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Livingston City Hall at 220 West Church Street
Location of Livingston, Texas
|• Type||Council / Manager|
|• Mayor||Judy B. Cochran|
|• City Manager||Bill Wiggins|
|• Total||8.74 sq mi (22.64 km2)|
|• Land||8.73 sq mi (22.61 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||167 ft (51 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||600.46/sq mi (231.85/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||936 Exchanges: 327,328,329,425|
|GNIS feature ID||1361573|
|Website||Livingston City website|
Livingston is a town in and the county seat of Polk County, Texas, This town was formally known as Pedigo, Texas United States. With a population of 5,335 at the 2010 census, it is the largest city in Polk County. It is located about 90 miles north of Houston and was originally settled in 1835 as Springfield. Its name was changed to Livingston and became the county seat of Polk County in 1846.
Livingston is located at (30.709518, -94.934443).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 8.4 square miles (22 km2), of which, 8.4 sq mi (22 km2) are land and 0.12% is covered by water. However, the town of Livingston is about 10 mi (16 km) east of Lake Livingston, which is the largest drinking-water reservoir in Texas.
Elevation: 148 ft
The zip code is 77351 for the general area of Livingston.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The population in the 2010 census was 5,335, and was estimated to be 5,128 in 2018. As of the census of 2000, the population density was 649.9 inhabitants per square mile (250.9/km2). The 2,358 housing units averaged 282.1 per square mile (108.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 70.38% White, 18.50% African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 8.08% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. About 13.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 2,048 households, 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were not families. About 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the town, the population was distributed as 27.7% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $31,424, and for a family was $37,868. Males had a median income of $30,318 versus $21,774 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,214. About 18.2% of families and 22.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.7% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.
In the 2010 Census, Livingston lost 1.8% of its population.2010 Census for Livingston, Texas
Government and infrastructure
A few miles outside of Livingston is the IAH Polk County Secure Adult Detention Center, which houses around 700 immigrant men daily who have been detained by Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Run by private-prison company Community Education Centers, the facility has frequently been criticized for its subpar treatment of migrants and is currently under fire in a nationwide campaign calling for the closure of 10 of the worst detention centers in the nation.
The most common employers in Livingston are lumber operations and the Polunsky Unit state prison in West Livingston.
Livingston is the headquarters to two regional bank systems, the First National Bank and the First State Bank.
First National Bank has its main office on Highway 190 and branches in downtown Livingston and Onalaska.
The city's airport, Livingston Municipal Airport (LMA) is located to the southwest of the city. It is classified as a general-aviation facility serving private aircraft.
- U.S. Highway 59
- U.S. 59 is scheduled to be upgraded to Interstate 69.
- U.S. Highway 190
- State Highway 146
The City of Livingston is served by the Livingston Independent School District.
The Texas Legislature designated Polk County as being in the boundary of Angelina College's district. A branch, Polk County Community College, opened in the fall of 2014. The college offers various classes and two-year associate degrees.
Lake Evelyn is within the borders of Camp Cho-Yeh, which began operation in the 1940s; it continues to function as a summer camp and retreat center to this day. Cho-Yeh means, 'land of tall pines' and was labeled that because of the large pine trees on the property. Cho-Yeh is also used by Texas A&M Galveston for their yearly Fish Camp to introduce TAMUG students to the traditions of the university system.
Notable people from Livingston include:
- Paul Carr: NFL and University of Houston football player, he moved to Livingston as the elementary-school physical-education coach.
- Colita: Principal chief of the Coushatta Indians after Long King in the early 19th century; Colita's Village preceded the development of Livingston.
- Billy Eli: Musician, songwriter
- Senator Clem Fain, Jr: Texas state senator, honorary chief of and Texas agent for the Alabama-Coushatta Indians
- Percy Foreman: Notable criminal defense attorney
- Annette Gordon-Reed, historian and law professor, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for History and the National Book Award for Nonfiction
- Lyda Green, Alaskan state senator for 14 years
- Margo Jones: American stage director who launched the careers of Tennessee Williams and Ray Walston, and directed Williams' The Glass Menagerie on Broadway
- Long King: Principal chief of the Coushatta Indians
- Sally Mayes: Award-winning Broadway actress and singer, Livingston named a street in her honor
- Mark Moseley: Super Bowl XVII and the 1982 National Football League Most Valuable Player Award as a placekicker
- Lt. James N. Parker, Jr.]: Co-pilot of crew number 9 in the Doolittle Raid (Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo), awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross
- Gene Phillips: Professional basketball player
- Captain (Ike) Isaac Newton Turner: Captain in the Civil War with Hood's Brigade
- Capt. (later Brig. Gen.) Samuel M. Whitside: Commanded Camp Livingston in the late 1860s during the reconstruction period
- Brad Womack: Star of ABC's The Bachelor seasons 11 and 15
- Laci Kaye Booth: American Idol contestant 2019, top-five finalist
- KCTL Television
- KETX Television
- STRYK TV - Video Country Locally owned & operated by Mouser Media
- KETX Radio (1440 KETX (AM)
- PolkCountyToday.com (news website)
- Polk County Enterprise (newspaper), East Texas News (online version of the "Polk County Enterprise")
- Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) state champions 1954
- Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) state champions 1958
- Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) state runner-up 1959
- Livingston High (all schools in one division) 1939
- Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) Runner Up 1952
Tourism and recreation
- Light of Saratoga at Bragg Road
- 391 Historical Markers
- Polk County Museum
- Swartout: Former River Ferry Town, now a ghost town
- Trinity Neches Livestock show and Rodeo (founded in 1945)
- Polk County Fireworks on Lake Livingston
- Annual Jingle Bell Fun Run and Walk
- Hometown Christmas
- 5k Dam Run
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "City of Livingston, Texas, Information, History". Archived from the original on 2007-09-11. Retrieved 2007-09-11.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Bureau, U. S. Census. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
- "Post Office Location - LIVINGSTON Archived 2011-10-26 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 16, 2010.
- "West Livingston CDP, Texas Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- "Municipal Airport Archived 2010-05-06 at the Wayback Machine." City of Livingston. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- "Polunsky Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
- Rainwater, Mary. "Death row inmate: No justice by execution." Rapid City Journal. May 5, 2010. Retrieved on May 9, 2010. "are heavy on the mind of 41-year-old former South Dakota resident Kevin Scott Varga, who sits on death row in the Polunsky Unit in Livingston, Texas."
- "Death Row Facts Archived 2009-08-06 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
- Expose & Close
- "City Council | Livingston, TX". cityoflivingston-tx.com. Retrieved 2017-02-27.
- "Mayor | Livingston, TX". cityoflivingston-tx.com. Retrieved 2017-02-27.
- Hannaford, Alex. "Inmates Aren't the Only Victims of the Prison-Industrial Complex" (Archive). The Nation. September 16, 2014. Retrieved on January 20, 2016.
- Texas Education Code Sec. 130.165. ANGELINA COUNTY JUNIOR COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA..
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-10. Retrieved 2010-09-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Houston-Area Summer Camp for Kids - Camp Cho-Yeh". Camp Cho-Yeh. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
- "Alabama-Coushatta Indians", Texas Handbook Online
- Walsh, Colleen (4 May 2017). "Annette Gordon-Reed's personal history, from East Texas to Monticello". Harvard Law Today. Harvard Law School. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
- Doolittle Raiders Online
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2010-04-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Russell, Major Samuel L., "Selfless Service: The Cavalry Career of Brigadier General Samuel M. Whitside from 1858 to 1902." MMAS Thesis, Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Command and General Staff College, 2002.
- UIL: Athletics - Champions Archives and Records
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-06-22. Retrieved 2010-05-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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