Jubb Yusuf

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Jubb Yusuf
The pit and cupola.JPG
The pit and cupola, Jubb Yusuf, 2007
Jubb Yusuf is located in Mandatory Palestine
Jubb Yusuf
Jubb Yusuf
Arabic جُب يوسف
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 32°55′09.19″N 35°32′12.63″E / 32.9192194°N 35.5368417°E / 32.9192194; 35.5368417Coordinates: 32°55′09.19″N 35°32′12.63″E / 32.9192194°N 35.5368417°E / 32.9192194; 35.5368417
Population 170[1] (1945)
Area 11,325[1] dunams

11.3 km²

Date of depopulation
Cause(s) of depopulation

Jubb Yusuf (Arabic: جُب يوسف‎), also called 'Arab al-Suyyad, was a Palestinian village depopulated in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.

Situated in rocky terrain northwest of Lake Tiberias, the village was associated with a nearby well, Jubb Yussef (Joseph's Well), which was the site of a khan or caravan stopping place for centuries.

History[edit]

Under the Ottoman Empire, in 1596, Jubb Yusuf was officially a nahiya ("subdistrict") of Jira, part of Sanjak Safad, with a population of seventy-two. It paid taxes on crops such as wheat, barley, and fruit, and on goats and beehives.[2][3]

In the early 18th century the scholar and Sufi Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi mentioned the khan, the domed well which still exists, and a nearby mosque. The Swiss traveller Johann Ludwig Burckhardt observed during his visit around 1816 that the khan was falling into ruin.[4] The mosque was dismantled around the beginning of the 19th century and the stones used to build a sheep fence closed to the khan. The village by that time appears to have had few inhabitants, possibly because the well was no longer usable after the Galilee earthquake of 1837,[5] leaving only one small, seasonal source of water nearby. An 1877 survey of the Galilee carried out by the Palestine Exploration Fund stated:[6]

… Our next camp was at Khan Jubb Yusuf, where we arrived on the 4th of April. The Khan is a large building falling into ruins on the main road to Damascus. There was no village near, the country being occupied by Bedawin of the Semakiyeh and Zenghariyeh tribes.

At the time of the 1931 census, Jubb Yusuf had 17 occupied houses and a population of 93 Muslims.[7]

In 1946, when Kibbutz Ami'ad was established a few hundred meters north of the khan, the village was still inhabited by Bedouin families. According to an original member of the kibbutz, the pond still provided water part of the year, "and the Bedouins, whose tents were spread across the valley of Jubb Yussef, used it to water their flocks."[8]

However, other described the village of Jubb Yusuf as small, with closely packed houses made of mud, basalt stones, and limestone. There were a large number of springs in the vicinity, and that had attracted the Bedouin of the ‘Arab al-Suyyad tribe. They had settled the village, worked the land, and made up the majority of its (all Muslim) population. Their main crops were grain, vegetables, fruits, and olives. In 1944/45 they planted 2,477 dunums in cereals.[3][9][10]

Due to the nomadic nature of the villagers the area under their jurisdiction was vast; 11,325 dunums.[1][3][10]

1948 War and aftermath[edit]

Already in a report of 22 April 1948, Yigal Allon had recommended "an attempt to clear out the beduin encamped between the Jordan and Jubb Yusuf and the Sea of Galilee". On 4 May, Allon launched the Operation Broom (Operation Matateh).[11] According to Khalidi, the residents of the village were probably expelled at that date.[10]

Jubb Yusuf is mentioned as a location by the Arab Army of Liberation (ALA) commander Fawzi al-Qawuqji in his account of the war of 1948,[12] and by Palmach commander Yigal Allon. In his report to the Haganah General Staff on 22 April, according to Israeli historian Benny Morris, Yigal Allon recommended “an attempt to clear out the beduins encamped between the Jordan [River], and Jubb Yusuf and the Sea of Galilee.”

The Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi described the remains of the village in 1992: "All that remains of the village are the thorn-covered khan and domed tomb of Shaykh 'Abdallah. Fig and carob trees grow on the site. The village land is cultivated by the settlement of 'Ammi'ad. Near the site are structures belonging to the water project that diverts water from the Jordan for use in Israel, including the water pumping station at al- Tabigha (6 km to the south), which draws water from Lake Tiberias".[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hawadi, 1970, p.70
  2. ^ Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 175. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 460
  3. ^ a b c Dr. Khalil Rizk, "Villages of Palestine" Jubb Yusuf
  4. ^ Burckhardt, 1822, p.318
  5. ^ earthquake of 1837
  6. ^ Quarterly Statement for 1877, Palestine Exploration Fund, London, p. 124
  7. ^ E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. p. 111. 
  8. ^ Gabriel Kohner, The Ruins at Jubb Yussef, 2006, (English transl. Anat Efron)
  9. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.119
  10. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p. 460
  11. ^ Allon to Galili and Yadin, 22 April 1948, KMA\PA 170-44. Cited in Morris 2004, p. 249, 302
  12. ^ Fauzi Al Qawuqji, Memoirs 1948, Part 1, Journal of Palestine Studies1(4) pp. 32-33

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]