Al-Ghazzawiyya

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al-Ghazzawiyya
al-Ghazzawiyya is located in Mandatory Palestine
al-Ghazzawiyya
al-Ghazzawiyya
Arabic الغزاويه
Also spelled al-Ghazawiya, Arab al Ghazawiya tribe (Morris)
Subdistrict Baysan
Coordinates 32°30′07.5″N 35°32′29.5″E / 32.502083°N 35.541528°E / 32.502083; 35.541528Coordinates: 32°30′07.5″N 35°32′29.5″E / 32.502083°N 35.541528°E / 32.502083; 35.541528
Population 1,640 (1945)
Area 18,408 dunams

18.4 km²

Date of depopulation May 20, 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities Neve Eitan, Ma'oz Haim

Al-Ghazzawiyya (Arabic: الغزاويه‎) was a former Palestinian village located 2 kilometers east of the city of Bet Shean (Bisan). In 1945, the population was 1,640, 1,020 Arab and 620 Jewish.[2]

History[edit]

Several archeological sites in the area testify to a long history of human occupancy. The village was surrounded by the archeological sites of Tall-al Barta to the north, Tall al-Husn to the west, and Tall al-Maliha to the southwest. Excavations of Tall al-Husn showed an occupational history extending from the third millennium BC to the eighth century CE, when the site was occupied by an Arab village.[3]

In modern times, the village spread over a wide area of the Baysan valley. The villagers were members of the al-Ghazzawiyya Beduin tribe, who constituted the bulk of the valley's population together with members of the al-Bashatiwa and the al-Suqur.[2]

In 1944/45 a total of 13 dunums of village land was used for citrus and bananas, 5,185 dunums were used for cereals, and 34 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[4][5]

1948, and aftermath[edit]

It was captured by Israel's Golani Brigade on May 20, 1948 during Operation Gideon, an Israeli offensive during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The Arab population was forced to flee to nearby Syria or the present-day West Bank.[6]

The Jewish localities of Maoz Haim and Neve Eitan are built on the lands of the former village, though a large percentage of it is used as agricultural land, in particular the wheat crop. According to Walid Khalidi, the village contained an archaeological site, Tell al-Ru'yan which was transformed into waste dump.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #134. Gives depopulation cause as (?) (C)
  2. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 48
  3. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p.48–49
  4. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 49
  5. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.84
  6. ^ a b Al-Ghazzawiyya: Town Statistics and Facts

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]