List of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees

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The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, established in 1983 and located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, is dedicated to recording the history of some of the best-known and most influential musicians, bands, producers, and others that have in some major way influenced the music industry, particularly in the area of rock and roll.[1] Originally, there were four categories of induction: performers, non-performers, early influences, and lifetime achievement. In 2000, "sidemen" was introduced as a category while that year also marked the last time for nine years that early influences would be inducted.

The only category that has seen new inductees every single year is the performers category. Artists become eligible for induction in that category 25 years after the release of their first record.[2] In order to be inducted, an artist must be nominated by a committee that selects anywhere from nine to a dozen candidates. Ballots are then sent to 600 "rock experts" who evaluate the candidates and vote on who should be inducted. The performers that receive the highest number of votes and more than 50 percent of the vote are inducted. In 2010, the number inducted was five. The rest of the categories are voted on by special committees.[2] New inductees are honored at an annual ceremony held either in New York or every three years at the Hall of Fame city in Cleveland.[3]

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame has garnered criticism for allegedly allowing the nomination process to be controlled by a few individuals,[4] nominating too many artists in too many genres that are not entirely rock,[5] ignoring entire rock genres,[6] and using technicalities to induct groups who may not have been among the top vote getters.[7] The surviving members of the Sex Pistols, who were inducted in 2006, refused to attend the ceremony, calling the museum a "piss stain."[8]In 2012, Red Hot Chili Peppers' guitarist, Josh Klinghoffer, who was 32 at the time, became the youngest living musician to ever be inducted passing Stevie Wonder who was 38 when he was inducted in 1989.[9]

Inductees[edit]

Performers[edit]

The performers category is meant for recording artists and bands that have "influence and significance to the development and perpetuation of rock and roll."[2] Artists become eligible for induction in that category 25 years after the release of their first record. In order to be inducted, an artist must be nominated by a committee that selects anywhere from nine to a dozen candidates. Ballots are sent to 500 "rock experts" who then evaluate the candidates and vote on who should be inducted. The performers who receive the highest number of votes and more than 50 percent of the vote are inducted. In 2011, the number inducted was five. The rest of the categories are voted on by special committees.[2] In 2012, six additional bands and groups were inducted as performers by a special committee, due to the controversial nature of their band being excluded when their lead singer was inducted. "There was a lot of discussion about this," said Terry Stewart, a member of the nominating committee. "There had always been conversations about why the groups weren't included when the lead singers were inducted. Very honestly, nobody could really answer that question – it was so long ago... We decided we'd sit down as an organization and look at that. This is the result."[10]

Year Image Name Inducted members
1986 Berry performing at The Casino Deauville, France, July 13, 1987 Berry, ChuckChuck Berry
1986 James Brown performing in Hamburg, Germany, February 1973 Brown, JamesJames Brown
1986 Ray Charles at rehearsals for his performance of "Eleanor Rigby" at the 32nd Annual Grammy Awards, 1990 Charles, RayRay Charles
1986 Cooke in a recording studio, 1961 Cooke, SamSam Cooke
1986 Fats Domino performing live in New York Domino, FatsFats Domino
1986 Phil (left) and Don (right) Everly in 1958 The Everly Brothers Don Everly and Phil Everly.[11]
1986 Buddy Holly in 1957 Holly, BuddyBuddy Holly
1986 Lewis performing in Memphis, April 2011 Lewis, Jerry LeeJerry Lee Lewis
1986 Little Richard in 1967 Little Richard
1986 Presley in a publicity photograph for the 1957 film Jailhouse Rock Presley, ElvisElvis Presley
1987 The Coasters 1957.JPG The Coasters Carl Gardner, Cornell Gunter, Billy Guy, and Will "Dub" Jones.[12]
1987 Eddie Cochran.jpg Cochran, EddieEddie Cochran
1987 Diddley performing in Pague, Czech Republic, 2005 Diddley, BoBo Diddley
1987 Franklin performing during the presidential inauguration of Barack Obama at Washington, D.C., January 20, 2009 Franklin, ArethaAretha Franklin
1987 Gaye in 1973 Gaye, MarvinMarvin Gaye
1987 Haley in 1974 Haley, BillBill Haley
1987 King performing at the White House King, B.B.B.B. King
1987 Clyde McPhatter.png McPhatter, ClydeClyde McPhatter
1987 Ricky Nelson free.jpg Nelson, RickyRicky Nelson
1987 Orbison in 1965 Orbison, RoyRoy Orbison
1987 Carl Perkins, c. 1955 Perkins, CarlCarl Perkins
1987 Robinson in concert at the Chumash Casino Resort in Santa Ynez, California, 2006 Robinson, SmokeySmokey Robinson
1987 Big Joe Turner performing in Hamburg, Germany, 1974 Joe Turner, BigBig Joe Turner
1987 Muddy Waters at the opening of Peaches Records & Tapes in Rockville, Maryland (mid-1970s) Waters, MuddyMuddy Waters
1987 Jackie Wilson 1961.jpg Wilson, JackieJackie Wilson
1988 The Beach Boys concierto.jpg The Beach Boys Al Jardine, Mike Love, Brian Wilson, Carl Wilson, and Dennis Wilson.[13]
1988 Top: Lennon, McCartney  Bottom: Harrison, Starr The Beatles George Harrison, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, and Ringo Starr.[14]
1988 The Drifters.png The Drifters Ben E. King, Rudy Lewis, Clyde McPhatter, Johnny Moore, Bill Pinkney, Charlie Thomas, and Gerhart Thrasher.[15]
1988 Dylan performing with Joan Baez during the civil rights "March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom", August 28, 1963 Dylan, BobBob Dylan
1988 The Supremes 1966.JPG The Supremes Florence Ballard, Diana Ross, and Mary Wilson.[16]
1989 Dion performing in New York Dion
1989 Otis Redding in January 1967 Redding, OtisOtis Redding
1989 Mick Jagger, Keith RichardsRonnie Wood, Charlie Watts The Rolling Stones Mick Jagger, Brian Jones, Keith Richards, Ian Stewart, Mick Taylor, Charlie Watts, Ronnie Wood and Bill Wyman.[17]
1989 The Temptations on the Ed Sullivan Show.JPG The Temptations Melvin Franklin, Eddie Kendricks, David Ruffin, Otis Williams, Paul Williams, Dennis Edwards.[18]
1989 Wonder in a recording studio, 1973 Wonder, StevieStevie Wonder
1990 Ballard, HankHank Ballard
1990 Charlie Christian.jpg Charlie Christian
1990 Bobby Darin 1959.JPG Bobby Darin
1990 Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons.jpg The Four Seasons Tom DeVito, Bob Gaudio, Nick Massi, and Frankie Valli.[19]
1990 Grand Gala du Disque Populaire 1968 - The Four Tops 1.jpg Four Tops Renaldo "Obie" Benson, Abdul "Duke" Fakir, Lawrence Payton, and Levi Stubbs.[20]
1990 left to right: Pete Quaife, Dave Davies, Ray Davies, Mick Avory. The Kinks Mick Avory, Dave Davies, Ray Davies, and Pete Quaife.[21]
1990 The Platters First Promo Photo.jpg The Platters David Lynch, Herb Reed, Paul Robi, Zola Taylor, and Tony Williams.[22]
1990 Paul Simon (right) and Art Garfunkel performing in Dublin, 1982 Simon & Garfunkel Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel.[23]
1990 The Who in 1975, left to right: Roger Daltrey, John Entwistle, Keith Moon, Pete Townshend The Who Roger Daltrey, John Entwistle, Keith Moon, and Pete Townshend.[24]
1991 Baker in 1956 Baker, LaVernLaVern Baker
1991 The Byrds in 1965  From left to right: David Crosby, Gene Clark, Michael Clarke, Chris Hillman, and Jim McGuinn The Byrds Gene Clark, Michael Clarke, David Crosby, Chris Hillman, and Roger McGuinn.[25]
1991 John Lee Hooker performing at the Long Beach Blues Festival, California, August 31, 1997 Hooker, John LeeJohn Lee Hooker
1991 The Impressions Curtis Mayfield, Sam Gooden, Fred Cash, Arthur Brooks, Richard Brooks, and Jerry Butler.[26]
1991 Wilson Pickett.jpg Pickett, WilsonWilson Pickett
1991 Reed, JimmyJimmy Reed
1991 Ike and Tina Turner performing in Hamburg, Germany, November 1972. Ike & Tina Turner Ike Turner and Tina Turner.[27]
1992 Bobby Bland at the Long Beach Blues Festival, 1996 Bobby "Blue" Bland
1992 Booker T. & the M.Gs.png Booker T. & the M.G.'s Booker T. Jones, Steve Cropper, Donald "Duck" Dunn, Al Jackson, Jr., and Lewie Steinberg.[28]
1992 Cash in 1969 Cash, JohnnyJohnny Cash
1992 The Isley Brothers Ernie Isley, Marvin Isley, O'Kelly Isley, Jr., Ronald Isley, Rudolph Isley, and Chris Jasper.[29]
1992 The Jimi Hendrix Experience performing for Dutch television in 1967. From left to right: Jimi Hendrix, Noel Redding and Mitch Mitchell. The Jimi Hendrix Experience Jimi Hendrix, Mitch Mitchell, and Noel Redding.[30]
1992 Sam & Dave (2).png Sam & Dave Sam Moore and Dave Prater.[31]
1992 The Yardbirds Jeff Beck, Eric Clapton, Chris Dreja, Jim McCarty, Jimmy Page, Keith Relf, and Paul Samwell-Smith.[32]
1993 Ruth Brown performing at the Bull Durham Blues Festival, September 2005 Brown, RuthRuth Brown
1993 Cream in 1967. From left to right: Ginger Baker, Jack Bruce, and Eric Clapton. Cream Ginger Baker, Jack Bruce, and Eric Clapton.[33]
1993 Creedence Clearwater Revival in 1968. From left to right: Tom Fogerty, Doug Clifford, Stu Cook and John Fogerty. Creedence Clearwater Revival Doug Clifford, Stu Cook, John Fogerty, and Tom Fogerty.[34]
1993 Promotional photo of the Doors in late 1966  (l–r: John Densmore, Robby Krieger, Ray Manzarek and Jim Morrison) The Doors John Densmore, Robby Krieger, Ray Manzarek, and Jim Morrison.[35]
1993 Frankie Lymon and The Teenagers 1957.JPG Frankie Lymon & The Teenagers Herman Santiago, Jimmy Merchant, Sherman Garnes, Frankie Lymon and Joe Negroni[36]
1993 Etta James in Deauville, France, July 1990 James, EttaEtta James
1993 Van-Morrison.jpg Van Morrison
1993 Sly and the Family Stone Gregg Errico, Larry Graham, Jerry Martini, Cynthia Robinson, Freddie Stone, Rosie Stone, and Sly Stone.[37]
1994 Eric Burdon & the Animals.jpg The Animals Eric Burdon, Chas Chandler, Alan Price, John Steel, and Hilton Valentine.[38]
1994 The Band in 1969. Left to right: Manuel, Hudson, Helm, Robertson and Danko. The Band Rick Danko, Levon Helm, Garth Hudson, Richard Manuel, and Robbie Robertson.[39]
1994 Duane Eddy 1960.JPG Eddy, DuaneDuane Eddy
1994 The Grateful Dead in 1970, from a promotional photo shoot. Left to right: Bill Kreutzmann, Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir, Mickey Hart, Phil Lesh. Grateful Dead Tom Constanten, Jerry Garcia, Donna Jean Godchaux, Keith Godchaux, Mickey Hart, Robert Hunter, Bill Kreutzmann, Phil Lesh, Ron McKernan, Brent Mydland, Bob Weir, and Vince Welnick.[40]
1994 Elton John performs at the Skagerak Arena in Skien, Norway, June 2009 John, EltonElton John
1994 John Lennon rehearses Give Peace A Chance, 1969 Lennon, JohnJohn Lennon
1994 Marley performing in 1980 Marley, BobBob Marley
1994 Rod Stewart 86.jpg Stewart, RodRod Stewart
1995 Allman Brothers Band 13 Mar 2010.jpg The Allman Brothers Band Duane Allman, Gregg Allman, Dickey Betts, Jai Johanny Johanson, Berry Oakley, and Butch Trucks.[41]
1995 Green in concert at the Chumash Casino Resort, Santa Ynez, California, July 2006 Green, AlAl Green
1995 Janis Joplin seated 1970.JPG Joplin, JanisJanis Joplin
1995 Clockwise, from top left: Jimmy Page, John Bonham, Robert Plant, John Paul Jones Led Zeppelin John Bonham, John Paul Jones, Jimmy Page, and Robert Plant[42]
1995 Martha and the Vandellas 1965.JPG Martha and the Vandellas Rosalind Ashford, Annette Beard, Betty Kelly, Lois Reeves, Martha Reeves, and Sandra Tilley.[43]
1995 Neil Young - 1983.jpg Young, NeilNeil Young
1995 Frank Zappa performing in 1977 Zappa, FrankFrank Zappa
1996 Bowie at Tweeter Center in Tinley Park during the Heathen Tour in 2002 Bowie, DavidDavid Bowie
1996 Left to right: William "Red" Guest, Edward Patten, Merald "Bubba" Knight, and Gladys Knight Gladys Knight & the Pips William Guest, Gladys Knight, Merald "Bubba" Knight, and Edward Patten.[44]
1996 Jefferson Airplane photographed  by Herb Greene at The Matrix club, San Francisco, in 1966. Top row from left: Jack Casady Grace Slick, Marty Balin; bottom row from left: Jorma Kaukonen, Paul Kantner, Spencer Dryden. A cropped version was used for the front cover of Surrealistic Pillow. Jefferson Airplane Marty Balin, Jack Casady, Spencer Dryden, Paul Kantner, Jorma Kaukonen, and Grace Slick.[45]
1996 Little Willie John
1996 Pink Floyd Syd Barrett, David Gilmour, Nick Mason, Roger Waters, and Rick Wright.[46]
1996 The Shirelles 1962.jpg The Shirelles Shirley Alston Reeves, Addie Harris, Doris Kenner-Jackson, and Beverly Lee.[47]
1996 The Velvet Underground John Cale, Sterling Morrison, Lou Reed, and Maureen Tucker.[48]
1997 Bee Gees in 1978 (top to bottom) Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb Bee Gees Barry Gibb, Maurice Gibb, and Robin Gibb.[49]
1997 Buffalo Springfield Richie Furay, Dewey Martin, Bruce Palmer, Stephen Stills, and Neil Young.[50]
1997 left to right: Graham Nash, Stephen Stills, Neil Young (not inducted with the band) and David Crosby Crosby, Stills & Nash David Crosby, Graham Nash, and Stephen Stills.[51]
1997 Jackson 5 tv special 1972.JPG The Jackson 5 Jackie Jackson, Jermaine Jackson, Marlon Jackson, Michael Jackson, and Tito Jackson.[52]
1997 Mitchell performing in concert at the Universal Amphitheatre in August 1974 Mitchell, JoniJoni Mitchell
1997 American funk musician George Clinton and his band Parliament Funkadelic performing at the Capitol City Carnival in Centreville, Virginia. Parliament-Funkadelic Jerome Brailey, George Clinton, Bootsy Collins, Raymond Davis, Tiki Fulwood, Glenn Goins, Michael Hampton, Fuzzy Haskins, Eddie Hazel, Walter Morrison, Cordell Mosson, William "Billy Bass" Nelson, Garry Shider, Calvin Simon, Grady Thomas, and Bernie Worrell.[53]
1997 The Rascals 1969.JPG The (Young) Rascals Eddie Brigati, Felix Cavaliere, Gene Cornish, and Dino Danelli.[54]
1998 Eagles.jpg Eagles Don Felder, Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Bernie Leadon, Randy Meisner, Timothy B. Schmit, and Joe Walsh.[55]
1998 Left to right: John McVie, Stevie Nicks, Lindsey Buckingham, Mick Fleetwood at Saint Paul, Minnesota on 3 March 2009 Fleetwood Mac Lindsey Buckingham, Mick Fleetwood, Peter Green, Danny Kirwan, Christine McVie, John McVie, Stevie Nicks, and Jeremy Spencer.[56]
1998 The Mamas and the Papas Ed Sullivan Show 1968.JPG The Mamas & the Papas Denny Doherty, Cass Elliot, John Phillips, and Michelle Phillips.[57]
1998 LloydPrice1996.jpg Price, LloydLloyd Price
1998 Santana (1971).png Santana Jose Chepito Areas, David Brown, Mike Carabello, Gregg Rolie, Carlos Santana, and Michael Shrieve.[58]
1998 Vincent, GeneGene Vincent
1999 Billy Joel - Perth 7 November 2006.jpg Joel, BillyBilly Joel
1999 Curtis Mayfield.png Mayfield, CurtisCurtis Mayfield
1999 Paul McCartney black and white 2010.jpg McCartney, PaulPaul McCartney
1999 Del Shannon 1965.jpg Shannon, DelDel Shannon
1999 Dusty Springfield (1966)b.png Springfield, DustyDusty Springfield
1999 Springsteen performing at the Roskilde Festival, Denmark, 2012 Springsteen, BruceBruce Springsteen
1999 Staple Singers on Soul Train.jpg Staple Singers, TheThe Staple Singers Cleotha Staples, Mavis Staples, Pervis Staples, Pops Staples, and Yvonne Staples.[59]
2000 Eric Clapton 2.jpg Clapton, EricEric Clapton
2000 Earth, Wind & Fire (2).jpg Earth, Wind & Fire Philip Bailey, Larry Dunn, Johnny Graham, Ralph Johnson, Al McKay, Fred White, Maurice White, Verdine White, and Andrew Woolfolk.[60]
2000 Lovin Spoonful 1965.jpg Lovin' Spoonful, TheThe Lovin' Spoonful Steve Boone, Joe Butler, John Sebastian, and Zal Yanovsky.[60]
2000 The Moonglows 1956.jpg Moonglows, TheThe Moonglows Prentiss Barnes, Harvey Fuqua, Peter Graves, Billy Johnson, and Bobby Lester.[60]
2000 Bonnie Raitt performing at John Edwards presidential campaign in 2007 Raitt, BonnieBonnie Raitt
2000 James Taylor - Columbia.jpg Taylor, JamesJames Taylor
2001 Left to right: Tom Hamilton (bass), Steven Tyler (vocals, percussion), Joey Kramer (drums), Brad Whitford (guitar), and Joe Perry (guitar) Aerosmith Tom Hamilton, Joey Kramer, Joe Perry, Steven Tyler, and Brad Whitford.[61]
2001 Solomon Burke performing on April 19, 2008 Burke, SolomonSolomon Burke
2001 Flamingos, TheThe Flamingos Jake Carey, Zeke Carey, Johnny Carter, Tommy Hunt, Terry "Buzzy" Johnson, Sollie McElroy, Nate Nelson, and Paul Wilson.[62]
2001 Jackson performing in 1988, during the Bad World Tour. Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
2001 Top: Brian May, Freddie Mercury  Bottom: John Deacon, Roger Taylor Queen John Deacon, Brian May, Freddie Mercury, and Roger Taylor.[63]
2001 Paul Simon performing at the 9:30 Club, May 27, 2011 Simon, PaulPaul Simon
2001 Becker & Fagen of Steely Dan at Pori Jazz 2007.jpg Steely Dan Walter Becker and Donald Fagen.[64]
2001 Valens, RitchieRitchie Valens
2002 Isaac Hayes 2.jpg Hayes, IsaacIsaac Hayes
2002 Lee in 1977 Lee, BrendaBrenda Lee
2002 Tom Petty Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers Tom Petty, Ron Blair, Mike Campbell, Howie Epstein, Stan Lynch, and Benmont Tench.[65]
2002 Gene Pitney 1967.JPG Pitney, GeneGene Pitney
2002 The Ramones in 1980 Ramones Dee Dee Ramone, Joey Ramone, Johnny Ramone, Marky Ramone, and Tommy Ramone.[66]
2002 Talking Heads band1.jpg Talking Heads David Byrne, Chris Frantz, Jerry Harrison, and Tina Weymouth.[67]
2003 AC/DC, from left to right: Brian Johnson, Malcolm Young, Phil Rudd, Angus Young, Cliff Williams, performing at the Tacoma Dome in Tacoma, Washington on 31 August 2009. AC/DC Brian Johnson, Phil Rudd, Bon Scott, Cliff Williams, Angus Young, and Malcolm Young.[68]
2003 The Clash in 1980 Clash, TheThe Clash Terry Chimes, Topper Headon, Mick Jones, Paul Simonon, and Joe Strummer.[69]
2003 Elvis Costello Elvis Costello & the Attractions Elvis Costello, Steve Nieve, Bruce Thomas, and Pete Thomas.[70]
2003 The Police in 2007, left to right: Stewart Copeland, Sting, Andy Summers Police, TheThe Police Stewart Copeland, Sting, and Andy Summers.[71]
2003 TheRighteousBrothersperformingKBF.jpg Righteous Brothers, TheThe Righteous Brothers Bobby Hatfield and Bill Medley.[72]
2004 Browne, JacksonJackson Browne
2004 The Dells.png Dells, TheThe Dells Verne Allison, Chuck Barksdale, Johnny Carter, Johnny Funches, Marvin Junior, and Michael McGill.[73]
2004 George Harrison 1974 edited.jpg Harrison, GeorgeGeorge Harrison
2004 Prince performing in Brussels during the Hit N Run Tour in 1986 Prince
2004 Bob Seger 1977.JPG Seger, BobBob Seger
2004 Traffic 1973.jpg Traffic Jim Capaldi, Dave Mason, Steve Winwood, and Chris Wood.[74]
2004 ZZ Top performing at St. Augustine Amphitheatre in Florida on May 22, 2008, from left to right: Dusty Hill, Frank Beard (drumming), and Billy Gibbons ZZ Top Frank Beard, Billy Gibbons, and Dusty Hill.[75]
2005 Buddy Guy performing and interacting with the crowd in Albany, Indiana, August 20, 2011 Guy, BuddyBuddy Guy
2005 The O'Jays-photo-by-raymond-boyd.jpg O'Jays, TheThe O'Jays Eddie Levert, Bobby Massey, William Powell, Sammy Strain, and Walter Williams.[76]
2005 The Pretenders, Dominion Theatre, London, December 1981 Pretenders Martin Chambers, Pete Farndon, James Honeyman-Scott, and Chrissie Hynde.[77]
2005 Sledge at the 2010 Alabama Music Hall of Fame Concert Sledge, PercyPercy Sledge
2005 U2 Gelsenkirchen August 3rd 2009.png U2 Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, and Larry Mullen, Jr..[78]
2006 Left to right: Geezer Butler, Tony Iommi, Bill Ward, Ozzy Osbourne Black Sabbath Geezer Butler, Tony Iommi, Ozzy Osbourne, and Bill Ward.[79]
2006 Blondie in 1977. L-R: Gary Valentine, Clem Burke, Debbie Harry, Chris Stein, and Jimmy Destri Blondie Clem Burke, Jimmy Destri, Nigel Harrison, Debbie Harry, Frank Infante, Chris Stein, and Gary Valentine.[80]
2006 Miles Davis by Palumbo.jpg Davis, MilesMiles Davis
2006 Lynyrd Skynyrd (1977).jpg Lynyrd Skynyrd Bob Burns, Allen Collins, Steve Gaines, Ed King, Billy Powell, Artimus Pyle, Gary Rossington, Ronnie Van Zant, and Leon Wilkeson.[81]
2006 The Sex Pistols in Amsterdam in 1977 (L–R: Paul Cook, Glen Matlock, Johnny Rotten and Steve Jones) Sex Pistols Paul Cook, Steve Jones, Glen Matlock, John Lydon, and Sid Vicious.[82]
2007 Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five Grandmaster Flash, Cowboy, The Kidd Creole, Melle Mel, Rahiem, and Scorpio.[83]
2007 Left to right: Mike Mills, Michael Stipe, touring drummer Bill Rieflin (not inducted with the band), and Peter Buck. R.E.M. Bill Berry, Peter Buck, Mike Mills, and Michael Stipe.[84]
2007 The Ronettes.JPG Ronettes, TheThe Ronettes Estelle Bennett, Ronnie Spector, and Nedra Talley.[85]
2007 Patti Smith performing at Haldern Pop 2014 Smith, PattiPatti Smith
2007 Van Halen on stage, 2008 - left to right: David Lee Roth, Eddie Van Halen, Alex Van Halen and Wolfgang Van Halen Van Halen Michael Anthony, Sammy Hagar, David Lee Roth, Alex Van Halen, and Eddie Van Halen.[86]
2008 Get Yourself a College Girl appearance, 1964 - From left: Mike Smith, Lenny Davidson, Denis Payton, Rick Huxley, and Dave Clark. Dave Clark Five, TheThe Dave Clark Five Dave Clark, Lenny Davidson, Rick Huxley, Denis Payton, and Mike Smith.[87]
2008 Cohen in 2008 Cohen, LeonardLeonard Cohen
2008 Madonna performing during the Who's That Girl World Tour, 1987 Madonna
2008 Mellencamp in 2007 Mellencamp, JohnJohn Mellencamp
2008 Ventures, TheThe Ventures Bob Bogle, Nokie Edwards, Gerry McGee, Mel Taylor, and Don Wilson.[88]
2009 Beck playing in 1973 Beck, JeffJeff Beck
2009 Imperials.jpg Little Anthony and the Imperials Clarence Collins, Anthony Gourdine, Tracy Lord, Glouster "Nat" Rogers, Sammy Strain, and Ernest Wright Jr.[89]
2009 Left to right: Kirk Hammett, Lars Ulrich, James Hetfield, Robert Trujillo Metallica Cliff Burton, Kirk Hammett, James Hetfield, Jason Newsted, Robert Trujillo, and Lars Ulrich.[90]
2009 Run–D.M.C. Darryl "D.M.C." McDaniels, Jason "Jam-Master Jay" Mizell, and Joseph "DJ Run" Simmons.[91]
2009 Womack performing at Roskilde Festival, Denmark, 2010 Womack, BobbyBobby Womack
2010 ABBA in 1974, from left to right: Benny Andersson, Anni-Frid Lyngstad (Frida), Agnetha Fältskog, and Björn Ulvaeus ABBA Benny Andersson, Agnetha Fältskog, Anni-Frid Lyngstad, and Björn Ulvaeus.[92]
2010 Genesis performing in 2007 - left to right: Daryl Stuermer, Mike Rutherford, Tony Banks, Phil Collins Genesis Tony Banks, Phil Collins, Peter Gabriel, Steve Hackett, and Mike Rutherford.[93]
2010 Cliff performing live Jimmy Cliff
2010 The Hollies (1965).png Hollies, TheThe Hollies Bernie Calvert, Allan Clarke, Bobby Elliott, Eric Haydock, Tony Hicks, Graham Nash, and Terry Sylvester.[94]
2010 Iggy Pop and the Stooges performing at Katowice Off Festval, Poland, on August 4, 2012 Stooges, TheThe Stooges Dave Alexander, Ron Asheton, Scott Asheton, Iggy Pop, and James Williamson.[95]
2011 Lead singer Alice Cooper performing live during Halloween Night of Horror at London Wembley Arena on 28 October 2012 Alice Cooper Alice Cooper, Michael Bruce, Glen Buxton, Dennis Dunaway, and Neal Smith.[96]
2011 Diamond performing in 2015 Diamond, NeilNeil Diamond
2011 Dr. John performing at the Jazz à Vienne Festival, in France, 2006 John, Dr.Dr. John
2011 Love performing atBarnes & Noble Tribeca, June 17, 2013 Love, DarleneDarlene Love
2011 Waits during an interview in Buenos Aires, Argentina, April 2007 Waits, TomTom Waits
2012 Beastie-boys.jpg Beastie Boys Michael "Mike D" Diamond, Adam "Ad-Rock" Horovitz, and Adam "MCA" Yauch.[97]
2012 The Blue Caps[N1] Backing band for Gene Vincent. Inducted: Tommy Facenda, Cliff Gallup, Dickie Harrell, Bobby Jones, Johnny Meeks, Jack Neal, Paul Peek, and Willie Williams.[98]
2012 BillHaley.JPG The Comets[N1] Backing band for Bill Haley. Inducted: Joey Ambrose, Franny Beecher, Danny Cedrone, Johnny Grande, Ralph Jones, Marshall Lytle, Rudy Pompilli, Al Rex, Dick Richards, and Billy Williamson.[99]
2012 Buddy Holly and The Crickets 1957.JPG The Crickets[N1] Backing band for Buddy Holly. Inducted: Jerry Allison, Sonny Curtis, Joe B. Mauldin, and Niki Sullivan.[100]
2012 Donovan performing in Washington, D.C., 2007 Donovan
2012 James Brown and Flames.jpg The Famous Flames[N1] Backing vocal group for James Brown. Inducted: Bobby Bennett, Bobby Byrd, Lloyd Stallworth, and Johnny Terry.[101]
2012 Guns N' Roses - Sofia.jpg Guns N' Roses Steven Adler, Duff McKagan, Dizzy Reed, Axl Rose, Slash, Matt Sorum and Izzy Stradlin.[102]
2012 The Midnighters[N1] Backing vocal group for Hank Ballard. Inducted: Henry Booth, Billy Davis, Cal Green, Arthur Porter, Lawson Smith, Charles Sutton, Norman Thrasher, and Sonny Woods.[103]
2012 The Miracles[N1] Backing vocal group for Smokey Robinson. Inducted: Claudette Rogers, Bobby Rogers, Ronald White, Marv Tarplin, and Pete Moore.[104]
2012 Nyro, LauraLaura Nyro
2012 Redhotchilipeppers.jpg Red Hot Chili Peppers Flea, John Frusciante, Jack Irons, Anthony Kiedis, Josh Klinghoffer, Cliff Martinez, Hillel Slovak, and Chad Smith.[105]
2012 Small Faces/Faces Kenney Jones, Ronnie Lane, Ian McLagan, Steve Marriott, Rod Stewart, and Ronnie Wood.[106]
2013 Sisters Nancy and Ann Wilson at the Beacon Theater in New York City, 2012 Heart Michael DeRosier, Roger Fisher, Steve Fossen, Howard Leese, Ann Wilson, and Nancy Wilson.[107]
2013 King performing in 1978 Albert King
2013 Newman in a recording studio, 1972 Randy Newman
2013 Public Enemy @ Sir Stewart Bovell Park (2 1 2011) (5356059653).jpg Public Enemy William "Flavor Flav" Drayton, Richard "Professor Griff" Griffin, Norman "Terminator X" Lee Rogers, and Carlton "Chuck D" Ridenhour.[108]
2013 Rush-in-concert.jpg Rush Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson, and Neil Peart.[109]
2013 Summer in a recording studio, 1977 Donna Summer
2014 Peter Gabriel at the Wikipedia 10th anniversary party in London in January 2011 Peter Gabriel
2014 Daryl Hall (left) and John Oates (right), 2008 Hall & Oates Daryl Hall and John Oates.[110]
2014 Kiss playing at Hellfest 2013, during their Monster World Tour. From left to right: Gene Simmons, Paul Stanley, Eric Singer and Tommy Thayer Kiss Peter Criss, Ace Frehley, Gene Simmons, and Paul Stanley. [111]
2014 Nirvana performing at Pier 48, Seattle in December 1993 for MTV's Live and Loud show. From left to right: Kurt Cobain, Dave Grohl and Krist Novoselic. Nirvana Kurt Cobain, Dave Grohl, and Krist Novoselic. [112]
2014 Ronstadt performing in New Haven, Connecticut at a WPLR show, New Haven Veterans Memorial Coliseum, August 16, 1978 Linda Ronstadt
2014 Cat Stevens aka Yusuf Islam at the O2 Shepherd's Bush Empire, London, in May 2009 Cat Stevens
2015 Butterfield performing at the Woodstock Reunion 1979 The Paul Butterfield Blues Band Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, Elvin Bishop, Mark Naftalin, Jerome Arnold, Billy Davenport and Sam Lay.[113]
2015 Lead Singer Joan Jett performing with The Blackhearts in Norway, 1980s Joan Jett & the Blackhearts Joan Jett, Gary Ryan, Lee Crystal and Ricky Byrd.[114]
2015 Reed performing in 2003 Lou Reed[115]
2015 Green Day House OF Blues 2015 2.jpg Green Day Billie Joe Armstrong, Tré Cool and Mike Dirnt.[115]
2015 Stevie Ray Vaughan And Double Trouble Don Hunstein.jpg Stevie Ray Vaughan and Double Trouble Stevie Ray Vaughan, Chris Layton, Tommy Shannon and Reese Wynans.[116]
2015 Withers in 1976 Bill Withers

^ Note 1. These backing bands were inducted by a separate committee, and not by the ballot voting used for all other performer inductees.

Early influences[edit]

Woody Guthrie, inducted in 1988.
Louis Armstrong, inducted in 1990.
Pete Seeger, inducted in 1996.
Charles Brown, inducted in 1999.

Artists inducted into the early influences category are those "whose music predated rock and roll but had an impact on the evolution of rock and roll and inspired rock's leading artists."[2] Unlike the performers category, these inductees are selected by a committee. The full process is not transparent and it is unclear who comprises this selection committee.[2]

Year Name
1986 Rodgers, JimmieJimmie Rodgers
1986 Yancey, JimmyJimmy Yancey
1986 Johnson, RobertRobert Johnson
1987 Jordan, LouisLouis Jordan
1987 Walker, T-BoneT-Bone Walker
1987 Williams, HankHank Williams
1988 Guthrie, WoodyWoody Guthrie
1988 Lead Belly
1988 Les Paul
1989 The Ink Spots[A]
1989 Smith, BessieBessie Smith
1989 The Soul Stirrers[B]
1990 Armstrong, LouisLouis Armstrong
1990 Rainey, MaMa Rainey
1991 Howlin' Wolf
1992 James, ElmoreElmore James
1992 Longhair, ProfessorProfessor Longhair
1993 Washington, DinahDinah Washington
1994 Dixon, WillieWillie Dixon
1995 Orioles, TheThe Orioles[C]
1996 Seeger, PetePete Seeger
1997 Jackson, MahaliaMahalia Jackson
1997 Monroe, BillBill Monroe
1998 Jelly Roll Morton
1999 Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys[D]
1999 Brown, CharlesCharles Brown
2000 Nat King Cole
2000 Holiday, BillieBillie Holiday
2009 Jackson, WandaWanda Jackson
2012 King, FreddieFreddie King[E]
2015 The "5" Royales[E][F]

^ A. Inducted members: Bill Kenny, Charlie Fuqua, Deek Watson, and Orville "Hoppy" Jones.[117]
^ B. Inducted members: Roy Crain Sr., R. H. Harris, Jesse Farley, and E. A. Rundless.[118]
^ C. Inducted members: Sonny Til, Tommy Gaither, George Nelson, Johnny Reed, and Alexander Sharp.[119]
^ D. Inducted members: Bob Wills, Tommy Duncan, Leon McAuliffe, Johnny Gimble, Joe "Jody" Holley, Tiny Moore, Herb Remington, Eldon Shamblin, and Al Stricklin.[120]
^ E. Nominated as a performer.
^ F. Inducted members: John L. Tanner, Eugene Tanner, James E. Moore, Obadiah H. Carter and Lowman Pauling, Jr [121]

Non-performers (Ahmet Ertegun Award)[edit]

Carole King, inducted in 1990
Dick Clark, inducted in 1993
Clive Davis, inducted in 2000

The non-performer category honors "songwriters, producers, disc jockeys, record executives, journalists and other industry professionals who have had a major influence on the development of rock and roll."[2] Several of the inductees in this category were in fact prominent performers as well. The inductees in this category are selected by the same committee that chooses the early influences. The full process is not transparent and it is unclear who comprises this selection committee.[2] This category has been criticized for inducting those that have "been coming to the dinner for years and paying for their tickets" and not revealing their full criteria.[122] In 2008, this category was renamed the "Ahmet Ertegün Award".[123]

Year Name
1986 Freed, AlanAlan Freed
1986 Phillips, SamSam Phillips
1987 Chess, LeonardLeonard Chess
1987 Ertegun, AhmetAhmet Ertegun
1987 Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller
1987 Wexler, JerryJerry Wexler
1988 Gordy, Jr., BerryBerry Gordy, Jr.
1989 Spector, PhilPhil Spector
1990 Gerry Goffin and Carole King
1990 Holland–Dozier–Holland
1991 Bartholomew, DaveDave Bartholomew
1991 Bass, RalphRalph Bass
1992 Fender, LeoLeo Fender
1992 Graham, BillBill Graham
1992 Pomus, DocDoc Pomus
1993 Clark, DickDick Clark
1993 Gabler, MiltMilt Gabler
1994 Otis, JohnnyJohnny Otis
1995 Ackerman, PaulPaul Ackerman
1996 Donahue, TomTom Donahue
1997 Nathan, SydSyd Nathan
1998 Toussaint, AllenAllen Toussaint
1999 Martin, GeorgeGeorge Martin
2000 Davis, CliveClive Davis
2001 Blackwell, ChrisChris Blackwell
2002 Stewart, JimJim Stewart
2003 Ostin, MoMo Ostin
2008 Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff
2010 Geffen, DavidDavid Geffen
2010 Blackwell, OtisOtis Blackwell
2010 Jeff Barry and Ellie Greenwich
2010 Shuman, MortMort Shuman
2010 Stone, JesseJesse Stone
2010 Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil
2011 Holzman, JacJac Holzman
2011 Rupe, ArtArt Rupe
2012 Kirshner, DonDon Kirshner
2013 Adler, LouLou Adler
2013 Jones, QuincyQuincy Jones
2014 Epstein, BrianBrian Epstein
2014 Andrew Loog Oldham

Award for Musical Excellence[edit]

Leon Russell, inducted in 2011.

This category, which replaced sidemen, "honors those musicians, producers and others who have spent their careers out of the spotlight working with major artists on various parts of their recording and live careers."

Year Name
2011 Russell, LeonLeon Russell
2012 Matassa, CosimoCosimo Matassa
2012 Dowd, TomTom Dowd
2012 Johns, GlynGlyn Johns
2014 E Street Band [A]
2015 Starr, RingoRingo Starr[115]

^ A. Inducted members: Nils Lofgren, Stevie Van Zandt, Patti Scialfa, David Sancious, Max Weinberg, Roy Bittan, Garry Tallent, Danny Federici, Vini Lopez and Clarence Clemons. [124]

Sidemen[edit]

Established in 2000, the sidemen category "honors those musicians who have spent their careers out of the spotlight, performing as backup musicians for major artists on recording sessions and in concert." A separate committee, composed mainly of producers, chooses the inductees.[2] In 2010, the category was renamed to "Award for Musical Excellence". According to Joel Peresman, the president of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation, "This award gives us flexibility to dive into some things and recognize some people who might not ordinarily get recognized."[125]

James Burton, inducted in 2001.
Year Name Instrument
2000 Blaine, HalHal Blaine Drums[126]
2000 Curtis, KingKing Curtis Saxophone[127]
2000 Jamerson, JamesJames Jamerson Bass guitar[128]
2000 Moore, ScottyScotty Moore Guitar[129]
2000 Palmer, EarlEarl Palmer Drums[130]
2001 Burton, JamesJames Burton Guitar[131]
2001 Johnson, JohnnieJohnnie Johnson Piano[132]
2002 Atkins, ChetChet Atkins Guitar[133]
2003 Benjamin, BennyBenny Benjamin Drums[134]
2003 Cramer, FloydFloyd Cramer Piano[135]
2003 Douglas, SteveSteve Douglas Saxophone[136]
2008 Walter, LittleLittle Walter Harmonica[137]
2009 Black, BillBill Black Bass guitar[138]
2009 Fontana, D. J.D. J. Fontana Drums[139]
2009 Oldham, SpoonerSpooner Oldham Keyboard[140]

Lifetime achievement[edit]

The following were inducted for "Lifetime Achievement in the Non-Performer Category."[2]

Year Name
1986 Hammond, JohnJohn Hammond
1991 Ertegun, NesuhiNesuhi Ertegun
2004 Wenner, JannJann Wenner
2005 Barsalona, FrankFrank Barsalona
2005 Stein, SeymourSeymour Stein
2006 Herb Alpert and Jerry Moss

Multiple inductees[edit]

As of 2015, only twenty one performers have been inducted twice or more; eleven have been recognized as a solo artist and with a band and seven have been inducted with two separate bands. Eric Clapton is the only one to be inducted three times: as a solo artist, with The Yardbirds, and with Cream.[141] Clyde McPhatter was the first to ever be inducted twice and is one of three artists to be inducted first as a solo artist and then as a member of a band, the other artists being Neil Young and Rod Stewart. Stephen Stills is the only artist to be inducted twice in the same year. Crosby, Stills & Nash, inducted in 1997, is the only band to see all of its inducted members be inducted with other acts: David Crosby with The Byrds in 1991, Stephen Stills with Buffalo Springfield in 1997, and Graham Nash with The Hollies in 2010. The Beatles, inducted in 1988, is the second band to have all of its members be inducted, as well as the only band to have each of its members be inducted for their solo careers as their second induction. Ringo Starr is the first inductee to be inducted twice, but in different categories (The Beatles were inducted in the performers category in 1988 and Starr was inducted as a solo artist in the Award for Musical Excellence category in 2015).

Name First Year Second Year Third Year
Eric Clapton 1.jpg Clapton, EricEric Clapton The Yardbirds 1992 Cream 1993 Solo career 2000
Jeff Beck EnmoreTheatre.jpg Beck, JeffJeff Beck The Yardbirds 1992 Solo career 2009
Carter, JohnnyJohnny Carter The Flamingos 2001 The Dells 2004
Crosby (6898601286).jpg Crosby, DavidDavid Crosby The Byrds 1991 Crosby, Stills & Nash 1997
Peter Gabriel Allan Warren.jpg Gabriel, PeterPeter Gabriel Genesis 2010 Solo career 2014
George-Harrison-playing.jpg Harrison, GeorgeGeorge Harrison The Beatles 1988 Solo career 2004
Michael Jackson 1984.jpg Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson The Jackson Five 1997 Solo career 2001
JohnLennonpeace.jpg Lennon, JohnJohn Lennon The Beatles 1988 Solo career 1994
Curtis Mayfield.png Mayfield, CurtisCurtis Mayfield The Impressions 1991 Solo career 1999
Paul McCartney BBC Electric Proms.jpg McCartney, PaulPaul McCartney The Beatles 1988 Solo career 1999
Clyde McPhatter 1959.JPG McPhatter, ClydeClyde McPhatter Solo career 1987 The Drifters 1988
Graham Nash Occupy Wall Street 2011.jpg Nash, GrahamGraham Nash Crosby, Stills & Nash 1997 The Hollies 2010
Джимми Пэйдж.jpg Page, JimmyJimmy Page The Yardbirds 1992 Led Zeppelin 1995
Lou Reed (5900407225).jpg Reed, LouLou Reed The Velvet Underground 1996 Solo career 2015
Paul Simon 25-07-2008 1.jpg Simon, PaulPaul Simon Simon and Garfunkel 1990 Solo career 2001
Ringo Starr and all his band (8470866906).jpg Starr, RingoRingo Starr The Beatles 1988 Award For Musical Excellence, Solo career 2015
657105w.jpg Stewart, RodRod Stewart Solo career 1994 Faces 2012
StephenStillsMay2007.jpg Stills, StephenStephen Stills Buffalo Springfield 1997 Crosby, Stills & Nash 1997
Sammy Strain The O'Jays 2005 Little Anthony & The Imperials 2009
Ron-Wood in CA.jpg Wood, RonnieRonnie Wood The Rolling Stones 1989 Faces 2012
Ny-ottawa-jul-2006.jpg Young, NeilNeil Young Solo career 1995 Buffalo Springfield 1997

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External links[edit]