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The Maghrib prayer (Arabic: صلاة المغرب ṣalāt al-maġrib, "sunset prayer") is one of the five mandatory salah (Islamic prayer). As an Islamic day starts at sunset, the Maghrib prayer is technically the first prayer of the day.[better source needed] If counted from midnight, it is the fourth prayer of the day.[better source needed][better source needed]
According to Sunni Muslims, the period for Maghrib prayer starts just after sunset, following Asr prayer, and ends at the beginning of night, the start of the Isha prayer. As for Shia Muslims, since they allow Maghrib and Isha prayers to be performed one after another, the period for Maghrib prayer extends until dawn. Except for the Hanafi school, however, Sunni Muslims are also permitted to combine Maghrib and Isha prayers if they are traveling and incapable of performing the prayers separately. In this case, the period for Maghrib prayer extends from sunset to dawn, as with Shiites.
The formal daily prayers of Islam comprise different numbers of units, called rakat. The Maghrib prayer has three obligatory (fard) rak'at and two recommended sunnah and two non-obligatory nafls. The first two fard rak'ats are prayed aloud by the Imam in congregation (the person who misses the congregation and is offering prayer alone is not bound to speak the first two rak'ats aloud), and the third is prayed silently.
To be considered valid salat, the formal daily prayers must each be performed within their own prescribed time period. People with a legitimate reason have a longer period during which their prayers will be valid.
|Albanian||Namazi i akshamit, Namaz i mbrëmjes|
|Arabic||صلاة المغرب (Ṣalāh al-Maghrib)|
|Bashkir||Аҡшам намаҙы (Akşam namazı)|
|Bengali||মাগরিব (Magrib, Mugrib)|
|Hindustani Urdu||نماز مغرب (Namaz-e-Maghrib)|
मग़रिब नमाज़ (Maghrib namaz)
|Kazakh||Акшам намазы (Aksham namazy)|
|Central Kurdish (Sorani)||نوێژی مەغریب|
|Northern Kurdish (Kurmanji)||Nimêja Êvar, Nimêja Mexreb|
|Pashto||ماښام ،مګبیبی دعا|
|Persian, Dari, Tajik||نماز مغرب (Namaz-e Maghreb), نماز شام (Namaz-e Sham)|
Намози Мағриб (Namozi Maghrib), Намози Шом (Namozi Shom)
|Tatar||Ахшам намазы (Axşam namazı)|
- When the sun has completely set beneath the horizon; immediately after the Asr prayer period ends.
- Most scholarly opinions follow the Hanafi school, that Isha'a begins when complete darkness has arrived and the yellow twilight in the sky has disappeared.
- According to a minority opinion in the Maliki school, the prescribed time for Maghrib prayer ends when the red thread has disappeared from the sky. In another opinion of the Shafi'i school, the disappearance of the red thread marks the end of the Period of Necessity. These times can be approximated by using the sun as a measure. When the sun has descended 12 degrees below the horizon, it is approximately equivalent to the disappearance of the red from the sky. For approximating when complete darkness begins, i.e. the disappearance of the white thread from the sky, some astronomers argue that it occurs when the sun has descended 15 degrees below the horizon while others use the safer number of 18 degrees. Astronomical twilight occurs when the sun is between 12 degrees and 18 degrees below the horizon.
- When the redness of the eastern sky, which persists in the east for some time after sunset, disappears from above one's head when one looks vertically upwards.
- At midnight. The end of its time is after approximately eleven-and-a-quarter hours have passed from the legal noontime. This is for when one is under normal circumstances. However, in the case of one who was asleep, or forgot to perform the prayer or was coerced by extraordinary circumstances or factors beyond his control or in the case of woman whose prayer was delayed due to menstruation, the end of the Maghrib prayer time is Fajr.
Despite the relatively long period in which valid prayers can be recited, it is considered important to recite the prayer as soon as the time begins.
Shia doctrine permits the mid-day and afternoon and evening and night prayers to be prayed in succession, i.e. Zuhr can be followed by Asr once the mid-day prayer has been recited and sufficient time has passed, and Maghrib can be followed by Isha'a once the evening prayer has been recited and sufficient time has passed.
After the Maghrib pray begins, a special meal is eaten to break the fast. This is called Iftar.
- The Islamic date (Hijri date) starts after Maghrib – Permanent Committee, AbdurRahman website, Published 9 September 2009, Retrieved 23 May 2020
- see 'Glossary', Retrieved 12 July 2020
- Significance of Offering The Isha Prayer and Its Benefits, QuranReading website, Published 29 January 2015, Retrieved 14 May 2017
- Ibn Rushd. Bidayat al-Mujtahid wa an-niyahata al Muqtasid. ISBN 1873938136.
- Chart of Prayer Times for anywhere in the world available on IslamicFinder website, Retrieved 14 May 2017
- 'My Prayer Times' on qul.org.au (in 13 languages)