40S ribosomal protein S19

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Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
AliasesRPS19, DBA, DBA1, S19, Ribosomal protein S19, eS19
External IDsMGI: 1333780 HomoloGene: 37416 GeneCards: RPS19
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 19 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 19 (human)[1]
Chromosome 19 (human)
Genomic location for RPS19
Genomic location for RPS19
Band19q13.2Start41,859,918 bp[1]
End41,872,926 bp[1]
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)


Location (UCSC)Chr 19: 41.86 – 41.87 MbChr 7: 24.88 – 24.89 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

40S ribosomal protein S19 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RPS19 gene.[5][6]


Ribosomes, the organelles that catalyze protein synthesis, consist of a small 40S subunit and a large 60S subunit. Together these subunits are composed of 4 RNA species and approximately 80 structurally distinct proteins. This gene encodes a ribosomal protein that is a component of the 40S subunit. The protein belongs to the S19E family of ribosomal proteins. It is located in the cytoplasm. As is typical for genes encoding ribosomal proteins, there are multiple processed pseudogenes of this gene dispersed through the genome.[6]

Clinical significance[edit]

Mutations in this gene cause Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA), a constitutional erythroblastopenia characterized by absent or decreased erythroid precursors, in a subset of patients. This suggests a possible extra-ribosomal function for this gene in erythropoietic differentiation and proliferation, in addition to its ribosomal function. Higher expression levels of this gene in some primary colon carcinomas compared to matched normal colon tissues has been observed.[6]


Ribosomal protein S19 has been shown to interact with basic fibroblast growth factor.[7] RPS19 is also secreted extracellularly and its extracellular oligomers (crosslinked by the transglutaminase Coagulation factor XIII) is also known to bind and probably inhibit Macrophage migration inhibitory factor; though S19 oligomers themselves share MCIP's function as another very strong macrophage chemoattractant and bind to anaphylotoxin C5 receptor[8]


  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000105372 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000040952 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:".
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:".
  5. ^ Kenmochi N, Kawaguchi T, Rozen S, Davis E, Goodman N, Hudson TJ, Tanaka T, Page DC (August 1998). "A map of 75 human ribosomal protein genes". Genome Res. 8 (5): 509–23. doi:10.1101/gr.8.5.509. PMID 9582194.
  6. ^ a b c "Entrez Gene: RPS19 ribosomal protein S19".
  7. ^ Soulet F, Al Saati T, Roga S, Amalric F, Bouche G (November 2001). "Fibroblast growth factor-2 interacts with free ribosomal protein S19". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 289 (2): 591–6. doi:10.1006/bbrc.2001.5960. PMID 11716516.
  8. ^ Molecular Basis of Cell and Developmental Biology: Ana-Maria Filip, Jörg Klug, Sevil Cayli, Suada Fröhlich, Tamara Henke, Philipp Lacher, Regina Eickhoff, Patrick Bulau, Monika Linder, Christine Carlsson-Skwirut, Lin Leng, Richard Bucala, Sandra Kraemer, Jürgen Bernhagen, and Andreas Meinhardt. Ribosomal Protein S19 Interacts with Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor and Attenuates Its Pro-inflammatory Function J. Biol. Chem. 2009 284: 7977-7985. First Published on January 20, 2009, doi:10.1074/jbc.M808620200

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]