Kasaragod district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kasaragod District
കാസർഗോഡ് ജില്ല
District
India Kerala Kasaragod district.svg
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 12°30′N 75°00′E / 12.5°N 75°E / 12.5; 75Coordinates: 12°30′N 75°00′E / 12.5°N 75°E / 12.5; 75
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kasaragod
Region Malabar region, Tulu Nadu Region
Area
 • District 1,992 km2 (769 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • District 1,307,375
 • Density 660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,642,892
Languages
 • Official Malayalam
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 671 xxx
Telephone code 0499
ISO 3166 code IN-KL
Vehicle registration KL-14 KL-60
Website kasargod.nic.in

Kasaragod District (Malayalam: കാസർഗോഡ് ജില്ല) is one of the 14 districts in the state of Kerala, India. Kasaragod became part of Kannur district following the reorganisation of states and formation of Kerala in November 1, 1956.[1] Kasaragod was declared as a district on 24 May 1984.

Overview[edit]

To its south lies Kannur District, to the South east is Kodagu district(Coorg) and to the north Dakshina Kannada district. All along its east it is walled by the Western Ghats while along the west the Laccadive Sea borders it.

The district, covering an area of around 1992 km2, has a population (2011 census) of 1,307,375 and has four taluks, namely, Kasaragod and Hosdurg (Kanhangad), Vellarikundu and Manjeshwaram Taluk. Major towns in Kasaragod district are Nileshwar, Kanhangad, Kasaragod, Uppala, Kumbla, cheruvathur and Trikaripur. It has three municipalities (Nileshwar Kasaragod, and Kanhangad and thirty-eight grama panchayats.[2]

History[edit]

Main article: History of Kasaragod
Chandragiri bridge which connects Kasaragod town to Chemnad Panchayath.

Kasaragod was known to the Arabs by the name Harkwillia.[3] Many Arab travelers who visited Kerala between the 9th and the 14th centuries visited Kasaragod, which was an important trade centre then. Duarte Borbosa, the Portuguese traveler who visited Kumbla, near Kasaragod in 1514, recorded rice being exported for coir to Maldives.[3]

Kasaragod was part of the kumbala Kingdom in which there were 64 Tulu and Malayalam villages.[3] When the Vijayanagara empire attacked Kasaragod, it was still under the Kolathiri Raja who had Nileshwaram as one of his capitals. During the decline of the Vijayanagara empire, the administration of this area was vested with Ikkeri Nayakas.[3] At the onset of collapse of the Vijayanagara empire, Venkappa Nayaka declared independence to Ikkery. Kumbla, Chandragiri and Bekal are considered to be the chain of forts constructed or renovated by Shivappa Nayaka.[3]

Francis Buccanan, the family doctor of Arthur Wellesley, visited Kasargod in 1800.[3] In his travelogue, he recorded information on places like Athiraparambu, Kavvai, Nileshwaram, Bekal, Chandragiri and Manjeshwaram.[3] In 1763, Hyder Ali conquered Bedanoor (Bidnur), the capital of the Ikkery Naiks. His son Tippu Sultan conquered much of Malabar. As per the Sreerangapattanam Treaty of 1792, Tippu surrendered Malabar, except Tulunadu (Canara) to the British. The British got Tulunadu only after the death of Tippu Sultan.[3] it is said that Kinavoor Molom (Sree Dharma Shashtha Temple)is belonging to Karinthalam (one among 64 Brahmin Villages in old Kerala)

Geography[edit]

The district is the northernmost district of the State of Kerala. Kasaragod is located at 12°30′N 75°00′E / 12.5°N 75.0°E / 12.5; 75.0.[4] It has an average elevation of 19  metres (62  feet).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kasaragod
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33.1
(91.6)
33.3
(91.9)
33.9
(93)
34.3
(93.7)
33.4
(92.1)
29.8
(85.6)
28.7
(83.7)
28.8
(83.8)
30.1
(86.2)
31.2
(88.2)
32.7
(90.9)
33.1
(91.6)
31.87
(89.36)
Average low °C (°F) 21.1
(70)
21.9
(71.4)
23.7
(74.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.9
(76.8)
23.5
(74.3)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23.2
(73.8)
23.2
(73.8)
22.7
(72.9)
21.3
(70.3)
23.03
(73.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.8
(0.031)
0
(0)
17.3
(0.681)
32.7
(1.287)
182.9
(7.201)
1,010.5
(39.783)
1,002.8
(39.48)
663.6
(26.126)
246.5
(9.705)
222.6
(8.764)
69
(2.72)
12.4
(0.488)
3,461.1
(136.266)
Source: Meo Weather

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Kasaragod District
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
56.8%
Muslims
  
37.2%
Christian
  
6.7%
Others
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Source: 2011 Census.
Kasaragod District Map

According to the 2011 census Kasaragod district has a population of 1,307,375,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Mauritius[6] or the US state of New Hampshire.[7] This gives it a ranking of 375th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 654 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,690/sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 8.18%.[5] Kasaragod has a sex ratio of 1079 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 89.85%.[5]

Health[edit]

Kasaragod district is the worst HIV infected area in Kerala. 970 HIV cases were registered in Kasaragod district. Ten HIV deaths were reported from Kasaragod district within a short period of two months in 2016. There is no special facility or docotors for HIV patients in this area. HIV affected areas in Kasaragod include Dharmathadka, Nileshwaram, Manjeshwar, Bhandiyod, Vellarikundu, Kasaragod town and Padannakkad.[8]

Languages[edit]

Kasargod district is one of the rare districts in India which houses as many as 7 different languages (excluding dialects and tribal languages), with each spoken by a substantial number of people.[9]

The Malayalam spoken here has influences from Kannada and Tulu. Like wise, the Tulu and Kannada spoken here, are also influenced by Malayalam.[10][11][better source needed]

Administration[edit]

Parliament Constituency[edit]

  • Kasaragod

Assembly Constituencies[edit]

  1. Manjeswar
  2. Kasaragod
  3. Udma
  4. Kanhangad (SC)
  5. Trikkarpur

Notable People[edit]

The following list gives the names of people from Kasaragod District who have a page on them in the Wikipedia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kasaragod - After District Formation". Kasaragod District. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  2. ^ There are 38 Grama Panchayats in Kasaragod District (kasaragod.nic.in).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Kasaragod History". Government of Kerala. Archived from the original on September 25, 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kasaragod
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Mauritius 1,303,717 July 2011 est. 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 1, 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. New Hampshire 1,316,470 
  8. ^ http://english.mathrubhumi.com/health/health-news/10-hiv-deaths-reported-in-kasargod-dist-within-2-months-english-news-1.1315218
  9. ^ Kumar Suresh Singh (1998). India's communities. 6. Anthropological Survey of India. p. 1549. 
  10. ^ A Sreedhara Menon (1 January 2007). A Survey Of Kerala History. DC Books. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-81-264-1578-6. 
  11. ^ "Introduction to Kasaragod district". 

External links[edit]