List of countries by median age

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Median age by country, CIA World Factbook 2018 est.

This article is a list of countries by median age.

Methodology[edit]

Median age is the age that divides a population into two numerically equally sized groups - that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population.[1]

Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger to 40 or more in most European countries, Canada, Japan and South Korea.[2] The median age for women tends to be much greater than that of men in some of the ex-Soviet republics, while in the Global South the difference is far smaller or is reversed.

In this article, two sets of data based on CIA and UN estimates are provided.

Countries[edit]

CIA World Factbook 2018 est.[3]
Country/Territory Rank Median
(Years)
Male
(Years)
Female
(Years)
 Afghanistan 207 18.9 18.8 18.9
 Albania 95 32.9 31.6 34.3
 Algeria 139 28.1 27.8 28.4
 American Samoa 155 25.5 25.1 26.0
 Andorra 10 44.3 44.4 44.1
 Angola 227 15.9 15.4 16.3
 Anguilla 81 34.8 32.9 36.7
 Antigua and Barbuda 104 31.9 30.0 33.5
 Argentina 106 31.7 30.5 32.9
 Armenia 78 35.1 33.3 36.9
 Aruba 55 39.3 37.5 41.1
 Australia 58 38.7 37.9 39.5
 Austria 13 44.0 42.8 45.1
 Azerbaijan 100 32.3 30.8 33.0
 The Bahamas 102 32.0 30.9 33.2
 Bahrain 99 32.3 33.8 29.5
 Bangladesh 147 26.7 26.0 27.3
 Barbados 59 38.6 37.5 39.8
 Belarus 51 40.0 37.1 43.1
 Belgium 39 41.4 40.2 42.7
 Belize 177 22.7 22.5 22.9
 Benin 214 18.2 17.9 18.6
 Bermuda 17 43.4 41.5 45.3
 Bhutan 143 27.6 28.2 27.1
 Bolivia 164 24.3 23.6 25.0
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 32 42.1 40.5 43.5
 Botswana 161 24.5 23.5 25.6
 Brazil 97 32.6 31.1 32.8
 British Virgin Islands 72 36.5 36.3 36.6
 Brunei 117 30.2 29.7 30.7
 Bulgaria 21 42.7 40.9 44.7
 Burkina Faso 220 17.3 17.1 17.4
 Burma 136 28.2 27.4 29.0
 Burundi 224 17.0 16.8 17.3
 Cabo Verde 156 25.4 24.6 26.2
 Cambodia 157 25.3 24.6 26.0
 Cameroon 211 18.5 18.4 18.7
 Canada 29 42.2 40.9 43.5
 Cayman Islands 52 40.0 39.3 40.7
 Central African Republic 197 19.7 19.4 20.0
 Chad 218 17.8 16.8 18.8
 Chile 85 34.4 33.2 35.6
 China 67 37.4 36.5 38.4
 Colombia 119 30.0 29.0 31.0
 Comoros 193 19.9 19.2 20.5
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 210 18.6 18.3 18.8
 Republic of the Congo 201 19.7 19.5 19.8
 Cook Islands 73 36.5 36.0 37.0
 Costa Rica 109 31.3 30.8 31.8
 Cote d'Ivoire 188 20.9 21.0 20.9
 Croatia 19 43.0 41.1 45.0
 Cuba 37 41.5 40.1 42.6
 Curacao 74 36.1 33.5 39.7
 Cyprus 68 36.8 35.5 38.3
 Czech Republic 33 42.1 40.8 43.4
 Denmark 30 42.2 41.2 43.2
 Djibouti 168 23.9 22.1 25.3
 Dominica 90 33.5 33.0 34.0
 Dominican Republic 137 28.1 27.9 28.3
 Ecuador 142 27.7 27.0 28.4
 Egypt 167 23.9 23.6 24.2
 El Salvador 146 27.1 25.6 28.6
 Equatorial Guinea 196 19.8 19.3 20.3
 Eritrea 200 19.7 19.2 20.1
 Estonia 22 42.7 39.4 46.1
 Eswatini (Swaziland) 182 21.7 21.5 21.9
 Ethiopia 216 17.9 17.7 18.1
 EU 20 42.9 41.5 44.3
 Faroe Islands 66 37.6 37.1 38.3
 Fiji 127 28.9 28.7 29.1
 Finland 26 42.5 40.9 44.3
 France 40 41.4 39.6 43.1
 French Polynesia 104 31.9 31.7 32.1
 Gabon 209 18.6 18.4 18.8
 The Gambia 187 21.0 20.7 21.3
State of Palestine Palestine (Gaza Strip) 223 17.2 16.8 17.5
 Georgia 60 38.1 35.3 40.9
 Germany 3 47.1 46.0 48.2
 Ghana 185 21.1 20.6 21.6
 Gibraltar 83 34.7 33.8 35.7
 Greece 6 44.5 43.5 45.6
 Greenland 87 33.9 35.0 32.7
 Grenada 108 31.5 31.5 31.6
 Guam 126 29.0 28.3 29.7
 Guatemala 180 22.1 21.4 22.8
 Guernsey 14 43.8 42.5 45.1
 Guinea-Bissau 190 20.1 19.7 20.6
 Guinea 205 18.9 18.7 19.1
 Guyana 150 26.2 25.9 26.6
 Haiti 173 23.0 22.7 23.2
 Honduras 174 23.0 22.6 23.3
 Hong Kong 8 44.4 43.5 45.0
 Hungary 28 42.3 40.4 44.3
 Iceland 71 36.5 35.9 37.1
 India 138 28.1 27.2 28.6
 Indonesia 117 30.2 29.6 30.8
 Iran 115 30.3 30.0 30.5
 Iraq 192 20.0 19.8 20.3
 Ireland 69 36.8 36.4 37.1
 Isle of Man 11 44.2 43.3 44.9
 Israel 120 29.9 29.3 30.6
 Italy 5 45.5 44.4 46.5
 Jamaica 151 26.0 25.5 26.5
 Japan 2 47.3 46.0 48.7
 Jersey 62 38.0 36.3 40.7
 Jordan 178 22.5 22.9 22.0
 Kazakhstan 111 30.6 29.3 31.9
 Kenya 198 19.7 19.6 19.9
 Kiribati 159 24.6 23.8 25.5
 North Korea 86 34.0 32.5 35.6
 South Korea 36 41.8 40.2 43.4
 Kosovo 125 29.1 28.8 29.5
 Kuwait 122 29.3 30.4 27.4
 Kyrgyzstan 148 26.5 25.4 27.6
 Laos 172 23.0 22.7 23.3
 Latvia 16 43.6 39.7 46.9
 Lebanon 112 30.5 29.9 31.1
 Lesotho 165 24.2 24.2 24.2
 Liberia 217 17.8 17.5 18.0
 Libya 128 28.9 29.1 28.7
 Liechtenstein 18 43.2 41.7 44.5
 Lithuania 15 43.7 39.7 47.1
 Luxembourg 54 39.3 38.7 39.9
 Macau 56 39.3 39.5 39.1
 North Macedonia 63 37.9 36.8 39.0
 Madagascar 199 19.7 19.5 19.9
 Malawi 226 16.5 16.4 16.7
 Malaysia 130 28.5 28.2 28.8
 Maldives 134 28.2 28.1 28.3
 Mali 228 15.8 15.1 16.4
 Malta 35 41.8 40.8 43.0
 Marshall Islands 176 22.9 22.8 23.0
 Mauritania 189 20.5 19.5 21.4
 Mauritius 77 35.3 34.2 36.3
 Mexico 130 28.3 27.2 29.4
 Federated States of Micronesia 158 25.1 24.4 25.8
 Moldova 70 36.7 34.9 38.6
 Monaco 1 53.1 51.7 54.5
 Mongolia 133 28.3 27.5 29.2
 Montenegro 45 40.7 39.9 41.8
 Montserrat 93 33.2 32.6 33.7
 Morocco 123 29.3 28.6 29.9
 Mozambique 222 17.2 16.6 17.8
 Namibia 183 21.2 20.4 21.9
 Nauru 149 26.4 27.0 25.7
   Nepal 166 24.1 22.8 25.3
 Netherlands 24 42.6 41.5 43.6
 New Caledonia 102 32.0 31.3 32.7
 New Zealand 64 37.9 37.1 38.8
 Nicaragua 152 25.7 24.8 26.6
 Nigeria 212 18.4 18.3 18.5
 Niger 230 15.4 15.3 15.5
 Northern Mariana Islands 89 33.6 32.8 34.4
 Norway 57 39.2 38.4 40.0
 Oman 154 25.6 26.6 24.2
 Pakistan 169 23.8 23.7 23.8
 Palau 91 33.4 32.7 35.0
 Panama 124 29.2 28.8 29.6
 Papua New Guinea 171 23.1 23.2 23.1
 Paraguay 135 28.2 28.0 28.5
 Peru 140 28.0 27.2 28.8
 Philippines 170 23.5 23.1 24.0
 Poland 46 40.7 39.0 42.4
 Portugal 31 42.2 40.2 44.4
 Puerto Rico 38 41.5 39.5 43.2
 Qatar 93 33.2 34.3 28.1
 Romania 42 41.1 39.7 42.6
 Russia 53 39.6 36.6 42.5
 Rwanda 203 19.0 18.3 19.8
 Saint Barthelemy 12 44.1 44.1 44.2
 Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 34 41.9 42.0 41.9
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 80 35.0 35.2 34.8
 Saint Lucia 82 34.8 33.7 36.0
 Saint Martin 98 32.5 31.6 33.4
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 4 46.5 46.0 47.0
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 88 33.6 33.8 33.4
 Samoa 162 24.4 24.1 24.6
 San Marino 9 44.4 43.3 45.4
 Sao Tome and Principe 213 18.4 18.0 18.8
 Saudi Arabia 144 27.5 28.2 26.7
 Senegal 208 18.8 18.0 19.7
 Serbia 25 42.6 40.9 44.3
 Seychelles 76 35.4 34.9 36.0
 Sierra Leone 204 19.0 18.4 19.6
 Singapore 84 34.6 34.5 34.7
 Sint Maarten 43 41.0 39.9 42.0
 Slovakia 49 40.5 38.8 42.3
 Slovenia 7 44.5 42.8 46.2
 Solomon Islands 179 22.5 22.3 22.8
 Somalia 215 18.1 18.3 17.9
 South Africa 145 27.1 26.9 27.3
 South Sudan 221 17.3 17.2 17.5
 Spain 23 42.7 41.5 43.9
 Sri Lanka 96 32.8 31.5 34.0
 Sudan 194 19.9 19.7 20.1
 Suriname 121 29.8 29.4 30.2
 Sweden 41 41.2 40.2 42.2
  Switzerland 27 42.4 41.4 43.4
 Syria 163 24.3 23.9 24.8
 Taiwan 47 40.7 40.0 41.5
 Tajikistan 160 24.5 23.9 25.1
 Tanzania 219 17.7 17.5 18.0
 Thailand 65 37.7 36.6 38.7
 East Timor 206 18.9 18.3 19.6
 Togo 195 19.8 19.5 20.1
 Tonga 175 23.0 22.5 23.4
 Trinidad and Tobago 75 36.0 35.6 36.6
 Tunisia 107 31.6 31.0 32.2
 Turkey 110 30.9 30.5 31.4
 Turkmenistan 140 27.9 27.5 28.4
 Turks and Caicos Islands 92 33.3 33.6 33.0
 Tuvalu 153 25.7 24.7 26.9
 Uganda 229 15.8 15.7 15.9
 Ukraine 48 40.6 37.4 43.7
 United Arab Emirates 115 30.3 32.1 25.0
 United Kingdom 50 40.5 39.3 41.7
 United States 61 38.1 36.8 39.4
 Uruguay 79 35.0 33.1 36.7
 Uzbekistan 129 28.6 28.0 29.2
 Vanuatu 181 22.0 21.6 22.4
 Venezuela 132 28.3 27.6 29.0
 Vietnam 112 30.5 29.4 31.7
 Virgin Islands 44 41.0 39.9 41.9
 Wallis and Futuna 101 32.2 31.3 33.4
West Bank Palestine (West Bank) 186 21.1 20.9 21.3
 Western Sahara 184 21.1 20.9 21.3
Flag of the United Nations.svgWorld 114 30.4 29.6 31.1
 Yemen 202 19.5 19.3 19.6
 Zambia 225 16.8 16.6 16.9
 Zimbabwe 191 20.0 19.6 20.4
List by UN Population Division, 2019 estimate[4]
Region, subregion, country or area * Type 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020
WORLD World 23.6 23.1 22.6 22.0 21.5 21.9 22.6 23.3 24.0 25.1 26.3 27.4 28.5 29.6 30.9
UN development groups Label/Separator ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
More developed regions Development Group 28.5 29.0 29.5 29.9 30.6 30.9 31.9 33.1 34.4 35.8 37.3 38.7 39.9 41.0 42.0
Less developed regions Development Group 21.4 20.7 20.0 19.2 18.8 19.3 19.9 20.8 21.8 22.9 24.1 25.2 26.4 27.7 29.0
Least developed countries Development Group 19.3 19.1 18.7 18.3 17.9 17.7 17.5 17.4 17.6 17.9 18.2 18.6 19.0 19.5 20.3
Less developed regions, excluding least developed countries Development Group 21.7 20.9 20.2 19.3 19.0 19.5 20.3 21.3 22.3 23.7 25.1 26.4 27.8 29.3 30.9
Less developed regions, excluding China Development Group 20.3 20.0 19.5 18.9 18.6 18.8 19.2 19.7 20.2 21.0 21.9 23.0 24.1 25.2 26.4
Land-locked Developing Countries (LLDC) Special other 20.1 19.8 19.5 18.7 18.3 18.3 18.5 18.4 18.3 18.2 18.3 18.7 19.1 19.7 20.4
Small Island Developing States (SIDS) Special other 20.2 19.9 19.5 19.1 19.1 19.6 20.7 22.0 23.2 24.4 25.5 26.5 27.7 28.9 30.3
World Bank income groups Label/Separator ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
High-income countries Income Group 28.7 29.0 29.1 29.1 29.3 29.6 30.7 31.9 33.2 34.6 36.1 37.5 38.7 39.9 41.0
Middle-income countries Income Group 22.1 21.5 20.9 19.9 19.5 20.1 20.8 21.7 22.6 23.9 25.2 26.5 27.8 29.1 30.7
Upper-middle-income countries Income Group 23.0 22.0 21.5 20.3 19.8 20.7 22.0 23.2 24.4 26.3 28.4 30.5 32.2 33.7 35.4
Lower-middle-income countries Income Group 21.1 20.8 20.3 19.5 19.1 19.3 19.6 20.0 20.5 21.2 22.0 23.0 24.2 25.4 26.6
Low-income countries Income Group 19.0 18.9 18.6 18.4 18.0 17.7 17.6 17.4 17.4 17.5 17.5 17.7 17.9 18.4 19.0
No income group available Income Group 21.1 19.7 18.8 17.8 18.1 18.5 21.0 23.2 24.8 26.5 27.8 28.8 30.4 32.1 32.8
Geographic regions Label/Separator ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Africa Region 19.3 19.0 18.7 18.2 17.9 17.7 17.6 17.5 17.6 18.0 18.3 18.7 19.0 19.3 19.7
Asia Region 22.1 21.3 20.7 19.8 19.5 20.0 20.9 22.0 23.0 24.4 26.0 27.4 28.8 30.3 32.0
Europe Region 28.9 29.5 30.3 30.9 31.7 32.1 32.6 33.5 34.6 36.1 37.7 39.1 40.3 41.4 42.5
Latin America and the Caribbean Region 19.8 19.4 18.9 18.6 18.6 19.1 19.8 20.8 21.8 23.0 24.2 25.8 27.4 29.1 31.0
Northern America Region 30.0 30.1 29.4 28.3 28.2 28.8 29.9 31.4 32.9 34.1 35.4 36.4 37.2 37.9 38.6
Oceania Region 27.7 27.3 26.2 25.1 24.6 25.3 26.2 27.3 28.5 29.6 30.8 31.8 32.1 32.6 33.4
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) regions Label/Separator ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA SDG region 19.1 18.9 18.6 18.3 17.9 17.6 17.4 17.2 17.2 17.4 17.6 17.8 17.9 18.2 18.7
Eastern Africa Subregion 18.4 18.2 17.9 17.5 17.2 16.9 16.8 16.7 16.7 16.9 16.9 17.0 17.3 17.9 18.7
Burundi Country/Area 19.5 18.9 18.3 17.6 17.1 17.0 17.4 16.9 16.1 14.9 15.0 16.2 17.0 17.1 17.3
Comoros Country/Area 21.2 20.6 19.6 18.5 17.7 17.5 17.5 17.2 17.0 17.1 17.7 18.4 19.1 19.7 20.4
Djibouti Country/Area 16.5 17.5 18.0 18.0 17.5 16.6 16.5 17.2 17.4 18.1 19.3 20.1 23.4 25.0 26.6
Eritrea Country/Area 17.3 17.8 18.0 18.2 18.1 17.9 17.8 17.7 17.4 15.6 16.6 19.1 19.8 19.2 19.2
Ethiopia Country/Area 17.9 18.0 18.1 18.1 18.0 17.6 17.6 17.0 16.8 16.7 16.6 16.7 17.3 18.3 19.5
Kenya Country/Area 20.0 18.9 17.1 15.8 15.4 15.1 15.0 15.0 15.4 16.4 17.0 17.6 18.1 18.9 20.1
Madagascar Country/Area 20.9 20.2 19.2 17.9 17.2 17.0 16.8 16.9 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.5 18.0 18.7 19.6
Malawi Country/Area 17.1 17.7 18.0 18.1 17.9 17.4 17.1 16.8 17.5 17.4 16.9 16.6 16.6 17.2 18.1
Mauritius Country/Area 17.3 16.9 16.7 16.7 17.8 19.5 21.5 23.1 24.9 26.8 29.0 30.5 32.9 35.6 37.5
Mayotte Country/Area 30.3 22.7 19.4 17.9 16.7 15.6 15.4 15.6 15.9 17.0 17.7 18.3 18.5 19.0 20.1
Mozambique Country/Area 19.1 19.2 19.0 18.7 18.4 18.2 18.3 17.8 16.5 17.7 17.6 17.3 17.0 17.1 17.6
Réunion Country/Area 20.3 18.8 17.8 17.1 17.1 18.4 19.8 22.3 24.0 26.1 28.0 29.0 31.6 34.5 35.9
Rwanda Country/Area 18.0 17.5 16.3 15.4 16.0 16.3 16.0 15.2 15.3 18.3 17.4 18.1 18.9 19.4 20.0
Seychelles Country/Area 26.1 24.1 22.0 19.9 18.0 18.9 19.9 21.8 21.9 24.5 26.2 28.9 31.3 32.8 34.2
Somalia Country/Area 19.5 19.2 18.9 18.5 18.3 18.2 18.1 18.0 17.8 17.3 16.5 16.1 15.9 16.2 16.7
South Sudan Country/Area 18.5 18.9 19.0 19.0 18.6 18.0 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.7 17.6 17.7 18.0 18.4 19.0
Uganda Country/Area 18.2 17.8 17.1 16.8 16.5 16.5 16.4 16.3 15.9 15.5 15.2 15.2 15.4 15.9 16.7
United Republic of Tanzania Country/Area 16.9 17.1 17.1 17.1 17.0 16.8 16.8 16.9 17.0 17.2 17.4 17.4 17.4 17.6 18.0
Zambia Country/Area 17.5 17.4 17.1 16.4 16.0 15.7 15.7 15.9 16.2 16.4 16.6 16.3 16.2 16.7 17.6
Zimbabwe Country/Area 19.0 18.1 17.2 16.0 15.6 15.4 15.1 16.0 16.9 17.6 18.2 18.3 18.6 18.4 18.7
Middle Africa Subregion 19.5 19.4 19.3 18.8 18.4 17.9 17.6 17.3 17.0 16.9 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.3
Angola Country/Area 19.8 19.6 20.2 18.4 17.6 16.9 16.8 16.3 16.1 16.1 16.3 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.7
Cameroon Country/Area 20.4 20.4 20.3 19.7 19.1 18.4 17.7 17.1 16.7 16.8 17.2 17.6 17.9 18.2 18.7
Central African Republic Country/Area 22.5 22.3 21.7 21.0 20.1 19.1 18.8 18.8 18.1 18.2 18.1 18.0 17.7 17.1 17.6
Chad Country/Area 21.5 20.7 19.9 19.2 18.6 18.2 17.5 16.8 16.2 15.8 15.5 15.4 15.6 16.0 16.6
Congo Country/Area 20.1 19.7 19.2 18.5 17.8 17.3 16.9 17.0 17.4 18.0 18.6 18.9 19.2 18.9 19.2
Democratic Republic of the Congo Country/Area 18.1 18.1 18.2 18.2 18.1 17.8 17.7 17.5 17.4 17.2 17.2 17.0 16.9 16.8 17.0
Equatorial Guinea Country/Area 23.8 23.1 22.4 21.7 20.9 21.0 20.7 19.6 19.1 18.9 19.6 20.6 21.5 22.1 22.3
Gabon Country/Area 28.1 27.9 27.3 26.4 25.4 23.4 21.4 19.9 19.3 19.0 19.3 20.0 21.2 22.3 22.5
Sao Tome and Principe Country/Area 24.5 24.5 24.4 20.1 16.2 16.0 16.1 15.9 15.7 16.3 17.2 17.6 18.3 18.3 18.6
Southern Africa Subregion 20.9 20.3 19.7 19.2 18.9 19.0 19.0 19.1 19.4 20.8 22.1 23.3 24.5 25.8 27.0
Botswana Country/Area 19.2 18.8 18.3 16.9 16.1 15.9 15.7 15.9 17.2 18.3 19.7 21.0 22.2 23.0 24.0
Eswatini Country/Area 18.4 17.8 17.1 16.4 16.3 15.6 15.0 14.7 15.6 16.6 17.7 18.5 19.0 19.7 20.7
Lesotho Country/Area 19.1 18.3 17.6 17.3 17.1 16.9 16.9 16.9 17.1 18.2 19.0 20.3 21.7 23.0 24.0
Namibia Country/Area 20.9 20.3 19.5 18.9 18.4 17.7 16.7 16.4 17.5 18.0 18.5 19.5 20.5 21.1 21.8
South Africa Country/Area 21.1 20.6 19.9 19.4 19.1 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.8 21.3 22.6 23.8 25.0 26.4 27.6
Western Africa Subregion 19.2 19.1 18.9 18.7 18.4 18.0 17.6 17.3 17.2 17.4 17.7 17.7 17.8 17.9 18.2
Benin Country/Area 24.2 22.3 20.9 20.0 19.1 18.3 17.7 17.3 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.6 17.9 18.2 18.8
Burkina Faso Country/Area 19.5 19.4 19.1 18.8 18.3 17.8 17.1 16.6 16.3 16.3 16.4 16.6 16.7 17.0 17.6
Cabo Verde Country/Area 23.0 21.7 20.5 16.8 15.7 15.8 16.0 16.9 16.8 17.1 18.0 19.8 22.6 25.1 27.6
Côte d'Ivoire Country/Area 18.3 18.8 18.9 18.6 17.8 17.8 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.8 18.0 17.8 17.9 18.3 18.9
Gambia Country/Area 17.9 18.0 18.5 19.0 19.0 18.7 18.4 18.1 18.2 17.1 16.5 16.7 17.1 17.5 17.8
Ghana Country/Area 17.1 17.6 17.8 17.7 16.8 16.5 16.4 17.1 17.6 18.1 18.5 19.2 20.0 20.7 21.5
Guinea Country/Area 21.9 20.8 20.1 19.6 19.2 19.0 18.3 17.8 17.5 17.0 16.7 16.4 16.7 17.1 18.0
Guinea-Bissau Country/Area 21.8 21.1 20.4 20.1 19.7 19.7 18.3 17.3 16.8 16.8 17.0 17.6 18.1 18.4 18.8
Liberia Country/Area 19.1 19.3 19.3 19.1 18.3 17.9 17.5 17.3 17.4 18.0 18.4 18.4 18.5 18.8 19.4
Mali Country/Area 20.9 20.1 19.5 19.3 18.8 18.5 17.9 17.4 16.5 16.5 16.6 16.5 16.2 16.0 16.3
Mauritania Country/Area 17.9 18.0 17.8 17.4 17.0 16.9 17.1 17.3 17.4 17.6 17.9 18.5 19.1 19.6 20.1
Niger Country/Area 15.2 15.6 15.8 15.6 15.6 15.7 16.0 15.7 15.8 16.0 15.9 15.4 15.0 14.9 15.2
Nigeria Country/Area 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.0 18.7 18.3 18.0 17.5 17.4 17.7 17.9 18.0 17.9 17.9 18.1
Senegal Country/Area 19.1 18.6 18.2 17.7 17.7 17.7 16.8 16.4 16.5 16.9 17.3 17.8 18.0 18.1 18.5
Sierra Leone Country/Area 20.4 20.9 21.0 20.8 20.3 19.5 18.8 18.3 18.0 17.7 17.7 17.9 18.2 18.7 19.4
Togo Country/Area 19.4 18.9 18.5 18.1 17.6 17.1 16.8 16.7 16.8 17.1 18.0 18.3 18.5 18.8 19.4
NORTHERN AFRICA AND WESTERN ASIA SDG region 20.3 20.0 19.4 18.5 18.2 18.4 18.7 19.1 19.6 20.5 21.7 23.1 24.6 25.9 27.0
Northern Africa Subregion 19.8 19.5 18.7 17.8 17.6 17.7 18.0 18.5 19.0 19.9 21.2 22.7 24.0 24.8 25.5
Algeria Country/Area 19.4 18.5 17.8 16.6 16.4 16.5 16.7 17.1 18.0 19.4 21.7 24.1 26.0 27.5 28.5
Egypt Country/Area 20.5 20.7 19.9 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.4 19.5 19.7 20.2 21.1 22.5 23.7 24.3 24.6
Libya Country/Area 21.0 19.8 19.3 18.5 17.0 16.1 16.1 17.4 18.5 20.2 22.1 24.0 25.7 27.1 28.8
Morocco Country/Area 19.5 19.2 18.1 16.3 16.2 16.8 17.8 18.7 19.8 21.1 22.7 24.5 26.4 27.9 29.5
Sudan Country/Area 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.1 16.8 16.5 16.4 16.6 17.0 17.7 17.9 18.1 18.3 18.9 19.7
Tunisia Country/Area 20.3 19.4 18.5 17.5 17.0 17.8 18.6 19.9 21.3 23.1 25.1 27.2 29.3 31.3 32.8
Western Sahara Country/Area 18.7 20.1 20.8 21.1 20.2 16.7 21.2 21.4 21.1 21.2 22.3 24.2 25.5 26.8 28.4
Western Asia Subregion 20.7 20.5 20.0 19.2 18.8 19.0 19.3 19.8 20.2 21.2 22.1 23.4 25.1 26.8 28.2
Armenia Country/Area 22.4 22.7 22.4 20.6 20.3 21.8 23.5 25.3 27.2 29.4 30.6 31.8 32.9 33.8 35.4
Azerbaijan Country/Area 21.7 22.1 22.0 19.1 18.2 19.1 20.9 22.8 24.1 24.6 25.6 27.1 28.7 30.3 32.3
Bahrain Country/Area 18.9 19.2 19.6 16.8 17.5 19.3 22.3 25.2 25.4 26.4 26.6 27.8 30.1 31.2 32.5
Cyprus Country/Area 23.7 24.4 23.0 23.4 26.0 27.4 28.3 29.1 29.9 31.0 31.8 32.9 33.9 34.9 37.3
Georgia Country/Area 27.3 27.4 27.8 28.0 28.2 28.5 29.1 29.8 31.0 32.8 34.7 35.9 37.0 37.7 38.3
Iraq Country/Area 22.0 20.3 19.6 18.6 17.5 17.0 16.6 16.7 16.8 17.5 18.2 18.7 18.8 20.0 21.0
Israel Country/Area 25.5 24.6 24.1 23.4 23.5 24.1 25.0 25.4 25.9 27.3 28.0 28.7 30.1 30.2 30.5
Jordan Country/Area 17.2 17.6 18.0 17.4 17.1 16.4 15.5 16.3 16.8 19.1 19.6 20.6 21.3 22.1 23.8
Kuwait Country/Area 21.4 22.7 23.4 21.3 18.9 17.8 20.5 22.3 23.5 26.6 27.8 28.2 29.5 33.5 36.8
Lebanon Country/Area 23.2 22.0 20.4 18.7 18.7 19.5 19.9 20.0 20.7 23.2 25.1 25.6 27.8 27.6 29.6
Oman Country/Area 18.8 18.5 18.0 17.4 16.9 17.1 17.6 17.5 17.9 20.9 20.9 22.9 26.2 29.0 30.6
Qatar Country/Area 18.9 19.4 19.4 20.5 22.0 23.2 23.4 26.9 28.7 29.0 30.5 31.0 31.6 31.5 32.3
Saudi Arabia Country/Area 19.0 18.8 18.5 18.2 18.0 18.0 18.4 19.3 19.5 19.4 21.3 23.7 26.0 30.0 31.8
State of Palestine Country/Area 17.3 17.0 16.8 16.1 15.3 14.8 15.1 15.5 15.7 15.7 16.0 17.0 18.2 19.5 20.8
Syrian Arab Republic Country/Area 20.3 18.8 17.0 15.8 15.9 15.8 15.5 15.6 16.3 17.5 18.7 19.6 21.1 23.6 25.6
Turkey Country/Area 19.7 19.8 19.4 19.1 19.0 19.6 20.0 21.0 22.1 23.5 24.9 26.6 28.3 29.9 31.5
United Arab Emirates Country/Area 18.9 18.4 17.8 20.2 22.8 25.5 26.2 26.2 26.6 27.7 28.0 29.7 31.8 32.6 32.6
Yemen Country/Area 18.9 18.9 18.8 18.6 17.6 15.9 15.2 14.8 14.4 14.9 15.5 16.6 17.9 19.1 20.2
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ASIA SDG region 21.1 20.6 20.1 19.4 19.1 19.4 19.7 20.0 20.4 21.0 22.0 23.2 24.5 26.0 27.6
Central Asia Subregion 23.6 23.5 22.6 20.5 19.2 19.6 20.5 21.3 21.6 21.7 22.6 23.9 25.0 26.3 27.6
Kazakhstan Country/Area 23.2 23.3 22.9 22.4 21.8 22.3 23.5 24.6 26.0 27.1 27.8 28.6 28.9 29.4 30.7
Kyrgyzstan Country/Area 25.3 25.3 24.0 21.6 19.4 19.6 20.9 21.7 21.8 21.6 22.5 23.8 24.0 25.1 26.0
Tajikistan Country/Area 22.3 22.4 21.6 18.6 17.1 17.6 18.2 18.4 18.1 17.8 18.3 19.8 21.3 22.0 22.4
Turkmenistan Country/Area 23.5 23.0 21.7 18.7 17.7 18.0 18.7 19.4 19.6 20.1 21.7 23.0 24.4 25.6 26.9
Uzbekistan Country/Area 23.9 23.6 22.2 19.0 17.5 18.0 18.9 19.6 19.6 19.8 21.0 22.8 24.5 26.2 27.8
Southern Asia Subregion 21.0 20.5 20.0 19.4 19.1 19.4 19.7 19.9 20.3 21.0 22.0 23.1 24.5 26.0 27.6
Afghanistan Country/Area 19.4 19.2 18.8 18.4 17.9 17.3 16.9 16.2 15.8 16.0 15.5 16.0 15.9 17.2 18.4
Bangladesh Country/Area 19.3 19.3 19.0 18.4 17.8 17.7 17.4 17.8 18.6 19.6 21.0 22.5 24.0 25.7 27.6
Bhutan Country/Area 18.0 18.5 18.8 18.9 18.9 18.5 18.3 18.0 18.1 18.4 19.5 21.4 23.3 25.7 28.1
India Country/Area 21.3 20.7 20.2 19.6 19.3 19.7 20.2 20.6 21.1 21.8 22.7 23.8 25.1 26.8 28.4
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Country/Area 21.9 20.9 19.6 18.0 17.7 18.1 18.0 17.2 17.2 18.6 21.2 24.1 27.0 29.7 32.0
Maldives Country/Area 18.6 19.8 20.3 19.8 17.3 17.1 17.1 16.8 16.2 16.7 18.7 22.2 24.9 28.6 29.9
Nepal Country/Area 20.5 20.2 19.9 19.5 19.2 19.4 19.3 19.0 18.7 19.0 19.3 20.2 21.7 22.2 24.6
Pakistan Country/Area 19.8 20.1 20.1 19.9 19.3 18.6 18.5 18.6 18.5 18.4 18.8 19.6 20.7 21.8 22.8
Sri Lanka Country/Area 21.2 20.0 19.1 19.1 19.6 20.6 21.7 22.8 24.2 25.8 27.6 29.0 30.4 32.3 34.0
EASTERN AND SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA SDG region 22.8 21.8 21.2 20.1 19.7 20.5 21.9 23.4 24.7 26.8 29.1 31.4 33.4 34.9 36.6
Eastern Asia Subregion 23.4 22.2 21.6 20.6 20.2 21.2 22.9 24.4 25.8 28.1 30.7 33.3 35.8 37.7 39.4
China Country/Area 23.9 22.2 21.3 19.8 19.3 20.3 21.9 23.5 24.9 27.4 30.0 32.6 35.0 36.7 38.4
China, Hong Kong SAR Country/Area 23.7 24.0 23.4 21.3 21.7 23.1 25.7 28.3 31.0 34.0 36.2 39.1 41.2 43.2 44.8
China, Macao SAR Country/Area 25.7 25.2 21.3 17.6 18.8 22.6 25.7 27.6 28.9 31.1 33.4 34.4 36.3 37.5 39.3
China, Taiwan Province of China Country/Area 18.8 17.9 17.5 17.8 18.9 20.8 23.2 25.0 27.5 29.8 32.0 34.6 37.2 39.7 42.5
Dem. People's Republic of Korea Country/Area 18.0 19.1 19.9 21.1 21.0 19.6 21.8 23.5 25.0 27.3 29.4 31.5 33.0 34.1 35.3
Japan Country/Area 22.3 23.6 25.4 27.2 28.8 30.3 32.5 35.0 37.3 39.4 41.2 43.0 44.7 46.4 48.4
Mongolia Country/Area 25.0 24.3 23.0 20.4 18.3 17.5 17.8 18.5 19.3 20.3 22.0 24.0 25.7 27.1 28.2
Republic of Korea Country/Area 19.0 18.9 18.6 18.4 19.0 19.9 22.1 24.3 27.0 29.3 31.9 34.8 38.0 40.8 43.7
South-Eastern Asia Subregion 20.4 20.2 19.5 18.6 18.1 18.4 19.1 20.0 21.3 22.6 24.2 25.5 27.3 28.8 30.2
Brunei Darussalam Country/Area 22.4 21.1 19.4 17.7 18.4 19.6 20.2 21.2 23.1 24.0 25.5 26.8 27.5 29.9 32.3
Cambodia Country/Area 18.7 17.9 17.2 16.7 17.0 17.6 19.1 18.5 17.9 17.3 18.1 20.4 22.7 24.0 25.6
Indonesia Country/Area 20.0 20.4 20.2 19.4 18.6 18.5 19.1 19.9 21.3 22.8 24.4 25.6 27.2 28.5 29.7
Lao People's Democratic Republic Country/Area 19.8 19.4 19.0 18.8 18.7 18.6 17.7 17.6 17.6 17.6 18.0 19.1 20.7 22.8 24.4
Malaysia Country/Area 19.8 18.5 17.6 16.9 17.6 18.6 19.5 20.5 21.6 22.5 23.8 25.0 26.0 28.2 30.3
Myanmar Country/Area 22.0 21.5 20.5 19.3 18.6 18.7 19.1 19.6 20.7 22.0 23.3 24.5 26.1 27.5 29.0
Philippines Country/Area 18.2 17.2 16.5 16.3 16.7 17.4 18.0 18.7 19.2 19.8 20.5 21.3 23.1 24.1 25.7
Singapore Country/Area 20.0 19.4 18.8 18.1 19.7 21.9 24.5 27.3 29.3 32.4 34.8 36.4 37.9 39.7 42.2
Thailand Country/Area 18.6 18.9 18.8 18.3 18.0 18.5 19.7 21.8 24.3 26.6 30.2 32.8 35.5 37.9 40.1
Timor-Leste Country/Area 18.1 18.4 18.9 19.4 19.9 19.7 19.4 20.1 20.6 20.4 17.6 17.6 18.2 19.6 20.8
Viet Nam Country/Area 24.5 23.6 21.9 19.2 18.2 18.3 19.1 20.0 21.1 22.3 24.2 26.4 28.5 30.5 32.5
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN SDG region 19.8 19.4 18.9 18.6 18.6 19.1 19.8 20.8 21.8 23.0 24.2 25.8 27.4 29.1 31.0
Caribbean Subregion 20.4 20.2 19.9 19.6 19.5 20.0 21.2 22.4 23.8 25.1 26.6 27.8 28.8 30.2 31.9
Antigua and Barbuda Country/Area 19.2 18.8 18.5 17.8 17.4 19.0 21.0 23.1 25.2 26.5 28.1 29.5 31.1 32.6 34.0
Aruba Country/Area 18.5 18.1 18.1 19.1 20.8 23.9 26.0 28.0 31.2 32.5 34.4 36.2 38.4 40.1 41.0
Bahamas Country/Area 20.7 20.1 19.3 18.7 19.1 19.7 20.2 21.8 23.6 25.0 27.0 28.1 29.4 30.9 32.3
Barbados Country/Area 24.6 24.2 22.4 20.7 21.2 23.7 24.4 26.3 28.4 31.2 33.7 35.5 37.3 39.0 40.5
Cuba Country/Area 22.3 22.4 22.9 22.3 22.2 22.6 24.1 25.6 27.7 30.2 32.8 35.6 38.4 40.8 42.2
Curaçao Country/Area 22.6 21.4 19.9 19.6 19.7 20.7 23.3 25.8 28.6 31.9 35.5 37.8 39.6 40.9 41.6
Dominican Republic Country/Area 17.1 16.8 16.0 15.5 16.0 17.0 18.1 19.2 20.3 21.4 22.5 23.7 25.0 26.5 28.0
Grenada Country/Area 16.3 17.1 15.6 15.2 15.4 17.8 18.8 20.0 20.4 22.1 23.9 26.0 29.2 30.6 32.0
Guadeloupe Country/Area 20.9 20.3 19.2 17.6 18.1 18.6 21.4 24.8 27.8 30.4 32.2 35.6 38.6 41.9 43.7
Haiti Country/Area 20.2 20.0 19.8 19.5 19.1 19.3 19.3 18.8 18.5 18.5 19.1 20.3 21.5 22.7 24.0
Jamaica Country/Area 22.2 22.0 19.8 18.6 17.2 17.4 19.5 20.6 22.2 23.5 24.9 26.2 27.5 29.0 30.7
Martinique Country/Area 21.9 19.9 19.2 17.9 19.1 19.0 23.5 26.0 28.3 31.4 34.1 37.4 40.5 45.0 47.0
Puerto Rico Country/Area 18.4 18.5 18.5 21.2 21.7 22.7 24.7 26.3 28.6 30.4 32.3 33.4 34.7 38.0 44.5
Saint Lucia Country/Area 20.7 20.1 17.7 16.4 14.9 16.5 17.5 18.9 21.4 23.1 24.2 26.1 30.3 32.4 34.5
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Country/Area 15.4 14.9 15.2 14.8 15.1 16.1 17.5 19.1 20.4 22.3 24.2 26.3 29.2 31.6 32.9
Trinidad and Tobago Country/Area 20.9 19.4 18.7 18.2 18.8 20.1 21.6 22.7 24.1 25.7 27.7 29.8 31.9 33.8 36.2
United States Virgin Islands Country/Area 22.0 21.5 21.1 20.3 23.2 20.3 22.2 24.0 28.3 30.8 33.7 36.5 39.2 41.3 42.6
Central America Subregion 18.6 17.8 17.2 16.8 16.7 16.9 17.4 18.3 19.3 20.7 22.1 23.6 25.0 26.6 28.2
Belize Country/Area 20.8 18.6 17.8 16.5 16.3 16.0 16.4 17.2 17.9 18.4 19.2 20.3 21.9 23.7 25.5
Costa Rica Country/Area 18.3 18.1 17.4 17.2 17.8 19.1 20.5 21.9 23.0 24.1 25.3 27.2 29.1 31.2 33.5
El Salvador Country/Area 18.5 18.1 17.6 17.1 17.1 17.4 17.9 18.6 19.6 20.9 22.0 23.0 24.2 25.7 27.6
Guatemala Country/Area 18.4 17.8 17.2 16.8 16.9 17.0 16.8 16.6 16.9 17.2 17.7 18.5 19.7 21.3 22.9
Honduras Country/Area 18.8 17.9 17.0 16.3 16.1 16.1 16.2 16.4 16.9 17.5 18.2 19.3 20.7 22.5 24.3
Mexico Country/Area 18.6 17.8 17.2 16.8 16.7 16.9 17.4 18.5 19.7 21.3 22.9 24.7 26.2 27.7 29.2
Nicaragua Country/Area 18.2 17.4 16.4 15.4 15.8 16.2 16.4 16.4 16.9 17.9 19.3 21.1 22.9 24.6 26.5
Panama Country/Area 18.8 18.4 18.0 17.8 17.8 18.3 19.1 20.3 21.7 23.1 24.5 25.9 27.2 28.4 29.7
South America Subregion 20.1 19.8 19.4 19.1 19.2 19.9 20.7 21.6 22.6 23.7 24.9 26.5 28.2 30.1 32.1
Argentina Country/Area 25.4 26.0 26.6 26.9 27.1 27.2 27.2 27.1 27.0 27.1 27.6 28.5 29.6 30.5 31.5
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Country/Area 20.6 19.8 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.7 20.0 20.5 21.1 21.9 22.9 24.1 25.6
Brazil Country/Area 19.2 18.9 18.6 18.3 18.6 19.5 20.3 21.4 22.6 23.9 25.3 27.1 29.2 31.4 33.5
Chile Country/Area 20.6 20.7 20.6 20.4 20.6 21.6 22.9 24.3 25.7 27.0 28.7 30.5 32.2 33.8 35.3
Colombia Country/Area 18.1 17.4 16.7 16.2 16.7 17.8 19.1 20.5 21.9 22.9 24.1 25.7 27.5 29.5 31.3
Ecuador Country/Area 20.4 19.3 18.4 17.8 17.7 18.0 18.7 19.5 20.5 21.6 22.6 23.7 25.0 26.5 27.9
French Guiana Country/Area 26.6 25.5 24.8 22.5 21.7 21.0 23.1 23.8 24.1 23.9 23.9 23.5 24.6 24.8 25.1
Guyana Country/Area 20.4 18.6 16.9 16.1 16.3 17.3 18.2 19.2 21.1 21.7 22.7 23.1 24.5 25.0 26.7
Paraguay Country/Area 16.5 16.2 16.0 16.1 16.7 17.6 18.4 18.9 19.3 19.6 20.3 21.7 23.1 24.7 26.3
Peru Country/Area 19.2 18.7 18.2 17.7 17.6 17.9 18.5 19.2 20.1 21.2 22.7 24.1 25.5 27.5 31.0
Suriname Country/Area 20.1 19.0 16.7 16.2 15.9 16.1 18.9 21.4 22.6 23.6 24.8 25.5 26.7 27.9 29.0
Uruguay Country/Area 27.8 28.4 28.9 29.3 29.7 30.0 30.2 30.4 30.7 31.1 31.6 32.7 33.9 35.0 35.8
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Country/Area 17.2 17.3 17.0 16.9 17.1 17.9 18.9 19.9 20.9 22.0 23.2 24.5 25.8 27.3 29.6
AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND SDG region 30.2 29.9 29.2 27.9 27.1 27.8 29.1 30.5 31.9 33.4 35.2 36.4 36.8 37.2 37.9
Australia Country/Area 30.4 30.2 29.6 28.3 27.4 28.1 29.3 30.7 32.1 33.6 35.4 36.5 36.8 37.2 37.9
New Zealand Country/Area 29.4 28.7 27.4 25.8 25.6 26.3 27.9 29.5 31.1 32.6 34.3 35.5 36.6 37.3 38.0
OCEANIA (EXCLUDING AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND) SDG region 19.6 18.9 18.3 17.8 17.8 18.0 18.3 18.6 19.2 19.8 20.4 21.2 21.9 22.5 23.2
Melanesia Subregion 19.7 19.0 18.4 18.0 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.5 18.9 19.5 20.1 21.0 21.6 22.1 22.8
Fiji Country/Area 16.6 16.0 15.8 16.4 17.7 18.9 19.5 20.3 20.9 21.6 22.1 25.3 26.5 27.0 27.9
New Caledonia Country/Area 22.5 22.4 22.0 21.6 21.5 21.3 21.5 22.2 23.3 25.3 27.2 28.6 30.6 32.0 33.6
Papua New Guinea Country/Area 20.3 19.5 18.9 18.2 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.2 18.7 19.3 19.8 20.4 20.9 21.5 22.4
Solomon Islands Country/Area 18.3 18.6 18.3 18.3 18.2 16.3 16.3 16.2 17.0 17.9 18.7 19.1 19.5 19.6 19.9
Vanuatu Country/Area 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8 17.3 17.3 17.5 17.7 18.1 18.5 18.8 19.8 21.2 20.8 21.1
Micronesia Subregion 21.3 20.2 18.9 18.3 18.2 18.7 19.3 20.2 21.6 21.9 23.2 23.7 24.6 25.6 26.8
Guam Country/Area 22.8 22.3 21.2 20.9 20.7 21.6 22.6 23.9 25.2 26.3 27.3 28.3 29.2 30.1 31.4
Kiribati Country/Area 19.2 18.7 17.7 16.9 17.3 18.6 19.4 19.5 20.4 19.6 19.7 20.7 21.6 22.3 23.0
Micronesia (Fed. States of) Country/Area 19.8 18.4 17.4 16.6 16.7 16.1 16.2 16.9 17.6 17.7 18.9 19.5 21.5 22.8 24.4
Polynesia Subregion 17.1 17.0 16.6 15.8 15.7 16.7 18.0 19.1 20.3 21.2 22.2 23.5 25.0 26.5 27.6
French Polynesia Country/Area 18.7 18.5 18.3 17.4 17.2 18.3 19.5 20.9 22.0 23.5 25.6 27.1 29.2 31.5 33.6
Samoa Country/Area 16.6 15.6 15.2 14.5 14.7 15.0 16.4 17.6 18.7 19.1 19.5 20.3 20.8 20.9 21.8
Tonga Country/Area 15.5 17.2 17.3 16.9 15.9 16.9 18.3 18.4 19.7 19.8 19.9 21.0 21.2 21.9 22.4
EUROPE AND NORTHERN AMERICA SDG region 29.2 29.6 30.1 30.3 30.9 31.1 31.9 32.9 34.1 35.5 36.9 38.3 39.4 40.4 41.3
EUROPE SDG subregion 28.9 29.5 30.3 30.9 31.7 32.1 32.6 33.5 34.6 36.1 37.7 39.1 40.3 41.4 42.5
Eastern Europe Subregion 25.9 27.0 28.0 29.2 30.9 31.1 31.5 32.4 33.6 35.1 36.5 37.6 38.5 39.5 40.8
Belarus Country/Area 27.2 27.7 28.2 28.9 30.3 30.7 31.3 32.0 33.1 34.7 36.5 38.1 38.9 39.5 40.3
Bulgaria Country/Area 27.3 28.9 30.4 32.0 33.2 33.7 34.2 35.3 36.5 38.2 39.7 41.1 42.3 43.4 44.6
Czechia Country/Area 32.5 32.2 33.2 33.8 33.6 32.7 32.9 34.1 35.3 36.1 37.5 38.7 39.6 41.4 43.2
Hungary Country/Area 30.1 30.8 32.2 33.5 34.2 34.4 34.4 35.0 36.4 37.5 38.5 39.1 40.1 41.7 43.3
Poland Country/Area 25.8 26.0 26.5 27.4 28.1 28.6 29.5 30.7 32.2 33.6 35.0 36.6 38.1 39.7 41.7
Republic of Moldova Country/Area 26.6 26.6 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.2 27.7 28.7 29.9 30.8 31.3 32.4 34.2 35.6 37.6
Romania Country/Area 26.3 27.2 28.3 29.9 30.6 30.2 30.4 31.6 32.6 33.9 34.9 37.1 39.4 41.3 43.2
Russian Federation Country/Area 24.3 26.1 27.2 28.6 30.8 30.8 31.4 32.2 33.4 35.0 36.5 37.3 38.0 38.6 39.6
Slovakia Country/Area 27.0 27.4 27.6 28.0 28.3 28.4 28.8 30.0 31.2 32.4 33.9 35.4 37.3 39.2 41.2
Ukraine Country/Area 27.6 28.3 28.9 29.8 32.0 33.3 33.5 34.0 35.3 36.4 37.8 39.1 39.5 40.0 41.2
Northern Europe Subregion 33.6 33.9 34.4 34.1 33.5 33.4 34.0 35.1 35.6 36.4 37.6 38.7 39.6 40.2 40.8
Channel Islands Country/Area 35.7 36.1 36.6 36.1 35.2 34.5 34.9 35.8 36.0 36.8 38.2 39.8 41.0 41.6 42.6
Denmark Country/Area 31.7 32.4 33.0 32.8 32.5 33.0 34.3 36.0 37.1 37.7 38.4 39.6 40.6 41.6 42.3
Estonia Country/Area 29.9 30.2 32.2 33.0 33.8 34.3 33.9 34.0 34.4 36.4 38.0 39.4 40.2 41.6 42.4
Finland Country/Area 27.8 28.0 28.4 28.7 29.6 30.8 32.8 34.7 36.4 37.8 39.4 40.9 42.0 42.5 43.1
Iceland Country/Area 26.5 26.2 25.4 24.2 24.5 25.4 26.9 28.4 30.0 31.5 32.9 34.3 34.8 36.0 37.5
Ireland Country/Area 30.0 30.2 29.2 27.5 26.4 26.1 26.3 26.9 28.4 30.1 31.8 33.2 34.4 36.5 38.2
Latvia Country/Area 29.9 30.5 32.3 33.2 34.2 34.9 35.1 34.7 34.7 36.2 37.9 39.5 40.8 42.6 43.9
Lithuania Country/Area 27.8 28.0 28.5 29.7 30.8 31.5 32.0 32.1 32.7 34.0 35.9 38.5 40.6 42.7 45.1
Norway Country/Area 32.6 33.6 34.3 34.1 32.9 32.4 33.3 34.6 35.4 36.1 36.9 38.0 38.7 39.2 39.8
Sweden Country/Area 34.2 35.1 36.0 36.2 35.4 35.4 36.3 37.7 38.4 38.5 39.4 40.3 40.7 40.9 41.1
United Kingdom Country/Area 34.9 35.1 35.6 35.1 34.2 34.0 34.4 35.4 35.8 36.5 37.6 38.7 39.5 40.0 40.5
Southern Europe Subregion 27.3 28.4 29.3 30.1 30.8 31.0 31.8 33.0 34.6 36.4 38.3 39.9 41.4 43.5 45.5
Albania Country/Area 21.2 20.6 20.2 19.7 19.6 20.2 21.4 22.8 24.0 24.6 27.0 29.1 32.2 34.9 36.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina Country/Area 20.0 20.8 21.8 21.9 22.2 23.4 25.4 27.3 29.8 33.1 35.0 36.9 38.9 40.7 43.1
Croatia Country/Area 27.9 28.2 29.2 30.7 32.1 33.1 33.5 34.3 35.8 37.9 38.9 40.5 41.7 43.1 44.3
Greece Country/Area 25.5 26.9 28.3 29.9 32.3 32.4 33.0 33.9 35.1 36.5 38.0 39.4 41.1 43.4 45.6
Italy Country/Area 28.6 30.2 31.4 32.1 32.8 33.3 34.1 35.5 37.0 38.7 40.3 41.9 43.5 45.4 47.3
Malta Country/Area 23.7 21.9 23.0 24.3 26.9 29.1 31.0 31.6 33.1 35.0 36.5 38.4 40.2 41.1 42.6
Montenegro Country/Area 21.6 22.2 22.9 23.5 24.1 24.9 26.7 28.3 29.8 32.2 34.4 35.0 36.4 37.7 38.8
North Macedonia Country/Area 21.8 21.6 21.5 21.7 22.5 24.0 25.9 27.6 29.2 30.7 32.3 34.0 35.7 37.4 39.1
Portugal Country/Area 26.1 27.3 27.9 28.9 29.6 29.8 30.6 32.1 34.2 36.0 37.8 39.4 41.6 43.9 46.2
Serbia Country/Area 25.8 26.5 27.9 29.2 30.1 29.9 30.9 32.1 33.2 34.1 36.1 37.2 38.7 40.5 41.6
Slovenia Country/Area 27.7 28.2 29.2 30.3 31.0 31.4 31.6 32.5 34.2 36.2 38.1 40.1 41.6 43.0 44.5
Spain Country/Area 27.5 28.6 29.2 30.0 29.8 29.9 30.4 31.6 33.4 35.5 37.6 39.1 40.0 42.5 44.9
Western Europe Subregion 34.4 33.6 33.7 33.3 33.2 33.7 34.3 35.3 36.3 37.4 38.9 40.6 42.3 43.5 43.9
Austria Country/Area 35.7 35.1 35.4 34.7 33.6 33.9 35.0 35.8 36.5 36.3 38.2 40.0 41.9 43.2 43.5
Belgium Country/Area 35.5 34.6 35.1 34.9 34.6 34.3 34.3 35.3 36.5 37.6 39.0 40.3 40.9 41.3 41.9
France Country/Area 34.5 32.9 33.0 32.7 32.4 31.6 32.4 33.6 34.8 36.2 37.7 38.9 40.1 41.2 42.3
Germany Country/Area 35.2 34.5 34.7 34.3 34.2 35.4 36.5 37.2 37.6 38.4 40.1 42.1 44.3 45.9 45.7
Luxembourg Country/Area 35.0 35.7 35.2 35.3 35.4 35.0 35.0 35.8 36.4 36.7 37.3 38.5 38.9 39.3 39.7
Netherlands Country/Area 28.0 28.5 28.6 28.5 28.6 29.4 31.3 33.1 34.6 36.0 37.5 39.0 40.8 42.1 43.3
Switzerland Country/Area 33.2 33.0 32.7 31.5 31.8 32.9 34.6 36.0 36.9 37.2 38.6 40.0 41.6 42.2 43.1
NORTHERN AMERICA SDG subregion 30.0 30.1 29.4 28.3 28.2 28.8 29.9 31.4 32.9 34.1 35.4 36.4 37.2 37.9 38.6
Canada Country/Area 27.7 27.3 26.5 25.5 26.1 27.5 29.2 31.0 32.9 34.8 36.8 38.6 39.6 40.4 41.1
United States of America Country/Area 30.2 30.3 29.7 28.6 28.4 29.0 30.0 31.4 32.8 34.0 35.2 36.1 36.9 37.6 38.3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]