Bayt Naqquba

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Bayt Naqquba
Bayt Naqquba is located in Mandatory Palestine
Bayt Naqquba
Bayt Naqquba
Arabic بيت نقّوبة
Also spelled Beit Nakuba
Subdistrict Jerusalem
Coordinates 31°48′15.96″N 35°07′24.66″E / 31.8044333°N 35.1235167°E / 31.8044333; 35.1235167Coordinates: 31°48′15.96″N 35°07′24.66″E / 31.8044333°N 35.1235167°E / 31.8044333; 35.1235167
Population 278 (1948[1])
Area 2,979 dunams

2.9 km²

Date of depopulation early April 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Beit Nekofa[3]

Bayt Naqquba (Arabic: بيت نقّوبة‎, also known as Bait Naqquba) was a Palestinian village in British Mandate Palestine, located 9.5 kilometers west of Jerusalem, near Abu Ghosh. Before Palmach and Haganah troops occupied the village during Operation Nachshon on April 11, 1948 approximately 300 Palestinian Arabs lived there.[4] After the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, a moshav named Beit Nekofa was founded close to the site by Jewish immigrants from Yugoslavia. In 1962, residents of Bayt Naqubba built a new village named Ein Naqquba, south of Beit Nekofa.[4]

History[edit]

In the late nineteenth century, Bayt Naqquba was a village built on a slope with a spring to the south.[5] Its residents were Muslims. They planted olive trees and vineyards, which grew mainly west of the village and on the valley floors, and irrigated their crops with water drawn from the village springs. Olive trees covered 194 dunum of land. In 1944/45 a total of 515 dunums was allocated to cereals; 303 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards, including 194 dunums planted with olive trees.[6]

1948, and after[edit]

Like the people of Abu Ghosh, the inhabitants of Bayt Naqquba were known for their friendly relations with their Jewish neighbors in Kibbutz Kiryat Anavim.[7] Benny Morris writes: "It is possible that the inhabitants of Beit Naqquba had received both an order to evacuate from Arab military commanders in Ein Karim and "strong advice" to the same effect from Lisser and Navon. But it is likely that the "advice" given in the name of the Harel Brigade, which physically controlled the area, was more potent of the two factors in precipitating the evacuation."[8] The village was taken around the 11 April 1948 during Operation Nachshon.[9]

Between 1948 and 1964 the inhabitants of Bayt Naqquba lived at Sataf, "under trees, because the Arabs had not allowed them to come over their lines, out of distrust and revenge".[10] Afterwards they were allowed to stay temporarily in Abu Ghosh. In 1962, they established a new village, Ein Naqquba on some of their land south of the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv highway.

The village today[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xx, village #357. Also gives the cause for depopulation
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xxi, settlement #80. 1949
  4. ^ a b Welcome to Bayt Naqquba, Palestine Remembered, retrieved 2007-12-04 
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, III:16. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.277
  6. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p.277, 278
  7. ^ Benny Morris (1994): "1948 and After." ISBN 0-19-827929-9. (Chapter 8, p. 257-289: The Case of Abu Ghosh and Beit Naqquba, Al Fureidis and Jisr Zarka in 1948 -or Why Four Villages Remained)
  8. ^ Benny Morris (1994): "1948 and after; Israel and the Palestinians." ISBN 0-19-827929-9. (Chapter 8, p. 257-289: The Case of Abu Ghosh and Beit Naqquba, Al Fureidis and Jisr Zarka in 1948 -or Why Four Villages Remained)
  9. ^ Khalidi, Walid (Ed.) (1992) All That Remains. The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. IoPS, Washington. ISBN 0-88728-224-5. p.278.
  10. ^ Morris, 1994, p. 264
  11. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 278

Bibliography[edit]

See also[edit]