History and classification
Native speakers refer to the language as Gangjdoj, which means the local language.
Based in data from the 1950's Guangxi Zhuang lanuage survey, Tiandong, Tianyang and a suburub of Baise City, were grouped together. This grouping was sometimes called Tianyangnese (Chinese:田阳音系). In the 1999 A Study of Zhuang Dialects this group was referred to as the Youjiang language (Chinese:右江土语), and in 2007 Youjiang Zhuang was added as a separate language to ethnologue.
Youjiang Zhuang has 10 tones, and can be considered as having 20 initials and 83 finals, though some speakers pronounce the initials /ʔb/ and /ʔd/ as /m/ and /n/ respectively.
Youjiang Zhuang has two main writing systems characters and romanization.
- Youjiang Zhuang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Youjiang Zhuang". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Haudricourt, André-Georges. 1956. De la restitution des initiales dans les langues monosyllabiques : le problème du thai commun. Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris 52. 307–322.
- Zhāng Jūnrú's (张均如) Zhuàngyǔ Fāngyán Yánjiù (壮语方言研究) A Study of Zhuang dialects ISBN 7-5409-2293-1 pages 30
- Zhāng Jūnrú's (张均如) Zhuàngyǔ Fāngyán Yánjiù (壮语方言研究) A Study of Zhuang dialects ISBN 7-5409-2293-1 pages 62-65
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