Qaddita

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Qaddita
Qaddita is located in Mandatory Palestine
Qaddita
Qaddita
Arabic قدّيتا
Also spelled Kaditta
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 33°00′20.12″N 35°28′01.32″E / 33.0055889°N 35.4670333°E / 33.0055889; 35.4670333Coordinates: 33°00′20.12″N 35°28′01.32″E / 33.0055889°N 35.4670333°E / 33.0055889; 35.4670333
Population 240[1] (1945)
Area 2,441 dunams

20.0 km²

Date of depopulation May 11, 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities None

Qaddita (Arabic: قدّيتا‎, transliteration: Qaddîtâ) was a Palestinian Arab village of 240, located 4.5 kilometers (2.8 mi) northwest of Safad. It was captured and depopulated in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, with some of its inhabitants fleeing to nearby Akbara where they live as internally displaced Palestinians and others to refugee camps in Lebanon or Syria.

History[edit]

It is possible that the name "Qaddita" is an Arabic corruption of the Aramaic word kaddish.[3]

Qaddita was under the Ottoman Empire in 1517, and by 1596 it was administrated by the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Jira, part of Sanjak Safad. It paid taxes on wheat, barley, vineyards, beehives, and goats.[4] In the late 19th century, it was a small densely populated village consisting of ten houses built of stone and mud. The slope on which it was located was covered by gardens and fig trees.[5]

The village was reported to be totally destroyed in the devastating Galilee earthquake of 1837.[6]

Under the rule of the British Mandate in Palestine in the first half of the 20th century, Qaddita expanded north and south, its houses clustered together, and built of stone. Its economy was based on animal husbandry and crop cultivation, mainly grains, figs, pomegranates, and grapes as well as olives which by 1943 covered 77 dunams.[3]

1948, and after[edit]

Like many other Arab villages in the eastern Galilee, Qaddita was evacuated a day after Safad fell to the Israelis during Operation Yiftach on May 10. Some villagers were evicted to the village of Akbara, south of Safad, where they, according to Walid Khalidi, lived under harrowing circumstances. No Jewish towns were built on village lands.[3] Khalidi describes the remains of the village being "tombs from the cemetery and stone rubble from the destroyed homes."[7]

Demographics[edit]

Qaddita had a population of 149 inhabitants in 1596,[4] rising by only a third two centuries later in the late 19th century to roughly 200. In the British census of 1931 the population decreased, and there were 170 people living in the village.[3] According to Sami Hadawi's land and population survey, Qaddita had 240 inhabitants in 1945.[1] All the residents were Muslims.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hadawi, 1970, p.71.
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvi, village #46. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  3. ^ a b c d e Khalidi, 1992, p.485.
  4. ^ a b Hütteroth and Abdulfattah p.175, quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.485.
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener: SWP I, 1881, p.198. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 485
  6. ^ "The earthquake of 1 January 1837 in Southern Lebanon and Northern Israel" by N. N. Ambraseys, in Annali di Geofisica, Aug. 1997, p.933,
  7. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p.486.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]