Kevin Spacey Fowler
July 26, 1959
South Orange, New Jersey, U.S.
Kevin Spacey Fowler Mike Nichols' Heartburn (1986), and Working Girl (1988). He gained critical acclaim in the 1990s, with an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the neo-noir crime thriller The Usual Suspects (1995) and an Academy Award for Best Actor for the midlife-crisis themed drama American Beauty (1999). Spacey's other starring roles have included Glengarry Glen Ross (1992), the comedy-drama film Swimming with Sharks (1994), the psychological thriller Seven (1995), the neo-noir crime film L.A. Confidential (1997), the drama Pay It Forward (2000), the science fiction-mystery film K-PAX (2001), the musical biopic Beyond the Sea (2004), the superhero film Superman Returns (2006), and the action film Baby Driver (2017).(born July 26, 1959) is an American actor, producer, and singer. Spacey began his career as a stage actor during the 1980s, obtaining supporting roles in film and television. Spacey's first roles in film were in
In Broadway theatre, Spacey starred in Long Day's Journey into Night in 1986 alongside Jack Lemmon. In 1991, he won a Tony Award for his role in Lost in Yonkers. He continued to act in theatre receiving his second Tony Award nomination for The Iceman Cometh in 1999. He was the artistic director of the Old Vic theatre in London from 2004 until stepping down in mid-2015. In 2017, he hosted the 71st Tony Awards. From 2013 to 2017, he played Frank Underwood in the Netflix political drama series House of Cards, which won him a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Drama and two consecutive Screen Actors Guild Awards for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Drama Series as well as five consecutive Primetime Emmy Award nominations for Best Actor in a Drama Series.
In October 2017, actor Anthony Rapp accused Spacey of making a sexual advance toward him in 1986, when Rapp was 14. Other men alleged that Spacey had made unwanted advances and had sexually harassed them as well. Netflix cut ties with Spacey, shelving his film Gore and removing him from the last season of House of Cards. Spacey's role as J. Paul Getty in Ridley Scott's film All the Money in the World (2017) was reshot with Christopher Plummer in his place. In 2018, Billionaire Boys Club (which had been completed before the allegations surfaced) was released with Spacey's role unchanged and as of 2021, it remains his last film.
As of March 2021, the case involving Spacey has yet to come to court and he has not been found guilty of any criminal offence.
Kevin Spacey Fowler was born in South Orange, New Jersey, to Kathleen Ann (née Knutson), a secretary, and Thomas Geoffrey Fowler, a technical writer and data consultant. Spacey has an older brother, Randy Fowler, who is a limousine driver and Rod Stewart impersonator in Boise, Idaho, and a sister, Julie Ann Fowler Keir, an office worker. His family relocated to Southern California when he was four years old. Randy Fowler (from whom Spacey is estranged) has stated that their father, whom he described as a racist "Nazi supporter", was sexually and physically abusive, and that Spacey had shut down emotionally and become "very sly and smart" to avoid whippings.
Spacey attended Northridge Military Academy, Canoga Park High School in the 10th and 11th grades. He graduated co-valedictorian (along with Mare Winningham) of the class of 1977 of Chatsworth High School in Chatsworth, California. At Chatsworth, Spacey starred in the school's senior production of The Sound of Music, playing the part of Captain Georg von Trapp, with Winningham as Maria von Trapp. He started using his middle name "Spacey", which is also his paternal grandmother's maiden name.
Spacey had tried to succeed as a comedian for several years before attending the Juilliard School in New York City, as a member of Group 12, where he studied drama with teacher Marian Seldes between 1979 and 1981. During this time period, he performed stand-up comedy in bowling alley talent contests.
1980s: Early film and theater roles
Spacey's first professional stage appearance was as a spear carrier in a New York Shakespeare Festival performance of Henry VI, Part 1 in 1981. The following year, he made his first Broadway appearance, as Oswald in a production of Henrik Ibsen's Ghosts, starring Liv Ullmann. Then he portrayed Philinte in Molière's The Misanthrope. In 1984, Spacey appeared in a production of David Rabe's Hurlyburly, in which he rotated through each of the male parts (he would later play Mickey in the film version). Next came Anton Chekhov's The Seagull alongside David Strathairn and Colleen Dewhurst. In 1986, Spacey appeared in a production of Sleuth in a New Jersey dinner theatre.
Spacey's prominence as a stage actor began in 1986, when he was cast opposite Jack Lemmon, Peter Gallagher and Bethel Leslie as Jamie, the eldest Tyrone son, in Jonathan Miller's lauded production of Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey into Night. Lemmon in particular would become a mentor to Spacey and was invited, along with Spacey's high school drama teacher, to be present when Spacey received his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1999. Spacey made his first major television appearance in the second-season premiere of Crime Story, playing a Kennedy-esque American senator. Although his interest soon turned to film, Spacey remained actively involved in the live theater community. In 1991, he won a Tony Award for his portrayal of Uncle Louie in Neil Simon's Broadway hit Lost in Yonkers. Spacey's father was unconvinced that Spacey could make a career for himself as an actor, and did not change his mind until Spacey became well-known.
Also in 1986, Spacey made his first film appearance in Mike Nichols' Heartburn starring Meryl Streep, and Jack Nicholson. Spacey plays a small role credited as a subway thief. In 1988 Spacey also briefly appeared in another Nichols' film Working Girl, as sleazy businessman Bob Speck. Some of Spacey's other early roles include a widowed, eccentric millionaire on L.A. Law; the television miniseries The Murder of Mary Phagan (1988), opposite Lemmon; and the comedy See No Evil, Hear No Evil (1989). He earned a fan base after playing the criminally insane arms dealer Mel Profitt on the television series Wiseguy.
1990s: Rise to stardom
Spacey quickly developed a reputation as a character actor, and was cast in bigger roles, including the malevolent office manager in the ensemble film Glengarry Glen Ross (1992), one-half of a bickering Connecticut couple in the dark comedy film The Ref (1994), and a malicious Hollywood studio boss in the satire Swimming with Sharks (1995), gaining him positive notices by critics. Spacey's performance as the enigmatic criminal Verbal Kint in Bryan Singer's 1995 neo-noir film The Usual Suspects won him the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.
In 1995, Spacey also appeared in the David Fincher detective thriller Seven, making a sudden entrance late in the film as serial killer John Doe after going uncredited and unmentioned in the film's advertisements and opening credits. His work in Seven, The Usual Suspects and Outbreak earned him Best Supporting Actor honors at the 1995 Society of Texas Film Critics Awards. Spacey played an egomaniacal district attorney in A Time to Kill (1996), and founded Trigger Street Productions in 1997, with the purpose of producing and developing entertainment across various media. Spacey made his directorial debut with the film Albino Alligator (1996). The film was a box office bomb, grossing $339,379 with a budget of $6 million, but critics praised Spacey's direction. He also voiced Hopper in the animated film A Bug's Life (1998).
Throughout his career, Spacey has been well known for playing villains; he remarked in 2013: "I think people just like me evil for some reason. They want me to be a son of a bitch."
In 1999, Spacey acted alongside Annette Bening in Sam Mendes' American Beauty. In the film he played the role of Lester Burnham, a depressed suburban father and advertising executive who lusts after his teenage daughter's best friend. Spacey won his second Oscar this time for Best Actor in a Leading Role. In his acceptance speech he dedicated his Oscar to Jack Lemmon praising him as an influence, mentor, and father figure. He also stated, "[Lemmon's] performance in The Apartment stands as one of the finest we've ever had".
That same year, he was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Spacey won the Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actor and earned another Tony Award nomination in 1999 for The Iceman Cometh.
2000s: Continued success
Spacey played a physically and emotionally scarred grade school teacher in Pay It Forward (2000), a patient in a mental institution who may or may not be an alien in K-Pax (2001), and singer Bobby Darin in Beyond the Sea (2004). The latter was a lifelong dream project for Spacey, who took on co-writing, directing, co-producing and starring duties in the biography/musical about Darin's life, career and relationship with actress Sandra Dee. Facing little interest for backing in the U.S., Spacey went to the United Kingdom and Germany for funding. Almost all of the film was made in Berlin. Spacey provided his own vocals on the film's soundtrack and appeared in several tribute concerts around the time of its release. Spacey received mostly positive reviews for his singing, as well as a Golden Globe nomination for his performance. However, reviewers criticized the age disparity between Spacey and Darin, noting that Spacey was too old to convincingly portray Darin, particularly during the early stages of the singer's life depicted in the film.
Spacey hosted Saturday Night Live twice: first in 1997 with musical guest Beck and special guests Michael Palin and John Cleese from Monty Python's Flying Circus, and again in May 2006 with musical guest Nelly Furtado. In 2006, Spacey played Lex Luthor in the Bryan Singer superhero film Superman Returns. He was to return for its 2009 sequel, but the series was instead rebooted with the 2013 film Man of Steel. Spacey also appeared in Edison, which received a direct-to-video release in 2006.
In 2008, Spacey played an MIT lecturer in the film 21. The film is based on Ben Mezrich's best seller Bringing Down the House: The Inside Story of Six MIT Students Who Took Vegas for Millions, a story of student MIT card-counters who used mathematical probability to aid them in card games such as blackjack. In early 2010, Spacey went to China to star in writer-director Dayyan Eng's black comedy film Inseparable, becoming the first Hollywood actor to star in a fully Chinese-funded film.
In September 2006, Spacey said that he intended to take up British citizenship when it is offered to him. When asked about the UK's 2016 European Union membership referendum, Spacey replied, "I appreciate you asking me the question, but I am not a British citizen, I am a resident of Great Britain. And I have never in my twelve years ever gotten involved in politics in Great Britain. I think it's inappropriate for me as a, really as a guest, in Great Britain, so I'll leave that to the British people." On June 16, 2016, Spacey was awarded an honorary knighthood for his services to theatre. The honor, Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire, was given at Clarence House by Prince Charles. While Spacey will be permitted to add the post-nominal letters, KBE, to his name, as a non-Commonwealth citizen the award is honorary and he will not be able to style himself as "Sir Kevin". Spacey had previously been awarded the lesser rank of honorary Commander of the Order of the British Empire for services to drama in 2010.
Spacey is well known in Hollywood for his impressions. When he appeared on Inside the Actors Studio, he imitated (at host James Lipton's request) Jack Lemmon, James Stewart, Johnny Carson, Katharine Hepburn, Clint Eastwood, John Gielgud, Marlon Brando, Christopher Walken, and Al Pacino. As a young actor in New York City, he used his skill to pretend to be Carson's son to obtain free theater tickets and enter Studio 54.
Capitol/EMI's album Forever Cool (2007) features two duets with Spacey and an earlier recording of Dean Martin: "Ain't That a Kick in the Head" and "King of the Road". In December 2007, Spacey co-hosted the Nobel Peace Prize Concert along with Uma Thurman.
2010s: House of Cards and other roles
Spacey is a patron of the Shakespeare Schools Festival, a charity that enables school children across the UK to perform Shakespeare in professional theatres. He also sits on the board of directors of the Motion Picture and Television Fund.
On March 18, 2011, it was announced that Spacey was cast as Frank Underwood in the Netflix series House of Cards, adapted from a 1990 BBC political drama of the same name. He was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series at the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards in 2013, becoming the first lead actor to be Primetime Emmy-nominated from a web television series. Spacey went on to win the Golden Globe award for Best Actor in a Television Series Drama at the 72nd Golden Globe Awards and Screen Actors Guild nomination for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Drama Series at the 21st Screen Actors Guild Awards for his season 2 performance.
In July 2011, Spacey co-starred in the black comedy film Horrible Bosses, which grossed over $209.6 million at the box office. He executive produced the biographical survival thriller film Captain Phillips in 2013, which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture.
Spacey portrayed the antagonist Jonathan Irons in the 2014 video game Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare through motion capture. He starred as President Richard Nixon in the comedy-drama Elvis & Nixon (2016), which is based on the meeting that took place between Nixon and singer Elvis Presley (Michael Shannon) in December 1970 wherein Presley requested Nixon swear him in as an undercover agent in the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs. He next starred in the comedy film Nine Lives, as a man trapped in the body of a cat. The film was released on August 5, 2016.
In March 2017, it was announced that Spacey would portray J. Paul Getty in Ridley Scott's All the Money in the World. He shot his role in the film in ten days over the summer of 2017. However, due to the sexual assault allegations against Spacey, it was announced on November 8, 2017 that all of his footage would be excised, and that Christopher Plummer would replace Spacey as Getty in reshoots. In spite of the very tight schedule, TriStar Pictures completed the new version of the film in time for a December 25 release.
Spacey appeared in the film Billionaire Boys Club, which had a limited release on August 17, 2018. Vertical Entertainment stated that they would be taking no action to remove Spacey from the film, as it had been completed in late 2016, prior to the allegations made in October 2017.
"We don't condone sexual harassment on any level and we fully support victims of it. At the same time, this is neither an easy nor insensitive decision to release this film in theatres, but we believe in giving the cast, as well as hundreds of crew members who worked hard on the film, the chance to see their final product reach audiences."— Vertical Entertainment on their decision to release the film without any cuts or changes
Artistic director of the Old Vic
In February 2003, Spacey announced that he was returning to London to become the artistic director of the Old Vic, one of the city's oldest theatres. Appearing at a press conference with Judi Dench and Elton John, Spacey promised both to appear on stage and to bring in big-name talent. He undertook to remain in the post for a full ten years. The Old Vic Theatre Company staged shows eight months out of the year. Spacey's first season started in September 2004, and opened with the British premiere of the play Cloaca by Maria Goos, directed by Spacey, which opened to mixed reviews. In the 2005 season, Spacey made his UK Shakespearean debut, to good notices, in the title role of Richard II directed by Trevor Nunn.
While serving as artistic director, Spacey was photographed with Ghislaine Maxwell sitting in the throne room of Queen Elizabeth II during a private tour of Buckingham Palace. In 2020, Maxwell would be arrested and held without bail on child sex-trafficking charges. Former US President Bill Clinton was also in attendance, at the invitation of Prince Andrew.
In mid-2006, Spacey said that he was having the time of his life working at the Old Vic; at that point in his career, he said, he was "trying to do things now that are much bigger and outside [myself]". Spacey performed in productions of National Anthems by Dennis McIntyre, and The Philadelphia Story by Philip Barry, in which he played C.K. Dexter Haven, the Cary Grant role in the film version. Critics applauded Spacey for taking on the management of a theatre, but noted that while his acting was impressive, his skills and judgment as a producer/manager had yet to develop.
In the 2006 season, Spacey suffered a major setback with a production of Arthur Miller's Resurrection Blues, directed by Robert Altman. Despite an all-star cast (including Matthew Modine and future House of Cards co-star Neve Campbell) and the pedigree of Miller's script, Spacey's decision to lure Altman to the stage proved disastrous: after a fraught rehearsal period, the play opened to a critical panning, and closed after only a few weeks. Later in the year, Spacey starred in Eugene O'Neill's A Moon for the Misbegotten, along with Colm Meaney and Eve Best. The play received excellent reviews for Spacey and Best, and was transferred to Broadway in 2007. For the spring part of the 2007–08 season, Jeff Goldblum and Laura Michelle Kelly joined Spacey as the three characters in David Mamet's 1988 play Speed-the-Plow.
In 2009, he directed the premiere of Joe Sutton's Complicit, with Richard Dreyfuss, David Suchet and Elizabeth McGovern. Later that year, Trevor Nunn directed Spacey in a revival of Inherit the Wind. Spacey played defense lawyer Henry Drummond, a role that was made famous by Spencer Tracy in the 1960 film of the same name. Sam Mendes directed Spacey in Shakespeare's Richard III; Spacey played the title role. The show began in June 2011, commencing a worldwide tour culminating in New York in early 2012. In March 2014, it was announced that Spacey would star in a one-man play at the Old Vic to celebrate his ten years as artistic director. He took on the part of Clarence Darrow in the play.
In January 2016 it was announced that Relativity Media, which was just emerging from Chapter 11 bankruptcy, had acquired Trigger Street Productions and that Spacey would become chairman of Relativity Studios while Dana Brunetti would become the studio's president. Spacey called the move "an incredible opportunity to make great entertainment" and said he considered it the "next evolution in my career". However, when the paperwork for the studio was filed for the court, it emerged that Spacey had opted out of assuming the chairmanship of the studios, and by the end of 2016 Brunetti had also left Relativity, while both remained executive producers on House of Cards and Manifesto.
Spacey's career has spanned thirty years across film, television, video games and theater. He got his film career started in the late 1980s after small parts in Mike Nichols' films Heartburn (1986) and Working Girl (1988). In the 90s he had supporting roles in films such as Glengarry Glen Ross (1992) opposite Jack Lemmon and Al Pacino and the black comedy film The Ref, before being cast in the role of Roger "Verbal" Kint in 1995's The Usual Suspects, which earned him an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. That same year he played serial killer John Doe in Se7en opposite Brad Pitt and Morgan Freeman. He went on to star in noir crime drama L.A. Confidential (1997) alongside Russell Crowe and Guy Pearce, Clint Eastwood's Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil (1997), and American Beauty (1999), for which he earned his second Academy Award, this time for Best Actor.
In the 2000s he appeared in the films Pay It Forward with Helen Hunt (2000), Superman Returns as Lex Luthor (2006), and 21 with Jim Sturgess (2008), the last of which he also produced. In 2004 he wrote, directed and starred in the biopic musical Beyond the Sea (2004). In 2011 he co-starred with Paul Bettany and Jeremy Irons in the drama film Margin Call. That same year he played antagonist Dave Harken in the comedy Horrible Bosses with Jason Bateman, a role he reprised in the 2014 sequel film Horrible Bosses 2. He played Doc in the 2017 film Baby Driver with Ansel Elgort.
From 2013–2017 he played Francis "Frank" Underwood in the Netflix series House of Cards alongside Robin Wright. Spacey also starred in the HBO television film Recount (2008) and produced the 2006 film Bernard and Doris.
Awards and nominations
Spacey has won two Academy Awards, a Tony Award, a Golden Globe Award, four Screen Actors Guild Awards and a British Academy Film Award. He was nominated for a Grammy Award and for 12 Primetime Emmy Awards. Spacey received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1999, and was named an honorary Commander and Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2010 and 2015, respectively.
An article in The Sunday Times Magazine in 1999 stated that Spacey's "love affair with acting, and the absence of a visible partner in the life of an attractive 40-year-old, has resulted in Esquire magazine asserting two years ago that he must be gay". Spacey responded to the rumors by telling Playboy and other interviewers that he was not gay, and telling Lesley White of The Sunday Times:
I chose for a long time not to answer these questions because of the manner in which they were asked, and because I was never talking to someone I trusted, so why should I? Recently I chose to participate because it's a little hard on the people I love.
In 1999, reports suggested Spacey was dating a script supervisor named Dianne Dreyer, with their relationship possibly dating back as far as 1992. In 2000, Spacey brought Dreyer to the Academy Awards; during the acceptance speech for his Best Actor award, Spacey stated, "Dianne, thank you for teaching me about caring about the right things, and I love you."
In 2007, Gotham magazine quoted Spacey saying:
I've never believed in pimping my personal life out for publicity. Although I might be interested in doing it, I will never do it. People can gossip all they want; they can speculate all they want. I just happened to believe that there's a separation between the public life and the private life. Everybody has the right to a private life no matter what their professions are.
Political views and activism
Spacey's political views have been described as left-leaning and mirroring some of those professed by his fictional character in House of Cards. He is a Democrat and a friend of President Bill Clinton, having met Clinton before his presidency began. Spacey once described Clinton as "one of a shining light" in the political process. He additionally made a cameo appearance in the short film President Clinton: Final Days, a light-hearted political satire produced by the Clinton Administration for the 2000 White House Correspondents Dinner.
Spacey met Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez in September 2007, but never spoke to the press about their encounter. During the trip, he donated money to the Venezuelan film studio Villa del Cine. In March 2011, following Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenko's crackdown on the Belarusian democracy movement, Spacey joined Jude Law in a street protest in London against Lukashenko's regime.
Spacey has undertaken activism in the domain of HIV/AIDS. In 2002, he and fellow actor Chris Tucker accompanied Bill Clinton on a trip throughout several African countries to promote AIDS awareness on the continent. He also participated in several fundraisers for HIV/AIDS healthcare, including amfAR Cinema Against AIDS in 2016 and the 25th Annual Elton John AIDS Foundation Academy Award Party in 2017.
In October 2008, Spacey started the Kevin Spacey Foundation in the UK to encourage youth involvement in the arts. Headquartered in England and Wales, its purpose was to provide grants to individuals and organizations to help young people study the arts, particularly theatre. The charity shut down in February 2018 following sexual misconduct allegations against Spacey.
In 2018, Earl Blue, owner of the security company VIP Protective Services, claimed that Spacey had used racial slurs against his predominantly African-American staff when they were hired on the House of Cards set in 2012, before getting Blue fired.
Sexual misconduct allegations
On October 29, 2017, actor Anthony Rapp alleged that Spacey, while appearing intoxicated, made a sexual advance toward him in 1986, when Rapp was 14 and Spacey was 26. Rapp had also shared this story in a 2001 interview with The Advocate, but Spacey's name was redacted from publication to avoid legal disputes and public outing. Spacey stated through Twitter that he did not remember the encounter, but that he owed Rapp "the sincerest apology for what would have been deeply inappropriate drunken behavior" if he had behaved as asserted.
Fifteen others then came forward alleging similar abuse, including Boston anchorwoman Heather Unruh, who alleged that Spacey sexually assaulted her son; filmmaker Tony Montana; actor Roberto Cavazos; Richard Dreyfuss' son Harry; and eight people who worked on House of Cards. The Guardian was contacted by "a number of people" who alleged that Spacey "groped and behaved in an inappropriate way with young men" as artistic director of the Old Vic.
Coming out controversy
On the same day of Rapp's allegations against him, Spacey came out as gay when apologizing to Rapp. He said, "I have had relationships with both men and women. I have loved and had romantic encounters with men throughout my life, and I choose now to live as a gay man." His decision to come out via his statement was criticized by prominent members of the gay community, including Billy Eichner, George Takei, and Wanda Sykes, as an attempt to change the subject and shift focus from Rapp's accusation, for using his own drunkenness as an excuse for making a sexual advance on a minor, and for implying a connection between homosexuality and child sexual abuse.
Reaction and ramifications
Amid the allegations, filming was suspended on the sixth and final season of House of Cards. The show's production company had implemented "an anonymous complaint hotline, crisis counsellors, and sexual harassment legal advisors for the crew", and in 2012 stated, "someone on the crew shared a complaint about a specific remark and gesture made by Kevin Spacey. Immediate action was taken following our review of the situation and we are confident the issue was resolved promptly to the satisfaction of all involved." According to the production company, Spacey "willingly participated in a training process and since that time MRC has not been made aware of any other complaints" involving him. The show had been due to end in 2018. The season was shortened from 13 episodes to eight, and Spacey was removed from the cast and his role as executive producer.
The Gore Vidal biopic Gore starring Spacey, which was set to be distributed by Netflix, was canceled, and Netflix went on to sever all ties with him. Spacey was due to appear in All the Money in the World as industrialist J. Paul Getty; however, his scenes were cut and Christopher Plummer replaced him as Getty in reshoots. In an interview with Variety, Plummer said, "It’s really not replacing [Spacey]. It’s starting all over again." Plummer elaborated saying, "I think it’s very sad what happened to him... Kevin is such a talented and a terrifically gifted actor, and it’s so sad. It’s such a shame. That’s all I can say, because that’s it."
The International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences reversed its decision to honor Spacey with the 2017 International Emmy Founders Award. On November 2, 2017, Variety reported that his publicist Staci Wolfe and talent agency Creative Artists Agency were ending their relationships with him.
|"Let Me Be Frank", Spacey's in-character comments|
Christmas Eve YouTube videos
Beginning in 2018, Spacey has posted one new video to his YouTube channel on Christmas Eve. On December 24, 2018, Spacey uploaded a video titled "Let Me Be Frank", in which he – while in character as Frank Underwood – appeared to deny the real-life allegations leveled against him. The video was described as "bizarre", "stomach-churning", and "creepy". As of August 2020, the video has over 12 million views.
One year later, on December 24, 2019, Spacey posted another video, titled "KTWK" (short for "kill them with kindness"), to his YouTube channel, once again in character as Underwood. In 2020, Spacey posted a third Christmas Eve video, titled "1-800 [sic] XMAS", in which he spoke in Underwood's accent before breaking character and speaking in his natural voice. He then expressed sympathy for people struggling amidst the COVID-19 pandemic and promoted two suicide and substance abuse hotlines.
The Los Angeles District Attorney's office stated in April 2018 that it would investigate an allegation that Spacey had sexually assaulted an adult male in 1992. In July 2018, three more allegations of sexual assault against Spacey were revealed by Scotland Yard, bringing the total number of open investigations in the UK to six. In September 2018, a lawsuit filed at Los Angeles Superior Court claimed that Spacey sexually assaulted an unnamed masseur at a house in Malibu, California, in October 2016.
In December 2018, Spacey was charged with a felony for allegedly sexually assaulting journalist Heather Unruh's 18-year-old son in Nantucket, Massachusetts, in July 2016. Spacey pleaded not guilty to the charge on January 7, 2019. Unruh's son told police he was texting with his girlfriend throughout the alleged "groping" incident. Spacey's defense attorneys spent months trying to obtain copies of the texts and the phone itself. In mid-May 2019, Unruh's son's personal attorney informed the court that the cell phone in question is "missing". On June 4, 2019, the defense learned that when Unruh gave her son's cell phone to police in 2017, she admitted she had deleted some of the text messages. Later that month, her son filed a lawsuit against Spacey, claiming emotional damages. On July 5, 2019, he voluntarily dismissed the claims with prejudice.
On July 17, 2019, the criminal assault charge against Spacey was dropped by the Cape and Islands prosecutors. When the anonymous massage therapist who accused him died, the last remaining criminal case against Spacey was closed.
On September 9, 2020, Rapp sued Spacey for sexual assault, sexual battery, and intentional infliction of emotional distress under the Child Victims Act, which extended New York's statute of limitations for civil suits related to child sexual abuse. Joining Rapp in the suit against Spacey was a man who requested to remain anonymous who accused Spacey of sexually abusing him in 1983, when he was 14 and Spacey was 24.
- "Mind Games" – Come Together: A Night for John Lennon's Words and Music – October 2, 2001, Radio City Music Hall
- List of actors with Academy Award nominations
- List of actors with two or more Academy Award nominations in acting categories
- List of actors with two or more Academy Awards in acting categories
- List of LGBT Academy Award winners and nominees
- "Kevin Spacey Biography". biography.com. A&E. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Stone, Natalie (January 30, 2016). "SAG Awards: Kevin Spacey Makes Cryptic Relativity Reference After Win". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Valence Media. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Kevin Spacey - Emmy Awards, Nominations, and Wins". Emmys.com. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Guardina, Carolyn (December 18, 2017). "Ridley Scott Reveals How Kevin Spacey Was Erased From 'All the Money in the World'". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Valence Media. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Rubin, Rebecca (November 13, 2018). "Christopher Plummer on Replacing Kevin Spacey in 'All the Money in the World': 'It's a Shame'". Variety. Los Angeles, Califotnia: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- McClintock, Pamela (August 18, 2018). "Box Office: Kevin Spacey's 'Billionaire Boys Club' Earns Abysmal $126 on Opening Day". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Valence Media. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Fischer, Paul (October 20, 2001). "The Alien World of Kevin Spacey". FilmMonthly. Chicago, Illinois: Tribune Publishing. Archived from the original on January 24, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- (1990), Fowler, Kevin Spacey", in Marquis Who's Who, ed. (1990). Who's who in the world, 1991–1992 (Volume 10). Wilmette, Illinois: Marquis Who's Who. p. 348. ISBN 9780837911106.
- Feinberg, Ashley (April 9, 2015). "Kevin Spacey's Brother Is a Limo-Driving Rod Stewart Impersonator in Boise". Gawker. Los Angeles, California: Gawker Media. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- Zach, Kyle (September 27, 2015). "Meet Randy Fowler, Boise's Rod Stewart-impersonating, limo-driving brother of Kevin Spacey". Idaho Statesman. Boise, Idaho: The McClatchy Company. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
- Blanchard, Nicole; Oland, Dana (October 30, 2017). "Sex allegation against Spacey revives his Boise brother's story of their abusive dad". Idaho Statesman. Boise, Idaho: The McClatchy Company. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
- Oppenheim, Maya (October 31, 2017). "Kevin Spacey's brother claims 'Nazi' father sexually abused him". The Independent. London, England: Independent Print Ltd. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
- Whitney, Barbara (2008). "Kevin Spacey". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- "13 Famous Valedictorians". MSN Encarta. 2008. Archived from the original on October 25, 2009. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- "A Conversation with Kevin Spacey". cinequest.org. San Jose, California: Cinequest. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- Soroff, Jonathan (January 2004). "Soroff/On Kevin Spacey". The Improper Bostonian. Boston, Massachusetts: Improper Publications, Inc. Archived from the original on April 20, 2008. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- Spacey, Kevin (October 10, 2014). "Kevin Spacey pays tribute to the Juilliard teacher who gave him 'wings'". New York Post. New York City: News Corp. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Kevin Spacey". Enough rope (Interview: video). Interviewed by Andrew Denton. ABC. July 10, 2006. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- Spacey, Kevin. "Henry IV Part One". www.kevinspacey.com. Archived from the original on November 3, 2017. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- Cerasaro, Pat (May 2, 2014). "Flash Friday: A Kevin Spacey Cornucopia — Stage, Big Screen, Small Screen & Now". Broadway World. New York City: Wisdom Digital Media. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Brady, James (December 5, 2004). "In Step With: Kevin Spacey". Parade. Nashville, Tennessee: Athlon Media Group. Archived from the original on November 3, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2018 – via kevinspacey.com.
- Buckley, Michael (July 27, 2009). "Stage to Screens: Kevin Spacey Talks About His New Film, and His Idols". Playbill. New York City: Playbill Inc. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- Lipton, James (host) (July 2, 2000). "Kevin Spacey". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 6. Episode 10. Bravo.
- Levy, Abraham (December 30, 1995). "Texas film critics give 'Suspects' top honors". Austin American-Statesman. Austin, Texas: Cox Media Group. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
- "The Society of Texas Film Critics 1995 Awards". Austin Chronicle. Austin, Texas: Austin Chronicle Corp. January 5, 1996. Retrieved February 26, 2018.
- Nashawaty, Chris (February 8, 2013). "Kevin Spacey: Good 'n' Evil". Entertainment Weekly. New York City: Meredith Corporation.
- "Kevin Spacey Wins Best Actor: 2000 Oscars". YouTube. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Kevin Spacey Academy Awards Acceptance Speech". Oscars.org. May 21, 2020.
- "1999 Tony Nominee: Kevin Spacey (Leading Actor, Play, The Iceman Cometh)". Playbill.com. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Boyar, Jay (December 29, 2004). "A bit of Darin lives in Spacey". Orlando Sentinel. Orlando, Florida: Orlando Sentinel Media Group. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Plumb, Ali (February 27, 2014). "Kevin Spacey on Jesse Eisenberg Playing Lex Luthor". Empire. London, England: Bauer Media Group. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Vanairsdale, S.T. (May 5, 2012). "Kevin Spacey's Chinese Buddy-Superhero Movie Inseparable Looks... Interesting". movieline.com. Movieline. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Hastings, Chris (September 10, 2006). "Spacey sets the stage for nine years at the Old Vic". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- Press Association (February 23, 2016). "Expect the political unpredictable, says House of Cards' Kevin Spacey". Irish Independent. Independent News & Media. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
- Puente, Maria (June 12, 2015). "Kevin Spacey gets honorary knighthood". USA Today. Mclean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- Nattrass, JJ (June 12, 2015). "Kevin Spacey: The UK's 'adopted son'". BBC News. London, England.
- Fallon, Jimmy (host) (May 2, 2014). "Kevin Spacey Does a Great Johnny Carson Impression". The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon. Season 1. New York City. NBC. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Nobel Peace Prize Concert 2007". The Norwegian Nobel Committee. December 11, 2007. Archived from the original on November 17, 2013. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
- "Kevin Spacey profile". ssf.uk.com. Shakespeare Schools Festival. Archived from the original on October 5, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- "Foundation Board of Directors". mptvfund.org. Motion Picture & Television Fund. Archived from the original on April 16, 2009. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- Andreeva, Nellie (March 3, 2011). "Kevin Spacey Set To Star in David Fincher's Drama Series For MRC 'House of Cards'". Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- Stelter, Brian (July 18, 2013). "Netflix Does Well in 2013 Primetime Emmy Nominations". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
- "List: Who won Golden Globe awards". USA Today. Mclean, Virginia: Gannett Company. January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
- Leeds, Sarene (January 26, 2015). "SAG Awards: The Complete 2015 Winners List". The Wall Street Journal. New York City: Dow Jones & Co. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
- "Horrible Bosses". boxofficemojo.com. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
- "Nominees for the 86th Academy Awards". AMPAS. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
- Nordyke, Kimberly (March 2, 2014). "Oscars 2014 Winners: The Complete List". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Valence Media. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
- Dredge, Stuart (November 3, 2014). "Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare means 'brand new audience' for Kevin Spacey". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
- Yamato, Jen (November 5, 2014). "'Elvis & Nixon' Sets Kevin Spacey & Michael Shannon in Tale of Historic White House Hangout – AFM". Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- Hayden, Eric; Siegel, Tatiana (January 28, 2015). "Kevin Spacey to Star in Comedy 'Nine Lives' From 'Men in Black' Director". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Eldridge Industries. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- Pederson, Erik (April 15, 2016). "'Nine Lives' Trailer: Here Kevin Spacey Spacey Spacey..." Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- Fleming, Mike Jr. (March 31, 2017). "Michelle Williams, Kevin Spacey, Mark Wahlberg Circling Ridley Scott's Getty Kidnap Film". Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
- One shot with Spacey was retained due to time and money constraints given the film's close deadline. It features the character of J. Paul Getty departing from a train in a wide shot and Spacey's face is not visible.
- Fleming, Mike Jr. (November 8, 2017). "Shocker: Kevin Spacey dropped from 'All The Money In The World;' J Paul Getty role recast with Christopher Plummer". Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
- Howell, Peter (November 9, 2017). "If any actor can quickly replace Kevin Spacey, it's Christopher Plummer". Toronto Star. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Star Media Group. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
- Fleming, Mike Jr. (November 9, 2017). "Shocker: Kevin Spacey Dropped From 'All The Money In The World;' J Paul Getty Role Recast With Christopher Plummer". Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
- Mandell, Andrea (November 9, 2017). "Kevin Spacey to be cut out of 'All the Money in the World' following assault allegations". CNBC. New York City: NBCUniversal News Group. Archived from the original on November 10, 2017. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
- Patten, Dominic (September 4, 2018). "Kevin Spacey Film 'Billionaire Boys Club' to Hit Select Theaters in August". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Eldridge Industries. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
- Donelly, Matt (June 18, 2018). "Return From Exile: Kevin Spacey's 'Billionaire Boys Club' to Hit Theaters in August (Exclusive)". The Wrap. Los Angeles, California: TheWrap, Inc. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- Stolworthy, Jacob (June 20, 2018). "Kevin Spacey returning to cinemas for first time since sexual assault allegations". The Independent. London, England: Independent Print Ltd. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
- "Spacey 'to run Old Vic'". BBC News. February 3, 2003. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- "Spacey becomes London theatre boss". BBC News. February 6, 2003. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- "A Brief History of the Old Vic". Old Vic Theatre. 2008. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- "How Ghislaine Maxwell once sat on Buckingham Palace thrones with Kevin Spacey". Old Vic Theatre. 2020. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
- Lyall, Sarah (May 29, 2006). "Beyond a Sea of Criticism, All's Well for Kevin Spacey at Old Vic". New York Times. The New York Times Media Company. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- Emami, Gazelle (October 1, 2012). "Kevin Spacey As Richard III: BAM Production Of Sam Mendes Play Begins Its Run". The Huffington Post. New York City. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- "Spacey defends Old Vic management". BBC News. April 13, 2006. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- Page, Alistair (December 10, 2007). "Goldblum to join Spacey in the Old Vic's Speed-the-Plow". The Stage. London, England: The Stage Media Company Limited. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- "The Old Vic". Oldvictheatre.com. July 22, 2002. Archived from the original on October 17, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- Groves, Nancy (March 18, 2014). "Kevin Spacey to star in one-man play at Old Vic". The Guardian. London, England. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
- Patten, Dominic; Fleming, Mike Jr. (July 30, 2015). "Ryan Kavanaugh's Relativity Media finally files Chapter 11 bankruptcy". Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- Fleming, Mike Jr. (January 6, 2016). "Relativity Media acquires Trigger Street; sets Kevin Spacey and Dana Brunetti to run studio as it emerges From Chapter 11". Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- Rainey, James (January 6, 2016). "Kevin Spacey, Dana Brunetti set to run Relativity for Ryan Kavanaugh". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- Lang, Brent; Littleton, Cynthia (March 13, 2016). "Relativity Relaunch: Kevin Spacey nixes chairman role, Dana Brunetti sets deal". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 20, 2016). "Dana Brunetti leaving Relativity; will continue producing". Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- "Hollywood Walk of Fame: Kevin Spacey". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
- "Kevin Spacey honored in UK for services to drama". The Washington Post. November 3, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
- "Birthday Honours 2015: Van Morrison and Kevin Spacey head list". BBC News. June 13, 2015. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
- White, Lesley (December 19, 1999). "Spacey's Odyssey". The Sunday Times Magazine. London, England. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017.
- "Playboy interview". October 1999. Archived from the original on January 22, 2009 – via kevinspacey.de.
- Bliss, Sara (May 2007). "The Drama King". Gotham Magazine. New York City: Niche Media LLC. Retrieved November 17, 2008.[permanent dead link]
- Wolk, Josh (April 7, 2000). "The Parties". Entertainment Weekly. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- "The days before the Oscars". Entertainment Weekly. New York City: Meredith Corporation. April 7, 2000. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- Gwyneth Paltrow (presenter), Kevin Spacey (recipient) (January 4, 2010). Kevin Spacey Wins Best Actor: 2000 Oscars (Video). Oscars via YouTube. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
- Rubenoff, Sarah (February 29, 2016). "Is Kevin Spacey A Democrat Or Republican? The 'House of Cards' Star Is Super Passionate About Politics". Romper. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- Chozick, Amy (February 20, 2015). "Kevin Spacey, Star of 'House of Cards' and a Bromance With Bill Clinton". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Company. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- "President Clinton: Final Days (2000)". New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- Thomson, Katherine (September 25, 2007). "Kevin Spacey Meets With Hugo Chavez". The Huffington Post. New York City. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- "Kevin Spacey and Jude Law march against Belarus regime". BBC News. March 30, 2011. Retrieved October 29, 2017.
- "Former President Clinton, Nelson Mandela Discuss AIDS Awareness with Young People in South Africa". Kaiser Health News. September 30, 2002. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
- "Kevin Spacey mocks Donald Trump at AIDS fundraiser". CBS News. May 20, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
- "EJAF's 25th Annual Academy Awards Viewing Party: Sunday, February 26, 2017". Elton John AIDS Foundation. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- Ahmed, Afshan (January 7, 2015). "Kevin Spacey Foundation's way to pay it forward". The National. Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: International Media Investments. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
- "Charity Details: The Kevin Spacey Foundation". charitycommission.gov.uk. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
- Clarke, Stewart (February 27, 2018). "Kevin Spacey Foundation to Shut Down in U.K." Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
- Bennett, Jessica (January 18, 2018). "Kevin Spacey Accused of Using Racial Slurs While Filming 'House of Cards'". Ebony. Chicago, Illinois: Clear View Group. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- Nordyke, Kimberly (October 29, 2017). "'Star Trek' star claims Kevin Spacey made a pass at him at age 14; Spacey apologizes, comes out as gay". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Valence Media. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- Felman, Kate (October 29, 2017). "Anthony Rapp accuses Kevin Spacey of trying to seduce him when he was 14". New York Daily News. New York City: Tribune Publishing Company. Retrieved October 29, 2017.
- Reynolds, Daniel (October 31, 2017). "Why Did The Advocate Redact Kevin Spacey's Name in 2001?". The Advocate. Los Angeles, California: Here Media. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
- Kanetkar, Riddhima (October 29, 2017). "Kevin Spacey: sexual advances on teenaged Anthony Rapp was 'inappropriate drunken behavior'". International Business Times. New York City: Newsweek Media Group. Retrieved October 29, 2017.
- Schulman, Michael (October 30, 2017). "Kevin Spacey Muddies the Waters". The New Yorker. New York City: Condé Nast. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Puente, Maria (November 10, 2017). "Kevin Spacey scandal: A complete list of the 15 accusers". USA Today. McLean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
- Vincent, Alice (October 31, 2017). "Netflix to cancel House of Cards in wake of Kevin Spacey allegations". The Daily Telegraph. London, England: Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
- Jensen, Erin; Puente, Maria (November 8, 2017). "Kevin Spacey: Former TV anchor Heather Unruh says Spacey assaulted her son in 2016". USA Today. McLean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
- "Kevin Spacey: More allegations of sexual harassment surface". BBC News. London, England: BBC. November 1, 2017. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
- Dreyfuss, Harry (November 4, 2017). "Actor Harry Dreyfuss: When I Was 18, Kevin Spacey Groped Me". Buzzfeed. New York City: Buzzfeed Entertainment Group. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- Miller, Mike (November 2, 2017). "Kevin Spacey accused of sexual misconduct by eight House of Cards employees: report". People. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
- Brown, Mark; Weaver, Matthew (November 2, 2017). "Kevin Spacey: Old Vic accused of ignoring sexual misconduct allegations". The Guardian. London, England. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
- Puente, Maria; Jensen, Erin; Alexander, Bryan (November 3, 2017). "'House of Cards' former employee says Kevin Spacey sexually assaulted him on set". USA Today. McLean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
- "Kevin Spacey: Old Vic reveals 20 staff allegations against him". BBC News. London, England: BBC. November 16, 2017. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- Spacey, Kevin [@kevinspacey] (October 29, 2017). "[Image of note.]" (Tweet). Archived from the original on October 30, 2017 – via Twitter.
- Convery, Stephanie (October 30, 2017). "Kevin Spacey apologises after being accused of sexual advance on 14-year-old actor". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on November 1, 2017. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- Respers France, Lisa (October 30, 2017). "Kevin Spacey criticized for how he came out". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia: Turner Broadcasting Systems. Retrieved November 2, 2017.
- Kennedy, Mark (October 30, 2017). "'House of Cards' canceled as fallout continues for Spacey". St. Paul Pioneer Press. St. Paul, Minnesota: MediaNews Group. Archived from the original on November 2, 2017. Retrieved October 31, 2017 – via Associated Press.
- Victor, Daniel (October 30, 2017). "Kevin Spacey criticized for using apology to Anthony Rapp to come out". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Archived from the original on November 3, 2017. Retrieved November 2, 2017.
- Melas, Chloe (November 3, 2017). "'House of Cards' employees allege sexual harassment, assault by Kevin Spacey". CNNMoney. Atlanta, Georgia: Turner Broadcasting Systems. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
- Adalian, Josef (December 4, 2017). "House of Cards Will Return for a Final 8-Episode Season Without Kevin Spacey". Vulture.com. New York City: New York Media. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
- Stanhope, Kate; McClintock, Pamela (November 3, 2017). "Netflix severs ties with Kevin Spacey, drops 'Gore' movie". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Eldridge Industries. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- Oldham, Stuart (November 3, 2017). "Kevin Spacey Suspended From 'House of Cards'". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- "Kevin Spacey: Netflix severs ties amid sex assault allegations". BBC News. London, England: BBC. November 4, 2017. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- Rubin, Rebecca (November 13, 2017). "Christopher Plummer on Replacing Kevin Spacey in 'All the Money in the World': 'It's a Shame'". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Madani, Doha (October 31, 2017). "Kevin Spacey's Emmy Honor Rescinded After Sexual Harassment Allegation". Huffington Post. New York City: Huffington Post Media Group. Archived from the original on November 12, 2017. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
- Nyren, Erin (November 2, 2017). "CAA, publicist Staci Wolfe part ways with Kevin Spacey". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- Politi, Daniel (December 25, 2018). "Kevin Spacey Releases Bizarre, Stomach-Churning Video as Authorities Unveil Sexual Assault Charge". Slate. San Francisco, California. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
- Henderson, Cydney (December 25, 2018). "Alyssa Milano, Ellen Barkin, more react to Kevin Spacey's 'creepy' Frank Underwood video". USA Today. Mclean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
- "Let Me Be Frank". Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Kornhaber, Spencer (December 27, 2018). "The Disturbing Truth About Kevin Spacey's 'Let Me Be Frank' Video". The Atlantic. Boston, Massachusetts: Emerson Collective.
- Mitovich, Matt Webb (December 24, 2019). "Kevin Spacey Revives House of Cards' Frank Underwood to Share His 2020 'Vote,' Plus a 'Dead Serious' Message". TVLine. Retrieved December 25, 2019.
- Hegedus, Eric (December 24, 2020). "Kevin Spacey Continues Bizarre Christmas Tradition of Tone-Deaf Videos". The New York Post. Retrieved December 25, 2020.
- Khatchatourian, Maane (April 11, 2018). "Kevin Spacey Sexual Assault Case to Be Reviewed by L.A. District Attorney". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
- Patten, Dominic (September 4, 2018). "Kevin Spacey, Anthony Anderson & Steven Seagal Escape Sex Crimes Charges By L.A. D.A." Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
- "Kevin Spacey faces new sex assault allegations". The Guardian. London, England. July 4, 2018. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Masseur sues Kevin Spacey over alleged sexual assault in 2016". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group. September 29, 2018. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
- Paris, Francesca (December 24, 2018). "Actor Kevin Spacey Faces Felony Charges For Alleged Sexual Assault". KPBS Public Media.
- Vinney, Cynthia (January 7, 2019). "Kevin Spacey Pleads Not Guilty in Felony Sexual Assault Case". CBR. Quebec, Canada: Valnet, Inc. Retrieved January 7, 2018.
- Butler, Bethonie (January 7, 2019). "Kevin Spacey pleads not guilty to alleged sexual assault". Washington Post. Washington DC: Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
- Tempera, Jacqueline (June 21, 2019). "'Help me;' Court filings in Kevin Spacey case show text messages accuser sent during alleged sexual assault". MassLive. Worcester, Massachusetts. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
- Andone, Dakin; Casarez, Jean (July 5, 2019). "The man who accuses Kevin Spacey of groping him dropped his civil lawsuit against the actor". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia: Turner Broadcasting Systems. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
- Finucane, Martin (July 17, 2019). "Prosecutors drop assault charge against actor Kevin Spacey". The Boston Globe. Boston, Massachusetts: Boston Globe Partners, L.P. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- Smith, Reiss (October 30, 2019). "Kevin Spacey won't face sexual assault charges after his accuser dies". PinkNews.
- Fernández, Alexia (September 9, 2020). "Kevin Spacey Sued by Anthony Rapp and Another Man for Allegedly Sexually Assaulting Them as Teens". People. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
- Jacobs, Julia (September 9, 2020). "Kevin Spacey Accused of Sex Offenses Against Teenagers in New Lawsuit". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Retrieved January 25, 2021.