Oommen Chandy

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Oommen Chandy
Oommen Chandy, Chief Minister of Kerala.jpg
Chief Minister of Kerala
In office
May 18, 2011 – May 20, 2016
Governor P. Sathasivam
Nikhil Kumar
Hansraj Bhardwaj
M. O. H. Farook
R. S. Gavai
Preceded by V.S. Achuthanandan
Succeeded by Pinarayi Vijayan
Constituency Puthuppally
In office
August 31, 2004 – May 18, 2006
Governor R. L. Bhatia
Preceded by A. K. Antony
Succeeded by V.S. Achuthanandan
Constituency Puthuppally
Minister of Home Affairs Kerala State
In office
2011–2012
Preceded by Kodiyeri Balakrishnan
Succeeded by Thiruvanchoor Radhakrishnan
In office
2004–2006
Preceded by A. K. Antony
Succeeded by Kodiyeri Balakrishnan
In office
1981–1982
Preceded by T.K. Ramakrishnan
Succeeded by Vayalar Ravi
Minister of Finance Kerala State
In office
1991–1994
Preceded by V. Viswanatha Menon
Succeeded by C.V. Padmarajan
Minister of Labour Kerala State
In office
1977–1978
Preceded by Baby John
Succeeded by M. K. Raghavan
Leader of the Opposition Kerala Legislature
In office
2006–2011
Preceded by V.S. Achuthanandan
Succeeded by V.S. Achuthanandan
Member of the Legislative Assembly for Puthuppally
Assumed office
1970
Personal details
Born (1943-10-31) 31 October 1943 (age 72)
Puthuppally, Travancore, British India
Spouse(s) Mariamma Oommen
Children 1 son and 2 daughters
Residence Puthuppally, Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram
Religion Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church
Website Official website
As of 9 April, 2014
Source: Govt. of Kerala

Oommen Chandy is an Indian politician of the Indian National Congress who was the Chief Minister of Kerala from 2004 to 2006 and again from 2011 to 2016.[1] He was also Leader of the Opposition in the Kerala Legislative Assembly from 2006 to 2011.[2] Oommen Chandy is a Member of the Kerala Legislative Assembly, representing Puthuppally, since 1970.

Early life[edit]

Oommen Chandy was born at Kumarakom, Kottayam district, Kerala in 1943.

Chandy ventured into the political arena as an activist of Kerala Students Union (KSU), the student wing of the party. He was the unit president of KSU at St George High School, Puthupally, and went on to become the State President of the organization. Chandy completed his college education from CMS College, Kottayam, SB College, Changanassery. Later, he took a bachelor's degree in law (LLB) from Government Law College, Ernakulam.

Political life[edit]

Chandy started his political career through the Kerala Students Union (KSU), which he served as president from 1967 to 1969. He was elected as the president of the State Youth Congress in 1970.

He has represented the Puthuppally Constituency for decades, having been elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1970, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1987, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016. During his legislative career he had also served as Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee during 1996–98.

Oomman chandy.jpg
Election victories
Year Closest rival Majority (votes)
1970 E.M.George (CPM) 7,288
1977 P.C.Cherian (BLD) 15,910
1980 M.R.G.Panicker (NDP) 13,659
1982 Thomas Rajan (ICS) 15,983
1987 V.N.Vasavan (CPM) 9,164
1991 V.N.Vasavan (CPM) 13,811
1996 Reji Zacharia (CPM) 10,155
2001 Cherian Philip(CPM Ind.) 12,575
2006 Sindhu Joy (CPM) 19,863
2011 Suja Susan George (CPM) 33,255
2016 Jaik C Thomas (CPM) 27,092

Minister[edit]

Chandy has been sworn in as a minister in Kerala four times. He was the Minister for Labour from 11 April 1977 to 25 April 1977 in the first K. Karunakaran Ministry and continued holding the same portfolio in the succeeding first A.K. Antony Ministry till 27 October 1978. He was in the charge of Home portfolio in the second K. Karunakaran Ministry from 28 December 1981 to 17 March 1982. Again, he was sworn in as a minister in the fourth K.Karunakaran Ministry on 2 July 1991. He was in charge of Finance Portfolio and resigned from the cabinet on 22 June 1994 due to difference with the Chief Minister.

Minister in different ministries[edit]

No. Head of the Ministry Period Portfolio
1 K. Karunakaran 11 April 1977 – 25 April 1977 Labour
2 A. K. Antony 27 April 1977 – 27 October 1978 Labour
3 K. Karunakaran 28 December 1981 – 17 March 1982 Home
4 K. Karunakaran 2 July 1991 – 22 June 1994 Finance
5 Oommen Chandy 31 August 2004 – 18 May 2006 Chief Minister
6 Oommen Chandy 17 May 2011 – 20 May 2016 Chief Minister

Chief Minister, 2004 - 2006[edit]

The results of the parliamentary elections in May 2004 saw the Indian National Congress not winning a single seat in Kerala. The sitting Chief Minister, A.K. Antony, was forced to resign and accept responsibility for the poor results. On 30 August 2004, Oommen was elected the Congress Legislature Party leader at the end of a meeting by AICC observers and clearance by the Congress president, Sonia Gandhi. In what may be seen as a reflection of his work as Chief Minister, the Congress-led alliance was defeated, but managed to retain 40 out of 140 seats in the assembly and boost its vote-share by nearly 10% after the general election rout. He resigned as Chief Minister on 12 May 2006 following the defeat of his party in 2006 Assembly Elections.

Leader of Opposition[edit]

Oommen Chandy was the leader of opposition in the twelfth Kerala Legislative Assembly. Under his leadership UDF marked victories in Lok Sabha Election 2009, gaining 16 out of 20 parliament constituencies in Kerala, and Local Body Election 2010. In the history of Kerala politics it's the first time that the UDF got an upper hand in local body elections.

Leader of Congress Parliamentary Party[edit]

After winning the closely contested 2011 assembly election, Congress legislative party unanimously elected Oommen Chandy as its leader. At the Congress Legislature Party meeting, Chandy's name was proposed by Kerala Pradesh Congress Committee (KPCC) president Ramesh Chennithala and seconded by Aryadan Mohammed. The election process was formally launched after Congress Working Committee (CWC) member Mohsina Kidwai and AICC general secretary Madhusoodan Mistry, who is in charge of Kerala, held a one-to-one meeting in their capacity as observers with the 38 elected MLAs.

Second term as Chief Minister, 2011-2016[edit]

UDF (United Democratic Front) led by Oommen Chandy secured a slender margin in assembly election which held on 13 April 2011. UDF candidates won in 72 seats against 68 seats of LDF (Left Democratic Front). He took the oath on 18 May 2011 with six other ministers of his cabinet. Later thirteen other ministers were also inducted into his cabinet.

He gave up Vigilance Portfolio in early August 2011, after a fresh probe was ordered on the Palm Oil case (which happened when he was Finance Minister in 1992).

Kerala CM Oomen Chandy with Prime Minister Narendra Modi

Though UDF came to power with a wafer thin majority, his 100 days programmes announced propelled the state fast forward. 107 programmes were announced as part of the 100 days programme of the Government. Out of this the government could accomplished a whopping figure of 101 leaving just 6 of the programmes unfinished. This really gave a boost to the governance. The policies adopted by Oommen Chandy supposedly helped to bridge the gap between people and officials, although further evidence is needed.

UNDP appreciated Oommen Chandy, for the range of innovative practices in democratic governance, initiated by the Government of Kerala in strengthening people's access and participation in human development and governance, although later cases of corruption questioned the reality of such policies. They were impressed by the innovative approach to ensure transparency and accountability in Governance, particularly the to web-stream the entire functioning of CM’s office, which was turned off during supposed illegal activities. The Mass Contact Programme, in many ways, is the first of its kind to ensure the right to direct access to leaders and senior civil servants of the government.[3]

Oommen Chandy resigned as Chief Minister on 20 May 2016 following the defeat of UDF in 2016 Assembly Elections.

Awards and honours[edit]

Oommen Chandy's office received the 2013 United Nations Public Service Award[4][5][6] from the Asia-Pacific region, for the category "Preventing and Combating Corruption in the Public Service." The award was presented on 27 June 2013, in Manama, Bahrain, by the UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, Wu Hongbo. The award was based on the theme "Transformative e-Government and Innovation: Creating a Better Future for All."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Oommen Chandy's 70th Birthday Special". 
  2. ^ Krishnan, Anantha. "Kerala assembly elections 2011: UDF wins by narrow margin". The Times Of India. 
  3. ^ "Kerala Chief Minister Oommen Chandy gives up vigilance portfolio after probe order". The Times Of India. 9 August 2011. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Chandy wins UN Award" The Hindu, Thiruvananthapuram, 26 June 2013.
  5. ^ "UN Public Administration Programme" UN Public Administration Programme.
  6. ^ "Chandy Wins UN Award" The Economic Times.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
A. K. Antony
Chief Minister of Kerala
31 August 2004 – 18 May 2006
Succeeded by
V. S. Achuthanandan
Preceded by
V. S. Achuthanandan
Chief Minister of Kerala
18 May 2011 – 20 May 2016
Succeeded by
Pinarayi Vijayan