Indian Railway organisational structure

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The Indian Railways is organised broadly by functional groups of Indian Railway Service. This is traditionally how the co-operation is organised. The Indian Railways perhaps has been less adventuro it has largely kept up what it got as a legacy since the British era.

Railway Board[edit]

The apex management organisation is the Railway Board, also called the Ministry of Railways. The board is headed by a Chairman who reports to the Minister of Railways. The board has five other members in addition to the chairman.

The General Managers of the zonal railways and the production units report to the board.

Functional branches[edit]

The various Group A cadres are as below:

Non Technical Services recruitment through Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC

  • IRTS - Indian Railway Traffic Service
  • IRPS - Indian Railway Personnel Service
  • IRAS - Indian Railway Accounts Service
  • RPF - Railway Protection Force

Technical Services recruitment through Indian Engineering Services Examination conducted by UPSC

  • IRSE - Indian Railway Service of (Civil) Engineers
  • IRSEE - Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers
  • IRSME - Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers
  • IRSS - Indian Railway Stores Service
  • IRSSE - Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers

Medical Services recruitment through Combined medical Examination conducted by UPSC

  • IRMS - Indian Railway Medical Service

India's vast rail system, the third largest in the world, is managed by regional levels. Indian Railways has divided itself into seventeen zonal railways. Each zone, headed by a General Manager, is semi-autonomous and this creates a matrix organisation where the functional branches are under dual control viz.

  • Operational Control at Zonal level
  • Functional Policy & Guidance from the Railway Board

Zonal management[edit]

Indian Railway zonal map

The current 16 zones of the Indian Railways are

Name Abbr. Headquarters
Central Railway CR Mumbai
Eastern Railway ER Kolkata
East Central Railway ECR Hajipur
East Coast Railway ECoR Bhubaneswar
Northern Railway NR Delhi
North Central Railway NCR Allahabad
North Western Railway NWR Jaipur
North Eastern Railway NER Gorakhpur
Northeast Frontier Railway NFR Maligaon(Guwahati)
Southern Railway SR Chennai
South Central Railway SCR Secunderabad
South Eastern Railway SER Kolkata
South East Central Railway SECR Bilaspur, CG
South Western Railway SWR Hubli
Western Railway WR Mumbai
West Central Railway WCR Jabalpur

Divisional organisation[edit]

The Divisional Railway Manager (DRM) heads the organisation at the division level. There are currently 71 divisions on the system nationwide. The divisions are primarily involved with train running but may have loco sheds (repair shops for locomotives), coaching depots (repair home bases for passenger trains) and wagon depots (repair and maintenance points for freight stock).

Each division has all the functional (both line and staff) organisations. The heads of these functional groups report to the DRM for administrative purposes but rely on guidance from the railway board and the zonal headquarters for policy guidelines.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]