Helmetta, New Jersey

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Helmetta, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Helmetta
Helmetta highlighted in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Helmetta highlighted in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Helmetta, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Helmetta, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°22′41″N 74°25′23″W / 40.378025°N 74.423066°W / 40.378025; -74.423066Coordinates: 40°22′41″N 74°25′23″W / 40.378025°N 74.423066°W / 40.378025; -74.423066[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Middlesex
Incorporated March 20, 1888
Named for George Washington Helme
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Nancy Martin (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Clerk Sandra Bohinski[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 0.907 sq mi (2.349 km2)
 • Land 0.850 sq mi (2.201 km2)
 • Water 0.057 sq mi (0.148 km2)  6.32%
Area rank 514th of 566 in state
24th of 25 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 59 ft (18 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 2,178
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 2,207
 • Rank 480th of 566 in state
25th of 25 in county[11]
 • Density 2,562.9/sq mi (989.5/km2)
 • Density rank 241st of 566 in state
19th of 25 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08828[12][13]
Area code(s) 732 exchanges: 521, 605, 656[14]
FIPS code 3402330840[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 885250[1][17]
Website www.helmettaboro.com

Helmetta is a borough in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,178,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 353 (+19.3%) from the 1,825 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 614 (+50.7%) from the 1,211 counted in the 1990 Census.[18] The community was founded by George Washington Helme in the 1880s.

Helmetta was formed as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 20, 1888, when it was created from portions of East Brunswick Township, based on the results of a referendum held on March 10, 1888. Helmetta's boundary with East Brunswick Township was changed as of March 24, 1897.[19]

Geography[edit]

Helmetta is located at 40°22′41″N 74°25′23″W / 40.378025°N 74.423066°W / 40.378025; -74.423066 (40.378025,-74.423066). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.907 square miles (2.349 km2), of which, 0.850 square miles (2.201 km2) of it was land and 0.057 square miles (0.148 km2) of it (6.32%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 447
1910 661 47.9%
1920 687 3.9%
1930 801 16.6%
1940 667 −16.7%
1950 580 −13.0%
1960 779 34.3%
1970 955 22.6%
1980 955 0.0%
1990 1,211 26.8%
2000 1,825 50.7%
2010 2,178 19.3%
Est. 2013 2,207 [10] 1.3%
Population sources: 1900-1920[20]
1900-1910[21] 1910-1930[22]
1930-1990[23] 2000[24][25] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,178 people, 891 households, and 596.1 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,562.9 per square mile (989.5/km2). There were 920 housing units at an average density of 1,082.6 per square mile (418.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 88.61% (1,930) White, 3.95% (86) Black or African American, 0.09% (2) Native American, 4.87% (106) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.15% (25) from other races, and 1.33% (29) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.53% (164) of the population.[7]

There were 891 households, of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.[7]

In the borough, 20.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 30.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.3 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $80,690 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,944) and the median family income was $96,875 (+/- $8,073). Males had a median income of $63,625 (+/- $7,838) versus $48,333 (+/- $6,040) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,941 (+/- $2,537). About 3.4% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.[26]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 1,825 people, 746 households, and 495 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,153.6 people per square mile (829.0/km2). There were 769 housing units at an average density of 907.5 per square mile (349.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.15% White, 2.41% African American, 0.22% Native American, 2.41% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.32% of the population.[24][25]

There were 746 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.01.[24][25]

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 44.1% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.[24][25]

The median income for a household in the borough was $60,125, and the median income for a family was $64,659. Males had a median income of $47,604 versus $33,929 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,668. About 3.2% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.[24][25]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Helmetta is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Helmetta, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[27][28]

As of 2014, the Mayor of Helmetta Borough is Independent Nancy Martin, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[29] Members of the Helmetta Borough Council are Council President Vincent Asciolla (I, 2015), Yvette K. Bruno (R, 2016), Denise Estrada (I, 2016), Robert Janeczek (I, 2015), Christopher Slavicek (I, 2014) and Wendy Vidal (I, 2014).[30][31][32][33]

In 2014 a recording of a police officer telling a cameraperson stating that he has the constitutional right to take video that he doesn't "give a damn" about constitutional rights was made public. In response, the city government proposed an ordinance banning video and photography inside public buildings without a permit.[34]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Helmetta is located in the 12th Congressional District[35] and is part of New Jersey's 18th state legislative district.[8][36][37]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[38] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[39][40] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[41][42]

For the 2014-15 Session, the 18th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Peter J. Barnes III (D, Edison) and in the General Assembly by Patrick J. Diegnan (D, South Plainfield) and Nancy Pinkin (D, East Brunswick).[43][44] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[45] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[46]

Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2014, Middlesex County's Freeholders (with committee chairmanship, party affiliation, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Ronald G. Rios (Ex-officio on all committees - D, term ends December 31, 2015; Carteret),[47] Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (County Administration - D, 2014; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township),[48] Kenneth Armwood (Business Development and Education - D, 2016; Piscataway),[49] Charles Kenny (Finance - D, 2016; Woodbridge Township),[50] H. James Polos (Public Safety and Health - D, 2015; Highland Park),[51] Charles E. Tomaro (Infrastructure Management - D, 2014; Edison)[52] and Blanquita B. Valenti (Community Services - D, 2016; New Brunswick).[53][54][55][56][57] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D; Old Bridge Township),[58] Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016; Piscataway)[59] and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).[54][60]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,399 registered voters in Helmetta, of which 403 (28.8%) were registered as Democrats, 264 (18.9%) were registered as Republicans and 731 (52.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[61]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 52.1% of the vote here (557 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 44.9% (480 votes) and other candidates with 2.0% (21 votes), among the 1,069 ballots cast by the borough's 1,438 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.3%.[62] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 56.2% of the vote here (587 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 42.3% (442 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (8 votes), among the 1,044 ballots cast by the borough's 1,382 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 75.5.[63]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 67.5% of the vote here (476 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 25.4% (179 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.4% (31 votes) and other candidates with 2.0% (14 votes), among the 705 ballots cast by the borough's 1,402 registered voters, yielding a 50.3% turnout.[64]

Education[edit]

All public school students from Helmetta attend the Spotswood Public Schools, after a July 2009 decision by the New Jersey Department of Education that merged Helmetta into the Spotswood district.[65] Also served by the district are students from Milltown who attend Spotswood High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Milltown Public Schools.[66][67][68]

The Spotswood Public Schools serve students in prekindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 1,780 students and 146.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.13:1.[69] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[70]) are G. Austin Schoenly Elementary School[71] for Pre-K to 1st grade (261 students) E. Raymond Appleby Elementary School[72] for grades 2-5 (430), Spotswood Memorial Middle School[73] for grades 6-8 (365) and Spotswood High School[74] for grades 9-12 (724).[75][76]

Transportation[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 8.79 miles (14.15 km) of roadways, of which 7.28 miles (11.72 km) were maintained by the municipality and 1.51 miles (2.43 km) by Middlesex County.[77]

The major thoroughfare in the borough is Main Street which connects with Monroe to the southwest and Spotswood to the northeast. Main Street is largely known as Bordentown-Amboy Turnpike between Jamesburg and South Amboy.

The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) is accessible in neighboring Monroe Township at Exit 8A.

An analysis of speeding tickets issued over an 18-month period between 2011 and 2013 showed that 222 tickets were issued in that timeframe with only two given to borough residents, which was cited as supporting claims that the borough's police department is unfairly targeting non-residents.[78]

G. W. Helme Snuff Mill District[edit]

G. W. Helme Snuff Mill District
HelmettaSnuffMill.jpg
The Helmetta Snuff Mill in Spring 2012
Helmetta, New Jersey is located in Middlesex County, New Jersey
Helmetta, New Jersey
Location Main Street
Helmetta, New Jersey
Coordinates 40°22′39″N 74°25′31″W / 40.37750°N 74.42528°W / 40.37750; -74.42528
NRHP Reference # 79001511[79]
NJRHP # 1842[80]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP August 15, 1980
Designated NJRHP February 1, 1980

Helmetta's main landmark is the large, abandoned Helme Products Inc. plant that sits adjacent to the Camden and Amboy Railroad line running through town (map showing Helmetta on a Camden and Amboy Railroad route). The mill began producing snuff in the 1880s. On February 23, 1900, the mill was bought by the American-Sniff Company in a merger with Helme Products Inc., but the merger was dissolved in 1911. In 1925, the mill became the largest of its kind in the world, and by 1934 it employed 400 people. In 1986, the mill was bought out by American Maize-Products. Finally, in 1993, it was purchased by Swisher International, and operations were moved to Wheeling, West Virginia.[81] It has remained inactive since.

The G. W. Helme Snuff Mill District is a classic example of a late 1800s mill town. The district consists of the George Washington Helme snuff mill, housing for employees, accessory buildings, St. George Episcopal Church, Holy Trinity Roman Catholic Church, and Helmetta Pond, which at one time served as a source of power for the mill. About 115 buildings were originally in the district, which was named to the New Jersey Register of Historic Places on February 1, 1980, and to the National Register of Historic Places listings in Middlesex County, New Jersey on August 15, 1980.[82]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Helmetta include:

  • Joseph Sinagra (born 1946) held a seat on the Helmetta Planning Board, was Emergency Management Coordinator, served on several committees as a Helmetta Councilman from 1989–99, also serving as Council President for seven years. He also served as Chairman of the Helmetta Republican Party, is the current Vice-Chair, was the 2005 Republican nominee for Middlesex County Clerk, was a Republican candidate in 2006 for U.S. Congress in New Jersey's 12th congressional district and the 18th district's candidate in 2007 and 2009 for New Jersey's General Assembly.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Contact Directory, Borough of Helmetta. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 84.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Helmetta, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Helmetta borough, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 8. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Helmetta, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
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  33. ^ McEvoy, James. "Stahl, incumbents sweep East Brunswick election", Sentinel, November 15, 2012. Accessed August 13, 2014. "In Helmetta, independent incumbents Vincent Asciolla and Robert Janeczek ran uncontested, earning 328 and 311 votes, for three-year terms. Independent candidate Christopher Slavicek defeated independent Wendy Vidal for a two-year unexpired term by a tally of 338-302."
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  66. ^ Milltown Fact Sheet, Joyce Kilmer School. Accessed August 13, 2014. "Through a formal send–receive contract, approved by the Department of Education, our high school students are sent on a tuition basis to Spotswood High School."
  67. ^ Spotswood High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 13, 2014. "Spotswood High School has served the residents of Spotswood, Helmetta, and Milltown since 1976."
  68. ^ Welcome, Spotswood High School. Accessed January 19, 2014. "Spotswood High School has served the residents in Spotswood, Helmetta, and Milltown since 1976."
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  72. ^ E. Raymond Appleby Elementary School, Spotswood Public Schools. Accessed August 13, 2014.
  73. ^ Spotswood Memorial Middle School, Spotswood Public Schools. Accessed August 13, 2014.
  74. ^ Spotswood High School, Spotswood Public Schools. Accessed August 13, 2014.
  75. ^ Schools, Spotswood Public Schools. Accessed August 13, 2014.
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  81. ^ History of Helmetta Timeline accessed December 24, 2006.
  82. ^ New Jersey and National Register of Historic Places, Middlesex County accessed December 24, 2006.

External links[edit]