List of countries by population in 1800

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Historical Demographics
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List of Countries by Population
1700 1800 1900
1801 Cary Map of the World on Mercator Projection - Geographicus - WorldMerc-cary-1801.jpg

This is a list of countries by population in 1800. Estimate numbers are from the beginning of the year, and exact population figures are for countries that were having a census in the year 1800 (which were on various dates in that year). This list is primarily based on Jan Lahmeyer's website[1], which in turn is based on a variety of sources[2].

Country/Territory Population c. 1800 Percentage of

World Population

  World 729,000,000 -
Imperial standard of the Qing Emperor.svg Qing Empire[1] 297,623,950 30.4%
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Maratha Empire[3] 168,160,000 17.2%
Flag of Great Britain (1707–1800).svg British Empire[4][1][5][6][note 1] 115,681,401 11.8%
France France[11][1] 47,296,000 4.8%
 Russian Empire[1] 35,005,000 3.6%
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806).svg Holy Roman Empire 29,000,000 3.0%
Flag of the Tokugawa Shogunate.svg
Tokugawa shogunate[1]
29,000,000 3.0%
 Ottoman Empire[1][13] 26,000,000 2.7%
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Spanish Empire[1] 24,710,115 2.5%
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Habsburg Monarchy[1] 23,145,000 2.4%
Flag of the King of Joseon (fringeless).svg Joseon[15] 16,500,000 1.7%
Flag of the Kingdom of Prussia (1750-1801).svg Kingdom of Prussia 10,700,000 1.1%
 Portuguese Empire[1] 9,270,000 0.9%
Red flag.svg
Annam[16]
7,291,000 0.7%
Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg
Kingdom of Naples and Sicily[11]
6,700,000 0.7%
 Persia[17] 6,000,000 0.6%
Flag of the United States (1795-1818).svg
United States of America[18]
5,308,500 0.5%
Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg
Burma[19]
4,200,000 0.4%
Sikh Empire flag.jpgSikh Empire[20] 3,500,000 0.4%
Scissors flag of Morocco.gif Morocco[4] 2,600,000 0.3%
Naval Ensign of Sweden.svg
Sweden[21]
2,347,000 0.2%
Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808).svg
Papal States[22]
2,300,000 0.2%
Flag of Denmark.svg
Denmark–Norway[21][1]
2,200,000 0.2%
Flag of the Second Saudi State.svg Emirate of Diriyah[4] 2,132,000 0.2%
Flag of Cambodia (pre-1863).svg Cambodia[4] 2,090,000 0.2%
Savoyard flag.svg Kingdom of Sardinia 1,754,000 0.18%
Flag of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.svg
Grand Duchy of Tuscany[11]
1,224,000 0.13%
 Parma[11] 415,000 0.042%
Royal Standard of Oman.svg Sultanate of Oman[4] 363,000 0.037%
Flag of Lucca.svg Republic of Lucca[11] 120,000 0.012%
St. Blaise - National Flag of the Ragusan Republic.png Republic of Ragusa[1] 30,000
Emblem of Bahrain.svg
Qatar[4]
14,000 0.0014%

Note[edit]

The aggregate populations will exceed the total population because some states existed in multiple entities. For example, the Kingdom of Prussia and the Habsburg Monarchy had holdings that were also part of the Holy Roman Empire (though not all of the Prussian and Habsburg territories shared this aspect). In another case, the province of Wallachia was a vassal of the Ottoman sultan, but also a tributary of the Russian Empire.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Several territories were under the rule of the British East India Company rather than being directly controlled by the British government. London would not directly manage the Indian princely states until 1858
  2. ^ Left-bank Ukraine and Right-bank Ukraine included.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Lahmeyer, Jan (2006). "Population Statistics: Historical Demography". populstat.info. Retrieved 2019-01-28.
  2. ^ "SOURCES". www.populstat.info. Retrieved 2019-01-28.
  3. ^ Sahu, Binod K. (2004). Aids And Population Education. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 9788120726581.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics, Volume 1". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  5. ^ "The British Empire: 1800-1900". 1900.
  6. ^ a b Robert Montgomery Martin (1843). "History of the Colonies of the British Empire".
  7. ^ "Globalising Migration History: The Eurasian Experience (16th-21st Centuries)". p. 101. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  8. ^ A. K. Cairncross, The Scottish Economy: A Statistical Account of Scottish Life by Members of the Staff of Glasgow University (Glasgow: Glasgow University Press, 1953), p. 10.
  9. ^ MArshall, John (1838). "Statistics of the British Empire".
  10. ^ "AUSTRALIA historical demographical data of the whole country". Populstat. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  11. ^ a b c d e "Tacitus, Historical Populations of European States". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  12. ^ (a) Yoshio Oguchi, "Demographics of Satsuma Domian", Reimeikan Chōsa Kenkyū Hōkoku (no. 11), pp. 87–134 (1998). (b) Yoshio Oguchi, "Demographics of Satsuma Domian and early modern Ryūkyū", Reimeikan Chōsa Kenkyū Hōkoku (no. 13), pp. 1–42 (2000) (all in Japanese).
  13. ^ Inalcik, Halil; Qautaert, Donald, eds. (1994). "An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, Volume 2".
  14. ^ Isichei, Elizabeth Isichei (1997). A history of African societies to 1870. Cambridge University Press. p. 263. ISBN 0-521-45444-1. Retrieved 24 October 2010.
  15. ^ 이헌창 (1999). 한국경제통사 52쪽.
  16. ^ http://gpih.ucdavis.edu/files/Vietnam_GDP_1800-1970_24apr14.xlsx
  17. ^ Malcolm, John. "The History of Persia: From the Most Early Period to the Present Time" (1815), via Encyclopædia Iranica at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/economy-viii-in-the-qajar-period
  18. ^ "Decennial Census – History – U.S. Census Bureau". Census.gov. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  19. ^ Ritchell, Judith L., "Disease and Demography in Colonial Burma" (2006), pp.11-16, via: https://books.google.com.qa/books?id=bPfIycHCKwMC&pg=PA17&lpg=PA17&dq=population+siam+1800&source=bl&ots=rL0_ud1PmK&sig=ZNC0CTjOOOHHNV5vFx_IQEpkKs0&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=population%20siam%201800&f=false
  20. ^ Singh, Amarinder, "The Last Sunset: The Rise & Fall of the Lahore Durbar", Roli Books (2012).
  21. ^ a b "Population of Scandinavia". Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  22. ^ "Papal States". Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  • Kurt Witthauer. Bevölkerung der Erde (1958)
  • Calendario atlante de Agostini, anno 99 (2003)
  • The Columbia gazetteer of the world (1998)
  • Britannica book of the year : world data (1997)