36.4)
93.5
(34.2)
80.4
(26.9)
75.2
(24.0)
103.6
(39.8)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 40.2
(4.6)
42.8
(6.0)
50.6
(10.3)
62.9
(17.2)
72.4
(22.4)
81.5
(27.5)
86.2
(30.1)
84.5
(29.2)
77.9
(25.5)
66.0
(18.9)
55.2
(12.9)
45.1
(7.3)
63.9
(17.7)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 23.3
(−4.8)
24.7
(−4.1)
31.7
(−0.2)
41.6
(5.3)
51.4
(10.8)
60.7
(15.9)
65.9
(18.8)
64.1
(17.8)
57.0
(13.9)
45.4
(7.4)
35.5
(1.9)
28.6
(−1.9)
44.3
(6.8)
Record low °F (°C) −9.3
(−22.9)
−0.6
(−18.1)
5.8
(−14.6)
18.2
(−7.7)
32.6
(0.3)
42.8
(6.0)
49.2
(9.6)
42.7
(5.9)
37.3
(2.9)
25.1
(−3.8)
12.1
(−11.1)
0.4
(−17.6)
−9.3
(−22.9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.58
(91)
2.82
(72)
4.27
(108)
3.68
(93)
4.04
(103)
4.42
(112)
4.84
(123)
4.44
(113)
4.17
(106)
4.13
(105)
3.33
(85)
4.42
(112)
48.13
(1,223)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.1
(21)
8.4
(21)
3.9
(9.9)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.6
(1.5)
3.3
(8.4)
24.6
(62)
Average dew point °F (°C) 21.5
(−5.8)
22.0
(−5.6)
27.6
(−2.4)
37.3
(2.9)
49.3
(9.6)
59.4
(15.2)
64.3
(17.9)
63.6
(17.6)
57.7
(14.3)
46.1
(7.8)
34.9
(1.6)
27.3
(−2.6)
42.7
(5.9)
Source 1: PRISM[111]
Source 2: NOHRSC (Snow, 2008/2009 - 2022/2023 normals)[112]

Ecology[edit]

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Ewing Township would have a dominant vegetation type of Appalachian Oak (104) with a dominant vegetation form of Eastern Hardwood Forest (25).[113]

Economy[edit]

In May 2013, Church & Dwight relocated its corporate headquarters from Princeton to Ewing.[114] In mid–2013, Celator Pharmaceuticals established an office presence in Ewing.[115]

Government[edit]

Ewing Township Municipal Building

Local government[edit]

Ewing Township is governed under the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, within the Mayor-Council plan 2 form of New Jersey municipal government, as implemented as of January 1, 1995, based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission.[116] The township is one of 71 municipalities (of the 564) statewide governed under this form.[117] The township's governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the five-member Township Council, all of whom are elected by the voters at-large to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis. with either three seats up for election or two seats and the mayoral seat up together in even-numbered years as part of the November general election.[7][118][119]

As of 2023, the Mayor of Ewing Township is Democrat Bert H. Steinmann, whose term of office ends December 31, 2026.[3] Members of the Ewing Township Council are Council President Kathy Culliton Wollert (D, 2026), Vice President Kevin Baxter (D, 2024), Jennifer L. Keyes-Maloney (D, 2024) and David P. Schroth (D, 2024) and Sarah Steward (D, 2026).[120][121][122][123][124]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Ewing Township is located in the 12th Congressional District[125] and is part of New Jersey's 15th state legislative district.[126][127][128]

For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's 12th congressional district is represented by Bonnie Watson Coleman (D, Ewing Township).[129][130] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[131] and Bob Menendez (Englewood Cliffs, term ends 2025).[132][133]

For the 2024-2025 session, the 15th legislative district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Shirley Turner (D, Lawrence Township) and in the General Assembly by Verlina Reynolds-Jackson (D, Trenton) and Anthony Verrelli (D, Hopewell Township).[134]

Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of County Commissioners that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy. All officials are chosen at-large in partisan elections, with the executive serving a four-year term of office while the commissioners serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year as part of the November general election.[135] As of 2024, the County Executive is Daniel R. Benson (D, Hamilton Township) whose term of office ends December 31, 2027.[136] Mercer County's Commissioners are:

Lucylle R. S. Walter (D, Ewing Township, 2026),[137] Chair John A. Cimino (D, Hamilton Township, 2026),[138] Samuel T. Frisby Sr. (D, Trenton, 2024),[139] Cathleen M. Lewis (D, Lawrence Township, 2025),[140] Vice Chair Kristin L. McLaughlin (D, Hopewell Township, 2024),[141] Nina D. Melker (D, Hamilton Township, 2025)[142] and Terrance Stokes (D, Ewing Township, 2024).[143][144][145]

Mercer County's constitutional officers are: Clerk Paula Sollami-Covello (D, Lawrence Township, 2025),[146][147] Sheriff John A. Kemler (D, Hamilton Township, 2026)[148][149] and Surrogate Diane Gerofsky (D, Lawrence Township, 2026).[150][151][152]

The New Jersey Juvenile Justice Commission has its headquarters in the township.[153][154]

Politics[edit]

As of March 2011, there were a total of 21,714 registered voters in Ewing Township, of which 9,358 (43.1%) were registered as Democrats, 3,256 (15.0%) were registered as Republicans and 9,087 (41.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 13 voters registered as Libertarians or Greens.[155]

Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2020[156] 24.9% 4,638 73.6% 13,718 1.5% 274
2016[157] 26.2% 4,296 70.2% 11,512 3.6% 596
2012[158] 25.8% 4,218 73.0% 11,910 1.2% 190
2008[159] 28.1% 4,787 70.0% 11,911 1.2% 200
2004[160] 34.7% 5,653 62.0% 10,091 0.6% 135

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 73.0% of the vote (11,910 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 25.8% (4,218 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (190 votes), among the 17,947 ballots cast by the township's 23,230 registered voters (1,629 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 77.3%.[158][161] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 70.0% of the vote (11,911 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 28.1% (4,787 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (200 votes), among the 17,021 ballots cast by the township's 22,913 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.3%.[159] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 62.0% of the vote (10,091 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 34.7% (5,653 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (135 votes), among the 16,284 ballots cast by the township's 22,019 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 74.0.[160]

Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2021[162] 28.2% 3,131 70.8% 7,852 1.0% 102
2017[163] 27.7% 2,815 70.3% 7,147 2.0% 201
2013[164] 44.7% 4,395 53.7% 5,279 1.7% 163
2009[165] 34.1% 3,751 59.4% 6,529 5.4% 601
2005[166] 36.1% 3,877 59.9% 6,435 4.1% 439

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 53.7% of the vote (5,279 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 44.7% (4,395 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (163 votes), among the 10,070 ballots cast by the township's 22,876 registered voters (233 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 44.0%.[167][168] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 59.4% of the vote (6,529 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 34.1% (3,751 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.7% (520 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (81 votes), among the 10,989 ballots cast by the township's 22,263 registered voters, yielding a 49.4% turnout.[165]

Education[edit]

Ewing Public Schools serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.[169] As of the 2020–21 school year, the district, comprised of five schools, had an enrollment of 3,444 students and 333.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.3:1.[170] Schools in the district (with 2020–21 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[171]) are W. L. Antheil Elementary School[172] with 623 students in grades PreK-5, Francis Lore Elementary School[173] with 500 students in grades K–5, Parkway Elementary School[174] with 358 students in grades K–5, Gilmore J. Fisher Middle School[175] with 827 students in grades 6–8, and Ewing High School[176] with 1,080 students in grades 9–12.[177][178][179][180]

A 1946 court case challenged a policy of the Ewing Public Schools under which the district provided bus transportation to students living in the districts who attended private parochial schools. In Everson v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled for the first time that state and local government were subject to the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, but that it had not been violated in this instance.[181]

The Ewing Public Education Foundation, established in 1995, is an independent, not-for-profit citizen's organization whose mission is to mobilize community support, concern, commitment and resources to help improve the quality of education in Ewing Township. EPEF provides grants to Ewing Township Schools for innovative educational programs through fund-raising activities, and corporate and institutional sponsorship. The Foundation also seeks to match corporate and organizational donors with teachers to fund additional projects of mutual interest. These programs enhance the educational experience without the use of additional taxpayer dollars.[182]

Eighth grade students from all of Mercer County are eligible to apply to attend the high school programs offered by the Mercer County Technical Schools, a county-wide vocational school district that offers full-time career and technical education at its Health Sciences Academy, STEM Academy and Academy of Culinary Arts, with no tuition charged to students for attendance.[183][184] The Thomas J. Rubino Academy (formerly Mercer County Alternative High School) is one of Mercer County's only alternative schools, offering an alternative educational program for students who have struggled in the traditional school environment, featuring smaller classes, mentoring and counseling.[185]

The Marie H. Katzenbach School for the Deaf opened in Trenton in 1883 and was there until 1923, when it moved to West Trenton.[186] It serves 175 hearing-impaired students on a campus covering 148 acres (60 ha) that was opened in West Trenton in 1926.[187][188] The school was established in Ewing through the efforts of Marie Hilson Katzenbach and was renamed in her honor in 1965.[189]

Incarnation-St. James Catholic School (formerly Incarnation School), constructed in 1955, was a Pre-K to 8th grade parish school administered by The Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary and overseen by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. In 2006, the Incarnation School and parish combined with the St. James School and parish.[190] The school was closed by the parish at the end of the 2014-15 school year.[191]

The Villa Victoria Academy is a private Catholic school in Ewing Township, christened as a private academy in 1933, and operated by the Religious Teachers Filippini. This single-gender school offers an education to young women from sixth to twelfth grade.[192]

The College of New Jersey (formerly Trenton State College) is located on a campus covering 289 acres (117 ha) within the township.[193]

Transportation[edit]

Ewing Township is traversed by multiple main roadways, as well as by a passenger rail line and is the location of an airport.

Roads and highways[edit]

Interstate 295 from Bear Tavern Road (County Route 579)
View south along the Daniel Bray Highway and River Road (Route 29 and Route 175) in Ewing
Signage for the Delaware River Scenic Byway along Route 29

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 149.74 miles (240.98 km) of roadways, of which 108.73 miles (174.98 km) were maintained by the municipality, 28.16 miles (45.32 km) by Mercer County, 12.65 miles (20.36 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, which also has its headquarters in Ewing, and 0.20 miles (0.32 km) by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission.[194]

Several highways pass through the township.[195] Interstate 295 crosses the northwestern section of the township.[196] It is a 55 to 65 miles per hour (89 to 105 km/h), 4-6 lane divided freeway facility. Originally part of Interstate 95, it was constructed as a four-lane facility in the 1960s, and widened to six lanes in the 1990s, with the exception of the Scudder Falls Bridge over the Delaware River. It connects south with Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and connects north to U.S. Route 1, where Interstate 295 curves south. From there, travelers use U.S. 1 or Interstate 195 and the New Jersey Turnpike to reach the next major destination northwards, New York City. The Ewing portion of Interstate 95 was redesignated as Interstate 295 in March 2018 ahead of a direct interchange between Interstate 95 in Pennsylvania and the Pennsylvania Turnpike being completed,[197][198] re-routing Interstate 95 onto the New Jersey Turnpike at Exit 6 (in Mansfield Township).

U.S. Route 206 (Princeton Avenue) skirts the southeastern section of the township. It is a 25 miles per hour (40 km/h), undivided four-lane roadway. Although part of U.S. 206, it is maintained by the Mercer County Department of Transportation as part of County Route 583, which runs as a concurrency with U.S. 206, which connects south to Trenton, as well as north to Princeton and Somerville.

Route 29 (Daniel Bray Highway and River Road) extends north–south along the western edge of the township, along the Delaware River. The southern section, Daniel Bray Highway, is a 55 mph (89 km/h), divided four-lane facility with at-grade intersections and traffic lights, and was constructed in the 1950s. The northern section, River Road, is a 45 mph (72 km/h), undivided two-lane facility whose construction as a state highway dates from the 1930s. NJ 29 connects southwards to Trenton, and northwards to Lambertville and Frenchtown. The entire section of Route 29 in Ewing is designated the Delaware River Scenic Byway, a National Scenic Byway.[199] Route 175 serves as a frontage road along the divided portion of Route 29.[200]

Route 31 (Pennington Road) extends north–south towards the eastern side of the township. It is a 35–45 mph (56–72 km/h), undivided four-lane facility whose construction as a state highway also dates to the 1930s. It once also carried a trolley line, but it has long since been removed. It was once proposed to be bypassed by a freeway, but this plan has since been cancelled. Route 31 also connects south to Trenton, and connects north to Pennington, Flemington, and Clinton.[201]

Public transportation[edit]

West Trenton Railroad Bridge across the Delaware River

The West Trenton Station is at the terminus of SEPTA's West Trenton Line. This commuter rail facility mainly serves commuter traffic to and from Philadelphia. NJ Transit has proposed a new West Trenton Line of its own, that would stretch for 27 miles (43 km) from the West Trenton Station to a connection with the Raritan Valley Line at Bridgewater Township, and from there to Newark Penn Station in Newark.[202][203]

Ewing Township is the site of the Trenton-Mercer Airport (TTN), which first opened in 1929 and is one of three commercial airports in the state. The airport has 100,000 takeoffs and landings annually, and is served by Frontier Airlines, which offers nonstop service to and from 10 different locations nationwide.[204]

Ewing Township is also traversed by the Delaware and Raritan Canal near the Delaware River. Originally important to commerce and trade, the advent of railroads caused the canal's commercial demise. The strip of land along the canal is currently part of the Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park.

NJ Transit provides service between the township and Trenton on the 601, 607, 608, 609, and 624 routes.[205][206]

Points of interest[edit]

Ewing Presbyterian Church
The Jones Farm, operated by the New Jersey Department of Corrections, was the last remaining farm in Ewing until it was shut down at the end of 2022
  • The William Greene Farmhouse was the home of Judge William Greene, who was born in the 1600s in England and died in 1722 in Hunterdon County, New Jersey.[207] The William Green House is on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places and the New Jersey Register of Historic Places.
  • Delaware and Raritan Canal – Runs along the eastern bank of the Delaware River in western Ewing Township.
  • Washington Victory Trail – Documents the trail taken by George Washington's army during the American Revolutionary War on December 26, 1776. This led to a successful surprise attack on the Hessian troops occupying Trenton, New Jersey. Victory trail begins in nearby Washington Crossing State Park, enters Ewing Township at Jacobs Creek Road (where George Washington's and his horse almost fell into the creek) and continues along Bear Tavern Road. General Sullivan's route follows Grand Avenue and Sullivan Way to Trenton. General Greene's route follows Parkway Avenue to Trenton.[208][209]
  • Ewing Presbyterian Church is an historic building dated 1867 and set within the American Revolutionary War-era Ewing Church Cemetery. It is the fourth church to be built in the cemetery grounds. The current church building has been under threat of demolition after several engineering studies found the roof trusses are buckling and beyond the point of cost effective repair. Numerous preservation groups say that the structural problems are much easier to resolve than the studies claim. Various organizations have tried to raise funds to secure the stability of the original church structure.[210]
  • Ewing Church Cemetery is one of the oldest cemeteries in the area, having served the Ewing community for 300 years. It is home to the burial places of hundreds of veterans from The Revolutionary War to the Vietnam War. The grounds span over 50 acres and also include a mausoleum.[211]
  • Our Lady of Good Counsel Church, located on W. Upper Ferry Road, is a Roman Catholic church built in the early 1960s to meet the growing needs of the rapidly expanding township. Its architecture is similar to Saint Paul's Church in Princeton. The Church is a major worship center for the Catholic community in what is called the West Trenton section of the township.[212]
  • Louis Kahn's Trenton Bath House was an early work of the influential mid-twentieth century architect, made for the Trenton Jewish Community Center (now the Ewing Senior & Community Center).[213]
  • The offices and studios of radio station WKXW, "New Jersey 101.5", are located in Ewing.[214]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Ewing Township include:

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Office of the Mayor, Ewing Township. Accessed February 24, 2023.
  4. ^ 2023 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, updated February 8, 2023. Accessed February 10, 2023.
  5. ^ Contact Us, Ewing Township. Accessed February 11, 2023.
  6. ^ Municipal Clerk, Ewing Township. Accessed February 11, 2023.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 73.
  8. ^ "Township of Ewing". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e QuickFacts Ewing township, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 22, 2022.
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  11. ^ a b Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022, United States Census Bureau, released May 2023. Accessed May 18, 2023.
  12. ^ a b Population Density by County and Municipality: New Jersey, 2020 and 2021, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 1, 2023.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Ewing, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 23, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 11, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Ewing, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 11, 2013.
  16. ^ a b U.S. Census website, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed April 1, 2022.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
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  20. ^ Philadelphia Market Area Coverage Maps, Federal Communications Commission. Accessed December 28, 2014.
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  22. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Ewing township Archived May 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 18, 2012.
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  24. ^ a b History, Ewing Township. Accessed November 25, 2019. "In the early years of settlement, Ewing was chiefly a woodland area; however, after the Revolution, Ewing embarked upon a long period of agricultural growth and activity. In 1844, historians Barber and Howe described the Township as having some of the richest soil in New Jersey. Early development was in the form of small hamlets scattered throughout the Township, including Birmingham (now known as West Trenton), Ewing, Ewingville, and Greensburg (now Wilburtha)."
  25. ^ About the Farmhouse Archived January 21, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Friends of the Wm Green Farmhouse. Accessed January 7, 2015. "The house today mirrors the area's architectural history with sections from three distinct building periods. Circa 1717 to 1730 section: The oldest remaining section, is the southeast segment of the building. This was originally a 2 ½ story brick house. The fine Flemish bond brickwork of this section is similar to that used in the 1719 Trent House in Trenton. Its interior preserves original 18th-century detailing. Circa 1750 to 1790 section: The second oldest section, added as the Green family grew, is located behind the oldest portion. It forms the northeast segment of the house and added four rooms and a stair hall. Circa 1830 section: The third building stage, a two-room-deep brick addition to the west, nearly doubled the size of the house."
  26. ^ The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 52. Accessed January 7, 2015. "Hopewell township: From Burlington Court records, February 20, 1699/1700: The Hopewell township boundaries were "To begin at Mahlon Stacyes Mill [at what is now Trenton] And so along by York:road, until it comes to Shabbucunck, and up the same until it meet with the line of Partition that divides the Societies 30000 acres Purchase from the 15000 and then along the line of said Societies 30000 acres Purchase to Delaware River."
  27. ^ The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 162. Accessed January 7, 2015.
    "Hopewell township
    1700 Feb 20, item 227: Formed in Burlington Co.
    1714 item 4: Set off to Hunterdon Co.
    1719 item 332: Part mentioned as Trenton (twp.)"
  28. ^ The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 164-165. Accessed January 7, 2015.
    "Trenton township
    1719 June 3, item 332: Mentioned. Constable appointed for Hunterdon Co.
    1720 Mar. 2, item 371: Boundary recorded.
    1792 item 116: Part incorp. as Trenton city.
    1798 Feb. 21, item 289: Incorporated.
    1831 item 112: Part from Trenton city.
    1834 item 102: Part to Ewing twp."
  29. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 30, 2015.
  30. ^ a b The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 161-162. Accessed January 7, 2015.
    "Ewing township
    1834 Feb. 22, item 102: Formed from Trenton twp. in Hunterdon Co.
    1838 item 99: Set off to Mercer Co.
    1858 item 44: Part from Trenton city.
    1858 item 403: Part from Lawrence twp.
    1894 item 595: Part to Trenton city.
    1900 item 282: Part to Trenton city."
  31. ^ a b Former Naval Air Warfare Center Trenton Archived September 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, United States Navy. Accessed October 28, 2014. "The former Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC) Trenton is located in Ewing Township, New Jersey."
  32. ^ Staff. "Base-Closing Panel Wraps Up Five Days of Voting", The New York Times, June 28, 1993. Accessed October 11, 2013. "Under the panel's plan for the Ewing unit, the Naval Air Warfare Center, Aircraft Division, would be divided between the Arnold Engineering Center in Tullahoma, Tenn., and the Naval Air Warfare Center at Patuxent River, Md.... Officials were unclear how many people would lose their jobs because of the closing. The Ewing base employs 680 civilians and seven military workers, of whom 157 engineers and other high-level personnel are already awaiting transfer to Patuxent River as part of a 1991 base-closing decision."
  33. ^ a b McGrath, Brendan. "HomeFront charity to take over Marine Reserve Center in Ewing", The Times, June 16, 2014. Accessed October 28, 2014. "HomeFront, the charity dedicated to ending homelessness in the Mercer region, will soon begin construction on its new headquarters as it takes over the decommissioned Marine Reserve Center in Ewing.... The Marine operations at the base were transferred to Fort Dix, which has since become Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst."
  34. ^ Mickle, Paul. "1961: A peep into the automated future", The Trentonian. Accessed January 17, 2015. "Without any fanfare, the world's first working robot joined the assembly line at the General Motors plant in Ewing Township in the spring of 1961."
  35. ^ Famous Firsts in New Jersey, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 18, 2015. "The first robot to replace a human worker was used by General Motors in Ewing Township in 1961."
  36. ^ Galler, Joan. "Ewing's vacant General Motors site soon to be cleaned" Archived September 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, The Trentonian, August 10, 2011. Accessed January 18, 2015.
  37. ^ Interchange 2 USGS Pennington Quad, NJ, PA, Topographic Map, TopoZone. Accessed November 18, 2012.
  38. ^ USGS Trenton West Quad, NJ, PA, Topographic Map, TopoZone. Accessed November 18, 2012.
  39. ^ Environmental Resource Inventory for the Township of Ewing, Mercer County, New Jersey, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. Accessed November 25, 2019. "There are two major lakes in Ewing Township: Lake Ceva and Lake Sylva. These open bodies of water are permanent waters and were created by damming Shabakunk Creek. Although they are classified as true lakes by federal and state maps, these lakes are man-made impoundments. Lake Sylva covers 10.6 acres and Lake Ceva covers 6.4 acres."
  40. ^ USGS 01463740 Shabakunk C at Sylva Lake Dam at Ewingville NJ, United States Geological Survey. Accessed October 11, 2013.
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  44. ^ Google (January 9, 2015). "Braeburn Heights, New Jersey" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  45. ^ "Brae Burn Heights, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015. Brae Burn Heights (also known as Brae Burn Park) is a residential neighborhood of detached, single family homes built from the 1940s through the 1970s. Median lot size is less than 1/5th of an acre. The Brae Burn Heights neighborhood is generally bounded by Parkside Avenue, Pennington Road, Somerset Street and Buttonwood Drive.
  46. ^ "Briarcrest". Living Places. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  47. ^ "Briarcrest, Ewing". Weichert Realtors. Archived from the original on February 26, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  48. ^ "The Briarwood Development". Remax New Jersey. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  49. ^ "Ewing New Jersey Homes". Weidel Realtors. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 20, 2015. Briarwood was built in 1975. There are 54 homes in this neighborhood of Ewing.
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  51. ^ "Churchill Green, Ewing". Berkshire Hathaway Home Services. Archived from the original on February 26, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
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  53. ^ "Delaware Rise, Ewing". Berkshire Hathaway Home Services. Archived from the original on February 26, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  54. ^ "Delaware Rise, Ewing". Weichert Realtors. Archived from the original on February 26, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  55. ^ Jo Ann Tesauro (2002). Images of America: Ewing Township. Arcadia Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 0-7385-1040-8. The Carleton/Ewing/Ewing Presbyterian Church area was a small village at the intersection of today's Upper Ferry and Scotch Roads and the lands to the north, where the railroad crosses Scotch Road. It contained nine homesteads, a blacksmith, a wheelwright shop, a church and a flour mill.
  56. ^ "Relationship between TCNJ off-campus students, Ewing residents improving". nj.com. March 10, 2015. Retrieved March 20, 2015. In September and October, Russell said TCNJ students were their usual rowdy selves in the Ewing Park neighborhood just south of campus, off Green Lane.
  57. ^ Jo Ann Tesauro (2002). Images of America: Ewing Township. Arcadia Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 0-7385-1040-8. Cross Keys/Ewingville was a village with its main intersection at today's Pennington, Ewingville and Upper Ferry Roads. This bustling town was named after William Green's Cross Keys Inn, located on the northeast corner of the intersection in the 1700s.
  58. ^ Jo Ann Tesauro (2002). Images of America: Ewing Township. Arcadia Publishing. p. 64. ISBN 0-7385-1040-8. In the 1700s and part of 1800s, this village was called Cross Keys, as was the hotel at its main intersection. In 1836, after the incorporation of Ewing Township in 1834, the village became known as Ewingville.
  59. ^ a b "History of Ewing". Township of Ewing. Archived from the original on February 6, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015. Despite the early development of the streetcar suburbs, Ewing grew slowly in the first quarter of the 20th century: by 1920 the population of the Township stood at 3500. The area remained predominantly rural in nature until just prior to World War II, when new industries would begin a long period of growth and development for the Township. With the construction of the General Motors plant in 1938 and the employment opportunities that accompanied it, new communities such as the Glendale and Fernwood began to be built. By 1940, only twenty years later, the Township's population had almost tripled to 10,146.
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  62. ^ "Fleetwood Village, Ewing". Weichert Realtors. Archived from the original on February 26, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  63. ^ Google (January 9, 2015). "Green Curve Heights, New Jersey" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  64. ^ "Hampton Hills". Living Places. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
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  66. ^ Google (January 9, 2015). "Heath Manor, New Jersey" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  67. ^ "Hickory Hill Estates". Living Places. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
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  69. ^ "Environmental Resource Inventory for the Township of Ewing, Mercer County, New Jersey (page 83)" (PDF). Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  70. ^ "1933: The genius next door". The Trentonian. Retrieved March 26, 2015. The New Jersey State Teacher College moved out of Trenton and into the campus of red-brick halls in the Hillwood Lakes section of Ewing. Later, the school would be renamed Trenton State College; In 1996, it became the College of New Jersey.
  71. ^ "Lake Ceva be dammed". The Signal. Retrieved March 26, 2015. Deborah Knox, associate professor of computer science, and her husband Dan, residents of the local Hillwood Lakes community in Ewing, brought up several concerns. Deborah Knox walks to the College and was concerned that the walkway she traverses each day would be obstructed by the work.
  72. ^ Barron's Guide to the Most Competitive Colleges, p. 206. Barron's Educational Series, 2009. ISBN 9780764142260. Accessed January 17, 2018. "The campus itself is a quiet oasis within bustling Ewing Township, closed to outside traffic and encircled by Metzger Drive, a two-mile loop popular with joggers, walkers, and bikers. An abundance of trees and the bordering Hillwood Lakes — Lake Sylva and Lake Ceva — give the campus a natural, pristine feel, despite its location in the heart of suburban New Jersey."
  73. ^ "Hillwood Manor". Living Places. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  74. ^ "Hillwood Manor, Ewing". Weichert Realtors. Archived from the original on February 26, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  75. ^ "Mountainview, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015. Mountainview is a residential neighborhood with homes built primarily during the 1960s and 1970s. Median age is ca. 1963. Typical homes are 3-4 bedrooms, 1-1/2 to 2-1/2 baths, most having garages (1, 2 or 3-car). Median lot size is approximately 1/2 acre. Median interior living space is approximately 2,300 sq. ft. The neighborhood boundaries are generally, Jacobs Creek Road on the north and Mountainview Road on the south.
  76. ^ "Parkway Village, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015. Parkway Village is a residential development of detached, single family homes built primarily during the 1940s and 1950s. Median age is ca. 1952. Median interior living space is approximately 1,400 sq. ft. Median lot size is less than 1/5th of an acre. Access to the Parkway Village neighborhood is from Lower Ferry Road onto Terrace Boulevard, Fireside Drive or Winthrop Avenue; from Parkway Avenue onto Stratford Avenue, Rutledge Avenue, Dunmore Avenue or Farrell Drive.
  77. ^ a b c "History of Ewing". Township of Ewing. Archived from the original on February 6, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015. By the early 20th century, Trenton had become a major industrial center, and the population of the city rapidly increased. The areas of Ewing adjacent to Trenton began to take on urban characteristics, absorbing the population overflow from the city. Many Trenton residents discovered the advantages of living in Ewing, and the Township began to change from an agricultural to a residential community. Trains and streetcars enabled people to live further from the center of Trenton. Areas such as Homecrest, Prospect Heights, Prospect Park, and Weber Park were established near the borders of the City of Trenton, some of the earliest 'suburban' developments in Ewing.
  78. ^ "Prospect Heights, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015. Prospect Heights is a residential neighborhood of detached, single family homes most of which were built from the 1920s through the 1970s. Median age is ca. 1953. Median lot size is less than 1/5th of an acre. Median interior living space is approximately 1,500 sq. ft. Homes are typically 2 to 4 bedrooms with 1 to 2 baths; about 2/3rds of the homes have full basements; approximately half of the homes have garages. Access to the Prospect Heights neighborhood is from Olden Avenue North onto 5th, 6th or Prospect Streets; from Parkside Avenue onto Buttonwood Drive; from Spruce Street onto Prospect Street.
  79. ^ Google (January 9, 2015). "Prospect Park, New Jersey" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  80. ^ "Scudders Falls". American Whitewater. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  81. ^ "Shabakunk Hills". Living Places. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
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  83. ^ "Sherbrooke Manor". Living Places. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
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  85. ^ "The Spring Meadows Development". Remax New Jersey. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
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  88. ^ Google (January 9, 2015). "Weber Park, New Jersey" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  89. ^ "Weber Park, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015. Weber Park (sometimes called Hillcrest) is a residential neighborhood of detached singles and semi-attached, half-duplex residences built mainly from the 1920s through the 1950s. Median age is ca. 1951. Median interior living space is approximately 1,300 sq. ft. Median lot size is between 1/10th and 1/5th of an acre. Homes are typically 2 to 4 bedrooms, 1 to 2-1/2 baths; most of the homes have full basements; about half have garages. The Weber Park neighborhood is generally bounded by Parkway Avenue, Pennington Road (Route 31), North Olden Avenue, and Prospect Street.
  90. ^ Jo Ann Tesauro (2002). Images of America: Ewing Township. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 7–8. ISBN 0-7385-1040-8. Birmingham/Trenton Junction/West Trenton was a village whose main intersection was located at today's Bear Tavern and West Upper Ferry Roads. It contained a blacksmith shop, a cobbler, and several homesteads. Birmingham was renamed Trenton Junction in 1882. The Trenton Junction Station was built in the late 1880s, and c. 1930 it was renamed West Trenton Station.
  91. ^ "West Trenton, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015. West Trenton is a residential neighborhood of semi-attached twins and detached singles built from the early 1900s through the 1950s. Median age is ca. 1953. Median lot size is approximately 1/4 acre. Typical homes have 3 to 4 bedrooms with 1 to 2 baths; most of the homes have full basements; about half have 1-car, attached garages. The neighborhood is generally centered around the intersection of Upper Ferry Road West with Bear Tavern Road/Grand Avenue.
  92. ^ Jo Ann Tesauro (2002). Images of America: Ewing Township. Arcadia Publishing. p. 7. ISBN 0-7385-1040-8. The Greensburg/Wilburtha section was built up after the Delaware and Raritan Canal was built in 1834. The village contained 30 homesteads, a general store, a post office, a tavern, a railroad station on the Belvidere-Delaware (Bel-Del) line, and numerous quarries. Along with the canals, the quarries used the railroad to transport their product known as Greensburg Stone or Trenton Brown Stone. Greensburg was renamed Wilburtha in 1883.
  93. ^ "Wilburtha, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015. Wilburtha is a neighborhood of detached single family homes built during the 1950s (Blackwood Drive, Boxwood Court, Middleton Avenue, Ramson Avenue, Wakefield Drive, Wilburtha Road) and the 1980s (Locke Court, Riverview Drive, Wilburtha Road). Access to the Wilburtha neighborhood is from River Road onto Wilburtha Road or Upper Ferry Road West onto Riverview Drive.
  94. ^ "Wynnewood Manor". Living Places. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  95. ^ "Wynnewood Manor, Ewing". Weichert Realtors. Archived from the original on February 26, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  96. ^ Areas touching Ewing Township, MapIt. Accessed March 30, 2020.
  97. ^ Municipalities within Mercer County, NJ, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. Accessed March 30, 2020.
  98. ^ New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
  99. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 11, 2013.
  100. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed October 11, 2013. Population of 996 is listed, 21 less than shown in other sources
  101. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 275, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed October 11, 2013. "Ewing township contained in 1850, 1,480 inhabitants; in 1860, 2,979; and in 1870, 2,477. The State Lunatic Asylum is located in this township."
  102. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 139. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed October 11, 2013.
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  216. ^ Kennedy, Charles Stuart. Interview with Ambassador Peggy Blackford Archived October 15, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training, November 28, 2016. "I think I should clear up something. I did not grow up in Trenton per se but in a little town or rather a little township just north of Trenton called Ewing. Today Ewing is an actual place with a zip code but at that time Trenton was our post office, and Trenton was where kids went to high school. But Ewing was independent of Trenton which turned out to be a good thing when the ‘60s came along and Trenton, which had been quite a nice small city, experienced rioting, looting and an exodus of the middle class. "
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External links[edit]