List of countries by population in 1500

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Historical Demographics
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List of Countries by Population
1000 1500 1600
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This is a list of countries by population in 1500. Estimate numbers are from the beginning of the year, and exact population figures are for countries that held a census on various dates in that year. The bulk of these numbers are sourced from Alexander V. Avakov's Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics, Volume 1, pages 12 to 14, which cover population figures from the year 1500 divided into modern borders. Avakov, in turn, cites a variety of sources, mostly Angus Maddison.

Country/Territory Population
c. 1500 estimate
Percentage
of World
population
Ming Empire[1] 103,000,000 23.5%
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg Holy Roman Empire[2] 23,000,000+ 5.3%
Delhi Sultanate Flag.svg Delhi Sultanate

Lodi dynasty

20,000,000 to
55,000,000
Flag of vijaynagara.jpg Vijayanagara Empire[9]
Subdivisions
18,000,000 3.7%
Pavillon royal de France.svg Domains of the French Crown
Subdivisions
16,250,000 3.7%
Bengal Sultanate Flag.gif Bengal Sultanate 10,000,000 to
16,000,000
Banner of the Inca Empire.svg Inca Empire[11][12] 12,000,000 2.7%
Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg Ottoman Empire[13]
Subdivisions
Vassal states
11,000,000 2.5%
Royal Banner of the Crown of Castile (Early Style)-Variant.svg Royal Banner of Aragón.svg Spanish Empire
Subdivisions
8,900,000 2.0%
Ashikaga mon.svg Ashikaga shogunate[17] 8,000,000 1.8%
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon[18] 8,000,000 1.8%
Alex K Kingdom of Poland-flag.svg Coat of arms of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.svg Polish–Lithuanian Union[19] 7,500,000 1.7%
Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow[21] 6,000,000 1.4%
Aztec Triple Alliance.png Aztec Empire[12] 6,000,000 1.4%
Imperial Standard of Nguyen Dynasty1.svg Đại Việt [22] 5,625,400 1.3%
Mameluke Flag.svg Mamluk Sultanate[23][24]
Subdivisions
4,867,000 1.1%
Flag of Hungary (15th century, rectangular).svgCoat of arms of Croatia 1495.svgUnion of Kingdom of Hungary
and Kingdom of Croatia[25][26]
4,000,000 0.9%
Royal Standard of England (1406-1603).svg English Crown
Subdivisions
2,750,000 0.6%
Coat of arms of the Vatican City.svg Papal States[10] 2,000,000 0.5%
Bandera de Nápoles - Trastámara.svg Kingdom of Naples[10] 2,000,000 0.5%
Flag of the Kalmar Union.svg Kalmar Union[18]
Subdivisions
1,690,000 0.4%
Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice.svg Republic of Venice[10] 1,500,000 0.3%
Flag of the kingdom of tlemcen.svg Kingdom of Tlemcen 1,500,000 0.3%
Flag of Cambodia (pre-1863).svg Cambodia[24] 1,224,000 0.3%
Flag Portugal (1495).svg Portuguese Empire 1,000,000+ 0.2%
Flag of Tunis in 1550.svg Hafsid dynasty 800,000 0.2%
Flag of Florence.svg Republic of Florence[10] 750,000 0.2%
Royal Standard of Scotland.svg Kingdom of Scotland[30] 500,000 0.1%
Flag of Moldavia.svg Principality of Moldavia[14] 400,000 0.1%
Malacca Sultanate[9][b] 135,000 0.0%
  World[31] 438,000,000 -

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Only about 1/3 of Ireland was under the English Crown in 1500 (through direct control by the crown, such as The Pale, or through the Anglo-Irish Lords).
  2. ^ Population was estimated to be between 65,000 - 200,000.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edwin Oldfather Reischauer, John King Fairbank, Albert M. Craig (1960) A history of East Asian civilization, Volume 1. East Asia: The Great Tradition, George Allen & Unwin Ltd. Gives a differing figure of 125 million, compared to Avakov's 103 million.
  2. ^ The combined population of Germany (12m), Austria (2m), Czechia (2.16m), Belgium (1.4m), the Netherlands (0.95m), Switzerland (0.65m), Slovenia (0.208m), and a third of Italy (3.5m); does not include the Empire's various now-French territories such as Franche-Comté (6,300 square miles, ruled by the Dukes of Burgundy), the départements of Nord and Pas-de-Calais (4,800 square miles together, part of the Habsburg Netherlands), Alsace (3,200 square miles), the County of Nice (1,500 square miles, ruled by the Savoyards), or core Savoy itself (4,000 square miles, ruled by the Savoyards). Avakov, p. 12-13.
  3. ^ Belgium (1,400,000) plus the Netherlands (950,000) plus Luxembourg, not counting the bits of modern France and Germany that were then part of the Habsburg Netherlands. Avakov, p. 12-13.
  4. ^ a b c d e Grigg, D. B. (1980). Population Growth and Agrarian Change: An Historical Perspective. CUP Archive. p. 55. Retrieved 19 July 2016. population sicily 1500.
  5. ^ Smith, p. 17: population is given as 434,000 in the mid-16th century and 468,000 in the late 16th century.
  6. ^ Marcus, Kenneth H. (2000). Politics of Power: Elites of an Early Modern State in Germany. Page 8.
  7. ^ Preserved Smith. The Social Background of the Reformation. 1920. Page 17. Population is given as 300-400,000 in 1535.
  8. ^ Roughly the modern borders of Slovenia.
  9. ^ a b Globalising Migration History: The Eurasian Experience (16th-21st Centuries). 27 March 2014. p. 101. ISBN 9789004271364. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Jones, J. A. P. (1997). Europe, 1500-1600. ISBN 9780174350644. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  11. ^ http://howtoperu.com/2012/11/29/inca-population-estimates/
  12. ^ a b ""La catastrophe démographique" (The Demographical Catastrophe"), L'Histoire n°322, July–August 2007, p. 17".
  13. ^ Behar, Cem, ed. 1996. Osmanlı Đmparatorluğu'nun ve Türkiye'nin nüfusu, 1500-1927. Ankara: T.C. Basbakanlık Devlet Đstatistik Enstitüsü = State Institute of Statistics Prime Ministry Republic of Turkey.
  14. ^ a b c Murgescu, Bogdan (14 June 2016). Romania si Europa. Polirom. pp. 75–76. ISBN 9789734620418.
  15. ^ "Castile, Aragon, Granada, and Portugal 1400-1517". Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  16. ^ Haiti (124,000) and the Dominican Republic (15,000). ALmost all of these were Taino natives who died off en masse in the following decades.
  17. ^ (a) Jean-Noël Biraben, "The History of the Human Population From the First Beginnings to the Present" in "Demography: Analysis and Synthesis: A Treatise in Population" (Eds: Graziella Caselli, Jacques Vallin, Guillaume J. Wunsch) Vol 3, Chapter 66, pp 5–18, Academic Press, San Diego (2005). (b) Jean-Noël Biraben, "An Essay Concerning Mankind's Evolution", Population, Selected Papers, Vol. 4, pp. 1–13 (1980). (c) Jean-Noël Biraben, "Essai sur l'évolution du nombre des hommes", Population Vol. 34 (no. 1), pp. 13–25 (1979).
  18. ^ a b "Appendix B Growth of World Population, GDP and GDP Per Capita before 1820 at 'www.ggdc.net/MADDISON/other_books/appendix_B.pdf'". Missing or empty |url= (help)
  19. ^ Norman John Greville Pounds (1979). An Historical Geography of Europe, 1500-1840. Cambridge University Press. p. 104. Retrieved 10 August 2016. population austria 1500.
  20. ^ Samsonowicz, Henryk (1997). "Probe einer demograpischen Einschätzung Polen um das Jahr 1500". Studia Historiae Oeconomicae (in German). 22: 16–24.
  21. ^ Avakov, p.12; the figure is 8.183 million for all of modern European Russia, including the steppe and Caucasian polities that were not under the Grand Duchy of Moscow's control. Natalia Gorskaya (1994) in "Историческая демография России эпохи феодализма: итоги и проблемы изучения" (in Russian), p. 93-96, gives the Grand Duchy a population of 5.8 million in 1500.
  22. ^ Li 1998, p. 171.
  23. ^ Borsch, Stuart J. (15 September 2009). The Black Death in Egypt and England: A Comparative Study. ISBN 9780292783171.
  24. ^ a b Avakov, Alexander V. (April 2015). Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics, Volume 1. ISBN 9781628941012. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  25. ^ "Tacitus: Historical Atlas". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  26. ^ Miller, Jaroslav (11 February 2016). Urban Societies in East-Central Europe, 1500–1700. ISBN 9781317003403. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  27. ^ https://hu-benedikt.hr/?p=5088
  28. ^ Connolly, S. J. (30 July 2009). Contested Island: Ireland 1460-1630. p. 404. ISBN 9780199563715.
  29. ^ "Map of Control of Ireland in 1500".
  30. ^ Houston, R.A. & White, I. D. (Cambridge University Press) (1989). "Scottish Society: 1500-1800 at 'www.loc.gov/catdir/samples/cam031'". Missing or empty |url= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  31. ^ Angus Maddison, 2003, The World Economy: Historical Statistics, Vol. 2, OECD, Paris. (2008, ggdc.net)

Sources[edit]

  • Kurt Witthauer. Bevölkerung der Erde (1958)
  • Calendario Atlante de Agostini, anno 99 (2003)
  • The Columbia Gazetteer of the World (1998)
  • Britannica Book of the Year: World Data (1997)