List of countries by population in 1500

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Historical Demographics
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List of Countries by Population
1000 1500 1600
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This is a list of countries by population in 1500. Estimate numbers are from the beginning of the year, and exact population figures are for countries that held a census on various dates in that year.

Country/Territory Population
c. 1500 estimate
Percentage
of World
population
Ming Empire[1] 125,000,000 28.5%
Delhi Sultanate

Lodi dynasty

20,000,000 to
55,000,000
Flag of vijaynagara.jpg Vijayanagara Empire[2] 18,000,000 3.7%
Pavillon royal de France.svg Domains of the French Crown 16,250,000 3.7%
Bengal Sultanate 10,000,000 to
16,000,000
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg Holy Roman Empire[4] 16,000,000 3.7%
Inca Empire[7][8] 12,000,000 2.7%
Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg Ottoman Empire [9] 11,000,000 2.5%
Royal Banner of the Crown of Castile (Early Style)-Variant.svg Royal Banner of Aragón.svg Spanish Empire 8,550,000 2.0%
Ashikaga mon.svg Ashikaga shogunate [11] 8,000,000 1.8%
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon [5] 8,000,000 1.8%
Kingdom of Poland-flag.svg Coat of arms of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.svg Polish–Lithuanian Union [12] 7,500,000 1.7%
Aztec Triple Alliance.png Aztec Empire [8] 6,000,000 1.4%
Mameluke Flag.svg Mamluk Sultanate[13][14] 4,867,000 1.1%
Flag of Hungary (15th century, rectangular).svgCoat of arms of Croatia 1495.svgUnion of Kingdom of Hungary
and Kingdom of Croatia[15][16]
4,000,000 0.9%
Red flag.svg Đại Việt [14] 3,835,000 0.9%
Flag of Portugal (1495).svg Portuguese Empire[10] 3,000,000 0.7%
Royal Standard of England (1406-1603).svg English Crown 2,750,000 0.6%
Coat of arms of the Vatican City.svg Papal States[3] 2,000,000 0.5%
Bandera de Nápoles - Trastámara.svg Kingdom of Naples[3] 2,000,000 0.5%
Flag of the Kalmar Union.svg Kalmar Union[5] 1,690,000 0.4%
Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice.svg Republic of Venice[3] 1,500,000 0.3%
Flag of Cambodia (pre-1863).svg Cambodia[14] 1,224,000 0.3%
Flag of Florence.svg Republic of Florence[3] 750,000 0.2%
Royal Banner of Scotland.svg Kingdom of Scotland[19] 500,000 0.1%
Malacca Sultanate[2][b] 135,000 0.0%
  World[20] 438,000,000 -

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Only about 1/3 of Ireland was under the English Crown in 1500 (through direct control by the crown, such as The Pale, or through the Anglo-Irish Lords).
  2. ^ Population was estimated to be between 65,000 - 200,000.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edwin Oldfather Reischauer, John King Fairbank, Albert M. Craig (1960) A history of East Asian civilization, Volume 1. East Asia: The Great Tradition, George Allen & Unwin Ltd.
  2. ^ a b "Globalising Migration History: The Eurasian Experience (16th-21st Centuries)". p. 101. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Europe, 1500-1600". Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  4. ^ John Pike. "Holy Roman Empire - 1500 - The German Empire".
  5. ^ a b c "Appendix B Growth of World Population, GDP and GDP Per Capita before 1820 at 'www.ggdc.net/MADDISON/other_books/appendix_B.pdf'". Missing or empty |url= (help)
  6. ^ a b c d e Grigg, D. B. "Population Growth and Agrarian Change: An Historical Perspective". Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  7. ^ http://howtoperu.com/2012/11/29/inca-population-estimates/
  8. ^ a b ""La catastrophe démographique" (The Demographical Catastrophe"), L'Histoire n°322, July–August 2007, p. 17".
  9. ^ Behar, Cem, ed. 1996. Osmanlı Đmparatorluğu'nun ve Türkiye'nin nüfusu, 1500-1927. Ankara: T.C. Basbakanlık Devlet Đstatistik Enstitüsü = State Institute of Statistics Prime Ministry Republic of Turkey.
  10. ^ a b "Castile, Aragon, Granada, and Portugal 1400-1517". Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  11. ^ (a) Jean-Noël Biraben, "The History of the Human Population From the First Beginnings to the Present" in "Demography: Analysis and Synthesis: A Treatise in Population" (Eds: Graziella Caselli, Jacques Vallin, Guillaume J. Wunsch) Vol 3, Chapter 66, pp 5–18, Academic Press, San Diego (2005). (b) Jean-Noël Biraben, "An Essay Concerning Mankind's Evolution", Population, Selected Papers, Vol. 4, pp. 1–13 (1980). (c) Jean-Noël Biraben, "Essai sur l'évolution du nombre des hommes", Population Vol. 34 (no. 1), pp. 13–25 (1979).
  12. ^ a b Norman John Greville Pounds. "An Historical Geography of Europe, 1500-1840". Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  13. ^ Borsch, Stuart J. "The Black Death in Egypt and England: A Comparative Study".
  14. ^ a b c "Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics, Volume 1". Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  15. ^ "Tacitus: Historical Atlas". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  16. ^ Miller, Jaroslav. "Urban Societies in East-Central Europe, 1500–1700". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  17. ^ Connolly, S. J. "Contested Island: Ireland 1460-1630". p. 404.
  18. ^ "Map of Control of Ireland in 1500".
  19. ^ Houston, R.A. & White, I. D. (Cambridge University Press) (1989). "Scottish Society: 1500-1800 at 'www.loc.gov/catdir/samples/cam031'". Missing or empty |url= (help)CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  20. ^ Angus Maddison, 2003, The World Economy: Historical Statistics, Vol. 2, OECD, Paris. (2008, ggdc.net)
  • Kurt Witthauer. Bevölkerung der Erde (1958)
  • Calendario Atlante de Agostini, anno 99 (2003)
  • The Columbia Gazetteer of the World (1998)
  • Britannica Book of the Year: World Data (1997)