Qaddita

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Qaddita
Qaddita is located in Mandatory Palestine
Qaddita
Qaddita
Arabic قدّيتا
Name meaning from personal name[1]
Also spelled Kaditta
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 33°00′20.12″N 35°28′01.32″E / 33.0055889°N 35.4670333°E / 33.0055889; 35.4670333Coordinates: 33°00′20.12″N 35°28′01.32″E / 33.0055889°N 35.4670333°E / 33.0055889; 35.4670333
Palestine grid 194/267
Population 240[2] (1945)
Area 2,441 dunams
20.0 km²
Date of depopulation May 11, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities None

Qaddita (Arabic: قدّيتا‎, transliteration: Qaddîtâ) was a Palestinian Arab village of 240, located 4.5 kilometers (2.8 mi) northwest of Safad. It was captured and depopulated in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, with some of its inhabitants fleeing to nearby Akbara where they live as internally displaced Palestinians and others to refugee camps in Lebanon or Syria.

History[edit]

It is possible that the name "Qaddita" is an Arabic corruption of the Aramaic word kaddish.[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

Qaddita was under the Ottoman Empire in 1517, and by 1596 it was administrated by the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Jira, part of Sanjak Safad. It paid taxes on wheat, barley, vineyards, beehives, and goats.[5][6] Qaddita had a population of 149 inhabitants in 1596.[5]

The village appeared under the name of Kadis on the map that Pierre Jacotin compiled during Napoleon's invasion of 1799.[7]

The village was reported to be totally destroyed in the devastating Galilee earthquake of 1837.[8]

In the late 19th century, it was a small densely populated village consisting of ten houses built of stone and mud. The slope on which it was located was covered by gardens and fig trees. The population was roughly 200.[9]

British Mandate era[edit]

Under the rule of the British Mandate in Palestine, Qaddita expanded north and south, its houses were clustered together, and built of stone.[4] In the 1922 census of Palestine, Qaddita had a population of 110; all Muslims,[10] increasing in the 1931 census to 170, still all Muslims, in a total of 32 houses.[11]

Its economy was based on animal husbandry and crop cultivation, mainly grains, figs, pomegranates, and grapes as well as olives which by 1943 covered 77 dunams.[4] In 1945 the population was 240, and the total land area was 2,441 dunums;[2] Of this, 150 dunums was plantations and irrigable land, 1,452 cereals,[12] while 31 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[13]

1948, and after[edit]

Like many other Arab villages in the eastern Galilee, Qaddita was evacuated a day after Safad fell to the Israelis during Operation Yiftach on May 10. Some villagers were evicted to the village of Akbara, south of Safad, where they, according to Walid Khalidi, lived under harrowing circumstances. No Jewish towns were built on village lands.[4] Khalidi describes the remains of the village being "tombs from the cemetery and stone rubble from the destroyed homes."[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 76
  2. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 71
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvi, village #46. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  4. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p.485.
  5. ^ a b Hütteroth and Abdulfattah p.175, quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.485.
  6. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  7. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 165
  8. ^ "The earthquake of 1 January 1837 in Southern Lebanon and Northern Israel" by N. N. Ambraseys, in Annali di Geofisica, Aug. 1997, p.933
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p, 198. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 485
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Safad, p. 41
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 109
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 120
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 170
  14. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p.486.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]