Indigenous Area (Taiwan)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Indigenous Areas (Chinese: 原住民族地區; pinyin: yuánzhùmínzú dìqū; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Goân-chū bîn-cho̍k tē-khu) are the administrative divisions in Taiwan with significant populations of Taiwanese indigenous peoples. These areas are granted higher level of local autonomy. Currently there are 55 such divisions.[1]

History[edit]

1926 map of indigenous areas in Taiwan under Japanese rule.
Indigenous areas in Taiwan:
  Mountain indigenous areas
  Plains indigenous areas

On 31 October 2001, the Indigenous Peoples Employment Rights Protection Act was promulgated. In order to implement the provisions of the act, the Council of Indigenous Peoples designated 30 mountain indigenous townships and districts and 25 townships and cities as indigenous areas.[2]

List of indigenous areas[edit]

Special municipality / County Mountain indigenous Rural Urban County-
administered city
District Township Township
New Taipei City 1
Yilan County 2
Taoyuan City 1
Hsinchu County 2 1
Miaoli County 1 2
Taichung City 1
Nantou County 2 1
Chiayi County 1
Kaohsiung City 3
Pingtung County 8 1
Taitung County 5 7 2 1
Hualien County 3 7 2 1
Total 6 24 19 4 2
Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Formosan Type Division Common languages
Nan'ao 南澳鄉 Lâm-ò Nàm-o Mountain indigenous township Yilan Atayal
Datong 大同鄉 Tāi-tông Thai-thùng Mountain indigenous township Yilan Atayal
Wulai 烏來區 U-lai Vû-lòi UlayAtayal Mountain indigenous district New Taipei Atayal
Fuxing 復興區 Hok-heng Fu̍k-hîn PyasanAtayal Mountain indigenous district Taoyuan Atayal
Guanxi 關西鎮 Koan-se Kûan-sî Urban township Hsinchu Atayal
Jianshi 尖石鄉 Chiam-chio̍h Tsiâm-sa̍k Mountain indigenous township Hsinchu Atayal
Wufeng 五峰鄉 Ngó͘-hong Ńg-fûng Mountain indigenous township Hsinchu Atayal, Saisiyat
Nanzhuang 南庄鄉 Lâm-chng Nàm-chông Rural township Miaoli Saisiyat
Shitan 獅潭鄉 Sai-thâm Sṳ̂-thàn Rural township Miaoli Saisiyat
Tai'an 泰安鄉 Thài-an Thai-ôn Mountain indigenous township Miaoli Atayal
Heping 和平區 Hô-pêng Fò-phìn Mountain indigenous district Taichung Atayal
Yuchi 魚池鄉 Hî-tî Ǹg-tshṳ̀ Rural township Nantou Thao
Xinyi 信義鄉 Sìn-gī Sin-ngi Nehunpu-siangBunun Mountain indigenous township Nantou Bunun
Ren'ai 仁愛鄉 Jîn-ài Yìn-oi Mountain indigenous township Nantou Atayal, Bunun, Seediq
Alishan 阿里山鄉 A-lí-san Â-lî-sân PsoseonganaTsou Mountain indigenous township Chiayi Tsou
Namasia 那瑪夏區 Namasia Namasia NamasiaBunun, Kanakanavu Mountain indigenous district Kaohsiung Bunun, Kanakanavu
Tauyuan 桃源區 Thô-goân Thò-ngièn NganiBunun Mountain indigenous district Kaohsiung Bunun, Saaroa
Maolin 茂林區 Bō͘-lîm Meu-lìm TeldrekaRukai Mountain indigenous district Kaohsiung Rukai
Manzhou 滿州鄉 Bóan-chiu Mân-chû ManutsuruPaiwan Rural township Pingtung Paiwan
Sandimen 三地門鄉 Soaⁿ-tē-mn̂g Sâm-thi-mùn TimurPaiwan Mountain indigenous township Pingtung Paiwan, Rukai
Wutai 霧臺鄉 Bū-tâi Vu-thòi VedaiRukai Mountain indigenous township Pingtung Rukai
Majia 瑪家鄉 Má-ka Mâ-kâ MakazayazayaPaiwan Mountain indigenous township Pingtung Paiwan
Taiwu 泰武鄉 Thài-bú Thai-vú KlaljucPaiwan Mountain indigenous township Pingtung Paiwan
Laiyi 來義鄉 Lâi-gī Lòi-ngi RaiPaiwan Mountain indigenous township Pingtung Paiwan
Chunri 春日鄉 Chhun-ji̍t Tshûn-ngit KasugaguPaiwan Mountain indigenous township Pingtung Paiwan
Shizi 獅子鄉 Sai-chú Sṳ̂-é SisiguPaiwan Mountain indigenous township Pingtung Paiwan
Mudan 牡丹鄉 Bó͘-tan Méu-tân SinvaudjanPaiwan Mountain indigenous township Pingtung Paiwan
Taitung City 臺東市 Tâi-tang Thòi-tûng PusungAmis, Paiwan, Puyuma County-administered city Taitung Amis, Paiwan, Puyuma
Chenggong 成功鎮 Sêng-kong Sṳ̀n-kûng MadawdawAmis Urban township Taitung Amis
Guanshan 關山鎮 Koan-san Kûan-sân LilongAmis Urban township Taitung Amis
Beinan 卑南鄉 Pi-lâm Pî-nàm PuyumaAmis&Puyuma, PinangRukai Rural township Taitung Amis, Puyuma, Rukai
Dawu 大武鄉 Tāi-bú Thai-vú PalangoePaiwan Rural township Taitung Paiwan
Taimali 太麻里鄉 Thài-mâ-lí Thai-mà-lî TjavualjiAmis, Paiwan Rural township Taitung Amis, Paiwan
Changbin 長濱鄉 Tn̂g-pin Tshòng-pîn KakacawanAmis Rural township Taitung Amis
Donghe 東河鄉 Tong-hô Tûng-hò FafukodAmis Rural township Taitung Amis
Luye 鹿野鄉 Lo̍k-iá Lu̍k-yâ Rural township Taitung Amis
Chishang 池上鄉 Tî-siōng Tshṳ̀-song Rural township Taitung Amis
Yanping 延平鄉 Iân-pêng Yèn-phìn InpiingBunun Mountain indigenous township Taitung Bunun
Haiduan 海端鄉 Hái-toaⁿ Hói-tôn HaitutuanBunun Mountain indigenous township Taitung Bunun
Daren 達仁鄉 Ta̍t-jîn Tha̍t-yìn TadrenPaiwan Mountain indigenous township Taitung Paiwan
Jinfeng 金峰鄉 Kim-hong Kîm-fûng KinzangPaiwan Mountain indigenous township Taitung Paiwan
Lanyu 蘭嶼鄉 Lân-sū Làn-yí Ponso no TaoYami Mountain indigenous township Taitung Yami
Hualien City 花蓮市 Hoa-liân Fâ-lièn KalinkoAmis, NabakuwanSakizaya County-administered city Hualien Amis, Sakizaya, Truku
Fenglin 鳳林鎮 Hōng-lîm Fung-lìm MarlimuAmis Urban township Hualien Amis
Yuli 玉里鎮 Gio̍k-lí Ngiu̍k-lî PoskoAmis Urban township Hualien Amis
Xincheng 新城鄉 Sin-siâⁿ Sîn-sàng SinjiyuTruku, TakidisAmis Rural township Hualien Amis, Truku
Ji'an 吉安鄉 Kiat-an Kit-ôn CikasuanAmis Rural township Hualien Amis, Truku
Shoufeng 壽豐鄉 Siū-hong Su-fûng CiamenganAmis Rural township Hualien Amis
Guangfu 光復鄉 Kong-ho̍k Kông-fu̍k Fata'anAmis Rural township Hualien Amis
Fengbin 豐濱鄉 Hong-pin Fûng-pîn FakonAmis, BakungKavalan Rural township Hualien Amis, Kavalan
Ruisui 瑞穗鄉 Sūi-sūi Lui-sui KohkohAmis Rural township Hualien Amis
Fuli 富里鄉 Hù-lí Fu-lî KongpoAmis Rural township Hualien Amis
Xiulin 秀林鄉 Siù-lîm Siu-lìm BsuringTruku Mountain indigenous township Hualien Truku
Wanrong 萬榮鄉 Bān-êng Van-yùng MalibasiTruku Mountain indigenous township Hualien Truku, Bunun
Zhuoxi 卓溪鄉 Toh-khe Cho̍k-hâi TakkeiBunun Mountain indigenous township Hualien Bunun

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "55 Indigenous Counties". Council of Indigenous Peoples. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Indigenous Peoples' Regions". Council of Indigenous Peoples. 13 May 2020. Retrieved 15 December 2020.

External links[edit]