List of countries by net migration rate

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This is a list of countries by net migration rate, the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year, per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population).

Method[edit]

An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. The net migration rate does not distinguish between economic migrants, refugees, and other types of migrants nor does it distinguish between lawful migrants and unlawful migrants.[1]

Data[edit]

World Bank (2012)[edit]

Countries and territories[edit]

Country Total population[2] Total net migration
5 year period (2007–2012)[3]
Net migration per
1,000 inhabitants
5 year period (2007–2012)
 Afghanistan 29,726,803 473,007 15.91
 Albania 2,900,247 −91,750 −31.64
 Algeria 37,439,427 −143,268 −3.83
 American Samoa 55,227
 Andorra 77,281 30,000 0.71
 Angola 25,789,024 102,322 4.51
 Antigua and Barbuda 89,069 −56 −0.63
 Argentina 43,847,430 30,000 0.68
 Armenia 2,978,339 −9,876 −3.32
 Aruba (Netherlands) 102,393 1,253 12.24
 Australia 22,728,254 1,023,107 45.01
 Austria 8,429,991 147,089 17.45
 Azerbaijan 9,295,784 −16,125 −1.73
 Bahamas 372,388 9,672 25.97
 Bahrain 1,333,577 29,915 22.43
 Bangladesh 155,257,387 −2,226,481 −14.34
 Barbados 281,580 2,180 7.74
 Belarus 9,464,000 120,535 12.74
 Belgium 11,128,246 269,998 24.26
 Belize 336,707 7,594 22.55
 Benin 10,049,792 −10,000 −1.00
 Bermuda (UK) 64,798
 Bhutan 743,711 10,000 13.45
 Bolivia 10,238,762 −61,794 −6.04
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,828,419 −2,506 −0.65
 Botswana 2,132,822 20,000 9.38
 Brazil 202,401,584 15,924 0.08
 British Virgin Islands 28,511
 Brunei 405,512 2,102 5.18
 Bulgaria 7,305,888 −50,000 −6.84
 Burkina Faso 16,590,813 −125,000 −7.53
 Burundi 10,124,572 40,000 3.95
 Cambodia 14,832,255 −149,999 −10.11
 Cameroon 21,659,488 −60,000 −2.77
 Canada 34,751,476 1,175,863 33.84
 Cape Verde 500,870 −11,052 −22.07
 Cayman Islands (UK) 57,522
 Central African Republic 4,619,500 10,000 2.16
 Chad 12,715,465 100,000 7.86
 Chile 17,388,437 80,820 4.64
 China 1,420,062,022 −1,800,000 −1.33
 Colombia 46,881,018 −144,998 −3.09
 Comoros 733,661 −10,000 −13.63
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 70,291,160 −95,920 −1.36
 Congo, Republic of the 4,286,188 −60,000 −14.00
 Costa Rica 4,654,148 19,658 4.22
 Côte d'Ivoire 21,102,641 50,000 2.37
 Croatia 4,267,558 −20,000 −4.69
 Cuba 11,342,631 −79,999 −7.05
 Curaçao (Netherlands) 152,088 5,710 37.54
 Cyprus 1,129,303 35,000 30.99
 Czech Republic 10,510,785 29,999 2.85
 Denmark 5,591,572 96,839 17.32
 Djibouti 853,069 −15,996 −18.75
 Dominica 71,685 −390 −5.44
 Dominican Republic 10,155,036 −153,010 −15.07
 Ecuador 15,419,493 −38,001 −2.46
 Egypt 85,660,902 −215,681 −2.52
 El Salvador 6,072,233 −240,415 −39.59
 Equatorial Guinea 773,729 20,000 25.85
 Eritrea 4,954,645 -160,001 −32.29
 Estonia 1,322,696 −11,850 −8.96
 Ethiopia 92,191,211 −60,001 −0.65
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 48,393
 Fiji 874,158 −28,720 −32.85
 Finland 5,413,971 107,409 19.84
 France 65,659,790 331,555 5.05
 French Polynesia 273,775 −500 −1.83
 Gabon 1,613,489 5,000 3.10
 Gambia 1,807,108 −13,476 −7.46
 Georgia 3,825,000 −296,323 −77.47
 Germany 80,425,823 1,249,998 15.54
 Ghana 25,544,565 −49,999 −1.96
 Gibraltar (UK) 31,402
 Greece 11,045,011 −136,299 −12.34
 Greenland (Denmark) 56,810
 Grenada 105,476 −4,274 −40.52
 Guam 162,807 0 0.00
 Guatemala 15,368,759 −120,001 −7.81
 Guinea-Bissau 1,714,620 −10,000 −5.83
 Guyana 758,410 −27,278 −35.97
 Haiti 10,288,828 −150,000 −14.58
 Honduras 7,736,131 −80,000 −10.34
 Hong Kong (China) 7,154,600 150,000 20.97
 Hungary 9,920,362 29,999 3.02
 Iceland 320,716 −378 −1.18
 India 1,370,589,639 −2,598,218 −2.06
 Indonesia 248,037,853 −700,000 −2.82
 Iran 76,156,975 −300,001 −3.94
 Iraq 32,957,622 548,666 16.65
 Ireland 4,586,897 −140,001 −30.52
 Isle of Man 85,779
 Israel 7,910,500 19,497 2.46
 Italy 59,539,717 528,269 8.87
 Jamaica 2,707,805 −97,000 −35.82
 Japan 127,561,489 350,000 2.74
 Jordan 6,994,451 229,617 32.83
 Kazakhstan 16,791,425 159,807 9.52
 Kenya 42,542,978 −50,000 −1.18
 Kiribati 106,620 −2,130 −19.98
 Korea, North 24,763,353 −1,486 −0.06
 Korea, South 50,004,441 300,000 6.00
 Kosovo 1,805,200
 Kuwait 3,419,581 517,500 151.33
 Kyrgyzstan 5,607,200 −113,963 −20.32
 Laos 6,473,050 −117,700 −18.18
 Latvia 2,034,319 −73,442 −36.10
 Lebanon 4,924,257 1,250,000 253.85
 Lesotho 2,057,331 −19,998 −9.72
 Liberia 4,190,155 −20,000 −4.77
 Libya 6,283,403 −501,692 −79.84
 Liechtenstein 36,791 165 4.49
 Lithuania 2,987,773 −169,529 −56.74
 Luxembourg 530,946 48,704 91.73
 Macau 557,763 35,000 62.75
 Macedonia 2,069,270 −4,999 −2.42
 Madagascar 22,293,720 −5,000 −0.22
 Malawi 15,700,436 −30,000 −1.91
 Malaysia 29,021,940 450,000 15.51
 Maldives 385,000 −53 −0.14
 Mali 16,112,333 −302,449 −18.77
 Malta 419,455 6,252 14.91
 Marshall Islands 52,663 279 −5.30
 Mauritania 3,777,067 −20,000 −5.30
 Mauritius 1,255,882 0 0.00
 Mexico 122,070,963 −523,585 −4.29
 Micronesia 103,516 −8,192 −79.14
 Moldova 3,559,519 −9,529 −2.68
 Monaco 37,404 116 3.09
 Mongolia 2,808,339 −15,001 −5.34
 Montenegro 620,601 −2,412 −3.89
 Morocco 32,984,190 −310,624 −9.42
 Mozambique 25,732,928 −25,000 −0.97
 Myanmar 52,543,841 −474,278 −9.03
 Namibia 2,291,645 −1,371 −0.60
 Nauru 10,079 −154 −15.29
   Nepal 27,500,515 −372,369 −13.54
 Netherlands 16,754,962 110,006 6.57
 New Caledonia (France) 259,000 5,660 21.85
 New Zealand 4,408,100 90,895 20.62
 Nicaragua 5,877,034 −135,000 −22.97
 Niger 17,635,782 −28,497 −1.62
 Nigeria 168,240,403 −300,000 −1.78
 Northern Mariana Islands (US) 53,314
 Norway 5,018,573 235,665 46.96
 Oman 3,545,192 1,211,000 341.59
 Pakistan 177,392,252 −1,081,918 −6.10
 Palau 20,756 17 0.82
 Panama 3,743,761 28,105 7.51
 Papua New Guinea 11,628,767 −10,000 −0.86
 Paraguay 6,379,162 −86,700 −13.59
 Peru 30,158,768 −240,000 −7.96
 Philippines 96,017,322 −700,000 −7.29
 Poland 38,063,164 −73,809 −1.94
 Portugal 10,514,844 −140,000 −13.31
 Puerto Rico (US) 3,634,487 −103,537 −28.49
 Qatar 2,015,624 363,500 180.34
 Romania 20,058,035 −437,201 −21.80
 Russia 143,201,676 1,117,884 7.81
 Rwanda 10,817,350 −75,001 −6.93
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 53,650 3 0.06
 Saint Lucia 180,890 40 0.22
 Saint Martin (France) 30,959
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109,334 −5,000 −45.73
 Samoa 188,901 −12,690 −67.18
 San Marino 31,172 303 9.73
 São Tomé and Príncipe 178,484 −5,599 −31.37
 Saudi Arabia 29,496,047 850,000 28.82
 Senegal 13,780,108 −99,996 −7.26
 Serbia 7,199,077 −99,999 −13.89
 Seychelles 88,303 −1,551 −17.56
 Sierra Leone 6,043,157 −21,000 −3.48
 Singapore 5,312,437 397,936 74.91
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 34,640
 Slovakia 5,407,579 1,199 0.22
 Slovenia 2,057,159 4,324 2.10
 Solomon Islands 549,162 −11,868 −21.61
 Somalia 10,033,630 −400,000 −39.87
 South Africa 52,356,381 600,000 11.46
 South Sudan 10,980,623 865,000 78.78
 Spain 46,773,055 −593,069 −12.68
 Sri Lanka 20,424,000 −484,772 −23.74
 Sudan 37,712,420 −800,000 −21.21
 Suriname 528,535 −5,000 −9.46
 Swaziland 1,231,694 −6,000 −4.87
 Sweden 9,519,374 272,626 28.64
  Switzerland 7,996,861 382,267 47.80
 Syria 19,978,756 −4,029,996 −201.71
 Tajikistan 7,930,929 −117,382 −14.80
 Tanzania 48,645,709 −199,999 −4.11
 Thailand 67,164,130 100,000 1.49
 Timor-Leste 1,148,958 −50,004 −43.52
 Togo 6,745,581 −9,994 −1.48
 Tonga 104,769 −8,078 −77.10
 Trinidad and Tobago 1,341,579 −5,000 −3.73
 Tunisia 10,777,500 −32,941 −3.06
 Turkey 74,849,187 2,000,003 26.72
 Turkmenistan 5,172,941 −25,001 −4.83
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 32,430
 Tuvalu 9,860 −69 −7.00
 Uganda 35,400,620 −150,000 −4.24
 Ukraine 45,593,300 195,000 4.28
 United Arab Emirates 8,952,542 405,000 45.24
 United Kingdom 63,700,300 900,000 14.13
 United States 314,102,623 5,007,887 15.94
 U.S. Virgin Islands 105,275 −3,604 −34.23
 Uruguay 3,396,753 −30,000 −8.83
 Uzbekistan 29,774,500 −195,001 −6.55
 Vanuatu 247,498 603 2.44
 Venezuela 29,854,238 −69,121 −2.32
 Vietnam 88,809,200 −200,002 −2.25
 West Bank and  Gaza Strip 4,046,901 −43,750 −10.81
 Yemen 24,882,792 −50,000 −2.01
 Zambia 14,786,581 −34,490 −2.33
 Zimbabwe 14,565,482 −219,922 −15.10

Regions[edit]

Region Total population[2] Total net migration[3] Net migration per
1000 inhabitants
Arab World 368,802,611 −1,168,750 −3.17
Central Europe and the Baltics 103,935,318 −770,310 −7.41
Channel Islands 161,336 3,654 22.65
Caribbean small states 6,937,108 −124,122 −17.89
East Asia & Pacific (excluding high income) 1,991,783,241 −3,728,059 −1.87
Early-demographic dividend 2,991,724,468 −12,621,653 −4.22
East Asia & Pacific 2,233,936,812 −1,457,489 −0.65
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) 403,830,537 2,121,162 5.25
Europe & Central Asia 895,050,287 5,547,385 6.20
Euro area 336,161,537 1,575,613 4.69
Fragile and conflict affected situations 452,946,224 −4,018,991 −8.87
 European Union 505,098,575 2,324,066 4.60
High income 1,166,574,800 15,359,563 13.17
Heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) 664,163,813 −2,672,487 −4.02
IBRD only 4,392,620,014 −3,001,551 −0.68
IDA & IBRD total 5,947,367,231 −15,156,043 −2.55
IDA total 1,554,747,217 −12,154,492 −7.82
IDA blend 551,030,216 −2,758,229 −5.01
IDA only 1,003,717,001 −9,396,263 −9.36
Latin America & Caribbean (excluding high income) 585,536,615 −2,159,855 −3.69
Latin America & Caribbean 612,638,376 −2,081,948 −3.40
Least developed countries: UN classification 888,606,627 −4,741,314 −5.34
Low income 588,316,015 −1,115,618 −1.90
Lower middle income 2,801,879,869 −15,784,815 −5.63
Low & middle income 5,922,876,751 −15,350,665 −2.59
Late-demographic dividend 2,208,629,633 1,194,303 0.54
Middle East & North Africa 401,032,763 −213,002 −0.53
Middle income 5,334,560,736 −14,235,047 −2.67
Middle East & North Africa (excluding high income) 343,940,245 −3,615,666 −10.51
North America 348,918,897 6,183,750 17.72
OECD members 1,258,042,183 13,138,424 10.44
Other small states 27,109,032 332,029 12.25
Pre-demographic dividend 779,862,983 −891,831 −1.14
Pacific island small states 2,267,982 −71,075 −31.34
Post-demographic dividend 1,082,692,198 12,324,314 11.38
South Asia 1,675,019,307 −6,280,804 −3.75
Sub-Saharan Africa (excluding high income) 922,766,806 −1,687,443 −1.83
Sub-Saharan Africa 922,855,109 −1,688,994 −1.83
Small states 36,314,122 136,832 3.77
East Asia & Pacific (IDA & IBRD countries) 1,966,974,740 −3,728,059 −1.90
Europe & Central Asia (IDA & IBRD countries) 446,161,259 2,027,353 4.54
Latin America & the Caribbean (IDA & IBRD countries) 596,463,472 −1,913,623 −3.21
Middle East & North Africa (IDA & IBRD countries) 339,893,344 −3,571,916 −10.51
South Asia (IDA & IBRD countries) 1,675,019,307 −6,280,804 −3.75
Sub-Saharan Africa (IDA & IBRD countries) 922,855,109 −1,688,994 −1.83
Upper middle income 2,532,680,867 1,549,768 0.61

The World Factbook by CIA[edit]

2017 estimates.

Rank Country Migrants per
1,000 population[1]
1  British Virgin Islands 16.50
2  Luxembourg 15.50
3  Qatar 14.60
4  Cayman Islands (UK) 13.80
5  Singapore 13.10
6
7  Anguilla (UK) 11.70
8  South Sudan 10.60
9  United Arab Emirates 10.50
10  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 9.50
11  Aruba (Netherlands) 8.70
12  Cyprus 8.70
13  Spain 7.80
14  San Marino 7.50
15  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 6.30
16  Isle of Man (UK) 6.00
17  Norway 5.90
18  Canada 5.70
19  Monaco 5.70
20  Djibouti 5.70
21  Australia 5.50
22  Belgium 5.40
23  Sweden 5.30
24  Liechtenstein 5.00
25  Austria 4.80
26   Switzerland 4.70
27  Ireland 4.00
28  Iceland 4.00
29  United States 3.90
30  New Caledonia (France) 3.90
31  Italy 3.70
32  Macau (China) 3.30
33  Jersey (UK) 3.20
34  Botswana 3.00
35  Finland 2.90
36  Korea, South 2.50
37  United Kingdom 2.50
38  Portugal 2.50
39  Brunei 2.40
40  Greece 2.30
41  Czech Republic 2.30
42  Antigua and Barbuda 2.20
43  Israel 2.20
44  New Zealand 2.20
45  Guernsey (UK) 2.20
46  Denmark 2.10
47  Malta 2.00
48  Libya 1.90
49  Netherlands 1.90
50  Bermuda (UK) 1.80
51  Hong Kong (China) 1.70
52  Russia 1.70
53  Germany 1.50
54  Hungary 1.30
55  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.20
56  France 1.10
57  Seychelles 1.00
58  Taiwan 0.90
59  Palau 0.80
60  Costa Rica 0.80
61  Belarus 0.70
62  Suriname 0.60
63  Kazakhstan 0.40
64  Yemen 0.40
65  Slovenia 0.40
66  Chile 0.30
67  Angola 0.20
68  Rwanda 0.20
69  Slovakia 0.10
70  Andorra 0.00
71  Zambia 0.00
72  Bahamas 0.00
73  Belize 0.00
74  Benin 0.00
75  Bhutan 0.00
76  Burkina Faso 0.00
77  Burundi 0.00
78  Central African Republic 0.00
79  Côte d'Ivoire 0.00
80  Ecuador 0.00
81  Equatorial Guinea 0.00
82  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 0.00
83  Guinea 0.00
84  Guinea-Bissau 0.00
85  India 0.00
86  Japan 0.00
87  Jordan 0.00
88  Korea, North 0.00
89  Madagascar 0.00
90  Malawi 0.00
91  Mauritius 0.00
92  Montserrat 0.00
93  Namibia 0.00
94  Papua New Guinea 0.00
95  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 0.00
96  Serbia 0.00
97  Swaziland 0.00
98  Thailand 0.00
99  Togo 0.00
100  Ukraine 0.00
101  Azerbaijan 0.00
102  Argentina −0.10
103  Cameroon −0.10
104  Brazil −0.10
105  Paraguay −0.10
106  Nigeria −0.20
107  Kenya −0.20
108  Panama −0.20
109  Romania −0.20
110  Congo, Democratic Republic of the −0.20
111  Iran −0.20
112  Ethiopia −0.20
113  Cambodia −0.30
114  Bulgaria −0.30
115  Vietnam −0.30
116  Barbados −0.30
117  Malaysia −0.30
118  Poland −0.40
119  Bosnia and Herzegovina −0.40
120  Oman −0.40
121  China −0.40
122  Macedonia −0.50
123  Egypt −0.50
124  Tanzania −0.50
125  Saudi Arabia −0.50
126  Bolivia −0.50
127  Niger −0.50
128  Cape Verde −0.60
129  Colombia −0.60
130  Uganda −0.70
131  French Polynesia −0.80
132  Mauritania −0.80
133  Mongolia −0.80
134  Afghanistan −0.90
135  Algeria −0.90
136  South Africa −0.90
137  Uruguay −0.90
138  Laos −1.10
139  Indonesia −1.10
140  Tajikistan −1.10
141  Honduras −1.10
142  Iraq −1.20
143  Venezuela −1.21
144  Pakistan −1.30
145  Sri Lanka −1.30
146  Curaçao −1.30
147  Vanuatu −1.40
148  Burma −1.50
149  Senegal −1.50
150  Georgia −1.60
151  Croatia −1.70
152  Tunisia −1.70
153  Solomon Islands −1.70
154  Turkmenistan −1.80
155  Ghana −1.80
156  Mexico −1.80
157  Guatemala −1.90
158  Dominican Republic −1.90
159  Gambia −1.90
160  Mozambique −1.90
161  Gabon −2.00
162  Philippines −2.00
163  Haiti −2.00
164  Sierra Leone −2.10
165  Uzbekistan −2.20
166  Peru −2.20
167    Nepal −2.20
168  Kuwait −2.40
169  Comoros −2.40
170  Saint Lucia −2.50
171  Nicaragua −2.70
172  Kiribati −2.90
173  Grenada −2.90
174  Bangladesh −3.10
175  Estonia −3.20
176  Chad −3.20
177  Morocco −3.20
178  Albania −3.30
179  Gibraltar (UK) −3.30
180  Congo, Republic of the −3.80
181  Mali −3.90
182  Timor-Leste −3.90
183  Sudan −4.10
184  Jamaica −4.30
185  Turkey −4.50
186  West Bank −4.50
187  Marshall Islands −4.70
188  Wallis and Futuna (France) −4.70
189  Guyana −4.80
190  Cuba −4.90
191  Gaza Strip −5.10
192  Kyrgyzstan −5.10
193  Dominica −5.40
194  Liberia −5.70
195  Armenia −5.70
196  Trinidad and Tobago −5.90
197  Greenland (Denmark) −6.00
198  Lithuania −6.10
199  Latvia −6.10
200  Fiji −6.50
201  Somalia −6.50
202  Tuvalu −6.70
203  Lesotho −6.80
204  U.S. Virgin Islands −7.50
205  El Salvador −8.00
206  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) −8.00
207  São Tomé and Príncipe −8.30
208  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines −8.40
209  Zimbabwe −8.50
210  Samoa −9.10
211  Moldova −9.40
212  Guam (US) −11.10
213  Maldives −12.70
214  Nauru −12.80
215  Eritrea −13.90
216  Northern Mariana Islands (US) −15.20
217  Puerto Rico (US) −16.90
218  Tonga −17.80
219  Lebanon −20.30
220  Micronesia, Federated States of −20.90
221  American Samoa −26.70

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "COUNTRY COMPARISON :: NET MIGRATION RATE". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2018-01-31.
  2. ^ a b "Population, total". World Bank Open Data. World Bank. Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  3. ^ a b "Net migration". World Bank Open Data. World Bank. Retrieved 2017-03-11.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.

External links[edit]