Childress, Texas

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Childress, Texas
Veterans Memorial at the Childress County Courthouse (built 1939)
Veterans Memorial at the Childress County Courthouse (built 1939)
Motto: 
Gateway to the Panhandle
Location of Childress, Texas
Location of Childress, Texas
Coordinates: 34°25′30″N 100°12′50″W / 34.42500°N 100.21389°W / 34.42500; -100.21389Coordinates: 34°25′30″N 100°12′50″W / 34.42500°N 100.21389°W / 34.42500; -100.21389
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyChildress
Incorporated1890
Government
 • MayorCary Preston[1]
Area
 • Total8.31 sq mi (21.53 km2)
 • Land8.26 sq mi (21.39 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.14 km2)
Elevation
1,870 ft (570 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,105
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
6,048
 • Density732.20/sq mi (282.71/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
79201
Area code940
FIPS code48-14668[4]
GNIS feature ID1354393[5]
Websitechildresstexas.com

Childress (/ˈɪldrɪs/ CHIL-driss) (established 1887; incorporated 1890) is a city in Childress County, Texas, United States. The population was 6,905 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Childress County.[6]

The city and county were named in honor of George Campbell Childress, a native of Nashville, Tennessee, who was the principal author of the Texas Declaration of Independence. The county and city were incorporated more than four decades after Childress's death.[7]

In December 2015, the Seattle Post-Intelligencer voted Childress ninth among the ten "most conservative" cities in the United States in regard to political contributions. Other West Texas communities in the most conservative lineup are Hereford (No. 1), Monahans (No. 5), and Dalhart in Dallam County in the far northwestern Texas Panhandle (No. 8). Princeton in Collin County north of Dallas ranked No. 2. In contrast, Vashon Island, Washington was named the "most liberal" city in the nation in terms of political donations.[8]

History[edit]

Map of the city in 1890
The large Childress Hotel operates with limited clientele.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.3 square miles (21 km2), of which 8.2 square miles (21 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.

Childress is bordered on the west by Hall County, on the southeast by Hardeman County, on the northeast by Harmon County, Oklahoma, on the north by Collingsworth County, and on the south by Cottle County.[9]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Childress Municipal Airport, Texas (1981−2010 normals,[10] extremes 1893−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
95
(35)
100
(38)
106
(41)
111
(44)
117
(47)
114
(46)
115
(46)
108
(42)
103
(39)
93
(34)
88
(31)
117
(47)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 76.7
(24.8)
81.0
(27.2)
88.7
(31.5)
94.1
(34.5)
98.9
(37.2)
102.1
(38.9)
104.3
(40.2)
103.0
(39.4)
98.0
(36.7)
92.6
(33.7)
83.4
(28.6)
76.3
(24.6)
106.4
(41.3)
Average high °F (°C) 54.6
(12.6)
58.2
(14.6)
67.3
(19.6)
76.5
(24.7)
84.1
(28.9)
91.6
(33.1)
95.9
(35.5)
94.7
(34.8)
87.0
(30.6)
76.3
(24.6)
64.8
(18.2)
54.6
(12.6)
75.6
(24.2)
Average low °F (°C) 28.3
(−2.1)
32.1
(0.1)
39.7
(4.3)
48.1
(8.9)
58.4
(14.7)
66.4
(19.1)
70.8
(21.6)
69.4
(20.8)
61.4
(16.3)
49.9
(9.9)
38.5
(3.6)
29.4
(−1.4)
49.4
(9.7)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 13.8
(−10.1)
15.7
(−9.1)
23.1
(−4.9)
32.9
(0.5)
45.1
(7.3)
56.9
(13.8)
63.6
(17.6)
61.6
(16.4)
46.2
(7.9)
34.1
(1.2)
22.5
(−5.3)
13.9
(−10.1)
7.4
(−13.7)
Record low °F (°C) −13
(−25)
−10
(−23)
2
(−17)
22
(−6)
27
(−3)
44
(7)
53
(12)
52
(11)
34
(1)
21
(−6)
6
(−14)
−5
(−21)
−13
(−25)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.73
(19)
1.05
(27)
1.53
(39)
2.12
(54)
3.14
(80)
3.95
(100)
1.95
(50)
2.62
(67)
2.42
(61)
2.25
(57)
1.25
(32)
0.91
(23)
23.92
(608)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.7
(6.9)
1.1
(2.8)
0.4
(1.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.7
(1.8)
1.7
(4.3)
7.0
(18)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.5 4.6 5.3 5.9 8.0 8.7 5.5 6.6 6.1 6.1 4.6 4.1 69.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.6 0.9 0.4 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.2 1.6 4.9
Source: NOAA[11][12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900692
19103,818451.7%
19205,00331.0%
19307,16343.2%
19406,464−9.8%
19507,61917.9%
19606,399−16.0%
19705,408−15.5%
19805,8177.6%
19905,055−13.1%
20006,77834.1%
20106,105−9.9%
2019 (est.)6,048[3]−0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2020 census[edit]

Childress racial composition[14]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 3,023 52.69%
Black or African American (NH) 560 9.76%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 20 0.35%
Asian (NH) 51 0.89%
Pacific Islander (NH) 2 0.03%
Some Other Race (NH) 14 0.24%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 173 3.02%
Hispanic or Latino 1,894 33.01%
Total 5,737

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 5,737 people, 1,936 households, and 1,316 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 6,778 people, 2,116 households, and 1,369 families residing in the city. The population density was 821.8 people per square mile (317.2/km2). There were 2,554 housing units at an average density of 309.7 per square mile (119.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 64.52% White, 15.65% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 17.13% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.37% of the population.

There were 2,116 households, out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.7% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 147.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 157.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,536, and the median income for a family was $33,323. Males had a median income of $25,365 versus $19,442 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,708. About 14.6% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Childress in the Texas House of Representatives.[17]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Childress Distribution Center and the Roach Unit in two locations in Childress.[18][19]

The United States Postal Service operates the Childress Post Office.[20]

Culture and recreation[edit]

Fair Park Auditorium is located at the entrance to the city park. Nearby is the stadium for the Childress High School football team.


Education[edit]

Childress is served by the Childress Independent School District which operates an elementary school (grades PreK to 5), Childress Elementary School, middle school (grades 6 to 8), Childress Junior High School, and a high school (grades 9 to 12), Childress High School. The high school athletic teams are known as the Bobcats. The primary school color is blue, with secondary colors of white and red. The football team plays in a stadium in Fair Park. Basketball teams play in a gym on high school campus and the baseball team plays on their field located between the campus and Fair Park.

Clarendon College, a two-year community college, maintains a campus in Childress.

In popular media[edit]

Texas Chainsaw Massacre film – Childress is mentioned in the movie as the location with the nearest pay phone.

Brokeback Mountain book and movie – In both the movie and the book, Childress serves as the location from which Jack Twist's wife, Lureen, hails.

American Pickers television show – In the episode Law & Hoarder, the show visits a local attorney and picks through his warehouse of memorabilia.

Hell or High Water film – Although the movie was not filmed in Childress, much of the action surrounding the story and characters takes place in Childress.

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

Newspaper[edit]

  • The Red River Sun, formerly The Childress Index

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Childress, Texas | Your Government". City of Childress, Texas | Official Website. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2015-05-09. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ H. W. Brands, Lone Star Nation (Anchor Books, 2005), ISBN 1-4000-3070-6
  8. ^ Daniel DeMay (December 17, 2015). "The most liberal and most conservative cities in the US". The Connecticut Post. Bridgeport, Connecticut. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
  9. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, Texas State Travel Guide, 2007, pp. 114–115
  10. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  11. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
  12. ^ "Station Name: TX CHILDRESS MUNI AP". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-19.
  15. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  16. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  17. ^ "State Rep. Springer announces district tour July 30". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, July 16, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
  18. ^ "Childress Distribution Center Archived 2010-07-11 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 22, 2010.
  19. ^ "Roach Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 22, 2010.
  20. ^ "Post Office Location - CHILDRESS Archived 2012-06-12 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 22, 2010.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[15][16]

External links[edit]