Oommen Chandy

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Oommen Chandy
Oommen Chandy, Chief Minister of Kerala.jpg
Member of Kerala Legislative Assembly for Puthuppally
Assumed office
25 May 1970
Preceded byE. M. George
Chief Minister of Kerala
In office
18 May 2011 – 20 May 2016
Preceded byV.S. Achuthanandan
Succeeded byPinarayi Vijayan
ConstituencyPuthuppally
In office
31 August 2004 – 12 May 2006
Preceded byA. K. Antony
Succeeded byV. S. Achuthanandan
ConstituencyPuthuppally
Minister of Home Affairs, Kerala
In office
18 May 2011 – 13 April 2012
Chief Ministerhimself
Preceded byKodiyeri Balakrishnan
Succeeded byThiruvanchoor Radhakrishnan
In office
31 August 2004 – 12 May 2006
Chief Ministerhimself
Preceded byA. K. Antony
Succeeded byKodiyeri Balakrishnan
In office
28 December 1981 – 17 March 1982
Chief MinisterK. Karunakaran
Preceded byT.K. Ramakrishnan
Succeeded byVayalar Ravi
Minister of Finance, Kerala
In office
10 November 2015 – 20 May 2016
Chief Ministerhimself
Preceded byK.M. Mani
Succeeded byT.M. Thomas Isaac
In office
2 July 1991 – 22 June 1994
Chief MinisterK. Karunakaran
Preceded byV. Viswanatha Menon
Succeeded byC.V. Padmarajan
Leader of the Opposition of the Kerala Legislative Assembly
In office
18 May 2006 – 14 May 2011
Governor
Preceded byV.S. Achuthanandan
Succeeded byV.S. Achuthanandan
General Secretary Indian National Congress
Assumed office
06 June 2018
Personal details
Born (1943-10-31) 31 October 1943 (age 75)
Puthuppally, Travancore, British India
Spouse(s)Mariamma Oommen
ChildrenChandy Oommen, Maria Oommen and Achu Oommen
ResidencePuthuppally, Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram
Websitewww.oommenchandy.net
As of 9 April, 2014
Source: [1]

Oommen Chandy is an Indian statesman and senior leader of the Indian National Congress party. He served as the Chief Minister of Kerala for two terms, from 2004 to 2006 and again from 2011 to 2016.[1] He was also Leader of the Opposition in the Kerala Legislative Assembly from 2006 to 2011.[2] He has represented Puthuppally as MLA in the State Assembly since 1970. On 6 June 2018 Congress President Rahul Gandhi appointed him as General Secretary of All India Congress Committee in charge of the crucial state of Andhra Pradesh. He is now the Congress Working Committee member .

Early life[edit]

Oommen Chandy was born at Kumarakom, Kottayam district, Kerala in 1943.

Chandy ventured into the political arena as an activist of Kerala Students Union (KSU), the student wing of the party. He was the unit president of KSU at St George High School, Puthupally, and went on to become the State President of the organization. Chandy completed his college education from CMS College, Kottayam, St. Berchmans College, Changanassery. Later, he took a bachelor's degree in law (LL.B) from Government Law College, Ernakulam.

Political life[edit]

Chandy started his political career through the Kerala Students Union (KSU), which he served as president from 1967 to 1969. He was elected as the president of the State Youth Congress in 1970.

He has represented the Puthuppally Constituency for decades, having been elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1970, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1987, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016. During his legislative career he had also served as Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee during 1996–98.

Oomman chandy.jpg
Election victories
Year Closest rival Majority (votes)
1970 E.M.George (CPM) 7,288
1977 P.C.Cherian (BLD) 15,910
1980 M.R.G.Panicker (NDP) 13,659
1982 Thomas Rajan (ICS) 15,983
1987 V.N.Vasavan (CPM) 9,164
1991 V.N.Vasavan (CPM) 13,811
1996 Reji Zacharia (CPM) 10,155
2001 Cherian Philip(CPM Ind.) 12,575
2006 Sindhu Joy (CPM) 19,863
2011 Suja Susan George (CPM) 33,255
2016 Jaik C Thomas (CPM) 27,092

Minister[edit]

Chandy has been a minister in the Government of Kerala on four occasions. He was the Minister for Labour from 11 April 1977 to 25 April 1977 in the first K. Karunakaran Ministry and continued holding the same portfolio in the succeeding first A.K. Antony Ministry till 27 October 1978. He was in the charge of Home portfolio in the second K. Karunakaran Ministry from 28 December 1981 to 17 March 1982. Again, he was sworn in as a minister in the fourth K.Karunakaran Ministry on 2 July 1991. He was in charge of Finance Portfolio and resigned from the cabinet on 22 June 1994 due to difference with the Chief Minister.[citation needed]

Minister in different ministries[edit]

No. Head of the Ministry Period Portfolio
1 K. Karunakaran 11 April 1977 – 25 April 1977 Labour
2 A. K. Antony 27 April 1977 – 27 October 1978 Labour
3 K. Karunakaran 28 December 1981 – 17 March 1982 Home
4 K. Karunakaran 2 July 1991 – 22 June 1994 Finance
5 Oommen Chandy 31 August 2004 – 18 May 2006 Chief Minister
6 Oommen Chandy 17 May 2011 – 20 May 2016 Chief Minister

Chief Minister, 2004 - 2006[edit]

The results of the parliamentary elections in May 2004 saw the Indian National Congress not winning a single seat in Kerala. The sitting Chief Minister, A.K. Antony, was forced to resign and accept responsibility for the poor results. On 30 August 2004, Chandy was elected the Congress Legislature Party leader at the end of a meeting by AICC observers and clearance by the Congress president, Sonia Gandhi. In what may be seen as a reflection of his work as Chief Minister, the Congress-led alliance was defeated, but managed to retain 40 out of 140 seats in the assembly and boost its vote-share by nearly 10% after the general election rout. He resigned as Chief Minister on 12 May 2006 following the defeat of his party in 2006 Assembly Elections.

Leader of Opposition[edit]

Oommen Chandy was the leader of opposition in the twelfth Kerala Legislative Assembly. Under his leadership UDF marked victories in Lok Sabha Election 2009, gaining 16 out of 20 parliament constituencies in Kerala, and Local Body Election 2010. In the history of Kerala politics it's the first time that the UDF got an upper hand in local body elections.

Leader of Congress Parliamentary Party[edit]

After winning the closely contested 2011 assembly election, Congress legislative party unanimously elected Oommen Chandy as its leader. At the Congress Legislature Party meeting, Chandy's name was proposed by, Ramesh Chennithala and seconded by Aryadan Mohammed. The election process was formally launched after Congress Working Committee (CWC) member Mohsina Kidwai and AICC general secretary Madhusudan Mistry, who is in charge of Kerala, held a one-to-one meeting in their capacity as observers with the 38 elected MLAs.

Second term as Chief Minister, 2011-2016[edit]

Kerala CM Oommen Chandy with Prime Minister Narendra Modi

UDF (United Democratic Front) led by Oommen Chandy secured a slender margin in assembly election which held on 13 April 2011. UDF candidates won in 72 seats against 68 seats of LDF (Left Democratic Front). He took the oath on 18 May 2011 with six other ministers of his cabinet. Later thirteen other ministers were also inducted into his cabinet.[citation needed]

He gave up Vigilance Portfolio in early August 2011, after a fresh probe was ordered on the Palmolein oil case, which happened when he was Finance Minister in 1992.[3]

Solar scam[edit]

In June 2013, Chandy's personal assistant was arrested for an alleged involvement in the 2013 Kerala solar panel scam.[4]. Opposition parties subsequently demanded Chandy's resignation until the United Democratic Front (UDF) government ordered a judicial inquiry into the scandal.[5].

Awards and honours[edit]

Oommen Chandy received the 2013 United Nations Public Service Award[6][7][8] from the Asia-Pacific region, for the category "Preventing and Combating Corruption in the Public Service." The award was presented on 27 June 2013, in Manama, Bahrain, by the UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, Wu Hongbo. The award was based on the theme "Transformative e-Government and Innovation: Creating a Better Future for All."

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Oommen Chandy's 70th Birthday Special".
  2. ^ Krishnan, Anantha. "Kerala assembly elections 2011: UDF wins by narrow margin". The Times Of India.
  3. ^ "Chandy gives up Vigilance portfolio", "The Hindu", August 09, 2011
  4. ^ "Solar panel scam: Tenny Joppan remanded to judicial custody", "The Hindu", June 29, 2013
  5. ^ "LDF calls off Secretariat siege ", "The Hindu", August 13, 2013
  6. ^ "Chandy wins UN Award" The Hindu, Thiruvananthapuram, 26 June 2013.
  7. ^ "UN Public Administration Programme" UN Public Administration Programme.
  8. ^ "Chandy Wins UN Award" The Economic Times.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
A. K. Antony
Chief Minister of Kerala
31 August 2004 – 18 May 2006
Succeeded by
V. S. Achuthanandan
Preceded by
V. S. Achuthanandan
Chief Minister of Kerala
18 May 2011 – 20 May 2016
Succeeded by
Pinarayi Vijayan