San Saba, Texas

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San Saba, Texas
San Saba City Hall
San Saba City Hall
Motto: 
"The Pecan Capital of the World"
Location of San Saba, Texas
Location of San Saba, Texas
SanSaba County SanSaba.svg
Coordinates: 31°11′43″N 98°43′30″W / 31.19528°N 98.72500°W / 31.19528; -98.72500Coordinates: 31°11′43″N 98°43′30″W / 31.19528°N 98.72500°W / 31.19528; -98.72500
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountySan Saba
Area
 • Total2.71 sq mi (7.02 km2)
 • Land2.71 sq mi (7.02 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,204 ft (367 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,099
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
3,168
 • Density1,169.44/sq mi (451.47/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
76877
Area code325
FIPS code48-65648[3]
GNIS feature ID1367538[4]
WebsiteCity of San Saba, Texas

San Saba is a city located in, and the county seat of, San Saba County, Texas, United States.[5] It was settled in 1854 and named for its location on the San Saba River.[6] Its population was 3,099 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

San Saba is located at 31°11′43″N 98°43′30″W / 31.19528°N 98.72500°W / 31.19528; -98.72500 (31.195298, –98.725003).[7] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2), all of it land. The city is located 105 miles (169.0 km) northwest of Austin,[8] and 141 miles (226.9 km) miles north of San Antonio.[8]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification, San Saba has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860111
187016851.4%
1880598256.0%
189069716.6%
19202,011
19302,24011.4%
19402,92730.7%
19503,40016.2%
19602,728−19.8%
19702,555−6.3%
19802,85011.5%
19902,626−7.9%
20002,6370.4%
20103,09917.5%
2019 (est.)3,168[2]2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2020 census[edit]

San Saba racial composition[11]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 1,517 48.67%
Black or African American (NH) 98 3.14%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 12 0.38%
Asian (NH) 16 0.51%
Pacific Islander (NH) 1 0.03%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 57 1.83%
Hispanic or Latino 1,416 45.43%
Total 3,117

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,117 people, 1,022 households, and 653 families residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, 3,099 people, 1,008 households, and 680 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,468.6 people/sq mi (565.6/km2). The 1,177 housing units averaged 655.5/sq mi (252.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.54% White, 0.64% African American, 1.74% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 17.33% from other races, and 1.63% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 31.51% of the population.

Of the 1,008 households, 30.9% had children under 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were not families. About 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.50, and the average family size was 3.12.

The population was distributed as 27.0% under 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.7% who were 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,758, and for a family was $31,582. Males had a median income of $24,207 versus $20,216 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,192. About 16.0% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.9% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Pecans emerged as an important crop, largely because of the work of Edmund E. Risien, an Englishman who moved to San Saba County in 1874, and made improvement of the native nuts his life's work. Risien founded the West Texas Pecan Nursery at the junction of the San Saba and Colorado Rivers. The "Mother Pecan Tree", located in the heart of this orchard, has been used to produce many great pecan varieties. Some of these include the San Saba Improved, Texas Prolific, Onliwon, Squirrel Delight, No.60, and Western Schley, and these are just a few of the varieties this tree has produced.

During his era, Risien's customer base included Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, Alfred Lord Tennyson, and the Post Cereals Co. Today, Risien is credited for laying the groundwork for the pecan industry that led San Saba County to proclaim itself "Pecan Capital of the World".[14] Today, the land and orchard are owned by the Millican family, and six generations have worked in the pecan business.[15]

Education[edit]

The City of San Saba is served by the San Saba Independent School District. Its schools include San Saba Elementary, serving students in kindergarten-grade 4; San Saba Middle School, serving grades 5–8; and San Saba High School, grades 9–12. The school district opened two new facilities in October 2013: an elementary building meant to host all elementary grades under one roof, and a set of science labs in a building immediately across from the main entrance to the high school; the science labs are named for science teacher George Dennis, who was a school district faculty member for over 50 years until retiring in December 2012. The current superintendent of schools is Michael Bohensky, and the individual campuses are headed by Kay Shackelford (elementary), Dustin Anders (middle school), and Scott Snyder (high school).

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ City of San Saba History Archived May 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ a b "Austin to San Saba".
  9. ^ Climate Summary for San Saba, Texas
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  12. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  13. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  14. ^ Turner, Matt Warnock; Koch, K (2009). Remarkable Plants of Texas: Uncommon Accounts of Our Common Natives. University of Texas Press. pp. 11–17. ISBN 978-0-292-71851-7.
  15. ^ http://www.millicanpecan.com
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[12][13]

External links[edit]