List of Canadian tornadoes and tornado outbreaks

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Known as 'Black Friday', an F4 tornado touched down in Edmonton, Alberta, on July 31, 1987.

This page lists tornadoes and tornado outbreaks which have touched down in Canada prior to the 21st century. On average, there are around 80 confirmed and unconfirmed tornadoes that touch down in Canada each year, with most occurring in the southern Canadian Prairies, Southern Ontario and southern Quebec. Canada ranks as the country with the second most tornadoes per year, after the US. The most common types are F0 to F2 in damage intensity level and usually result in minor structural damage to barns, wood fences, roof shingles, chimneys, uprooted or snapped tree limbs and downed power lines. Fewer than 5% of tornadoes in Canada are rated F3 or higher in intensity, where wind speeds are in excess of 225 km/h (140 mph). Prior to April 1, 2013, Canada used a slightly modified Fujita scale, and as of that date the Enhanced Fujita scale, again slightly modified, was put into use to rate tornado intensity, based on the damage to buildings and vegetation.[1]

Each year on average, about 43 tornadoes occur across the Canadian Prairies and about 17 occur across Ontario and Quebec.[2] New Brunswick and the British Columbia Interior are also recognized tornado zones. All other provinces and territories have significantly less threat from tornadoes. The peak season in Canada is through the summer months, (June to August), when clashing air masses move north, as opposed to the spring season in the United States southern-central plains, although tornadoes in Canada have occurred in spring, fall and very rarely winter.

The reported increase in numbers of tornadoes in recent years may reflect more reporting by citizens and media involvement rather than an actual increase in tornado occurrence (although some natural increase has not been ruled out), in addition to better detection technology i.e. Doppler weather radar and satellite imagery. The upswing could also be attributed to other factors, such as improved aerial and ground damage assessment after the fact in sparsely populated areas (particularly the case in remote parts of the Canadian Prairies and Northern Ontario, for example), better trained spotter capabilities and increased use of digital recording devices by citizens. Tornadoes in Canada are enough of a threat for a public warning system to be in place, overseen by the national weather agency, Environment Canada (EC).

For a variety of reasons, such as Canada's lower population density and generally stronger housing construction due to the colder climate, Canadian tornadoes have historically caused fewer fatalities than tornadoes in the United States. The deadliest tornado in Canadian history, the Regina Cyclone of June 30, 1912, killed 28 and injured 300. Urban centres are not immune from the threat of severe tornadoes. Ten medium to large size Canadian cities have been hit by significant strength tornadoes (F3 or higher), which caused large-scale damage and fatalities: Regina (1912); Windsor (1946 and 1974); Sarnia (1953); Sudbury (1970); Woodstock (1979); Lloydminster (1983); Barrie (1985); Edmonton (1987); Aylmer (1994); and Ottawa-Gatineau (2018).

All figures for damages are in Canadian dollars.

Before 1880[edit]

1792

  • June 30 or July 1 - the first recorded tornado in Canadian history, an F2, affected the Niagara Peninsula between Fonthill and Port Robinson, Ontario. It levelled houses and uprooted many trees. The tornado cut a path of trees in a west to east line from both communities that became known as "Hurricane Road", which still exists today.[3][4][5]

1828

  • June 27 - an unrated tornado struck Eastern Ontario in the area of Drummond Centre, Ontario. The tornado destroyed barns and houses, carrying some far distances. An unroofed brick house was carried off its foundation. A strong stone house was partly destroyed. Trees on the third and fourth concession of Drummond Township were uprooted and damaged.[6]

1829

  • Late May - an F0 tornado struck and destroyed the early settlement of Guelph, Ontario. Development on the settlement was slow to begin afterwards with some recalling little progress in the next three years following the tornado.[7][8][5]

1831

  • June 26 - an unrated tornado struck Montreal, Quebec, carrying the roof off the western tower of the New Catholic Parish Church and depositing on Notre Dame Street. Construction material was tossed around and various houses were destroyed. Damage was also done on Guy Street.[9]

1844

  • August 7 - an F1 tornado struck Galt, Ontario. The first tornado-related recorded death occurred here when a tree fell onto a man.[5]

1847

  • September 5 - an F2 tornado and a probable tornado struck Ontario and Quebec. The F2 tornado struck Cornwall, Ontario and near Lancaster, Ontario. The tornado started near Massena, New York before crossing the St. Lawrence River. The tornado was spotted crossing the river from Long Sault, Ontario. In Cornwall, Ontario, the tornado did significant damage to structures with the tornado destroying 3 houses, unroofing 8, and damaging another 9 or so. As for out-houses, the tornado destroyed 11, unroofed 13, and damaged many more. Debris was carried up to the three miles away. A young girl was thrown into the Cornwall Canal and drown while here brother and another man escaped without injury. The tornado approached the St. Lawrence River near Lancaster, Ontario where it destroyed several other buildings and injured two.[10] The probable tornado struck Saint-Édouard, Quebec two hours after the first tornado. The storm lasted 50 minutes which is far longer than a normal tornado, however, the damage caused was the destruction of 57 buildings of various kinds. This tornado is listed as probable as the description is not fully clear on the event but the significant damage caused seems far greater than a downburst.[11]

1848

1850

  • Before July 31 - an unrated tornado touched down over Lake Scugog, spending nearly 12 minutes over the water, before moving south into Cartwright Township, Ontario. Trees were snapped and twisted off while fences were blown down. Hail the size of hen's eggs occurred on the outskirts of the tornado. Into eastern Darlington Township, Ontario, an entire forest was destroyed with hail larger than the previous size. A vast majority of livestock in the area were killed. Significant damage was done to homes and barns, alongside crops. The tornado was half a mile wide and tracked for 14 miles in length. Various people were injured with a range of severity.[14]

1855

1856

1859

  • August 5 - an unrated tornado struck Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island destroying trees and property. At least two people drown while a vessel with seven on board capsized. It is unknown if all on board died.[21]

1861

  • May 24 - an unrated tornado touched down north of Brantford, Ontario before moving southeast to the east of Brantford. The tornado did considerable amounts of damage to fences, barns, and homes in the area. The tornado did not appear more than 60 feet wide. At times, there were two distinct paths of damage in close proximity that would reunite into a single path.[22]

1868

1869

  • July 20 - two probable tornadoes touched down in British Columbia. The first tornado touched down along the Quesnel River in the valley, near Quesnel, British Columbia. The tornado was strong enough to knock over 18-inch in diameter trees and carry them long distances.[24] A second tornado touched down near Williams Creek, British Columbia carrying light materials some distance.[25] These two tornadoes are only probable as they do mention smoke and fire with both situations, but if severe thunderstorms did cross a forest fire area and produce a tornado, the vortex could be able to spin up the smoke alongside carry debris and cause damage as described in the articles.
  • Weeks before August 21 (on a Sunday) - one strong tornado or two smaller tornadoes touched down in Southwestern Ontario. The source indicates that a tornado started a few miles west of Woodstock, Ontario and crossed through the city. The tornado caused immense damage, destroying over 740 panes of glass from the Canada Institute building, uprooting trees and levelling barns and sheds in "East Woodstock". The source discusses a second tornado through Middlesex County, Ontario which may have been the origin for the first tornado. The description of this tornado claims that forests, fences, houses, and everything else were knocked down in the path of the tornado.[15]

1870

  • July 16 - an unrated tornado touched down in Montreal, Quebec. It only lasted five minutes and destroyed everything in its path. There was one unconfirmed death.[26]

1872

1875

1878

1879

1880s[edit]

1880

  • May 31 - an F3 tornado touched down in Lambton County, Ontario near Florence, Ontario. The tornado destroyed a number of homes.[34]
  • June 2 - an unrated tornado touched down in Canada, specific location unknown. The tornado blew down outhouses, uprooted trees, and killed livestock. Two men were killed.[35]

1883

1884

1885

  • Week before May 30 - an unrated small tornado struck north Winnipeg, Manitoba destroying half a dozen homes and injuring many.[40] The tornado briefly became a waterspout when it crossed the river.[41]
  • August 28 - a unrated tornado struck the Muskoka District, Ontario, near Skeleton Lake, Ontario, causing a path of destruction. Trees were uprooted while roofs were lifted off of barns and homes. Two children were killed by falling trees.[42]

1887

  • April 1 - a small and probable tornado struck Vancouver Island, specific location unknown. The tornado caused minor tree and telegraph line damage.[43]
  • July 16 - an unrated tornado passed through Onondaga, Ontario, south of Ohsweken, Ontario. The tornado demolished fences and uprooted trees before damaging an outbuilding.[44]
  • August 23 - an unrated tornado struck London, Ontario and Ingersoll, Ontario destroying numerous buildings, a large chimney from a Bell mill, and the roof of a gas works. Significant damage to trees, chimneys, and structures was also reported north of London.[45][46]

1888

1889

1890s[edit]

1890

1891

  • Before June 23 - an unrated tornado struck St. Andrews, Manitoba damaging fences, uprooting trees and shattering buildings.[67]
  • September 1 or 8 - an unrated tornado struck Mount Forest, Ontario, coming from the southwest and moving towards the northeast with a funnel. The tornado caused tree damage and destroyed the roofs on one or two buildings. Significant damage was done in the country after it passed through the community.[68]

1892

  • April 25 - an unrated tornado struck Onondaga Township, Ontario destroying everything moveable. Due to the lack of information and the referral of a 'Dakota cyclone', this is only a probable tornado.[69]
  • Few days before April 28 (likely April 25) - an unrated tornado struck Belleville, Ontario causing buildings to be blown into pieces with extensive damage done.[70]
  • June 1 - an unrated tornado touched down in the County of Beauce, Quebec, destroying barns, trees, and fences.[71]
  • June 12 - an unrated tornado touched down in Port Arthur, Ontario and Fort William, Ontario which now makes up the city of Thunder Bay, Ontario. The tornado caused tree damage, destroyed telephone and telegraph wires, and wrecked a new building under construction.[72]
  • June 14 - at least two unrated tornadoes touched down in Quebec and Eastern Ontario, however, additional damage was reported which could result in upwards of six additional tornadoes. The first tornado hit Sainte-Rose, Quebec and Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec. It is listed as the ninth deadliest tornado in Canadian history. Six people were killed and 26 injured.[73] Additional damage was reported in Lachute, Quebec where the path was nearly a mile wide, however, it is unclear from any sources whether this is the same tornado as the first one or a probable concurrent tornado.[74] The second tornado hit the Township of Templeton, just east of the Gatineau River causing significant tree damage. The tornado was half a mile wide.[75] Further east of both of these tornadoes, significant damage was reported in Acton Vale, Quebec and Upton, Quebec with a hundred homes destroyed and four deaths and a third tornado is probable.[76][74] Five additional areas of significant damage were reported across the region. These damage areas could have been from tornadoes or from strong straight-line winds/downbursts at the result of weaker building structures, however, based on the amount of damage caused, probable tornadoes seem likely. The significant damage was reported in St. Johns, Quebec where two buildings and a large barn were destroyed, over the Île d'Orléans, Quebec where various houses and barns were blown down, in Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, Quebec (just east of Portneuf, Quebec) where a man died after falling off the roof of a barn they were repairing, over Lac Saint-Jean where heavy damage was also reported, and in Renfrew, Ontario where a high school and six additional buildings were destroyed, including a home that was tossed more than 100 feet.[77][74][78][79]
  • June 24 - an unrated small tornado touched down in Maidstone, Ontario uprooting trees and unroofing barns.[80][81]
  • June 29 - an unrated tornado touched down in London, Ontario, destroying barns and orchards.[citation needed]
  • July 10 - an unrated tornado touched down in Douglas, Manitoba killing one and levelling everything in its seven-mile path of destruction. The tornado was 100 yards wide. Cows, horses, and chickens were killed by the dozen.[82][83][84]
  • July 15 - a probable tornado struck Otonabee Township, Ontario resulting in significant damage to buildings, destroyed crops, and killed livestock.[85]
  • July 18 - two unrated tornadoes touched down in Ontario, both causing damage. The first tornado, which is probable, struck Hamilton, Ontario destroying a pulp mill, killing two, and injuring many. A second tornado struck Beaverton, Ontario destroying many houses, stables, fences, and crops. A number of buildings were entirely demolished with several people injured.[86][87][88]
  • July 23 - an unrated tornado struck Western Ontario destroying barns, telegraph poles, fences, and trees on a Howard Road and Talbot Street. Fruit and grain were completely destroyed. The exact location of these streets is not specifically made clear in the source.[89]
  • August 8 - an unrated tornado struck Prince Edward County, Ontario, 10 miles (16 km) south of Belleville, Ontario. The tornado caused tree damaged resulting in one fatality.[90]
  • August 9 - an unrated tornado and a probable tornado touched down in Southwestern Ontario. The unrated tornado touched down near Princeton, Ontario before moving towards and just south of Paris, Ontario. The tornado caused damage to telegraph lines and bridges, destroyed crops, and damaged buildings. Notable tree damage was reported throughout Brantford, Ontario, but information is inconclusive to rule if this was part of the tornado or not. A probable tornado touched down in the vicinity of the Region of Waterloo, Ontario and Oxford County, Ontario.[90][91][92]
  • August 17 - an unrated tornado touched down in O'Leary, Prince Edward Island destroying three houses near the railway station and five dwellings and two barns on North Road. One person was killed.[93][94]
  • September 10 - an unrated tornado struck Elginburg, Ontario near Kingston, Ontario where the roof off the Methodist church was tossed and several barns were destroyed.[95][96]
  • December 3 - an unrated tornado touched down in Montmorency, Quebec destroying part of a church. Several barns and dwellings were destroyed.[97][98]

1893

  • April 4 - an unrated tornado struck parts of Lethbridge, Alberta, resulting in damage. The front of a local store collapsed.[99]
  • April 13 - a small tornado struck Victoria, British Columbia from the north. No damage was reported.[100]
  • April 20 - a probable tornado struck Owen Sound, Ontario, destroying fences, sheds, and outhouses. The tornado unroofed barns and homes. There is a lack of concrete evidence regarding this tornado. The newspaper also discusses significant damage in the vicinity of Mono Road, Ontario which might be classified as a second probable tornado.[101]
  • May 22 - immense destruction was reported across Ontario into Quebec with sources indicating multiple tornadoes. Various towns were impacted. In Perth, Ontario, circus tents were blown down injuring one and killing one. In Aurora Bay, Ontario, a church steeple was destroyed. In Tilsonburg, Ontario, an oatmeal mill was destroyed killing one with significant damage to walls. Significant tree damage was reported along Ontario Highway 19 in the town. In Montreal, Quebec, various homes were completely destroyed while others only received minor damage. Trees and signs were damaged. Shipping vessels in the city were damaged. In Ottawa, Ontario, the St Jean Baptist School was destroyed killing a child and injuring another. Small towers on Bank Street collapsed. Several additional people were killed and injured. In Orillia, Ontario, a man was injured by a falling steeple.[102][103][104]
  • May 23 - an unrated tornado struck Montreal, Quebec lasting only five minutes. The tornado damaged trees, houses, and signboards. The tornado lofted debris to Rue Cathcart in the city. While the article states the event happened on May 23, there is question as to whether or not this event actually occurred on May 22.[105]
  • May 30 - an unrated tornado struck Nottawa, Ontario, removing the roof off a mill.[106]
  • July 9 - a waterspout touched down over Lake Saint-Louis, Quebec, near Montreal, Quebec. The tornado resulted in a boat capsizing and a man drowning. From the newspaper article, there is no indication that the waterspout made landfall.[107]
  • July 10 - an unrated tornado touched north of Brandon, Manitoba. A dispatcher in Brandon, Manitoba reported that a cyclone touched down north of the city, demolishing several homes and barns. The storm took a southeast path, striking Douglas, Manitoba and Carberry, Manitoba. A dispatcher in Douglas reported a cone-shaped cloud reaching the ground. Houses and stables were blown down while machinery was scattered across the farmland in this area. Additional damage was reported in Chater, Manitoba.[108]
  • July 28 - an unrated tornado touched down in Hanlee Grove, Prince Edward Island, outside of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island cutting a half a mile wide path through the landscape. The tornado destroyed two barracks.[109]
  • August 2 - an unrated tornado touched down in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, uprooting trees, flattening crops, and destroying the front of the provincial buildings. The tornado levelled the McKinnon's old tannery and other various buildings.[110]

1894

  • May 20 or May 27 - an unrated tornado touched down in Montreal, Quebec. The tornado tore the roofs off several buildings.[111]
  • May 20 or May 27 - an unrated tornado touched down in Huron County, Ontario. The tornado caused significant property damage and a considerable number of lives were lost.[112]
  • July 9 - a waterspout touched down over Lake Saint-Louis, Quebec capsizing four yachts. A single person drown.[113]
  • September 18 - an unrated tornado struck Clinton, Ontario. A flex mill was partly unroofed and wagons were overturned. Trees were uprooted and buildings were demolished.[114][115]

1895

1896

  • May 25 - an unrated tornado touched down near Windsor, Ontario, in the Sandwich East district, resulting in destroyed houses, barns, machinery, fences, and trees. Many cattle and horses were killed, however, no notable deaths or injuries for humans.[125][126][127]
  • June 6 - a probable cyclone did considerable damage at the French village of Guion, thirty miles up the Ottawa River. A village named "Guion" doesn't exist, but the next closest thing which matches the distance is the closely named Quyon, Quebec. Unless further information is found, it can be assumed that the misspelling was a miscommunication.[128]
  • June 25 - a probable tornado touched down in Windsor, Ontario, destroying and lifting off roofs, smashing windows, and damaging trees. Many chimneys were also blown down.[129][130]
  • July 2 - an unrated tornado touched down on Lac Deschênes along the Ottawa River near Ottawa, Ontario. The tornado overturned numerous boats, killing three.[131][132]
  • August 10 - an unrated tornado touched down in Amherstburg, Ontario lifting the roof from the Lake View house and tossing it across the street. Various boats in the Detroit River were overturned. Significant damage was also reported in Simcoe, Ontario where the roof from a grand stand was carried around with more minor damage to fences and trees reported. There was also significant crop damage in this area which is more indictive of straight-line winds or a downburst unless new information can be found.[133][134]

1897

  • June 21 - an unrated tornado struck Nicola, British Columbia, just northeast of Merritt, British Columbia. The tornado snapped trees near Mill Creek which fell in the direction of Driard hotel.[135] There was initial question about the creditability of this report, but further research suggests that a Driard hotel did exist in Nicola with a Mill Creek Road also existing in the area, therefore, the report is classified as valid.
  • June 29 - an unrated tornado struck London, Ontario in Westminster Township, Ontario destroying buildings, woods, orchards, and fields.[136][137][138]
  • July 3 - an unrated tornado struck Rapid City, Manitoba killing one and demolishing several buildings.[139][140]
  • July 12 - an unrated tornado struck parts of Chicoutimi County, Quebec.[141]
  • Within the week before July 20 (13-19) - an unrated tornado struck between Lothaire, Alberta and Wheatland, Alberta, resulting in minor tree damage and a damaged barn roof.[142] The lack of information makes this event question whether it was actually a tornado, listed as 'probable' until further evidence is provided.
  • September 16 - an unrated tornado struck Anderdon Township, Ontario, levelling telephone and telegraph lines, uprooting trees, and unroofing barns and homes. Multiple horses were killed during the storm.[143]
  • November 9 - an unrated tornado struck Victoria, British Columbia causing immense damage.[144] The lack of information makes this event question whether it was actually a tornado, listed as 'probable' until further evidence is provided.

1898

1899

1900s[edit]

1900

1901

1902

  • May 21 - a tornado touched down in Toronto, Ontario damaging many trees, telegraph wires, fences, and signs. A church tower was overturned with numerous windows broken. There was at least one injury.[188]
  • May 21 - a tornado touched down in the Pleasant Point, Manitoba and Carberry, Manitoba region, destroying buildings, trees, and shattering fences. The tornado was three miles in length and three to four hundred feet wide.[182][189][190]
  • Before July 16 - a tornado touched down in Laval, Quebec near the Doucet's Landing railway station, destroying ten houses.[191]
  • July 17 - an F4 tornado struck Chesterville, Ontario tracking northeastward. The tornado was fifty to sixty rods wide and tore dwellings and outbuildings into pieces. Several people were killed, at least five, and injured at a farm in the seventh concession of Winchester, Ontario.[192][193][194]
  • August 3 - a tornado touched down in St. Catharines, Ontario damaging various fruit farms and buildings.[195][196][197][198] A single source from three days after the event suggests that this tornado hit also hit Fonthill, Ontario, however, based on the description from the previous sources, this is questionable. It would be possible that the damage in Fonthill which is estimated at $25,000 in damages was from a second probable tornado.[199]

1903

  • May 8 - a tornado touched down between Portage La Prairie, Manitoba and Douglas, Manitoba.[200]
  • May 27 - multiple tornadoes touched down across Southwestern Ontario. The first tornado touched down in Mornington Township cutting a four mile long and twenty to forty rod wide path through the area. The tornado started at the seventh concession and destroyed a silo before destroying a bush and large barn. A house was shifted eight feet of its foundation. A brick school house on 100th concession was completely wrecked with debris thrown over half a mile. There was one serious injury. A second tornado touched down three miles northwest of Elora, Ontario unroofing part of a barn and throwing it 60 yards away. A probable third tornado touched down half a mile south of Amherstburg, Ontario were a drive-shed, new barn, and dwelling was destroyed. A person was carried several yards but remained uninjured.[201]
  • June 18 - a tornado struck the side of Mount Sicker, British Columbia resulting in tree damage in all directions block railways.[202]
  • July 13 - a small probable tornado struck Saskatoon, Saskatchewan resulting in damage to roof and shed of the Methodist church. The Roman Catholic church was shifted a foot and small shacks were damaged across the area.[203] Based on the description of the event, there is question as to whether this was a tornado or not.
  • August 6 - a tornado touched down two miles west of Forest, Ontario damaging various barns, windmills, and chimneys. Fences were levelled to the ground, windows shattered, and trees and crops destroyed. Damage was also town in the town of Forest, Ontario and throughout Warwick Township, Ontario. Several people were injured.[204]
  • November 10 - a tornado struck Arrowhead, British Columbia listing the Reid & Young store entirely off its foundation and throwing it twenty feet away. The tornado lasted only a couple seconds.[205]
  • An F3 tornado hit Rockland, Ontario.[192]

1904

  • May 27 - a tornado touched down in Amherstburg, Ontario resulting in damage to the Lakeview hotel. Tall smokestacks from the Electric Light and Power Company toppled over. The court house was partially wrecked.[206][207]
  • May 28 - a tornado struck the southern portion of Brandon, Manitoba destroying the fair grounds and some small houses.[208]
  • June 10 - a tornado touched down in Carlyle, Saskatchewan destroying stables, a skating rink, a kitchen and a hotel.[209]
  • Before July 14 - a tornado touched down near Brockville, Ontario unroofing barns and damaging trees.[210]
  • July 15 - a tornado passed near Saskatoon, Saskatchewan cutting a 400 yard wide path through the country side. A stable was smashed and tossed half a mile. Numerous buildings near the stable were also damaged.[211]

1905

  • July 8 - a tornado touched down near Barrie, Ontario and in Midhurst, Ontario. The tornado blew over and destroyed several barns. The property of Charles Stewart (premier) was destroyed with the roof of the barn being blown off, the kitchen in the house being torn apart, and trees and fences also being destroyed.[212]
  • July 12 - a tornado touched down in Pine Lake, Alberta, southeast of Red Deer, Alberta resulting in considerable damage to stock and farm property. The path could be tracked through the fields and through a forest, peaking at three to four rods wide. A house lost its roof, but buildings on each side were left untouched.[213][214][215]
  • July 15 - a damaging tornado struck Winnipeg, Manitoba resulting in four deaths. The tornado tore up chimneys, building frames, and communication lines.[216] Many cattle died and six people were injured.[217]

1906

  • April 5 - a small tornado touched down in Rivers Inlet, British Columbia, destroying a cannery.[218][219][220]
  • June 8 - at least four probable tornadoes touched down in Ontario. The first probable tornado touched down in Hamilton, Ontario, uprooting trees, damaging roofs, and destroying a sailboat.[221][222] A second probable tornado started near Rodney, Ontario where it destroyed the roof of the Binder Hotel before continuing through/near West Lorne, Ontario, Dutton, Ontario, Shedden, Ontario and Fingal, Ontario before ending in St. Thomas, Ontario where a roof of the Michigan Central Railroad was destroyed and nearly all trees on Wellington Street were damaged or destroyed.[223][224] Damage in some of the nearby towns mentioned before could have been from the outer edges, more in the style of a downburst associated with the thunderstorm, but without proper record keeping as in the modern era, this can all be classified under one tornadic event. A third tornado touched down in Chatham, Ontario causing significant tree damage across the city. The tower of the Methodist church collapsed, the peak was knocked off the school, skylights were blown out, smokestacks of several local factories were also destroyed. Various houses were destroyed. This tornado likely dissipated before touching down again as the Rodney, Ontario to St. Thomas, Ontario tornado. In Sarnia, Ontario, a fourth probable tornado touched down destroying 150 square feet of roofing on a new lumber mill. Numerous trees were destroyed while a house was lifted off its foundation and tossed. Based on the damage reported, the tornado started near the St. Clair River causing damage along Christina Street, Johnston Street, and Queen Street before moving across Wellington Street and causing damage along Davis Street. The tornado began to weaken before causing minor damage on Russell Street. Additional damage was reported in Port Stanley, Ontario where a ninety-foot elevator tower collapsed and in Niagara Falls, Ontario. There is inconclusive information to determine the classification of the event in Port Stanley, Ontario and Niagara Falls, Ontario.[225][226][227]
  • June 14 - a tornado touched down near Balgonie, Saskatchewan where it tore apart a skating rink and destroyed the roof of a new stables.[228]
  • July 31 - a tornado passed three miles west of Waterloo, Ontario destroying fences and wheat stacks. Trees and crops were also damaged.[229]
  • August 1 - a tornado struck the North Battleford, Saskatchewan area resulting in a Baptist church blowing off its foundation and a couple of houses being overturned.[230]
  • August 15 - a tornado passed between Boucherville, Ontario (two miles south of Stratton, Ontario) and Barwick, Ontario. The north moved north from the United States between Emo, Ontario and Stratton, Ontario. Damage was done to numerous houses and barns in the region. The path of the tornado was nearly half a mile wide and jumped back and forth across the Rainy River (Minnesota–Ontario). There were numerous injuries.[231]
  • October 9 - a tornado struck Ayr, Ontario damaging trees, chimneys, homes and other buildings. A mill to the west was also damaged.[232]
  • October 29 - a tornado touched down in Coutts, Alberta resulting damage near the international border. The tornado tore parts of the walls on the Campbell's blacksmith shop, destroyed chimneys, and blew over the windmill for the Great Northern Railway of Canada.[233][234]

1907

  • June 3 - a tornado touched down in Nixon, Ontario, west of Simcoe, Ontario. The tornado was narrow, destroying only two houses, a grocery store and a structure with a large coal chute. In the country, several barn roofs were torn off of barns and carried a long distance. In some cases, barn walls were also destroyed.[235]
  • June 16 - two tornadoes touched down in Manitoba and Saskatchewan. The first tornado struck Napinka, Manitoba resulting in damage to a farm property.[236][237] A second tornado touched down to the north near Griswold, Manitoba destroying fences and chimneys. Tents for the Canadian National Railway construction were flattened. A home was lifted up from the ground and shifted. Unclassified wind damage was reported in Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan dealing a 'cyclonic force.' Buildings were torn to pieces with a small house being lifted up and shifted. Unclassified wind damage, possibly from a tornado, was reported to the north in Newdale, Manitoba. In this town, numerous farm buildings were damaged or destroyed, including stables, a granary, and homes. Shingles were torn off a roof. Many animals died and one person was injured.[238]
  • June 24 - a probable tornado touched down near Huntsville, Ontario. The probable tornado tore off a dwelling from a store and the flag pole near the school collapsed. Significant tree damage was reported with trees "thrown in every direction." Based on the description of the event, there is question as to whether this was a tornado or not.[239]
  • July 6 - a tornado touched down in the Meridian District, Saskatchewan destroying the Kimberley school house, several granaries, and nearby fields. The entry in the source lists the closest settlement as Oxbow, Saskatchewan.[240]
  • August 8 - a tornado struck Tuxford, Saskatchewan damaging and shifting the Anglican church, William's hotel and a large barn off their foundations. A hardware store and ice cream parlor were badly damaged. Sidewalks were ripped up.[241]
  • August 14 - a tornado 20 miles south of Vermilion, Alberta on the Battle River killed 3 children and destroyed a house along with stables, and corrals.[242]

1908

  • June 19 - a tornado touched down in Hamilton, Ontario damaging many trees and the electric system.[243]
  • Before June 24 - a tornado touched down in Niagara Falls, Ontario, flipping a boat.[244]
  • July 29 - two tornadoes touched down in Saskatchewan. The first tornado touched down near Fillmore, Saskatchewan doing considerable damage to the town and surrounding rural land. Various buildings, including a school, were destroyed. A single schoolboy died.[245] A second tornado touched down near Warman, Saskatchewan resulting in the Anglican church being shifted while the Saskatchewan Trading Company's warehouse was destroyed.[246] Additional damage was reported in Ninga, Manitoba, Dunrea, Manitoba, and Waskada, Manitoba. It is unclear if this additional damage was the result of tornadoes or not.[247]
  • August 5 - a tornado touched down near Mount Pleasant, Ontario demolishing numerous barns, unroofing many others, and causing impassable roads from fallen trees.[248]
  • October 5 - a small tornado struck Morris, Manitoba unroofing two buildings, throwing some farm machinery, and relocating livestock. Small trees were also uprooted.[249]
  • October 6 - a tornado touched down in Birds Hill, Manitoba outside of Winnipeg, Manitoba doing considerable damage. Two or three houses were destroyed and telephone poles torn up.[250][251]
  • Week before October 9 - a small tornado touched down on Wolfe Island, Ontario causing considerable damage. The tornado shifted several farm structures and demolished at least one.[252]

1909

  • April 6 - a tornado struck London, Ontario causing some minor damage to a chimney. Half a dozen children were injured from a falling chimney.[253][254]
  • April 15 - a small tornado struck near Piche, Saskatchewan which is now called Bents, Saskatchewan. The tornado lifted half a house and carried it to the next homestead.[255]
  • July 1 - a tornado near Didsbury, Alberta is shown in a photograph in the archives of the Glenbow Museum.[256][257]
  • July 1 - a tornado struck Carievale, Saskatchewan and Gainsboro, Saskatchewan destroying homes and buildings. Farm machinery were twisted, carried over a half a mile, and destroyed. Buildings were torn up and scattered through fields. Eleven families were left homeless, five were killed, and up to 30 people were injured. A post office was destroyed.[258][259]
  • July 4 - a tornado touched down in Gravelbourg, Saskatchewan, north of Assiniboia, Saskatchewan resulting in one death and significant roof damage to one home. The roof was thrown over 60 yards.[260]
  • July 16 - two tornadoes touched down in Alberta and Saskatchewan. The first was an F3 tornado struck near the settlement of Golden Valley, Alberta,[261] injuring four. Continuing from the first storm, at 10pm, a second strong tornado caused damage 14 miles north pf Wilkie, Saskatchewan causing one injury. The second tornado completely destroyed a house and carried pieces of it for a quarter of a mile. Hay stacks and farm machinery were tossed. A second house was damaged. The tornado was a quarter of a mile wide.[262][263][264][265][266]
  • July 25 - a tornado touched down near Oak Lake, Manitoba, destroying numerous buildings.[257][62]

1910s[edit]

1910

  • March 5 - a probable tornado struck Winnipeg, Manitoba causing considerable damage. The probable tornado blew down the walls of a six-story furniture warehouse. There is a lack of detail regarding any other damage to determine if this was a tornado or not.[267]
  • June 21 - two tornadoes struck the Canadian Prairies The first tornado struck 60 miles south of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan resulting in widespread damage to homes and farms. Three people were killed, including two children, with seven people injured according to The Granum Press and Lethbridge Herald report that three people died.[268][269] The book, "The Literary History of Saskatchewan," cites another book, "Freeman Wing Searches," stating that it lists all the names of the Euro-Canadians and three Asian men died, implying that more than three deaths occurred.[270][271][272][273] The second tornado struck Gladstone, Manitoba destroying a skating rink and part of a mill.[274]
  • July 3 - a probable tornado struck Davidson, Saskatchewan destroying some houses, barns, numerous granaries, and other buildings. Some debris was lofted over 100 yards.[275] The description of the event isn't definitive enough to say if this was a tornado or not with confidence.
  • July 29 - a tornado struck Beverley, Saskatchewan destroying the Quon Koy restaurant. A home a mile east of the town was also destroyed.[276]
  • July 30 - a probable 'cyclone' or tornado touched down in London, Ontario destroying telephone lines west of the city with trees down throughout the region.[277] The lack of information makes this event question whether it was actually a tornado, listed as 'probable' until further evidence is provided.
  • September 8 - a tornado touched down in Creston, British Columbia, resulting in significant damage. The length of the tornado was 500 yards with a wide of 30 feet. The tornado dealt damage to homes and business in the community including barns and farm buildings. Large glass panes were destroyed and large timber blocks weighing up to 400 pounds were picked up and thrown 150 yards.[278][279][280]
  • October 1 - a tornado struck Montreal, Quebec resulting in damaged businesses and telephone services.[281]

1911

1912

  • June 30 - Canada's deadliest twister hit Regina, Saskatchewan. Known as the Regina Cyclone, it was an F4 tornado that devastated the city. More than 300 people were injured and 28 people killed. The total cost of damage was estimated to be around $4.5 million (nearly $117M in 2019).

1915

  • June 25 - a tornado struck near Medicine Hat, Alberta. The business section of Redcliff was also severely damaged, and a freight train was blown off the tracks. The storm killed two people and injured many others.[301]

1917

1918

  • No date - a tornado touched down near Vermilion, Alberta, destroying a log house. Three children were killed, and one woman was carried 27 m (30 yd).[302]

1919

1920s[edit]

1920

1921

1922

1923

1926

1927

  • June 18 - a tornado picked up a house in Elfros, Saskatchewan, killing one person. The damage path lasted for 11 km (6.8 mi).
  • July 7 - a strong tornado struck Vulcan, Alberta, causing significant damage in the town and surrounding area. A curling rink was destroyed, along with a dairy farm and a granary. There were no injuries.

1928

  • August 27 - a tornado touched down near Claresholm, Alberta resulting in widespread damage to nearby farms and structures. Several animals died in the tornado.[307]

1930s[edit]

1933

  • May 23 - a tornado passed a mile south and west of the town of Winkler, Manitoba late in the afternoon, and was photographed. The accompanying cloudburst resulted in severe flooding in the town lasting into the following day.[308]

1935

1936

1939

1940s[edit]

1942

  • July 25 - a small tornado was reported in the community of Mentmore, Manitoba, causing damage to buildings and crops.[311]

1944

  • July 1 - two tornadoes struck Lebret, Saskatchewan, killing four people.
  • August 9 - locally known as the "Kamsack Cyclone", a tornado touched down in Kamsack, Saskatchewan, destroying 400 homes and 100 businesses. Three people were killed and many more injured.[312]

1946

1948

  • March 19 - a tornado struck the Windsor, Ontario area. This was the earliest tornado in the year for the province until 2016.

1949

  • July 19 - the small village of Chénéville, Quebec was devastated by a tornado which lasted about three minutes.

1950s[edit]

1950

1953

  • May 21 - an F4 tornado touched down in Sarnia, Ontario, leaving seven people dead, over 40 injured, and 500 homeless. The path was estimated to be over 150 km (93 mi) long through Michigan and Ontario.

1954

1955

1956

1958

1959

  • June 6 - a tornado destroyed a garage in La Salle, Manitoba, yet the car inside the garage was not damaged. The tornado could be seen 15 km (9.3 mi) away in Winnipeg.

1960s[edit]

1960

  • July 18 - a violent cone-shaped tornado was reported to have torn through the Mentmore, Ingelow and Brookdale areas of Manitoba. The twister pushed 59 cars from a Canadian National Railway freight train off their tracks, damaged buildings, flattened crops, snapped power lines, uprooted trees and pushed a garage off its foundation. Damage was estimated at half a million dollars.[317]

1962

  • July 1 - a small tornado was observed near Vancouver, British Columbia. This was the third tornado recorded since the weather office opened in 1929.

1963

  • June 29 - a large tornado touched down near Spy Hill, Saskatchewan, 260 km (160 mi) northwest of Regina, destroying multiple houses and damaging property. One man was killed when he was sucked out of his house. The tornado travelled 6.4 km (4 mi), and left a 1.6 km (1 mi) wide path of destruction.[318]

1966

  • March 7 - an unconfirmed tornado touched down in Ucluelet, British Columbia, causing significant damage. It drove a metal spike through a classroom window into a blackboard.
  • June 10 - a small tornado touched down near Nanton, Alberta, tearing trees and narrowly missing ranch buildings.[319]

1967

  • April 17 - a total of four tornadoes, two being F3 in strength, touched down in Southwestern Ontario, causing at least $8.2 million in damage. The first tracked through Huron and Perth counties, flattening barns and homes, and snapping multiple trees and utility poles. The second F3 tracked from St. Jacobs to northwest of Guelph. Two F0 tornadoes were also confirmed and one person was killed.[320][321]

1968

  • April 11 - a weak tornado hit Watson, Saskatchewan, destroying a garage.
  • July 20 - a tornado struck La Riviere, Manitoba destroying several cabins, ripping the roof off the grain elevator, flipping vehicles, and downing many trees. The tornado tracked about 20 miles to northeast of Manitou with a damage path 200 yds wide.[322]

1970s[edit]

1970

  • August 20 - an early morning F3 tornado touched down near Sudbury, Ontario, causing extensive damage in the city, as well as in the suburban communities of Lively and Copper Cliff, and the more distant rural community of Field. Lively was the hardest hit, with over 300 homes damaged. The communities were given little warning of bad weather approaching, as the Sudbury Airport did not have radar that detected tornado activity. Over 200 people were injured and six were killed. The damage was estimated at $17 million, and it is listed as the eighth deadliest tornado in Canadian history.[323]

1972

  • July 22 - a tornado near Algonquin Provincial Park left a 25 km (16 mi) path, destroying a portage trail and wide swaths of red pine forest and other trees south of Lake Lavieille.
  • July 28 - a tornado tore through farmland near Bawlf, Alberta, destroying a two-storey house and several farm buildings. Two people were injured, and one person was injured and died later from the injuries.[324]

1973

1974

  • April 3 - Windsor, Ontario was hit with an F3 tornado, part of the 1974 Super Outbreak. Nine people were killed and 30 were injured, with an estimated $500,000 in damage. It is listed as the sixth deadliest tornado in Canadian history.[326]

1975

  • July 24 - a strong tornado hit Saint-Bonaventure, Quebec, approximately 80 km (50 mi) northeast of Montreal, destroying over 100 homes and businesses. Three people were killed, and over forty were hospitalized.[327]

1977

  • July 18 - an F4 tornado touched down near St. Malo, Manitoba, destroying houses and barns. Asphalt was peeled off Highway 59 as a result of the strong winds. Three people were killed.[328]

1978

  • June 27 - an F2 tore through the city of Masson-Angers, Quebec (today part of Gatineau), damaging 100 homes and injuring 35 people.
  • July 30 - an F2 tornado touched down near Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, toppling a tower and then destroying a transmission tower near Rae-Edzo. Some witnesses said that they saw a huge 1.6 km (1 mi) wide wedge coming into town from the west. The tornado caused severe damage to weakly built houses. It was the third recorded tornado in the region since 1960.[329]

1979

  • July 10 - a tornado struck the town of Glasnevin, Saskatchewan, killing one person.[330]
  • August 7 - three tornadoes struck near the Woodstock, Ontario area, causing more than $100 million in damage. The biggest were two F4 tornadoes; one starting in Woodstock and travelling southeast for 57 km (35 mi), the other starting in the south of Stratford, tearing a path southeast for 31 km (19 mi). An F0 satellite tornado accompanied the Woodstock tornado for up to 21 km (13 mi). The storms killed two and injured more than 150, while 480 houses were left uninhabitable.
  • August 8 - a tornado touched down in Regina, Saskatchewan, causing damage in the northwest end of the city. Two tornadoes were spotted that day, with one reaching F2 status, but this was unconfirmed.[331]

1980s[edit]

1980[edit]

1980 confirmed tornadoes
AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE
9 12 4 24 2 1 2 2
1980 tornado strengths
F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
36 16 4 0 0 0

1981[edit]

1981 confirmed tornadoes
BC AB SK MB ON QC NB
0 7 13 4 16 0 1
1981 tornado strengths
F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
31 8 2 0 0 0

1982[edit]

1982 confirmed tornadoes
AB SK MB ON QC NB PE
30 15 8 12 1 1 1
1982 tornado strengths
F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
42 23 2 1 0 0

1983[edit]

  • Walpole Island saw an F2 tornado, which injured one person. It lasted 15 km (9.3 mi) on the ground and caused C$1 million in damages.[332][335]
  • Reece's Corners had the strongest tornado, rated an F4. 13 people were injured and many more left homeless. The F4 tornado was on the ground for 30 km (19 mi), and was up to 400 m (1,300 ft) in width. Damages were C$20.0 million,[332] with 15 to 25 buildings destroyed. Winds topped out near 400 km/h (250 mph).[335]
  • Kettleby was hit with an F2 tornado that lasted 10.5 km (6.5 mi) on the ground; no major damage or injuries were reported.[332][335]
  • Rexdale, an informally-defined district of Toronto, saw three F0s. They lasted on the ground from 5.87 to 9.93 km (3.65 to 6.17 mi). One caused C$1.2 million in damages. No injuries were reported.[332]

1984[edit]

1985[edit]

1986[edit]

  • June 1 - three tornadoes touched down in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. There were no official ratings given for the tornadoes, although some damage indicated F3 strength winds. Roofs were thrown off houses and a warehouse was destroyed. No one was injured, and damage was estimated at over $1 million.
  • June 16 - severe storms produced an F3 tornado that travelled from Brady Lake to Maynooth, Ontario. Two other tornadoes were also reported.[344]
  • June 16 - an F3 tornado was confirmed near Lac Gareau, Quebec. It severely damaged summer chalets and overturned a truck. Two other tornadoes were reported further east. This was from the same weather system that had affected Ontario earlier in the day.[344]
  • June 18 - two tornadoes touched down near High Prairie, Alberta, tossing farm equipment and tearing the roof off a house.[345] A third tornado, an F2, grazed the outskirts of Provost, causing $100,000 in damages.[346]
  • June 24 - a tornado touched down in Tingwick, Quebec, damaging 12 properties.[347]
  • June 25 - an F1 tornado touched down southeast of Wainwright, Alberta.[348]
  • June 30 - one tornado touched down near Stirling, Alberta near Lethbridge, and another tore through Cayley, 60 km (37 mi) south of Calgary. They destroyed a storage shed, tossed a van across the yard, and hurled a large horse against a barbed wire fence. No injuries were reported.[349]
  • July 9 - three tornadoes briefly touched down throughout Central Alberta. Two were spotted near Penhold and one reported south of Sylvan Lake.[350]
  • July 13 - an F0 tornado hit the northeastern limits of Cochrane, Alberta.[351]
  • July 15 - one person was killed from an F0 tornado near Maniwaki, Quebec.
  • July 29 - four tornadoes touched down in central Saskatchewan, causing minimal damage.[344]

1987[edit]

  • May 28 - an F0 tornado struck the community of Glen-Sutton, Quebec.[352]
  • June 8 - an F1 tornado was confirmed near the town of Fort-Coulonge, Quebec, causing minor damage.
  • July 22 - an F1 tornado was confirmed in Foam Lake Ontario. It was the only known tornado in Ontario that year.[353]
  • June 25 - eight tornadoes were confirmed in Alberta after storms tore through the province. The strongest was an F2 near Milo. Six F1s touched down near Springbank, Ghost Pine Creek, Esther, Bow Island, Jalna, and in the town of Lacombe. An F0 also touched down near Eckville.[354]
  • July 26 - an F1 twister was confirmed near the town of Kinnear's Mills, Quebec.
  • July 29 - an F1 tornado struck north of Grande Cache, Alberta. It was on the ground for 5.64 km (3.51 mi) and had a max width of 310 meters.
  • July 30 - an F1 tornado touched down in the Castle Downs neighborhood in Edmonton, Alberta, one day before a devastating F4 damaged or destroyed hundreds of buildings on the east side of the city. A second F1 also touched down in the town of Nisku.[355]
  • July 31 - one of Canada's deadliest tornadoes, an F4, ripped through the eastern part of Edmonton, and parts of neighbouring Leduc County and Strathcona County. Known as the Edmonton tornado, it left 27 dead and 253 injured. It was the second deadliest tornado in Canadian history. Environment Canada has been under scrutiny in recent years as to whether or not the Edmonton Tornado should’ve been rated F5 or not. Seven other tornadoes were also confirmed around in the Edmonton Area and Central Alberta on the same day; a F1 in southeast Edmonton, F2 near Beaumont, and an F2 between Millet and Vegreville that caused $40,000 in damages. The last four were given an F0 rating.[356][357][358]

1988[edit]

1989[edit]

  • June 19 - eight tornadoes touched down over central Saskatchewan, with winds gusting up to 130 km/h (81 mph). Hail also shredded crops near Blaine Lake.
  • June 27 - an F1 tornado hit the north side of Edmonton, Alberta.[362]
  • July 8 - an F2 tornado hit areas northeast of Weyburn, Saskatchewan.[363]
  • June 15 - an F1 tornado touched down near Nordegg, Alberta.[364]
  • July 27 - a series of severe thunderstorms spawned an F1 tornado in the east end of Edmonton, Alberta.[332] [365]The tornado injured two people, and damaged buildings and uprooted trees and power lines. It caused $500,000 in damages.[332][366]
  • August 14 - three tornadoes touched down in the province of New Brunswick. One hit the town of Carlisle, where trees were uprooted and a barn was destroyed. 22 out of 24 glass storm windows stored inside the barn were left undamaged.
  • November 16 - an F2 tornado caused $2 million in damage in the community of Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. This tornado was part of the November 1989 Tornado Outbreak.

1990s[edit]

1990[edit]

1991[edit]

1992[edit]

  • June 22 - tornadoes touched down across southern Manitoba, including two F1s near Winkler and an F0 in St. Claude.[372]
  • June 24 - tornadoes, large hail and torrential downpours affected southern Manitoba. Tennis ball sized hail fell near Morden and winds gusting to 154 km/h (96 mph) were recorded at Pilot Mound. There were five confirmed tornado touchdowns and numerous funnel clouds in Manitoba that day. There was some very crisp video footage of one rope tornado tearing up farmland near Portage la Prairie. The region had been affected by severe weather the day before as well.
  • August 8 - an F1 tornado struck north of Deloraine, Manitoba.[373]

1993[edit]

  • July 29 - a series of violent thunderstorms tracked across Central Alberta, spawning three tornadoes. The strongest of these was an F3 in Holden, 90 km (56 mi) east of Edmonton. An F0 touched down in near Falun, east of Pigeon Lake, and an F1 tornado was reported 60 km (37 mi) northeast of Lac La Biche.

1994[edit]

  • June 30 - an F2 tornado hit southeast of Kenora, Ontario, destroying boats, blowing apart cottages, and uprooting trees.
  • July 9 - one person was killed when an F2 tore because through the town of Saint-Charles-sur-Richelieu, Quebec. Three other people were injured, and about a dozen homes were damaged.
  • July 10 - an F4 tornado tore through Birtle, Manitoba, which tracked for 29.4 km. The tornado destroyed several farm houses and barns, injuring 2 during its lifetime.
  • August 4 - an F3 tornado touched down in Aylmer, Quebec across the river from Ottawa, injuring 15 people. The tornado path was 8 km (5.0 mi) long and caused major damage to a downtown residential subdivision, including homes destroyed. A second tornado had previously touched down just across the Ottawa River in Carp. In Quebec, other tornadoes touched down near Laurel and Rawdon.[374][375]
  • August 27 - a F4 tornado hit rural farmland near Turtle Mountain, Manitoba. Devastation was especially visible at Mayfair Hutterite Colony, and there was well over $1 million in damage. There were no injuries or deaths.

1995[edit]

  • June 20 - thunderstorms rumbled for seven hours over Manitoba, producing 90 km/h (56 mph) winds which blew trees and power lines over. The storm produced a weak tornado.
  • July 15 - a large progressive derecho thunderstorm produced severe winds over an expansive area of the central Great Lakes and New England overnight. It also contained at least six tornadoes that hit Central Ontario, most centred on or to the north of the Kawartha Lakes. The strongest was an F2 tornado that destroyed a marina at Bridgenorth and overturned a houseboat on Lake Chemong, trapping 20 occupants for a few hours until they were rescued, just north of Peterborough. One person was killed in Bridgenorth. An F2 tornado west of Sault Ste Marie caused extensive tree damaged and caused damage too 6 seasonal homes
  • July 26 - a tornado in Fredericton, New Brunswick took the roof off a government building and damaged a tennis court dome.
  • August 14 - a tornado touched down near Barrie, Ontario.
  • August 29 - several farms were destroyed when a tornado lasting a couple of minutes affected Spring Valley, Saskatchewan, near Moose Jaw.

1996[edit]

  • April 20 - Multiple tornadoes hit Grey, Wellington and Dufferin counties. Two F3 class tornadoes touched down in Grey County (Williamsford), Wellington County and Dufferin County. Significant property damage occurred; nine people were injured by the two tornadoes.
  • May 20 - a strong thunderstorm damaged one of the four screens of a drive-in theatre at Thorold, Ontario in the Niagara Region. Coincidentally, this drive-in was planning to show the movie Twister that evening. Eyewitnesses reported seeing a small funnel cloud, but the physical evidence was inconclusive. Distorted and exaggerated media reports of this event abound; most claimed that the storm blew down the screen while Twister was being shown on it. The storm actually took place before sundown. However, a small tornado did touch down in Stoney Creek that same evening.
  • July 4 - an estimated nine tornadoes touched down in the Saskatoon, Maymont and Osler, Saskatchewan areas. An F3 was measured in the Maymont area, destroying power lines. Homes and property were damaged in the Osler area. Wind gusts in Saskatoon reached 120 km/h (75 mph) and 141 km/h (88 mph), damaging many trees and properties on the east end of the city. A drive-in theatre and a nightclub on the eastern outskirts of the city were also heavily damaged; ironically, the movie that was going to be shown at the drive-in that night was Twister.
  • September 6 - A tornado struck Trinity, Newfoundland, damaging houses and a shipyard building.[376][377]

1997[edit]

  • June 24 - Lantz, Nova Scotia, F0 tornado touched down in a local ball field at approximately 4:45 pm ADT (UTC−03:00). Golf ball sized hail and intense lightning were also reported with this storm.
  • July 2 - during the Southeast Michigan tornado outbreak, an F1, an F2, and an F3 hit Windsor, Ontario and surrounding areas. See the article for more in-depth information.
  • July 4 - an F2 tornado touched down near Grand Falls, New Brunswick. A roof was torn off a building, and farmers' fields were ripped up. The same line of storms also dropped an F2 tornado in Matapédia (New Brunswick/Quebec border), where a couple of barns were destroyed.

1998[edit]

  • June 2 - during a wider severe weather outbreak (derecho thunderstorm) that struck Southern Ontario in the mid-afternoon, an F1 tornado descended near Holbrook around 3:50 pm EDT (UTC−04:00) and travelled southeastward to Norwich, damaging many buildings, including a church. There were also tornado reports in Elmvale and Dunnville, and several reports of funnel clouds, hail, and high winds.
  • July 10 - an F2 tornado touched down in Charleston, New Brunswick, leaving a 90 m (300 ft) by 7 km (4.3 mi) path of damage. A mobile home was thrown 30 m (98 ft) and totally destroyed. There were minor injuries to the residents in the home.
  • July 19 - a weak tornado hit Daysland, Alberta, about 50 km (31 mi) east of Camrose. It damaged power lines, knocking out power to surrounding communities.
  • August 11 - a small F1 tornado went through part of Saint-Émile, Quebec City, in the suburbs of Quebec City. It overturned a shed and caused a citywide electricity loss when a garage was slammed into an electric pole.

1999[edit]

  • May 8 - a tornado over Hull, Quebec caused $2M damage and tore roofs off buildings. It was caused by the same system that produced the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak between May 3 and May 8. It was the second significant tornado in the Hull-Gatineau area in five years.
  • May 18 - three tornadoes touched down close to the western limits of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The supercell associated with the tornadoes pelted the city with quarter-sized hail, wind gusts of nearly 100 km/h (62 mph), and over 51 mm (2 in) of rain fell from the half-hour storm.
  • July 6 - a Bois-Francs, Quebec region tornado left 4,000 without power and 200 in need of temporary shelter in Berthierville, Yamaska and Drummondville. Environment Canada records show one person was killed in the event.[371]
  • August 4 - an F2 tornado with a twisting but narrow path caused damage in the rural north end of Burlington, Ontario, relocating a motorhome 2 km (1.2 mi) from where it was parked. The tornado track was over 10 km (6.2 mi) long.
  • August 18 - a small tornado struck Pugwash, Nova Scotia, causing some localized structural damage. There were no serious injuries.

2000[edit]

For tornadoes after 2000, see list of 21st-century Canadian tornadoes and tornado outbreaks

2000[edit]

  • May 5 - an F0 tornado was confirmed near Hazzards Corners, Ontario, 8 km (5.0 mi) northeast of Madoc. It left a 10 km (6.2 mi) long path, causing minor damage to a house and knocking over approximately 100 trees.[378]
  • May 9 - two anticyclonic tornadoes touched down in Southern Ontario, causing minor damage. The first was given an F0 rating, and occurred north of Amherstburg. Multiple trees were knocked over along a 7 km (4.3 mi) path. The second tornado, an F1, touched down in Malden Centre. It tore the roof from a storage shed, and knocked over a large shipping container along a 1 km (0.62 mi) path. No injuries were reported with either storm.[379]
  • May 23 - an F2 tornado touched down near Appin, Ontario, damaging a pig barn and killing several pigs. Multiple homes also sustained damage, and hydro poles were snapped. No injuries were reported.[378]
  • May 24 - a confirmed F1 tornado hit Gloucester, Ontario, a suburb within the city of Ottawa. It snapped trees, tore the roof off a house and ripped the canopy from a gas station.[380]
  • June 22 - an F0 tornado was confirmed near the town of Quyon, Quebec.[352]
  • July 14 - an F3 tornado struck Green Acres Campground in Pine Lake, Alberta. Known as the Pine Lake tornado, it killed 12 people and caused over $13 million in damage. It was ranked as the fourth deadliest tornado in Canadian history.
  • July 17 - three tornadoes were confirmed in Ontario after several supercell thunderstorms developed over the province. An F2 tornado formed over the city of Guelph, lasting approximately 23 minutes and leaving a path of damage 13 km (8.1 mi) long. Damage was estimated at over $2 million and one minor injury was reported. The same storm also produced a second, unrated tornado near Waterdown.[381] The third tornado, an F1, occurred in Simcoe County, near the town of Melduf. It snapped and uprooted trees, and caused minor crop damage. An aluminum shed was destroyed.[382]
  • July 18 - an F0 tornado touched down near Saint-Jean-Chrysostome, Quebec.[352]
  • July 23 - an F3 tornado touched down and destroyed one home and tossed farm equipment near Marwayne, Alberta, 35 km (22 mi) northwest of Lloydminster.[383]
  • July 24 - a tornado outbreak in southern Manitoba spawned at least 4 confirmed tornadoes, including a large tornado which touched down for 10 minutes, from 6:10 pm to 6:20 pm, 5 km (3.1 mi) west of Brunkild, Manitoba. The Brunkild tornado did not hit anything, resulting in an F0 rating. The other confirmed tornadoes were located north of Elm Creek, Manitoba (4:22 pm), 3 km (1.9 mi) north of Brookdale, Manitoba(5:19 pm), west of Neepawa, Manitoba(5:50 pm) and south of Plum Coulee, Manitoba (6:08 pm).[384]
  • July 26 - a tornado touched down briefly near Wabamun, Alberta, about 70 km (43 mi) west of Edmonton, causing minor damage.[385]
  • August 1 - a tornado struck Viking, Alberta.
  • August 6 - a tornado touched down near Elnora, Alberta, southeast of Pine Lake. The tornado occurred while people were gathering for a memorial service in Pine Lake for those who died in the Pine Lake tornado just a few weeks earlier.
  • August 9 - a tornado was confirmed near Sangudo, Alberta.
  • August 9 - an F1 tornado touched down near Tilbury, Ontario, destroying a barn and causing heavy damage to two farmhouses. No injuries were reported.[380]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]