Fairfield, Texas

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Fairfield, Texas
City
Location of Fairfield, Texas
Location of Fairfield, Texas
Freestone County Fairfield.svg
Coordinates: 31°43′19″N 96°9′29″W / 31.72194°N 96.15806°W / 31.72194; -96.15806Coordinates: 31°43′19″N 96°9′29″W / 31.72194°N 96.15806°W / 31.72194; -96.15806
Country United States
State Texas
County Freestone
Area
 • Total 5.46 sq mi (14.15 km2)
 • Land 5.46 sq mi (14.14 km2)
 • Water 0.004 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation 463 ft (141 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,951
 • Density 541/sq mi (208.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75840
Area code(s) 903/430
FIPS code 48-25104[1]
GNIS feature ID 1357165[2]
Website www.fairfieldtexas.com

Fairfield is a city in Freestone County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,951 at the 2010 census,[3] down from 3,094 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Freestone County[4] and was founded as such in 1851.[5]

Geography[edit]

Fairfield is located in the center of Freestone County at 31°43′19″N 96°9′29″W / 31.72194°N 96.15806°W / 31.72194; -96.15806 (31.721940, −96.158011).[6] Interstate 45 passes through the west side of the city, leading north 88 miles (142 km) to Dallas and south 152 miles (245 km) to Houston. Access is from Exits 197 and 198. U.S. Route 84 runs directly through the city, leading east 35 miles (56 km) to Palestine and west 63 miles (101 km) to Waco. Texas State Highway 75 (Fairway) crosses US 84 at the west end of downtown, and leads northwest 14 miles (23 km) to Streetman and south 9 miles (14 km) to Dew.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.4 square miles (14.1 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.07%, is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 609
1870 800 31.4%
1880 358 −55.2%
1890 499 39.4%
1940 1,047
1950 1,742 66.4%
1960 1,781 2.2%
1970 2,074 16.5%
1980 3,505 69.0%
1990 3,234 −7.7%
2000 3,094 −4.3%
2010 2,951 −4.6%
Est. 2016 2,926 [7] −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,094 people, 1,235 households, and 791 families residing in the city. The population density was 685.6 people per square mile (264.9/km²). There were 1,431 housing units at an average density of 317.1 per square mile (122.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.46% White, 21.43% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 4.65% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.50% of the population.

There were 1,235 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,636, and the median income for a family was $40,871. Males had a median income of $29,643 versus $15,887 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,308. About 14.1% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 22.8% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

The city is served by the Fairfield Independent School District.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Fairfield has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Fairfield city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 6, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company. 1893. p. 420. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Fairfield, Texas

External links[edit]