Youjiang Zhuang

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Youjiang Zhuang
Geographic distribution of Youjiang Zhuang
Native toChina
Native speakers
870,000 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3zyj

Youjiang Zhuang, named after the Youjiang River in Guangxi, China, is a Northern Tai or Zhuang Language spoken in Tiandong County, Tianyang County, parts of the Youjiang District in Baise, Guangxi.

History and classification[edit]

Native speakers refer to the language as Gangjdoj, which means "the local language".

André-Georges Haudricourt in 1956 included the language of Tianzhou, the county seat of Tiangyang under Dioi, his name for Northern Zhuang.[3]

Based on data from the 1950s Guangxi Zhuang language survey, Tiandong, Tianyang and a suburb of Baise City were grouped together. This grouping was sometimes called Tianyangnese (Chinese:田阳音系). In the 1999 A Study of Zhuang Dialects this group was referred to as the Youjiang language (Chinese:右江土语),[4] and in 2007 Youjiang Zhuang was added as a separate language to Ethnologue.[1]


Youjiang Zhuang has 10 tones, and can be considered as having 20 initials and 83 finals, though some speakers pronounce the initials /ʔb/ and /ʔd/ as /m/ and /n/ respectively.[5]

Writing System[edit]

Youjiang Zhuang has two main writing systems characters and romanization.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Youjiang Zhuang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Youjiang Zhuang". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Haudricourt, André-Georges (1956). "De la restitution des initiales dans les langues monosyllabiques : le problème du thai commun". Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris (52): 307–322.
  4. ^ Zhang Junru (张均如). Zhuàngyǔ Fāngyán Yánjiù (壮语方言研究) [A Study of Zhuang dialects]. p. 30. ISBN 7-5409-2293-1.
  5. ^ Zhang Junru (张均如). Zhuàngyǔ Fāngyán Yánjiù (壮语方言研究) [A Study of Zhuang dialects]. pp. 62–65. ISBN 7-5409-2293-1.