Rocky Hill, New Jersey

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Rocky Hill, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Rocky Hill
Map of Rocky Hill in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Rocky Hill in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Rocky Hill, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Rocky Hill, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°24′01″N 74°38′20″W / 40.400348°N 74.638922°W / 40.400348; -74.638922Coordinates: 40°24′01″N 74°38′20″W / 40.400348°N 74.638922°W / 40.400348; -74.638922[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Somerset
Incorporated December 18, 1889
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Edward Zimmerman (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Clerk Rebecca P. Newman[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 0.622 sq mi (1.612 km2)
 • Land 0.619 sq mi (1.604 km2)
 • Water 0.003 sq mi (0.008 km2)  0.52%
Area rank 537th of 566 in state
21st of 21 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 108 ft (33 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 682
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 686
 • Rank 548th of 566 in state
20th of 21 in county[11]
 • Density 1,101.4/sq mi (425.3/km2)
 • Density rank 370th of 566 in state
11th of 21 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08553[12][13]
Area code(s) 609 Exchanges: 252, 279, 430, 921, 924[14]
FIPS code 3403564320[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885376[1][17]
Website www.rockyhill-nj.gov

Rocky Hill is a borough in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States, named for the Rocky Hill Ridge. It was earlier known as the Devil's Featherbed because it was difficult to travel the rocky terrain by horse and wagon.[18] As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 682,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 20 (+3.0%) from the 662 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 31 (-4.5%) from the 693 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Rocky Hill was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on December 18, 1889, from portions of Montgomery Township, based on the results of a referendum held four days earlier.[20]

Geography[edit]

Rocky Hill is located at 40°24′01″N 74°38′20″W / 40.400348°N 74.638922°W / 40.400348; -74.638922 (40.400348,-74.638922). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.622 square miles (1.612 km2), of which, 0.619 square miles (1.604 km2) of it was land and 0.003 square miles (0.008 km2) of it (0.52%) of it was water.[1][2]

The borough borders Montgomery and Franklin Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 354
1910 502 41.8%
1920 305 −39.2%
1930 512 67.9%
1940 404 −21.1%
1950 537 32.9%
1960 528 −1.7%
1970 917 73.7%
1980 717 −21.8%
1990 693 −3.3%
2000 662 −4.5%
2010 682 3.0%
Est. 2013 686 [10][21] 0.6%
Population sources: 1900-1920[22]
1900-1910[23] 1910-1930[24]
1930-1990[25] 2000[26][27] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 682 people, 280 households, and 189 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,101.4 per square mile (425.3/km2). There were 292 housing units at an average density of 471.6 per square mile (182.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.64% (625) White, 1.47% (10) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 2.35% (16) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.47% (10) from other races, and 3.08% (21) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.84% (33) of the population.[7]

There were 280 households, of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.95.[7]

In the borough, 23.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 32.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.9 years. For every 100 females there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $88,929 (with a margin of error of +/- $14,448) and the median family income was $102,917 (+/- $21,668). Males had a median income of $88,333 (+/- $16,491) versus $57,083 (+/- $7,607) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $47,582 (+/- $7,276). About 0.0% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[28]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 662 people, 284 households, and 189 families residing in the borough. The population density was 982.0 people per square mile (381.5/km2). There were 295 housing units at an average density of 437.6 per square mile (170.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.17% White, 1.36% African American, 0.45% Asian, 0.60% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.93% of the population.[26][27]

There were 284 households out of which 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.82.[26][27]

In the borough the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.[26][27]

The median income for a household in the borough was $79,469, and the median income for a family was $100,314. Males had a median income of $54,375 versus $50,357 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $48,357. About 2.5% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.[26][27]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Rocky Hill is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Rocky Hill, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[29][30]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Rocky Hill is Edward P. Zimmerman (I, term ends December 31, 2014). Members of the Borough Council are Jeff Donahue (I, 2015), Thomas Bremner (I, 2016), Council President Connie Hallman (I, 2015), Julia M. Hasser (R, 2014), Philip Kartsonis (I, 2016) and Mark H. Pausch (I, 2014).[31][32][33][34]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Rocky Hill is located in the 7th Congressional District[35] and is part of New Jersey's 16th state legislative district.[8][36][37]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[38] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[39][40] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[41][42]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 16th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher Bateman (R, Somerville) and in the General Assembly by Jack Ciattarelli (R, Hillsborough Township) and Donna Simon (R, Readington Township). [43][44] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[45] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[46]

Somerset County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members.[47] As of 2014, Somerset County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Patrick Scaglione (R, Bridgewater Township, 2015),[48] Freeholder Deputy Director Mark Caliguire (R, Skillman in Montgomery Township, 2015),[49] Peter S. Palmer (R, Bernardsville, term ends December 31, 2014),[50] Patricia L. Walsh (R, Green Brook Township, 2016)[51] and Robert Zaborowski (R, Somerset in Franklin Township, 2014),[52][53] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Brett A. Radi (R, Somerville, 2017),[54] Sheriff Frank J. Provenzano (R, Raritan, 2016)[55][56] and Surrogate Frank Bruno (R, Branchburg, 2015).[57]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 527 registered voters in Rocky Hill, of which 183 (34.7% vs. 26.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 190 (36.1% vs. 25.7%) were registered as Republicans and 151 (28.7% vs. 48.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[58] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 77.3% (vs. 60.4% in Somerset County) were registered to vote, including 100.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 80.4% countywide).[58][59]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 258 votes here (61.0% vs. 52.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 154 votes (36.4% vs. 46.1%) and other candidates with 8 votes (1.9% vs. 1.1%), among the 423 ballots cast by the borough's 511 registered voters, for a turnout of 82.8% (vs. 78.7% in Somerset County).[60] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 241 votes here (56.3% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 181 votes (42.3% vs. 51.5%) and other candidates with 6 votes (1.4% vs. 0.9%), among the 428 ballots cast by the borough's 501 registered voters, for a turnout of 85.4% (vs. 81.7% in the whole county).[61]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 153 votes here (50.2% vs. 55.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 122 votes (40.0% vs. 34.1%), Independent Chris Daggett with 23 votes (7.5% vs. 8.7%) and other candidates with 2 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 305 ballots cast by the borough's 522 registered voters, yielding a 58.4% turnout (vs. 52.5% in the county).[62]

Education[edit]

Rocky Hill is a non-operating school district. All public school students from the Rocky Hill School District attend school in the Montgomery Township School District, in Montgomery Township as part of a sending/receiving relationship.[63][64] Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[65]) are Orchard Hill Elementary School (grades K-2; 932 students), Village Elementary School (3-4; 757), Montgomery Lower Middle School (5-6; 810), Montgomery Upper Middle School (7-8; 895) and Montgomery High School (9-12; 1,688).

Rocky Hill is home to the Rocky Hill Cooperative Nursery School, which was established in 1957.[66]

Transportation[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 4.38 miles (7.05 km) of roadways, of which 2.88 miles (4.63 km) were maintained by the municipality and 1.50 miles (2.41 km) by Somerset County.[67]

The major road that passes through is County Route 518, which provides access to U.S. Route 206 to the west and Route 27 to the east.

The nearest limited access roads are at least 25 minutes away, such as Interstate 287, Interstate 295 and the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95).

Princeton Airport, serving the neighboring town of Princeton, is located in Montgomery Township, just west of Rocky Hill.

Emergency services[edit]

Police coverage is provided by the New Jersey State Police, from the Kingwood Station in Hunterdon County. Part-time coverage is provided by the South Bound Brook Police for traffic enforcement only.[68]

Fire protection is offered by the Rocky Hill Hook & Ladder Co #1/Station 53 Fire.[69]

Emergency Medical Services: Rocky Hill First Aid and Rescue Squad (53 Rescue) - temporarily decommissioned as of 3/17/2011 by Resolution 2011-33,.[70] An aggressive recruitment and training program under new operational and executive leadership led to Rocky Hill First and Rescue Squad returning to full primary EMS coverage on October 15, 2012 covering all shifts on a scramble basis and offering mutual aid to Franklin, Kingston, and Princeton Squads. Squad Website: WWW.53Rescue.org.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Rocky Hill include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Municipal Office, Borough of Rocky Hill. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 77.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Rocky Hill, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Rocky Hill borough, Somerset County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 8. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Rocky Hill borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Rocky Hill, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Rocky Hill, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 29, 2012.
  17. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ Rocky Hill Heritage Day
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  20. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 225. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  21. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  22. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 18, 2013.
  23. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  24. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  25. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  26. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Rocky Hill borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  27. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Rocky Hill borough, Somerset County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  28. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Rocky Hill borough, Somerset County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  29. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
  30. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 6. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed December 1, 2014.
  31. ^ Borough Council - 2013, Borough of Rocky Hill. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  32. ^ SOMERSET COUNTY General Election November 2, 2010 - WINNERS LIST, Somerset County, New Jersey County Clerk's Office. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  33. ^ WINNERS LIST; Somerset County - General Election November 8, 2011, Somerset County, New Jersey County Clerk's Office. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  34. ^ WINNERS LIST; Somerset County - General Election November 6, 2012, Somerset County, New Jersey County Clerk's Office. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  35. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 64, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  39. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  40. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  41. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  42. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  43. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 30, 2014.
  44. ^ District 16 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 30, 2014.
  45. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  46. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  47. ^ Somerset County Government: At Your Service, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed August 5, 2014.
  48. ^ Patrick Scaglione, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed August 5, 2014. A term-end year of 2012 is listed as of date accessed.
  49. ^ Mark Caliguire, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed August 5, 2014.
  50. ^ Peter S. Palmer, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed August 5, 2014.
  51. ^ Patricia Walsh, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed August 5, 2014.
  52. ^ The Role of County Government 'What Is A Freeholder?', Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed August 5, 2014.
  53. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed August 5, 2014.
  54. ^ Biography: Somerset County Clerk Brett A. Radi, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed August 5, 2014.
  55. ^ Sheriff Frank J. Provenzano, Somerset County Sheriff's Office. Accessed August 5, 2014.
  56. ^ Sheriff, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed August 5, 2014.
  57. ^ Somerset County Surrogate, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed August 5, 2014.
  58. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Somerset, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed February 13, 2013.
  59. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 13, 2013.
  60. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Somerset County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed February 13, 2013.
  61. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Somerset County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed February 13, 2013.
  62. ^ 2009 Governor: Somerset County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed February 13, 2013.
  63. ^ Community Profile, Montgomery Township School District. Accessed February 28, 2008. "Rocky Hill, which was the first village in the Township, is now a separately incorporated borough, whose children attend Montgomery Township schools."
  64. ^ Somerset County School Districts-Sending/Receiving/Regional, Somerset County, New Jersey Superintendent of Schools. Accessed February 13, 2013. "MONTGOMERY / K-12 / Receives K-12 from Rocky Hill"
  65. ^ School Data for the Montgomery Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  66. ^ Home page, Welcome to Rocky Hill Cooperative Nursery School. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  67. ^ Somerset County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  68. ^ Resident Fact Sheet, Borough of Rocky Hill. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  69. ^ Rocky Hill Hook & Ladder Co. No. 1 , Borough of Rocky Hill. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  70. ^ Rocky Hill Borough Council Minutes March 21, 2011
  71. ^ John Macpherson Berrien, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed December 13, 2007.

External links[edit]