List of former communist states and socialist states

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This is a list of former Communist and Socialist states. For a list of Socialist states use the page: List of socialist states

List of former Communist states[edit]

Former multi-party states with governing Communist parties[edit]

There are multi-party states with Communist parties leading the government. Such states are not considered to be Communist states as the countries themselves allow for multiple parties and do not provide a constitutional role for their Communist parties.

Non-Marxist–Leninist[edit]

Former countries with constitutional references to socialism[edit]

Country Full name From Until Duration Constitutional

statement

 Algeria People's Democratic Republic of Algeria 8 September 1969 23 February 1989 26 years, 76 days Preamble: "The democratic and popular Algerian Republic will direct its activities toward the construction of the country in accordance with the principles of socialism"[2]
 Burma Union of Burma 2 March 1962 3 January 1974 11 years, 307 days Chapter XVI General Provisions: "In order to overcome this deterioration and to build Socialism, the Revolutionary Council of the Union of Burma assumed responsibility as a historical mission, adopted the Burmese Way to Socialism and also formed the Burma Socialist Programme Party"[3]
Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma 3 January 1974 18 September 1988 14 years, 259 days
Total 2 March 1962 18 September 1988 26 years, 200 days
 Cape Verde Republic of Cape Verde 5 July 1975 22 September 1992 17 years, 79 days [citation needed]
 Egypt Republic of Egypt 18 June 1953 22 February 1958 4 years, 249 days Preamble: "The Arab Republic of Egypt is a democratic, socialist state based on the alliance of the working forces of the people"[4]
United Arab Republic 22 February 1958 28 September 1961 3 years, 218 days
Arab Republic of Egypt 28 September 1961 26 March 2007 45 years, 179 days
Total 18 June 1953 26 March 2007 53 years, 281 days
 Iraq Iraqi Republic (Ba'athist) 17 July 1968 9 April 2003 34 years, 266 days Chapter 1, Article 1: "Its [the country's] basic objective is the realization of one Arab State and the build-up of the socialist system"[5]
 Libya Libyan Arab Republic 1 September 1969 2 March 1977 7 years, 182 days Section 1, Article 6: "The aim of the state is the realization of socialism through the application of social justice which forbids any form of exploitation"[6]
Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 2 March 1977 15 April 1986 9 years, 44 days
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 15 April 1986 23 October 2011 25 years, 191 days
Total 1 September 1969 23 October 2011 42 years, 52 days
 Madagascar Democratic Republic of Madagascar 30 December 1975 12 September 1992 16 years, 257 days Malagasy constitutional referendum, 1975
 Seychelles Republic of Seychelles 5 June 1977 27 December 1991 14 years, 205 days Preamble: "Seychelles is declared to be a sovereign socialist republic"[7]
 Sudan Democratic Republic of the Sudan 25 May 1969 10 October 1985 16 years, 138 days Preamble: "In the belief of our pursuit of freedom, socialism and democracy to achieve the society of sufficiency, justice and equality"[8]
 Syria Syrian Arab Republic 8 March 1963 27 February 2012 48 years, 356 days Section 1, Article 8: "The leading party in the society and the state is the Socialist Arab Ba'ath Party. It leads a patriotic and progressive front seeking to unify the resources of the people's masses and place them at the service of the Arab nation's goals"[9]

Ephemeral[edit]

These are short-lived political entities that emerged during wars or revolutions (mostly in the aftermath of World War I) and declared themselves "socialist" under some interpretation of the term, but did not survive long enough to create a stable government or achieve international recognition.

Former non-Marxist–Leninist People's Republics[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All references to Marxism-Leninism were removed from the Constitution and replaced by Juche in 1992, but the country remains socialist in nature.
  2. ^ Article Preamble, Section Preamble of the Constitution of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria (28 August 1963)
  3. ^ Article XVI, Section General Provisions of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (2 March 1974)
  4. ^ Article Preamble, Section Preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Egypt (22 July 1957)
  5. ^ Article 1, Section 1 of the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq (21 September 1968)
  6. ^ Article 5, Section 1 of the Constitution of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (11 December 1969)
  7. ^ "The 1979 constitution for Seychelles". Commonwealth Law Bulletin. 5: 1329–1332. doi:10.1080/03050718.1979.9985562.
  8. ^ Article 5, Section 1 of the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Sudan (13 March 1973)
  9. ^ Article 5, Section 1 of the Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic (12 April 1973)
  10. ^ cahoon, ben. "German States since 1918". worldstatesmen.org.