Carrizo Springs, Texas

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Carrizo Springs, Texas
Carrizo Springs water tower
Carrizo Springs water tower
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Dimmit County CarrizoSprings.svg
Coordinates: 28°31′36″N 99°51′45″W / 28.52667°N 99.86250°W / 28.52667; -99.86250Coordinates: 28°31′36″N 99°51′45″W / 28.52667°N 99.86250°W / 28.52667; -99.86250
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyDimmit
Government
 • MayorDina Ojeda-Balderas
Area
 • Total3.10 sq mi (8.03 km2)
 • Land3.09 sq mi (8.00 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
604 ft (184 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total5,368
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
5,362
 • Density1,735.28/sq mi (669.90/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
78834
Area code(s)830
FIPS code48-12988[3]
GNIS feature ID1372953[4]
Websitecityofcarrizo.org

Carrizo Springs is the largest city in, and the county seat of, Dimmit County, Texas, United States.[5] The population was 5,368 at the 2010 census. (2018 estimate 5,470).[6]

The name of the town is derived from the local springs, which were named by the Spanish for the cane grass that once grew around them. It is the oldest town in Dimmit County. Artesian wells in the area are known for their pure, clean water. This water is often exported from Carrizo Springs for use as holy water.

History[edit]

Carrizo Springs lies along U.S. Route 83, about 82 miles northwest of Laredo and 45 miles north of the Mexican border. Route 83 intersects U.S. Route 277 there. The name "Carrizo Springs" derives from similarly named springs in the area; the name is Spanish for a type of grass once common in the area. Founded in 1865 by settlers from Atascosa County, Carrizo Springs is the oldest community in the county.[7]

Carrizo Springs, along with San Antonio, Uvalde, Crystal City, and Corpus Christi, was a major stop on the defunct San Antonio, Uvalde and Gulf Railroad, a Class I line, which operated from 1909 until it was merged into the Missouri Pacific Railroad in 1956.[8]

More recently, Carrizo Springs has become the home of the only olive orchard and oil press in Texas.[9]

Geography[edit]

Carrizo Springs is located at 28°31′36″N 99°51′45″W / 28.52667°N 99.86250°W / 28.52667; -99.86250 (28.526699, -99.862423).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2), of which 3.1 sq mi (8.0 km2) are land and less than 0.01 mi2 is covered by water.

Climate[edit]

Carrizo Springs experiences a hot semi-arid climate with mild winters and hot summers. During the spring season, as well occasionally during the fall season, severe thunderstorms often build on the Serranias Del Burro to the distant west of Carrizo Springs. This is believed to occur due to the uplift of moisture from the Gulf of Mexico which is channeled along the Rio Grande River.[11]


Climate data for Carrizo Springs, Texas (1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1912–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 96
(36)
101
(38)
107
(42)
111
(44)
109
(43)
114
(46)
112
(44)
109
(43)
111
(44)
104
(40)
97
(36)
98
(37)
114
(46)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 84
(29)
89
(32)
93
(34)
99
(37)
102
(39)
104
(40)
104
(40)
105
(41)
101
(38)
97
(36)
89
(32)
82
(28)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 66.2
(19.0)
71.0
(21.7)
78.4
(25.8)
85.8
(29.9)
91.5
(33.1)
97.0
(36.1)
99.2
(37.3)
99.4
(37.4)
92.8
(33.8)
85.2
(29.6)
74.5
(23.6)
67.2
(19.6)
83.8
(28.8)
Average low °F (°C) 39.0
(3.9)
44.0
(6.7)
52.3
(11.3)
58.6
(14.8)
67.2
(19.6)
72.9
(22.7)
74.3
(23.5)
74.3
(23.5)
69.2
(20.7)
59.9
(15.5)
49.1
(9.5)
40.0
(4.4)
58.3
(14.6)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 26
(−3)
29
(−2)
34
(1)
42
(6)
53
(12)
66
(19)
70
(21)
69
(21)
57
(14)
41
(5)
32
(0)
26
(−3)
23
(−5)
Record low °F (°C) 12
(−11)
12
(−11)
21
(−6)
31
(−1)
41
(5)
56
(13)
55
(13)
61
(16)
43
(6)
31
(−1)
22
(−6)
10
(−12)
10
(−12)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.01
(26)
0.77
(20)
1.42
(36)
1.26
(32)
2.95
(75)
1.90
(48)
1.67
(42)
1.45
(37)
3.37
(86)
2.00
(51)
1.19
(30)
0.94
(24)
19.93
(507)
Average snowfall inches (cm) trace trace trace 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
trace 0.1
(0.25)
0.1
(0.25)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 5 4 5 3 5 4 4 3 6 4 4 4 55
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Source: NOAA[12][13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890289
1920954
19302,171127.6%
19402,49414.9%
19504,31673.1%
19605,69932.0%
19705,374−5.7%
19806,88628.1%
19905,745−16.6%
20005,655−1.6%
20105,368−5.1%
2019 (est.)5,362[2]−0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
City Hall in Carrizo Springs on U.S. Highway 277

As of the census[3] of 2000, 5,655 people, 1,816 households, and 1,450 families were residing in the city. The population density was 1,812.9 people per mi2 (699.8/km2). The 2,109 housing units averaged 676.1 per mi2 (261.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 75.3% White, 1.3% African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 19.0% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 87.2% of the population.

Of the 1,816 households, 43.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.1% were not families. About 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 3.06, and the average family size was 3.47.

In the city, the age distribution was 33.3% under 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,306, and for a family was $22,375. Males had a median income of $24,536 versus $15,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,642. About 30.8% of families and 33.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.9% of those under age 18 and 29.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Carrizo Springs is served by the Carrizo Springs Consolidated Independent School District and home to the Carrizo Springs High School Wildcats.

These schools serve students in the city:

Migrant child detention center[edit]

Facilities that previously housed Stratton Oilfield Systems were chosen for a new unaccompanied minor detention site, with an estimated capacity of 1,000 to 1,600 children. Operations are contracted with BCFS Health and Human Services.[15][16] When the site was previously considered under Stratton Security management, owner and president Dan Stratton assured the area's residents that potential residents would not be refugees of the Syrian Civil War or speak Arabic. He emphasized that refugees would be securely kept within the facility and would not interact with or murder area residents.[17] The site opened in February 2021.[18]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ https://www.census.gov/
  7. ^ Handbook of Texas Online.
  8. ^ "Nancy Beck Young, "San Antonio, Uvalde and Gulf Railroad Company"". Texas State Historical Association on-line. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  9. ^ Texas Olive Ranch
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ Edwards, Roger. "SUPERCELLS OF THE SERRANIAS DEL BURRO (MEXICO)" (PDF).
  12. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2021-08-11.
  13. ^ "Station Name: TX CARRIZO SPRINGS 3S". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2021-08-11.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "Trump Prepares to Open New 'Captured Children' Facility in Texas as Hundreds of Rights Groups Call for Decriminalizing Migration". Common Dreams. Retrieved 2019-06-28.
  16. ^ Priscilla Alvarez. "HHS to open new housing for unaccompanied minors". CNN. Retrieved 2019-06-28.
  17. ^ Dwyer, Mimi (2019-06-07). "The Trump Administration is Converting a Former "Man Camp" in Texas into a Shelter for Migrant Kids". Vice News. Retrieved 2019-06-28.
  18. ^ Foster-Frau, Silvia (2021-02-23). "First migrant facility for children opens under Biden". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2021-05-21.

External links[edit]