Qadas

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For other uses, see Qadesh (disambiguation).
Qadas
Qadas is located in Mandatory Palestine
Qadas
Qadas
Arabic قدس
Also spelled Kades, Kadas, Cadasa
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 33°06′43.36″N 35°31′38.83″E / 33.1120444°N 35.5274528°E / 33.1120444; 35.5274528Coordinates: 33°06′43.36″N 35°31′38.83″E / 33.1120444°N 35.5274528°E / 33.1120444; 35.5274528
Population 390[1] (1945)
Area 14,139[1] dunams
Date of depopulation 28 May 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities Yiftah, Malkia, Ramot Naftali

Qadas (also Cadasa;[3] Arabic: قدس‎) was a Palestinian village located 17 kilometers northeast of Safad that was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.[4][5] One of seven Shia Muslim villages, called Metawalis, that fell within the boundaries of British Mandate Palestine, Qadas lay adjacent to al-Nabi Yusha', near the tel of the Biblical city of Kedesh Naftali.[5] The village of Qadas contained many natural springs which served as the village water supply and a Roman temple dating back to the 2nd century AD.[4]

History[edit]

Cadasa is mentioned in the Bible as being a Tyrian city that was sacked by the Jews in their revolt against the Roman empire.[3] Under Israelite rule, it was known as Kadesh Naphthali.[6]

Under the rule of the Islamic Abbasid Caliphate in the 10th century CE, Qadas was a town in Jund al-Urrdun ("District of Jordan").[7] According to al-Muqaddasi in 985,

Qadas was a small town on the slope of the mountain. It is "full of good things". Jabal Amilah is the district which is in its neighborhood. The town possesses three springs from which the people drink, and they have a bath below the city. The mosque is in the market, and in its court is a palm tree. The climate of this place is very hot. Near Qadas is the (Hulah) Lake.[8]

In 1517, Qadas was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire after it was captured from the Mamluks, and by 1596, it was under the administration of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Tibnin, under Sanjak Safad. It paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives, cotton, orchards, beehives, and goats, as well as a press that processed either grapes or olives.[9] In the late 19th century, Qadas was described as a stone-built village, situated on a spur of a ridge. The population, which was estimated to be between 100 and 300, cultivated fig and olive trees.[10]

Qadas was a part of the French-controlled Lebanon until 1923, when the British Mandate of Palestine's borders were delineated to include it. Despite that this village was placed on the Israeli side of the Blue Line by the United Nations in the year 2000, the Lebanese government, contrary to international law, still demands the return of this village.[11][12]

Rainfall and the abundance of springs allowed the village to develop a prosperous agricultural economy based on grain, fruit, and olives.[13] In 1944/ 45 the village had a total of 5,709 dunums of land allotted to cereals, while 156 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[13][14]

1948 war[edit]

Qadas was occupied by Israeli forces during Operation Yiftach on 28 May 1948. Defended by the Arab Liberation Army and the Lebanese army, its inhabitants fled under the influence of the fall of, or exodus from, neighbouring towns.[15]

Qadas 1946

Qadas today[edit]

The settlement of Yiftach was built in 1948 to the northeast of the village site on lands belonging to Qadas. The village land is also used by the settlements of Malkiyya, founded in 1949, and Ramot Naftali, established in 1945.[16]

Walid Khalidi described the remaining structures of the former village in 1992 as follows:

"Stones from the destroyed houses are strewn over the fenced-in site, and a few partially destroyed walls near the spring are visible. The flat portions of the surrounding lands are planted with apple trees; the spring provides drinking water for cattle.[16]

Hassan Nasrallah, the secretary-general of Hezbollah, has publicly recalled on occasion the fate of Qadas and the other Metawali villages in his references to the 1948 annexation of several Lebanese villages, the expulsion of their residents, the expropriation of their property and the destruction of their homes.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hadawi, 1970, p.71
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xvi, village #24. Also gives cause of depopulation
  3. ^ a b "Cities of Ancient Israel: Cadasa". Bible History Online. Retrieved 2007-12-07. 
  4. ^ a b "Welcome to Qadas". Palestine Remembered. Retrieved 2007-12-03. 
  5. ^ a b c Danny Rubinstein (06/08/2006). "The Seven Lost Villages". Haaretz. Retrieved 2007-12-03. 
  6. ^ Al-Ya'qubi quoted in le Strange, 1890, p.467.
  7. ^ Al-Ya'qubi quoted in le Strange, 1890, p.39.
  8. ^ Muqaddasi quoted in le Strange, 1890, p.468.
  9. ^ Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 181. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 484
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener: SWP I, 1881, p.202. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 484
  11. ^ "Lebanon to restore seven villages annexed by the French mandate to Palestine". Arabicnews.com. December 23, 1999. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  12. ^ "A Lebanese border town removed by Israel to be rebuilt by its citizens". Arabicnews.com. May 25, 2001. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  13. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p.484.
  14. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.120
  15. ^ Morris, 2004, p.251, 303, 361, 402. Khalidi, 1992, p. 484, 485
  16. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p.485.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]