List of Canadian tornadoes and tornado outbreaks

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Canada's only confirmed F5 tornado, near Elie, Manitoba, 2007.

This page lists tornadoes and tornado outbreaks which have touched down in Canada. On average, there are around 80 confirmed and unconfirmed tornadoes that touch down in Canada each year, with most occurring in southern Ontario, the southern Prairies and southern Quebec. Canada ranks as the second country in the world with the most tornadoes per year, after the US. The most common types are F0 to F2 in damage intensity level and usually result in minor structural damage to barns, wood fences, roof shingles, chimneys, uprooted or snapped tree limbs and downed power lines. Fewer than 5% of tornadoes in Canada are rated F3 or higher in intensity, where wind speeds are in excess of 250 km/h. As in the US, the Enhanced Fujita Scale is used to rate tornado intensity, based on the damage to buildings and vegetation.

Ontario, Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan all average 15 tornadoes per season, followed by Quebec with fewer than 10. New Brunswick and the interior of British Columbia are also recognized tornado zones. All other provinces and territories have significantly less threat from tornadoes. The peak season in Canada is in the summer months when clashing air masses move north, as opposed to the spring season in the United States southern-central plains, although tornadoes in Canada have occurred in spring, fall and very rarely winter.

The reported increase in numbers of tornadoes in recent years may reflect more reporting by citizens and media involvement rather than an actual increase in tornado occurrence (although some natural increase has not been ruled out), in addition to better detection technology i.e. Doppler weather radar and satellite imagery. The upswing could also be attributed to other factors, such as improved aerial and ground damage assessment after the fact in sparsely populated areas (particularly the case in remote parts of the Canadian Prairies and Northern Ontario, for example), better trained spotter capabilities and increased use of digital recording devices by citizens. Tornadoes in Canada are enough of a threat for a public warning system to be in place, overseen by the national weather agency, Environment Canada.

For a variety of reasons, such as Canada's lower population density and generally stronger housing construction due to the colder climate, Canadian tornadoes have historically caused far fewer fatalities than tornadoes in the United States. The deadliest tornado in Canadian history, the Regina Cyclone of June 30, 1912, does not even rank in the top 25 when compared to American tornado fatalities. Urban centres are not immune from the threat of severe tornadoes. Nine medium to large size Canadian cities have been hit by significant strength tornadoes (F3 or higher), which caused large-scale damage and fatalities: Regina, Saskatchewan (1912); Windsor, Ontario (1946 and 1974); Sarnia, Ontario (1953); Sudbury, Ontario (1970); Woodstock, Ontario (1979); London, Ontario (1984); Barrie, Ontario (1985); Edmonton, Alberta (1987); and Goderich, Ontario (2011).

Before 1880[edit]


  • June 30, The first recorded tornado in Canadian history affected the Niagara Peninsula between Fonthill and Port Robinson, Ontario. It leveled houses and uprooted many trees. In fact, the tornado cut a path of trees in a west to east line from Fonthill to Port Robinson that became a road known as "Hurricane Rd", which still exists today.[1]


  • April 18, An area between Collingwood and Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, were affected by tornadoes, one of which lifted a saloon up into the air.
  • June 2, The early settlement of Guelph, Ontario is destroyed by a strong tornado. Re-settlement does not begin for a few years afterwards.
  • August 7, First known and confirmed tornado death in Canada happened in Galt, Ontario, which is now Cambridge.


  • May 19, Homes, fences and trees were demolished by a 500 m wide tornado near Aurora, Ontario. Hailstones up to 8 cm in diameter also fell.


  • July 16, A tornado touched down in Montreal, Quebec. It only lasted 5 minutes and destroyed everything in its path. There was 1 unconfirmed death.[2]




  • June 10, A 200 m wide tornado in Listowel, Ontario lifts a man up into the air. He grabs on to a bridge to save himself.


  • May 15, A suspected F4 tornado hits Elora, Ontario. It was half a kilometer wide and destroyed barns, fences and stables. It also damaged a church and cemetery in Goldstone, Ontario.





  • June 14, A tornado hits Sainte-Rose, Quebec. Six people die and 26 are injured. Listed as the 9th deadliest tornado in Canadian history.
  • June 29, A tornado touched down in London, Ontario, destroying barns and orchards.




  • July 16, An F3 tornado strikes near the settlement of Golden Valley, Saskatchewan, injuring 4.



  • June 30, Canada's deadliest twister hits Regina, Saskatchewan. Known as the Regina Cyclone, it was an F4 tornado that devastated the city. 28 people lost their lives and more than 300 injured. The total cost of damage was estimated to be around $4.5 million.


  • June 25, A tornado struck near Medicine Hat, Alberta. The business section of Redcliff was severely damaged, and a freight train was blown off the tracks. The storm took two lives and injured many others.[6]


  • A tornado touched down near Vermilion, Alberta, destroying a log house. Three children were killed, and one woman was carried 30 yards.[7]



  • July 22, A strong tornado listed as an F3 in strength, passes through rural Southeastern Saskatchewan, killing 4, and injuring 13 others. The Canadian Red Cross provided relief on behalf of the government to 42 affected families in Alameda, Frobisher, Lampman, Steelman, and Estevan.





  • June 18, A tornado picked up a house in Elfros, Saskatchewan, killing 1 person. The damage path lasted for 11 kilometers.
  • July 7, A spectacular tornado struck Vulcan, Alberta. No injuries, but significant damage in the town and surrounding area. Curling rink destroyed, along with a dairy farm and a granary.




  • July 6, A tornado destroyed buildings and tossed farm equipment near Lavoy, Alberta, about 100 km east of Edmonton.[9]




  • July 1, Two tornadoes strike Lebret, Saskatchewan killing four people.
  • August 9, Three tornadoes hit Kamsack, Saskatchewan including one F4, wrecking seventy-five percent of homes and one hundred businesses. It killed three people.



  • March 19, A tornado strikes the Windsor area. This is the earliest tornado in the year for Ontario until 2016.


  • July 19, The small village of Chénéville, Quebec was devastated by a tornado which lasted about 3 minutes.




  • May 21, An F4 tornado hit Sarnia, Ontario. It left seven people dead, over 40 injured, and 500 homeless. The path was estimated to be over 150 kilometers long, although it could have been made by up to 4 tornadoes that day.



  • April 25, A tornado in Nanaimo, British Columbia, where few tornadoes occur, causes minor damage to the southern end of the city.


  • April 16, A tornado at Watrous, Saskatchewan destroys a large barn and scatters pigs up to 5 km from the barn.
  • May, A tornado was spotted near Amaranth, Manitoba.


  • June 6, A tornado destroyed a garage in La Salle, Manitoba, yet the car inside the garage was not damaged. The tornado could be seen 15 km away in Winnipeg.




  • June 29, A large tornado touched down near Spy Hill, Saskatchewan, 260 kilometers northwest of Regina, destroying multiple houses and damaging property. One man was killed when he was sucked out of his house. The tornado traveled 4 miles, and left a mile-wide path of destruction.[11]


  • March 7, An unconfirmed tornado touched down in Ucluelet, British Columbia, causing significant damage. The tornado drove a metal spike through a classroom window into a blackboard.
  • June 10, A small tornado touched down near Nanton, Alberta, tearing trees and narrowly missing ranch buildings.[12]


  • April 17, A total of four tornadoes, two being F3 in strength, touched down in Southwestern Ontario, causing at least $8.2 million in damage. The first tracked through Huron and Perth counties, flattening barns & homes, and snapping multiple trees and utility poles. The second F3 tracked from St. Jacobs to northwest of Guelph. Two F0 tornadoes also touched down. One person was killed.[13][14]




  • August 20, The Sudbury, Ontario tornado, an early morning F3 tornado, touches down near Sudbury, Ontario, causing extensive damage in the city, as well as in the suburban communities of Lively and Copper Cliff and the more distant rural community of Field. Lively was the hardest hit, with over 300 homes damaged. The communities were given little warning of bad weather approaching, as the Sudbury Airport did not have radar that detected tornadic activity. Six people were killed and over 200 were injured. The damage was estimated at 17 million dollars, and it is listed as the eighth deadliest tornado in Canadian history.[15]


  • July 22, A tornado near Algonquin Park, Ontario left a 25 km path destroying a portage trail and wide swaths of Red Pine forest and other trees south of Lake Lavieille.
  • July 28, A tornado tore through farmland near Bawlf, Alberta, destroying a two-storey house and several farm buildings. Three people were injured.[16]


  • July 5, A tornado touches down near Kelvington, Saskatchewan.
  • July 13, A tornado touched down in Brighton, Ontario around 7:30 in the evening. The twister only lasted 32 seconds, but destroyed City Hall and toppled most maple trees along Main Street. The Presbyterian Church also lost its steeple. Luckily only one person was injured.[17]
  • August 27, Algonquin Park is hit with another tornado near Manitou Lake, flattening an 11 km long path of forest.


  • April 3, Windsor, Ontario is hit with an F3 tornado, part of the 1974 Super Outbreak. 9 people were killed, with over 20 injured and an estimated $500,000 in damage. It is listed as the sixth deadliest tornado in Canadian history.[18]


  • July 24, A strong tornado hits Saint-Bonaventure, Quebec destroying 100 homes and businesses, including the water tower. A woman and her 2 children were killed, and over 40 people were hospitalized.[19]


  • July 18, An F4 tornado touched down near St. Malo, Manitoba, destroying houses and barns. Asphalt was peeled off Highway 59 as a result of the strong winds. Three people were killed.[20]


  • June 27, An F2 tore through the city of Masson-Angers, Quebec, (today part of Gatineau), damaging 100 homes and injuring 35 people.
  • July 30, An F2 tornado touches down near Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, toppling a tower and then destroying a transmission tower near Rae-Edzo. Some witnesses say that they saw a huge mile wide wedge coming into town from the west. The tornado caused severe damage to weakly built houses. It was the third recorded tornado in the region since 1960.[21]


  • July 10, A tornado stuck the town of Glasnevin, Saskatchewan, killing one person.[22]
  • August 7, 3 tornadoes strike near the Woodstock area of Ontario, causing more than 100 million dollars in damage. The biggest were two F4 tornadoes; one starting in Woodstock and traveling southeast for 57 kilometers, the other starting in the south of Stratford, Ontario, tearing a path southeast for 31 kilometers. Interestingly, an F0 satellite tornado accompanied the Woodstock tornado for up to 21 kilometers. The storms killed 2 and injured more than 150. 480 houses were left uninhabitable. For more information, please see the 1979 Woodstock, Ontario tornado page.
  • August 8, A tornado touched down in Regina, Saskatchewan, causing damage in the northwest end of the city. Two tornadoes were spotted that day, with one reaching F2 status, but is unconfirmed.[23]




  • June 30, A violent tornado tore through a farm area 15 km southeast of Rocky Mountain House, Alberta. The tornado left a kilometer-wide path which damaged a house, destroyed mobile homes and leveled a log cabin. Two people were injured.[24]



  • June 29, A tornado touched down near Athabasca, Alberta, destroying granaries and farm equipment. One person suffered serious injuries.
  • May 12, A small tornado touched down near the town of Whitewood, Saskatchewan.
  • June 18, A tornado struck Eastern Ontario near the town of Westport. It severely damaged a small group of buildings.
  • July 8, A tornado was confirmed near the towns of St. Claude and Rosenort, Manitoba, just east of Winnipeg.
  • July 15, Tornadoes touched down in the Pontiac and Gatineau regions of Quebec. Many buildings were damaged, and cottages completely destroyed. 38 people were injured by flying debris.[26]
  • August 14, A tornado hit the north part of Toronto, Ontario causing millions in damage.[26]
  • September 2, 6 confirmed tornadoes touched down in Ontario, known as the Southwest Ontario Tornado Outbreak of 1984. Most were near the city of London. 30 people were injured.



  • June 1, Three tornadoes touched down in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. There was no official ratings given for the tornadoes, although some damage indicated F3 strength winds. Roofs were thrown off houses and a warehouse was destroyed. No one was injured, and damage was estimated at over 1 million dollars.
  • June 16, Severe storms produced an F3 tornado that traveled from Brady Lake to Maynooth, Ontario. Two other tornadoes were also reported.[28]
  • June 16, An F3 tornado was confirmed near Lac Gareau, Quebec. It severely damaged summer chalets and overturned a truck. Two other tornadoes were reported further east. This was from the same weather system that affected Ontario earlier in the day.[28]
  • June 18, Two tornadoes touched down near High Prairie, Alberta, tossing farm equipment and tearing the roof off a house.[29]
  • June 24, A tornado touched down in Tingwick, Quebec, damaging 12 properties.[30]
  • June 30, One tornado touched down near Stirling, Alberta near Lethbridge, and another tore through Cayley, 60 km south of Calgary. The tornadoes destroyed a storage shed, tossed a van across the yard, and hurled a large horse against a barbed wire fence. No injuries were reported.[31]
  • July 9, Three tornadoes briefly touched down throughout central Alberta. Two were spotted near Penhold and one reported south of Sylvan Lake.[32]
  • July 15, One person was killed from an F0 tornado near Maniwaki, Quebec
  • July 29, Four tornadoes touched down in Central Saskatchewan, causing minimal damage.[33]


  • May 28, An F0 tornado strikes the community of Glen-Sutton, Quebec.[34]
  • June 8, An F1 tornado is confirmed near the town of Fort-Coulonge, Quebec, causing minor damage.
  • July 26, An F1 twister is confirmed near the town of Kinnear's Mills, Quebec.
  • July 31, One of Canada's strongest tornadoes, an F4, ripped through the eastern part of Edmonton, Alberta and parts of neighboring Strathcona County. Known as the Edmonton tornado, it left 27 dead, and 253 injured. It was the 2nd deadliest tornado in Canadian history. Four other tornadoes were also confirmed around the city of Edmonton on the same day; three given an F0 rating and the other was rated an F2.[35][36]



  • June 19, Eight tornadoes touch down over central Saskatchewan, with winds gusting up to 130 km/h. Hail shredded crops near Blaine Lake, Saskatchewan.
  • July 27, A series of severe thunderstorms spawned a weak tornado in the west end of Edmonton, Alberta. The tornado injured two people, damaged buildings and uprooted trees and powerlines.
  • August 14, Three tornadoes touch down in New Brunswick. One of the tornadoes hits the town of Carlisle where trees are uprooted and a barn is destroyed. Amazingly 22 out of 24 glass storm windows stored inside the barn are left undamaged.
  • November 16, An F2 tornado causes 2 million dollars in damage in the community of Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. This is the latest in the year a tornado is recorded in the province of Quebec.




  • March 27, An early season tornado strikes Sarnia, Ontario, causing over $25 million in damage.[38]
  • August 27, An F3 tornado touched down in Mauricie region of Quebec. The town of Maskinongé was hardest hit among three communities, with 60 percent of buildings damaged. 15 people were injured and estimated damage cost upwards of $25 million.[39]


  • June 24, Tornadoes, large hail and torrential downpours affected southern Manitoba. Tennis ball sized hail fell near Morden, Manitoba and winds gusting to 154 km/h were recorded at Pilot Mound, Manitoba. There were also five confirmed tornado touchdowns and numerous funnel clouds in Manitoba that day, including some very crisp video footage of one rope tornado tearing up farmland near Portage la Prairie. The region had been affected by severe weather the day before as well.


  • July 29 A series of violent thunderstorms tracked across central Alberta, spawning 3 tornadoes. The strongest of which was an F3 in Holden, Alberta, 90 km east of Edmonton. An F0 touched down in near Falun, east of Pigeon Lake and an F1 tornado was reported 60 km northeast of Lac La Biche.


  • July 9, One person was killed when an F2 tore through the town of Saint-Charles, Quebec. 3 other people were injured, about a dozen homes were damaged.
  • August 4, An F3 tornado in Aylmer, Quebec across the river from Ottawa, Ontario, injures 15 people. The tornado path was 8 km long and caused major damage to a downtown residential subdivision including homes destroyed. A second tornado had previously touched down just across the Ottawa River in Carp. In Quebec, other tornadoes touched down near Laurel and Rawdon[40]
  • August 27, F4 tornado hits rural farmland near Turtle Mountain, Manitoba. Devastation especially visible at Mayfair Hutterite Colony, well over $1 million in damage. There were no injuries or deaths.


  • June 20, Thunderstorms rumbled for 7 hours over Manitoba producing 90 km/h winds which blew trees and power lines over. The storm even produced a weak tornado.
  • July 15, A large progressive derecho thunderstorm produced severe winds over an expansive area of the central Great Lakes and New England overnight also contained at least six tornadoes that hit central Ontario, most centred or to the north of the Kawartha lakes. The strongest is an F2 tornado that destroys a marina at Bridgenorth, Ontario and overturns a houseboat on Chemong Lake, trapping 20 occupants for a few hours until they are rescued, just north of Peterborough, Ontario. One person is killed in Bridgenorth.
  • July 26, A tornado in Fredericton, New Brunswick took the roof off a government building and damaged a tennis court dome.
  • August 14, A tornado touches down near Barrie, Ontario.
  • August 29, Several farms were destroyed when a tornado lasting a couple of minutes affected Spring Valley, near Moose Jaw in Saskatchewan.


  • April 20, Southern Ontario Tornadoes of 1996, Grey, Wellington and Dufferin counties. Two F3 class tornadoes touched down in Grey County (Williamsford), Wellington County and Dufferin County. Significant property damage occurred; nine people were injured by the two tornadoes.
  • May 20, A strong thunderstorm damages one of the four screens of a drive-in theatre at Thorold in the Niagara Region. Coincidentally, this drive-in was planning to show the movie Twister that evening. Eyewitnesses report seeing a small funnel cloud, but the physical evidence is inconclusive. Distorted and exaggerated media reports of this event abound; most claimed that the storm blew down the screen while Twister was being shown on it. The storm actually took place before sundown. However, a small tornado did touchdown in Stoney Creek that same evening.
  • July 4, An estimated nine tornadoes touch down in the Saskatoon, Maymont and Osler areas in Saskatchewan. An F3 was measured in the Maymont area destroying power lines. Homes and property were damaged in the Osler area. Wind gusts in Saskatoon reached 120 km/h and 141 km/h damaging many trees and properties on the east end of the city. A drive-in theatre and a nightclub on the eastern outskirts of the city were also heavily damaged and ironically the movie that was going to be shown at the drive-in was Twister.



  • June 2, During a wider severe weather outbreak (Derecho thunderstorm) that struck Southern Ontario in the mid-afternoon, an F1 tornado descended near Holbrook around 3:50PM and traveled southeastward to Norwich, damaging many buildings, including a church. There were also tornado reports in Elmvale and Dunnville, and several reports of funnel clouds, hail, and high winds.
  • July 10, An F2 tornado touched down in Charleston, New Brunswick, leaving a 90 m by 7 km path of damage. Total destruction of mobile home which was thrown 30 m. Minor injuries to residents in home.
  • July 19, A weak tornado hit Daysland, Alberta, about 50 km east of Camrose. The tornado damaged power lines, knocking out power to surrounding communities.
  • August 11, A small F1 tornado goes through part of Saint-Émile, in the suburbs of Quebec City, it overturns a shed, damages three and causes a city-wide electricity loss when a garage is slammed into an electric pole.


  • May 8, A tornado over Hull, Quebec caused $2M damage and tore roofs off buildings. Was caused by the same system that produced the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak between May 3 and May 8. It was also the second significant tornado in the Hull-Gatineau area in five years.
  • May 18, Three tornadoes touch down close to the western limits of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The supercell associated with the tornadoes pelted the city with quarter-sized hail, wind gusts of nearly 100 km/hr, and over 2 inches of rain fell from the half-hour storm.
  • July 6, Bois-Francs Region Tornado. A tornado left 4,000 without power and 200 in need of temporary shelter in Berthierville, Yamaska and Drummondville (all in Quebec). Some Environment Canada records show one person was killed in the event.[41]
  • August 4, An F2 tornado with a twisting but narrow path causes damage in the rural north end of Burlington, Ontario, relocating a motorhome 2 kilometers from where it was parked, the tornado track was over 10 km long.
  • August 18, A small tornado strikes Pugwash, Nova Scotia, causing some localized structural damage. There were no serious injuries.



  • May 5, An F0 tornado was confirmed near Hazzards Corners, Ontario, 8 km northeast of Madoc. It left a 10 km long path causing minor damage to a house and knocking over approximately 100 trees.[42]
  • May 9, , Two anticyclonic tornadoes touched down in Southern Ontario, causing minor damage. The first was given an F0 rating, and occurred north of Amherstburg, Ontario. Multiple trees were knocked over along a 7 km path. The second tornado, an F1, touched down in Maldon Center, Ontario. It tore the roof from a storage shed, and knocked over a large shipping container along a 1 km path. No injuries were reported with either storm.[43]
  • May 23, An F2 tornado touched down near Appin, Ontario, damaging a pig barn and killing several pigs. Multiple homes also sustained damage, and hydro poles were snapped. No injuries were reported.[42]
  • May 24, A confirmed F1 tornado hits Gloucester, Ontario, a suburb within the city of Ottawa. It snapped trees, tore the roof off a house and ripped the canopy from a gas station.[44]
  • June 22, An F0 tornado was confirmed near the town of Quyon, Quebec.[45]
  • July 14, An F3 tornado strikes Green Acres Campground in Pine Lake, Alberta. Known as the Pine Lake Tornado, it kills 12 people and causes over $13 million in damage. It is ranked as the 4th deadliest tornado in Canadian history.
  • July 17, Three tornadoes were confirmed in Ontario after several supercell thunderstorms developed over the province. An F2 tornado formed over the city of Guelph, Ontario, lasting approximately 23 minutes and leaving a path of damage 13 km long. Damage was estimated at over $2 million and 1 minor injury was reported. The same storm also produced a second, unrated tornado near Waterdown, Ontario.[46] The third tornado, an F1 occurred in Simcoe County, near the town of Melduf. It snapped and uprooted trees, and caused minor crop damage. An aluminum shed was destroyed.[47]
  • July 18, An F0 tornado touched down near Saint-Jean-Chrysostome, Quebec[45]
  • July 23, A strong tornado touched down and destroyed one home and tossed farm equipment near Marwayne, Alberta, 35 km northwest of Lloydminster, Alberta.[48]
  • July 26, A tornado touches down briefly near Wabamun, Alberta, about 70 km west of Edmonton, causing minor damage.[49]
  • August 1, Egg-sized hail and a tornado struck Viking, Alberta.
  • August 6, A tornado touched down near Elnora, Alberta, southeast of Pine Lake. The tornado occurred while people were gathering for a memorial service in Pine Lake for those who died in the Pine Lake Tornado just a few weeks earlier.
  • August 9, A tornado was confirmed near Sangudo, Alberta.
  • August 9, An F1 tornado touched down near Tilbury, Ontario destroying a barn and causing heavy damage to two farm houses. No injuries were reported.[44]



  • May 31, North Bay, Ontario was struck by two weak tornadoes.
  • June 23, A weak tornado touched down in Ottawa between Kanata and Barrhaven.
  • July 28, Severe thunderstorms over northern Ontario produced a tornado over Halfway Lake Provincial Park (70 km north of Sudbury, Ontario) where 800 people were camping at the time, fallen trees injure 4 campers. Up to 150 mm rain falls in just 3 hours at Stratford and Tavistock in Ontario.


  • June 11, Laval, Quebec was struck by an F1 tornado that damaged trees, and many warehouses in the industrial park just north of Autoroute 440. It also caused some vehicles to go off the road as it crossed west to east both lanes of Autoroute 15 during rush hour.
  • July 2, A tornado touches down on an area of Narrow Hills Provincial Park northwest of Nipawin, Saskatchewan. It destroyed several residential trailers, turned over a tractor-trailer unit, and caused a number of injuries; the storm also dropped baseball-sized hail that is typical of tornado-producing thunderstorms in the Prairies.
  • July 4, An F1 tornado struck the communities of Saint-Jacques, Moulin-Morneault, Saint-Joseph-de-Madawaska, and Deuxieme-Sault, New Brunswick. Uprooted trees, damaged homes and businesses. Site inspected by MSC forecaster.
  • July 8 An F0 touches down near Sainte-Jeanne-d'Arc in the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec. Several buildings and trees were damaged.
  • July 11, A tornado touches down near Westlock County, Alberta, north of Edmonton.
  • August 13, A tornado touches down on a golf course and lake resort west of Edmonton at Wabamun, Alberta causing some injuries.[55]


  • April 18, An early season tornado touched down near Raymond, Alberta, about 30 km southeast of Lethbridge.
  • May 22, May 2004 Tornado Outbreak Sequence, one strong F2 struck near Mitchell, Ontario at 6pm and an F3 in nearby Gad's Hill, causing extensive property and infrastructure damage.
  • June 9, An F1 struck near Escott, Ontario destroying a barn and a two-car garage. One man was killed when a tree fell on the porch he was standing on.
  • June 13, A large tornado touches down near Vulcan, Alberta. The storm was also accompanied by hail greater than 2 cm in diameter.[56][57]
  • July 8, An F0 tornado touched down in Grande Prairie, Alberta, causing damage to homes and businesses, and flipping over vehicles.[58]
  • July 11, A tornado briefly touched down in Andrew, Alberta, northeast of Edmonton.
  • July 31, 4 confirmed tornadoes touched down in southern Quebec. An F1 in Châteauguay on Montreal's south shore, another F1 in Durham-Sud, an F1 in Saint-Albert, which cut a path of 6 km long, and an F0 in Chesterville.
  • August 10, Two F1 tornadoes occurred near the Ottawa region. The first near Burnstown, 10 km southeast of Renfrew. It ripped the roof off a barn, snapped several trees and destroyed a shed.[59] The second tornado happened near Thurso, Quebec.


  • May 23, A tornado touches down in and around Nipawin, Saskatchewan.
  • June 4, Several cold-core funnel clouds were spotted in central and southern Alberta. Four of which briefly touched the ground. Several trees were damaged.
  • June 21, Lethbridge, Southern Alberta. A severe thunderstorm spawned one tornado near Lethbridge. Several funnel clouds and golf ball size hail was reported from Lethbridge to Taber, Alberta.[60]
  • July 2, A tornado touched down about 25 km west of Estevan, Saskatchewan.
  • August 19, Southern Ontario tornado outbreak of 2005. These associated storm caused extensive widespread damage in a path from Stratford, Ontario (20 km west of Kitchener), to Peterborough, Ontario, and along Georgian Bay near Collingwood. A storm cell just to the north of Fergus, Ontario spawned two F2 strength tornadoes that were particularly damaging, tearing apart trees, farms and overturning automobiles driving on a highway. The first tornado tracked through Milverton to Conestogo Lake (west of Elmira). The second moved from Salem to Lake Bellwood (north of Guelph). The same storm cell later triggered a tornado warning in Toronto and caused extensive flooding with over 140mm (7") of rain in some northern sections of the city, washing out many roads as well as damaging infrastructure such as storm sewers and electrical systems. An unusual tornado possibly touched down within the Toronto, Ontario city limits, although never officially confirmed by Environment Canada. In its wake, the storm left a trail of damage that, according to the Insurance Bureau of Canada, represented the highest insured loss in the province's history, exceeding $500 million. That's more than two and a half times Ontario's losses during the infamous ice storm of 1998 and the second largest loss event in Canadian history.
  • November 9, in Hamilton, Ontario, a late-season tornado tears off part of the roof of a school and damages businesses and homes in the area. See Hamilton, Ontario Tornado of 2005.


  • July 4, Glassville, New Brunswick Tornado Of 2006. An F1 strikes Glassville, New Brunswick, 40 km (25 mi) south of Perth Andover, New Brunswick. A great deal of forest and structural damage, but no injuries or deaths.[61]
  • July 14, A tornado touches down near Gretna, Manitoba, flattening crops, damaging equipment sheds, and tore up trees and powerlines.
  • July 17, an F1 tornado struck Newmarket, Ontario at night, packing winds of 120 to 170 kilometres an hour, cut a swath of damage 10 km long and 100 metres wide in the Woodbine Avenue/Davis Drive area around 10:15 p.m. At about the same time, an F0, with winds up to 115 km/h, was wreaking havoc in a small section of the Stonehaven subdivision, off Leslie Street south of Mulock Drive.
  • July 17, An F1 (possibly a weak F2?) hit a La Baie du Diable campground in Ferme-Neuve, Quebec moving RV's and breaking trees.
  • July 25, An F0 tornado destroyed a barn in Hebertville, Lac Saint-Jean, Quebec. The same storm produced hail that reached 5–6 cm (2 in) in diameter and caused 2 million Canadian dollars damage in the agricultural community.
  • August 1, An F2 tornado struck the community of Lac-Drolet in the Estrie region of Quebec, destroying a house.
  • August 2, a number of homes and cottages damaged or completely destroyed by a tornado in Combemere, Ontario located in the Upper Ottawa Valley. The same storm system spawned an outbreak of fourteen confirmed tornadoes[62] mostly concentrated north of Peterborough, Ontario in the Haliburton, Kawartha and Madawaska areas, which damaged cottages in the area, some severely. It was the most tornadoes confirmed in Ontario in a single 24-hour span day since 1985 and matched the annual provincial average. The strongest were two F2s, one that struck an isolated area near Bancroft, Ontario and the other that made a direct hit on the town of Combermere, Ontario.
  • August 5, In Gull Lake, Manitoba an F2 tornado killed a woman at a campground north of Winnipeg.
  • August 15, F1 Tornado Pokemouche/Evangeline, New Brunswick. Tornado impacted the area of Pokemouche and Evangeline. Hail, Damaging winds and intense lightning were reported in the region. A tornado swept along a corridor of 20– 50 meters wide and 3 to 5 kilometers long extending from Pokemouche through Evangeline. The tornado estimated in the lower F1 range (wind estimated around 120 km/hr) caused structural damage to a few properties and uprooted/snapped a few trees along the corridor. The sighting of the actual funnel cloud / tornado was reported by a few members of the public. Ended at 47.7 N −64.85W
  • August 20, An F2 tornado hit the community of La Broquerie in southern Manitoba, destroying a house.
  • August 24, Two tornadoes touch down near Unity and Yorkton, Saskatchewan


  • May 15, Mitchell, Ontario Tornado. An F1 tornado struck the Mitchell, Ontario area around 60 km northeast of London, Ontario, causing minor damage. It was the third significant tornado to hit the Mitchell area in a three-year span. The same storm system that caused this tornado also produced a couple other tornadoes (an F0 and an F1) in The Thumb area of Michigan, northern Indiana, and Ohio before crossing Lake Huron into Ontario.
  • June 22–23, Eastern Prairie Outbreak. A rare combination of weather systems converged on a June weekend causing severe thunderstorms which spawned at least 8 tornadoes across Southeast Saskatchewan and Southern Manitoba. The most significant, and the first confirmed F5 tornado in Canada was an F5 which touched down near Elie, Manitoba destroying 4 homes, flipping one home-owner's Chrysler Fifth Avenue onto a neighbour's roof, and heavily damaging a flour mill. The F5 Elie tornado was described "as bad as they ever get here in Canada" by meteorologist Dave Carlsen of Environment Canada, while he told Canwest Global affiliate CKND-TV.[63][64] A large F3 wedge tornado also touched down near Pipestone, Manitoba and Baldur, Manitoba.[65] Surprisingly there were a minimal amount of reported injuries resulting from all of the tornadoes. There were also sightings of 3 small tornadoes becoming one. One of the tornadoes in this outbreak also traveled 15 km (9.3 mi) south of Baldur, Manitoba and was rated an F3 on the Fujita scale.[66] A total of 8 confirmed tornadoes over the 2-day span.
  • June 25, A small tornado touches down near Standard, Alberta, destroying a barn and electrocuting a horse.
  • June 26, Environment Canada confirmed a tornado struck the Petitcodiac/Salisbury area of New Brunswick. The storm knocked down trees and hurled pieces of playground equipment and wheelbarrows long distances. In one incident, the twister picked up a trampoline from a front lawn and threw it 18 meters into a pasture.[67]
  • July 8, A confirmed tornado touched down 20 km south of Mayerthorpe, Alberta.
  • July 8, An F1 tornado was confirmed near Mildmay, Ontario. The tornado destroyed a large implementation shed and debris was reported 1.5 km away. Another tornado was sighted in the area but was unconfirmed.
  • July 23, After a day of 40-degree Celsius heat in the Edmonton, Alberta area, a downward draft from the overhead jet stream formed a high-precipitation (HP) supercell, resulting in a tornado over Edmonton International Airport in Leduc County, Alberta just before sundown. The tornado touched just south of the Highway 2/2A junction, scattering rock, dirt, hay and small debris on 16 km (9.9 mi) of 2A, involving the towns of Kavanagh and Millet. Despite its large appearance, no major damage or injuries were reported, although power was out for a few hours in the vicinity and lightning ignited a range fire west of the airport.
  • July 29, An F0 tornado touched down near Gander Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador. The twister flipped a few snowmobile trailers over before dissipating. One of very few to strike Newfoundland and Labrador.[68]
  • July 31, A suspected tornado flattens fields and demolishes a farm yard near Cupar, Saskatchewan north of Regina.[69]
  • August 3, An F2 tornado touched down in White Rapids, New Brunswick. The destruction of several farm buildings coupled with the cyclone signature that was recognized on the Doppler radar led officials to confirm a tornado.
  • September 11, An F0 tornado stuck near Batchawana Bay, Ontario, damaging property at Silver Bitch Cabins and throwing around tents and lawn furniture.[70]



  • April 25, Five tornadoes were confirmed in the province of Ontario after the passage of an intense cold front on the warmest day of spring. Four were rated as F0 in strength, and touched down in the towns of Round Lake Centre, the west end of Ottawa, Guelph and Windsor. Damage consisted of snapped trees, broken hydro poles and roofs being peeled from buildings. 18 planes sustained damage at the Rockcliffe Flying Club. The fifth tornado was rated an F1, and hit the community of Breslau, damaging a barn and silo and uprooting trees over a 1.4 km path. No injuries were reported.[94]
  • May 1, An F0 tornado touched down near Normandin, Quebec, snapping several utility poles.[95]
  • May 31, An F0 tornado was confirmed approximately 18 km southeast of Calgary, Alberta. No damage was reported.[96]
  • June 1, Southern Manitoba saw its first major storm of the spring, which included an F0 tornado confirmed near Winnipeg.[96]
  • June 14, An F0 tornado was reported and confirmed near Cloan, Saskatchewan, 40 km southwest of North Battleford. No damage was reported.[96]
  • June 25, Two tornadoes were confirmed in Central Alberta, causing slight damage. The first, an F1, touched down about 30 km northeast of Hanna tearing a roof from a barn. The second tornado touched down near Cairns, Alberta, ripping siding and roof tiles from structures.[97]
  • June 25, Three tornadoes touched down in Southern Ontario in the afternoon hours. An F2 was confirmed near Avon, Ontario, tearing a roof off a house as a woman washed her hair in the bathroom. She escaped unharmed.[98] Two F1 tornadoes were also confirmed near Leamington and Harrow causing minor damage.[96]
  • June 30, An F1 tornado touches down and destroys several farm buildings southeast of North Battleford, Saskatchewan, near Baljennie. Another F0 tornado was confirmed near Hafford, Saskatchewan.[96]
  • July 3, An F0 tornado was confirmed near Verona, Ontario, 30 km north of Kingston causing minimal damage.[99]
  • July 4, A brief F0 landspout tornado was spotted near Swan River, Manitoba. No damage was reported.[96]
  • July 4, An F1 tornado touched down near Red Deer, Alberta causing minimal tree damage and no injuries.[100]
  • July 7, An F0 tornado was confirmed near Estaire, Ontario[96]
  • July 7, An F0 tornado touched down near Valhalla, Manitoba, 114 km north of Winnipeg[96]
  • July 7, An F0 tornado was confirmed in Elbow, Saskatchewan. No damage was reported.[96]
  • July 9, Two tornadoes touched down in Northwestern Ontario, killing 3 and injuring 5. The first, an F1, touched down near Ear Falls and tracked across Wenesaga Lake through sparsely populated areas. It left a 23 km path snapping trees and damaging homes.[101] The second tornado was given an F2 rating and tore through Fisherman's Cove Resort on Lac Seul, killing 3 men visiting from Oklahoma. Survivors were found in the lake after the storm, tossed there by the extreme winds.[102]
  • July 11, An F1 tornado touched down in Boisbriand, Quebec, just west of Montreal, damaging houses and downing multiple trees. A second tornado also touched down in Mirabel and was given an F0 rating.[103]
  • July 13, An F0 tornado was confirmed near Leader, Saskatchewan.[96]
  • July 26, A landspout tornado briefly touched down near Woodstock, Ontario, downing one tree. It was given an F0 rating.[104]
  • July 27, An F0 tornado was confirmed in Sainte-Christine, Quebec, damaging a shed and uprooting trees. No injuries were reported.[105]
  • July 29, An F0 tornado touched down in the Duberger district of Quebec City, uprooting trees and causing roof damage to homes.[106]
  • July 30, Buffalo Narrows, Saskatchewan saw an F0 tornado touch down. No damage was reported.[96]
  • July 31, An F0 tornado was confirmed near Telford, Manitoba.[96]
  • August 1, An F0 tornado touched down approximately 16 km north of Airdrie, Alberta.[96]
  • August 4, An F2 tornado touched down between Deleage and Mont-Laurier, Quebec, leaving a 40 km path of damage. 40 homes sustained damage, with 28 rendered uninhabitable. Cars were tossed around, utility poles and power lines broken, and a number of trees were twisted and uprooted. It was the highest rated tornado in the province since 1994.[107] A cameraman for CFCF-TV and a helicopter pilot were killed a day later while gathering aerial footage of the damage.[108]
  • August 20, Nineteen confirmed tornadoes touched down in Ontario, the largest single-day tornado outbreak in the province's history. Referred to as the Southern Ontario Tornado Outbreak of 2009, it was one of the most destructive and costly tornado events ever in the province, and included one fatality. The four strongest tornadoes were given an F2 rating, with two of them hitting the densely populated city of Vaughan. Eleven of the tornadoes were given an F1 rating, and the last four were rated as F0. The lone fatality happened in the Durham region, where an 11 year old was killed by flying debris. At one point, over 10 million people in Southern Ontario were placed under tornado watches and/or warnings. It is also the largest tornado event in Canadian history.[109]
  • August 21, Two F0 tornadoes touched down in north central Quebec, one near the Baskatong Reservoir and the other near the town of La Tuque. Minor damage was reported in wooded areas.[110]
  • August 22, A weak F0 tornado touched down in the city of Markham, Ontario, traveling for about 3 km and causing minor damage.[111]
  • September 28, An F1 tornado was confirmed near Bowmanville, Ontario, damaging barns and uprooting trees. It traveled for approximately 7 km to Orono before dissipating.[112]
2009 Confirmed Tornadoes
0 6 6 3 34 8 0



  • June 6, An F1 tornado touched down in Leamington, Ontario over the early morning hours before dissipating near Point Pelee National Park. Damage was estimated to be in the "millions", as the twister uprooted trees and damaged houses and cars, leaving a 2 km path. Luckily, considering the time the tornado hit, there were no reports of injuries or deaths.[113]
  • June 6, An F1 touched down in eastern Ontario, near the villages of Dalkeith and Ste-Anne-de-Prescott close to the Quebec border.
  • June 21, Two weak tornadoes touch down near Limerick and Avonlea in Saskatchewan.
  • June 22, A possible tornado destroyed a garage and ripped a roof off a house in Woodlands about 60 km north of Winnipeg.
  • June 23, Two confirmed tornadoes touched down near the town of Midland, Ontario. The first tornado was rated an F2 and it touched down at approx. 6:30 pm near the Rowntree Beach area and ended near Waubaushene, a length of 25 kilometers. A second tornado rated an F1 spawned from the same thunderstorm, touched down around 7 pm just west of Washago. Its path lasted 12 kilometers. Tornado Warnings did go off 12 minutes before the first tornado struck, leaving some residents unprepared. In addition a Red Alert was even issued by the Emergency Management of Ontario in a huge swath of Central Ontario. Both twisters left 15 people injured, 8 seriously. There were no fatalities. That same evening after 9 pm, storms tracked through the Windsor-Essex County area, where a microburst caused damage near Colchester, Ontario destroying a party tent and part of a garage, with funnel clouds and a possible tornado reported in the rural areas of the Town of Essex, these tornadoes came on the same day just hours after Central Canada was rocked by an earthquake.
  • June 23, A confirmed tornado touched down near Rosser, Manitoba, but with little damage. Funnel clouds were also spotted near Marquette and Elie coming a day before the third anniversary of the F5 Elie tornado.
  • June 24, A possible tornado touched down near Wilkie, Saskatchewan
  • June 25, An unconfirmed tornado touched down near Oxbow, Saskatchewan, damaging a farm.[114]
  • June 27, An early-afternoon repeat of June 23, severe thunderstorms form in Southeast Michigan and track towards Windsor, spawning a minor tornado from Essex to roughly Staples, with a second forming near Cottam, in Central Essex County.
  • June 28, Two F0 tornadoes touched down in the Montreal region, one in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, on Montreal's West Island, and one in Mascouche, east of the city. Many funnel clouds were also spotted in the area(s).
  • June 29, A confirmed tornado touched down near Whitecourt, Alberta, northwest of Edmonton. No damage was reported.
  • July 2, An F3 tornado tore through the Kawacatoose Reserve near Raymore, Saskatchewan. Some homes on the reserve were demolished, with several others sustaining damage. It also leveled farmhouses and farms west of the town. It left a half-kilometre-wide path that was 45 kilometers long. No lives were lost, but some people received broken bones, cuts and bruises. It was stated that the tornado could have possibly been on the ground for an hour.[115]
  • July 13, A confirmed tornado touched down 20 kilometers east of Carman, Manitoba. No rating was given for the twister, as no damage was reported.[116]
  • July 17, An F0 tornado hit the community of Saint-Lazare, Quebec, near Montreal. The tornado damaged some homes, and toppled trees. Two people were also struck by lightning associated with the storm.[117]
  • July 22, An unconfirmed tornado touched down just north of Regina, Saskatchewan. No damage was reported.
  • July 23, An F0 tornado touched down in Amherstburg, Ontario around 7 pm. The path was around a kilometer long and 100 meters wide. Damage included multiple trees down, shingles ripped from roofs and some small buildings damaged, including one where the roof was torn off and blown a few yards away. There were no injuries reported. The same system also caused a downburst in Kingsville, Ontario. Another tornado may have touched down near Ruthven, Ontario, although nothing has been confirmed.
  • July 25, Two confirmed tornadoes were spotted near the town of Lanigan, Saskatchewan, southeast of Saskatoon. Two more tornadoes touched down near the town of Humboldt, Saskatchewan. Most damage came from the golf-ball-sized hail associated with the storms, which destroyed several crops in the area.
  • July 26, A confirmed tornado touched down near Oakbank, Manitoba, 20 kilometers east of Winnipeg.
  • July 30, Around 3:20 pm, a confirmed tornado touched down northwest of Sundre, Alberta, 120 kilometers northwest of Calgary. There were reports of heavy rain and large hail, but no damage. Another possible tornado touched down 50 kilometers southwest of Water Valley, Alberta, but was not confirmed.
  • August 22, A tornado was reported southwest of Grande Prairie, Alberta.


  • April 27, Environment Canada confirmed an F0 tornado touched down near the town of Fergus, Ontario, as a part of the 2011 Super Outbreak. Multiple trees were blown over, siding was torn from buildings and a large air conditioning unit was thrown from the roof of a retail store.[118]
  • May 28, A tornado touched down briefly about 10 kilometers south of Winnipeg at about 5:30 p.m in St. Adolphe, Manitoba. The twister was likely an F0, but was not confirmed. It touched down in a field, lifted some debris and then dissipated.
  • June 2, A weak F0 tornado was spotted northwest of Shaunavon, Saskatchewan as severe thunderstorms hit the area. Saskatchewan RCMP reported damage to graineries in the area, and several power lines were toppled.[119]
  • June 23, An F0 tornado briefly touched down near the Ottawa River and moved towards Aylmer, Quebec. No damage was reported.[120]
  • June 23, An unconfirmed tornado was sighted near Fox Valley, Saskatchewan, about 325 km southwest of Saskatoon. Damage was reported to a hardware store and some city roads. Power lines were also knocked down.[121]
  • July 7, Multiple tornadoes touched down in central Alberta from very strong thunderstorms that swept across the province. One touched down near the town of Bergen, and the others near the towns of Olds and Bowden. One of the hardest hit areas was near Innisfail, where three farms were damaged. A 180,000-square-foot (17,000 m2) riding area was also destroyed. There were also reports of hail the size of softballs causing damage to cars and houses.[122]
  • July 13, A weak F0 tornado touched down in southwestern Calgary. It was originally classified a funnel cloud by Environment Canada, but amateur video of the event showed it was a tornado.[123]
  • July 18, A tornado was reported about 15 km north of Big River, Saskatchewan, with multiple funnel clouds also reported around the same time. The same storm system later pelted the resort of Waskesiu with baseball-sized hail causing property damage around the townsite with damage to windows, siding and roofs.[124]
  • July 20, An F1 tornado touched down between Saguenay and Quebec City. Winds were strong enough to pick up a moving car off the highway.[125]
  • July 23, An F2 tornado touched down southeast of Wyoming, Ontario, and carved a path a half kilometer wide and 11 km long. It dissipated just south of Watford, after blowing over eight steel transmission towers and also knocking down several hydro poles. Other damage reports included several trees snapped off and buildings moved from their foundations. One barn was completely destroyed.[126]
  • August 6, An F1 tornado touched down in the village of Sainte-Élisabeth-de-Proulx, Quebec, roughly 30 km north of Lac Saint-Jean. Multiple cottages were damaged, and trees uprooted. Environment Canada is also looking into another possible tornado in the Saint-Ludge-de-Milot area.[127]
  • August 8, A weak F0 tornado occurred in the town of Plattsville, Ontario, about 18 km southwest of Kitchener. There was no damage reported.
  • August 16, Four F1 tornadoes touched down in the heavily wooded areas of Northwestern Ontario. The first occurred near Dryden, Ontario, leaving a 24 km trail. The second touched down about 30 km northwest of Sioux Lookout, leaving a 12 km path. The third was confirmed in the Ear Falls-Wenesaga Lake area, about 100 km north of Dryden. It left a very small path of 1 km. The fourth F1 also touched down in Ear Falls, near Gerry Lake, leaving a 2 km path. All 4 tornadoes were given the F1 rating because of the amount of tree damage, and lack of structural damage.
  • August 21, An F3 tornado hit Goderich, Ontario, in the late afternoon hours. A supercell storm formed and intensified over Lake Huron, spawning a waterspout which came ashore and passed directly through the heart Goderich. At its widest over downtown, the tornado was estimated to be 1.5 km across, and its path was an estimated 20 km long. It caused devastating damage to the town's port and historic downtown center, as well as to several blocks of residential homes. Approximately forty people were injured and one person was killed. It was Ontario's strongest tornado since 1996.
  • August 21, A very weak F1 tornado occurred in the west end of Gananoque, Ontario, twisting trees and demolishing a shed. The track was close to 1.5 km before it dissipated.
  • August 24, Two confirmed F1 tornadoes hit southwestern Ontario, after a line of severe storms swept through the province. The first touched down in the town of Little Corners, near Cambridge and left a 15 km path of toppled trees. The second touched down 6 km west of Nairn, Ontario and left a 10 km trail before it dissipated. A third F0 tornado also touched down in the southwestern part of Grey County, near Neustadt, Ontario. The track was around 3 km long and left damage mostly to trees.[128]
  • September 3, Environment Canada confirmed that an F0 tornado occurred just west of the town of Grimsby, Ontario. A large gazebo was destroyed and branches were knocked from trees. The path of damage was close to 2 km long, and the maximum width was around 300 metres. No injuries were reported.
  • September 4, An F0 tornado hit the western part of Trois-Rivières, Quebec in the early evening hours. Damage reports indicated that trees were uprooted, roofs torn off and power was knocked out. The tornado did not last long and there were not injuries reported.[129]
  • September 18, An unconfirmed tornado was spotted east of Winnipeg, Manitoba. No damage was reported, and the twister did not last very long.
2011 Confirmed Tornadoes
0 1 1 0 14 3 0


  • May 22, A late-afternoon F0 tornado touched down in a field east of Orono, Ontario. It dissipated quickly, and no injuries or damage was reported.[130]
  • May 25, Two low-level tornadoes were confirmed in rural areas northwest of Montreal, Quebec. An F0 touched down near the town of Brownsburg-Chatham around 8pm, followed by an F1 that swept through the Saint-Benoît sector of Mirabel. Both tornadoes caused extensive damage estimated to be in the millions. No one was injured.[131]
  • May 29, A confirmed F0 tornado touched down east of Ottawa, in the small community of Bourget. The tornado was short lived and caused minor roof damage and uprooted trees.[132]
  • June 5, At least one confirmed tornado touched down 9 km south of Taber, Alberta, knocking out power in parts of the town. At least three others were reported near Turin, Brooks, and Bow Island.[133]
  • June 8, An F1 tornado touched down in Huntingdon, Quebec, severely damaging a gas station and uprooting trees.[134]
  • June 9, An unconfirmed tornado touched down north of Stettler, Alberta. Environment Canada referred to it as a "landspout tornado", which is essentially a funnel cloud that touches the ground in a weak thunderstorm system. A farm sustained minor damage to some grain bins, and tree limbs were snapped.[135]
  • June 15, Eight tornadoes were confirmed in Saskatchewan near the communities of Plover Lake, Biggar and Wilkie. There were several reports of funnel clouds throughout the evening. No damage was reported.[136]
  • June 18, An F1 tornado touched down near Sioux Lookout, Ontario, knocking down several trees.[137]
  • June 26, One tornado was confirmed near the town of Caron, Saskatchewan and another was reported near Hodgeville. Environment Canada received 500 reports of funnel clouds over a 36-hour period. Damage was limited to farmers fields and grain silos and no injuries were reported.[138]
  • July 3, At least three tornadoes were confirmed in Saskatchewan. One touched down near the town of Davidson, and did heavy damage to a farm. The other 2 touched down southwest of Wynyard and southwest of Watrous. No injuries were reported.[139]
  • July 3, An F1 tornado touched down 13 kilometers southwest of Olds, Alberta, taking the roof off a house. Damage was also reported to a barn and hay shed, and multiple trees were uprooted. No injuries were reported.[140][141]
  • July 17, Two tornadoes were confirmed in Eastern Ontario, hitting the small communities of Athens and Summerstown. The Athens tornado was rated an F1, with winds speeds estimated at 140 km/h at touchdown. It left a track of damage 300 meters wide and about 3 km long. Several trees were snapped off or uprooted, damaging houses and cars. A farm just west of town had several hay wagons flipped over, and it tore the woodshed and chimney off a house. The Summerstown twister was rated as a likely F0, and its path was 30 meters wide and about 2 km long. Several trees were knocked down, and crops sustained some damage.[142]
  • July 18, Three confirmed tornadoes touched down in central parts of Saskatchewan. The twisters were reported east of Rose Valley, and at least two more were spotted north and east of Wadena. No damage was reported.[143]
  • July 21, Two confirmed tornadoes touched down in near Smeaton, Saskatchewan, where a house was destroyed, and a 72-year-old man inside escaped unharmed. It also knocked trees down and grain bins over. A second reported tornado touched down near Emma Lake, Saskatchewan. There were no reports of damage.
  • July 22, An F0 tornado touched down near the town of Embro, Ontario. An Environment Canada employee witnessed the weak tornado in a field; It left no damage.[144]
  • July 24, Environment Canada confirmed that five tornadoes touched down in Saskatchewan. All were east of Regina, near communities of Balgonie, Southey, Fillmore, and Grenfell. Minor damage was reported to farm buildings. There was no official word on the strengths of the twisters.[145]
  • July 28, A brief tornado touched down about 10 km south of Cremona, Alberta. Damage was reported to a nearby farm.[146]
  • August 2, An unconfirmed tornado touched down near Lake Diefenbaker, Saskatchewan, around the town of Elbow. No damage or injuries were reported.
  • August 11, An F0 tornado was confirmed near Midland, Ontario.
  • August 30, An F0 tornado touched down near Chibougamau, Quebec. Damage was reported at a campground where several trees were uprooted.
  • September 8, An early evening F0 tornado touched down in Drummondville, Quebec. A roof was blown off a 4-storey building and thrown across the street while other buildings and vehicles sustained minor damage.[147]
  • September 8, Environment Canada confirmed that an F2 tornado touched down near the town of Odessa, Ontario. The path was estimated to be 6 km long, and it destroyed a large workshop, throwing the roof 1000 feet. A man was in the workshop at the time of the tornado, but escaped uninjured.[148]
  • September 22, An F0 tornado was confirmed in the small town of Wellington, Ontario, along the shoreline of Lake Ontario. Environment Canada said it was possible the tornado formed originally as a waterspout over the lake. Two properties received minor damage to lawn furniture and trees.[149]
  • October 31, A weak F0 tornado touched down near the town of Mont-Laurier, Quebec, destroying a barn and blowing road signs over. It was the sixth confirmed tornado for Quebec in 2012.[150]
2012 Confirmed Tornadoes
0 7 23 0 9 6 0


  • April 18, Environment Canada confirmed that an EF1 tornado touched down near the community of Shelburne, Ontario, destroying a large riding stable. The path of the twister was 10 kilometres long and around 75 metres wide. No injuries were reported. This tornado represented the change from the Fujita scale, to the Enhanced Fujita scale in Canada[151]
  • May 21, Three tornadoes were confirmed in Central Ontario after strong thunderstorms moved across the region. The highest rated was an EF2, which touched down near Glenarm, Ontario, 12 km west of Fenelon Falls. The roof of a home was torn off by the strong winds.[152] The other 2 tornadoes were rated EF0; the first touching down in the community of Elmvale, Ontario, south of Midland, and the other near Dalston, Ontario, 12 km north of Barrie. Minor damage was reported to a barn roof and silo, and around 65 mature trees were uprooted.[153]
  • May 22, An EF0 tornado touched down on highway 401 near Mallorytown, Ontario. It occurred at 10:30 PM and forcibly moved a truck.
  • May 29, An EF0 tornado touched down near Casselman, Ontario, and was confirmed by Environment Canada thanks to amateur video of the funnel cloud lowering. Minor wind damage was reported along a narrow path of 9 km in length.
  • June 1, An EF0 tornado touched down near Kenilworth, Ontario, and was on the ground for around 1 minute. Because of the remote location, no damage was reported.[154]
  • June 1, An EF0 tornado was confirmed in the municipality of Saint-Hugues, Quebec. It tore the door off a garage and did minor roof damage to multiple homes.
  • June 2, Environment Canada confirmed that a tornado touched down briefly near Maple Creek, Saskatchewan. No rating was given for the tornado, and no damage or injuries were reported.[155]
  • June 10, An unconfirmed tornado touched down southeast of Yorkton, Saskatchewan near the town of Saltcoats. It is unknown if it did any damage.[156]
  • June 12, A tornado was reported on the north side of Pigeon Lake, Alberta. It was on the ground very briefly before it went over the lake, resulting in a waterspout.[157]
  • June 16, A low-end EF0 tornado was confirmed near Beaver Lake, Ontario, about 46 km southwest of Sudbury. The tornado was confirmed based upon photographic evidence, showing a weak funnel cloud rotating and briefly reaching the ground. No damage was reported.
  • June 19, An unconfirmed tornado was reported north of Onefour, Alberta, near Pakowki Lake. Multiple photos uploaded to Twitter showed funnel clouds and possible tornado on the ground.
  • June 23, An unconfirmed tornado was spotted briefly on the ground near Spalding, Saskatchewan. No damage was reported.
  • June 28, Ontario's 9th confirmed tornado of the season struck near the town of Springwater, Ontario, about 10 km northwest of Barrie. It was rated as a low end EF0, and no damage was reported.[158]
  • July 4, A confirmed tornado touched down near Dollard, Saskatchewan, about 15 km west of Shaunavon. Trees were knocked over and some homes and businesses sustained damage. No injuries were reported. An unconfirmed tornado was also spotted near Stavely, Alberta, related to the same storm system.[159]
  • July 10, At around 6:20 in the evening, a weak EF0 tornado touched down near Saint-Marc-des-Carrières, Quebec. No damage was reported.[160]
  • July 13, The communities of Pipestone and Hartney, Manitoba were hit by two unconfirmed tornadoes in the early evening, causing damage to multiple homes. Roofs were ripped off, trees knocked over, and mobile homes and trailers were overturned. The storm also brought large hail and heavy rain, causing extensive crop damage.[161]
  • July 13, Environment Canada confirmed 2 tornadoes struck southern Saskatchewan, near the communities of Minton and Redvers. No damage was reported.[162]
  • July 15, As many as 7 tornadoes touched down in parts of Southern Saskatchewan after a severe line of thunderstorms swept through the province. Four tornadoes were confirmed by Environment Canada, two of them spotted close to the towns of Kronau and Gray. The other two confirmed were spotted west and southwest of Yorkton. The three unconfirmed tornadoes were reported north of Humboldt, near Rosthern, and near Hague. No damage or injuries were reported.[163]
  • July 18, A strong EF0 tornado was confirmed in Sioux Valley First Nation, Manitoba, about 50 km west of Brandon. Five homes on the reserve were damaged and 2 people were injured.[164]
  • July 18, An EF1 tornado was confirmed north of Massey, Ontario, 85 km southwest of Sudbury. It left a path 250 meters wide and 7 km long. One house was damaged, and numerous trees were knocked over. No injuries were reported.[165]
  • July 19, A weak EF0 tornado touched down near the community of Teviotdale, Ontario, just south of Mount Forest. No injuries or damage was reported.[166]
  • July 20, An EF1 tornado touched down in the Grand Lake, New Brunswick area, about 40 km east of Fredericton. The damage path was close to 15 km long, between the communities of Jemseg and Codys. The hardest hit areas included Whites Cove, where several trees were uprooted and three barns destroyed, and Cambridge Narrows, where three more structures were destroyed including a large barn.[167]
  • July 21, Environment Canada confirmed a tornado touched down between Boissevain and Deloraine, Manitoba in an open field. No damage was reported.[168]
  • July 24, A tornado was reported on the ground near Okotoks, Alberta.
  • July 24, A small tornado was confirmed near Morris, Manitoba, 60 km south of Winnipeg. It was on the ground for a brief period and confined to a farmer's field. No damage was reported.[169]
  • July 29, Environment Canada confirmed an EF0 tornado touched down in Ottawa, Ontario, close to Orleans. Most of the damage was confined to the Pine View Golf Course where it left a 100-metre-wide path and uprooted more than 20 trees. No injuries were reported.[170]
  • August 1, A low end EF0 tornado was confirmed near Carleton Place, Ontario, about 45 km west of Ottawa. Environment Canada used an eye-witness account to confirm the twister. No damage was reported.[171]
  • August 2, Environment Canada confirmed an EF0 touched down in Magiskan Lake, Ontario, north of Cochrane. No injuries or damage was reported.[166]
  • August 7, Three EF0 tornadoes, and one EF1 tornado were confirmed in south-central Ontario within a one-hour period, thanks to video and photographic evidence. The first tornado touched down north of Orillia, Ontario, followed by another between Arthur and Grand Valley. The third twister happened near Carnarvon, Ontario. The strongest tornado happened 5 km north of Haliburton, uprooting trees and snapping branches. An aerial survey was conducted since it was in such a remote location. No injuries or major damage was reported.[172] In addition to these tornadoes, Environment Canada also added one that was previously classified as a waterspout. It happened over Head Lake, in the northern part of the Kawartha Lakes region. The waterspout was added to the 2013 tornado count because in this case, it was associated with a storm system.[173]
  • August 13, A weak EF0 tornado hit in Sherbrooke, Quebec, causing roof damage to a car dealership and breaking several windows.[174]
  • August 16, Another small EF0 tornado touched down in the Cabano, Quebec area before moving out over Lake Temiscouata and turning into a waterspout. No damage was reported.[175]
  • September 1, A confirmed tornado touched down near Fergus, Ontario in a farmer's field. Environment Canada classified it as a low end EF0 tornado since no damage was reported. Another tornado was reported just 30 minutes later in a field west of Salem, Ontario, 25 km northwest of Guelph. It was also rated as a low end EF0 in strength[176]
  • November 23, A rare, late season tornado was confirmed north of Prescott, Ontario. The tornado was rated as an EF1, and caused significant structural damage to a farm silo. No injuries were reported.[166]
2013 Confirmed Tornadoes
0 4 13 5 22 4 1


  • May 13, Environment Canada confirmed two tornadoes touched down in Southern Ontario. The first, an EF1, touched down in the Midlmay area, 100 km northwest of Kitchener. The small twister had a 2 km path and was around 150 meters wide. A house and barn sustained damage and multiple trees were snapped.[177] The second tornado was rated an EF0, and spotted southeast of Listowel, near Conestogo Lake. The path was approximately 8 km long, with no significant damage.[178]
  • May 26, A weak EF0 tornado touched down near Roxton Falls, Quebec, tearing the roof from a farm building. Another tornado was confirmed near Laurierville thanks to video evidence, but was not given a rating.[179]
  • June 13, A confirmed tornado touched down northwest of Gleichen, Alberta in the early evening hours. Two funnel clouds were noticed with one briefly touching the ground. No damage was reported.[180]
  • June 17, Two tornadoes were confirmed in Central Ontario, the first being a high-end EF2, which hit the town of Angus. Around 100 homes were either destroyed or sustained damage before the twister dissipated in the south end of Barrie. A tornado warning was in effect for the area at the time, and only a few minor injuries were reported.[181] The second tornado, an EF1, touched down near the Stroud area, and left a 750-metre path of uprooted trees and destroyed a farm shed.[182] The same system also produced two unconfirmed tornadoes, one in Grey County, near Owen Sound Airport, and another near the town of Hanover.
  • June 24, Southern Ontario again saw 2 tornadoes confirmed, spawning from the same storm system. The first, an EF1, travelled 7 km from Orangeville, Ontario to Amaranth, destroying an RV and causing damage to the roof of a house. It also downed numerous trees and snapped hydro poles.[183] The second, also an EF1, happened around a half hour later in the town of New Tecumseth, northeast of Orangeville. It damaged 18 properties along a 10 km path, including a horse barn where one horse perished. A house also sustained major damage to the garage where the roof was torn off. No injures were reported from either twister.[184]
  • June 27, A tornado briefly touched down 16 km south of Cremona, Alberta, and was confirmed by Environment Canada based on multiple images of an apparent dust cloud at the base of the funnel. No damage was reported.[185]
  • June 29, A tornado was confirmed near Wainwright, Alberta thanks to photo and video evidence. No damage was reported.
  • June 30, A confirmed EF0 tornado touched down over Bear Lake, Ontario, and was caught on video by a boater. The video shows the tornado crossing the lake and then head inland, where it quickly dissipated. Only minor tree damage was reported.[186]
  • June 30, An EF0 tornado was confirmed in the municipality of Laforce, Quebec, uprooting several trees.[187]
  • July 5, A confirmed tornado touched down in Hartney, Manitoba, 80 km southwest of Brandon. No damage was reported and it was on the ground for under a minute.[188]
  • July 5, Environment Canada confirmed 6 tornadoes touched down in central Saskatchewan, giving ratings to two. An EF2 touched down 20 km north of Outlook, and caused extensive damage to farm buildings and trees. An EF0 was also confirmed in Kenaston, knocking over tombstones in a cemetery and damaging trees. The 4 other tornadoes were not rated and were only on the ground for a brief period. They happened northwest and southwest of Kenaston, and the last two were observed 15 km north of Davidson, both being on the ground simultaneously.[189]
  • July 7, A brief tornado was reported and later confirmed near Norwich, Ontario, south of Woodstock. Environment Canada confirmed the low end EF0 tornado thanks to photographic evidence. No injuries or damage was reported.[190]
  • July 9, An early morning storm system spawned three tornadoes in Southern Quebec. An EF1 tornado touched down near the Sainte-Apolline-de-Patton region, damaging two homes. A second EF1 also touched down near Lambton, Quebec with minor damage reported. The third tornado struck near Saint-Fabien-de-Panet and was rated an EF2. It caused significant tree damage to a large wooded area. Tornado warnings were in place for both areas at the time.[191]
  • July 15, Two EF0 tornadoes were confirmed near North Bay, Ontario, after strong thunderstorms moved through the area. The first was actually a waterspout over Lake Nipissing, but Environment Canada included it in the tornado count since it was associated with a thunderstorm over a small body of water. The second tornado touched down just south of North Bay Airport. No damage was reported with either twister.[192]
  • July 26, Three weak tornadoes were confirmed in Manitoba according to Environment Canada. The first two touched the ground briefly near Waterhen, and the third just southeast of La Salle. The tornadoes were not given a rating and there were no reports of damage.[193]
  • July 27, Two tornadoes touched down in Southern Ontario from the result of severe thunderstorms. The first was rated an EF1 and touched down south of Grand Bend, Ontario, snapping hydro poles and knocking over trees. Some homes and vehicles were also damaged with one serious injury reported.[194] The second confirmed tornado was reported by storm spotters near Millbank, Ontario, 30 km northwest of Kitchener. Spotters described seeing swirling dust and debris at the bottom of a funnel cloud, indicating that a tornado briefly formed. The tornado was given an low EF0 rating and no damage was reported.[192]
  • July 31, An EF1 tornado hit the small community of Pont-Rouge, Quebec, as confirmed by Environment Canada, causing significant damage to the roof of a house. Trees were also uprooted and shed was blown away. No injuries were reported.[195]
  • August 5, Environment Canada confirmed a weak EF0 tornado touched down in Grassy Narrow's First Nations Community in northwestern Ontario, causing damage to the roof of one house. The tornado was confirmed thanks to eyewitness accounts, archived radar data and photographic evidence.[196]
  • August 19, Two EF0 tornadoes were confirmed by Environment Canada in Southwestern Ontario. The first touched down in Windsor and left a damage path 1.5 km long and 150 meters wide. A number of trees were snapped and a gazebo was destroyed. The second tornado occurred northeast of Harrow where a barn lost part of its roof.[197]
  • August 20, A short lived EF0 tornado was confirmed near the town of Erin, Ontario thanks to video evidence. No damage was reported.[198]
  • September 5, Two tornadoes were confirmed in Central Ontario after severe weather swept through the area. The first, an low-end EF0, hit Christian Island causing tree damage.[199] The second tornado was rated an EF1 and touched down in the town of Udney, Ontario, about 20 km east of Orillia. Six farms, three houses and a community centre storage building were damaged. No injuries were reported.[200]
  • September 10, An EF1 tornado was confirmed near Port Alma, Ontario, 35 km southwest of Chatham-Kent. Multiple trees were snapped along a 900-metre path.[201]
  • October 6, A low-end EF1 tornado hit the village of Sheffield, Ontario, about 35 km northwest of Hamilton. It damaged homes along a 1.5 km long path, ripping shingles from roofs and destroying a travel trailer. No injuries were reported.[202]
2014 Confirmed Tornadoes
0 3 6 4 20 7 0


  • May 30, An EF1 tornado briefly touched down near the community of Bryanston, Ontario, 18 km northeast of London, ripping the roof off a barn. No injuries were reported.[203]
  • June 4, Environment Canada confirmed an EF0 landspout tornado touched down 5 km northwest of Airdrie, Alberta. No damage was reported.[204]
  • June 22, An EF0 tornado was confirmed near Holmesville, Ontario, 15 km southeast of Goderich. A photo posted to Twitter from a storm chaser in the area showed what appeared to be a tornado on the ground. Environment Canada cited "there was minor damage reported in the area, as well as evidence that objects "moved in different directions"". No injuries were reported.[205]
  • June 21, An unrated tornado was confirmed by Environment Canada near Cochrane, Alberta. Funnel Cloud Advisories had been in effect for much of Southern Alberta throughout the day.[206]
  • June 24, Two EF0 landspout tornadoes were confirmed in Southern Manitoba near the town of Manitou. The first touched down 3 km east of the town, and within 30 minutes a second was spotted 7 km northwest. Damage was localized to field crops and no injuries were reported. Parts of the province had been under tornado warnings at the time.[207]
  • July 12, A unrated, small rope-like tornado touched down south of Ninette, Manitoba, about 200 km southwest of Winnipeg. Storm spotters reported it was on the ground for 3 to 5 minutes. No damage or injuries were reported.[208]
  • July 18, An unrated landspout tornado was confirmed by Environment Canada near Winnipeg Beach, Manitoba, 56 km north of Winnipeg. The weak tornado was on land for approximately 20–30 minutes. There were no reports of injuries or damage.[209]
  • July 22, A tornado was confirmed near the village of Priddis, Alberta, 40 km southwest of Calgary. Video evidence helped Environment Canada to confirm the brief touchdown, but they did not give it a rating. There were no reports of major damage. Another unrated tornado was also confirmed near Gleichen, Alberta, causing no damage.[210]
  • July 27, A high end EF2 tornado was confirmed near Tilston, Manitoba, close to the Manitoba–Saskatchewan and Canada–US borders. The large tornado was up to a kilometer wide at one point, and multiple vorticies were seen swirling in fields. It severely damaged a farm, overturning trucks and destroying outbuildings and grain bins. A bridge was also damaged on Highway 256, lifting asphalt from the road. Most significantly it was on the ground for 2.5 to 3 hours, making it the longest lived tornado documented in Canada and possibly one of the longest lived in the world. There were no reports of injuries.[211]
  • July 27, Environment Canada reported a possible tornado touched down near Gainsborough, Saskatchewan, 300 km southeast of Regina. It has not yet been confirmed, and there were no reports of damage or injuries.[212]
  • August 2, Four tornadoes were confirmed in Southern Ontario after severe storms swept through the southwestern and central parts of the province. An EF2 touched down near Teviotdale, Ontario, 55 km northwest of Guelph. It destroyed a barn, and severely damaged two houses. Five OPP cruisers also sustained damage. Another EF2 was confirmed in Lebanon, 20 km southeast of Listowel, damaging barns and silos, and lifitng a sailboat into a line of trees. It left a damage path approximately 5 km long.[213] A third tornado, rated an EF1, touched down near Marsville, 15 km southwest of Orangeville. It left a damage path 2 km long, snapping trees and overturning a feed barn. Another EF1 was confirmed in the Millgrove area, north of Hamilton, leaving a small damage path with damage to roofs and trees. Luckily no injuries were reported.[214]
  • August 3, An EF0 tornado was confirmed in the Matapedia Valley of Quebec, near the parish municipality of Saint-Zénon-du-Lac-Humqui. It caused damage to a farm, completely destroying a warehouse and left a damage path of 2 km long and 60 feet wide in a nearby wooded area. No injuries were reported.
  • August 5, A tornado was reported on the ground by storm spotters near Langdon, Alberta, about 35 km east of Calgary. No damage was reported, but Environment Canada later confirmed it as an unrated tornado.[215]
  • August 6, A tornado was confirmed near Foremost, Alberta, 115 km southeast of Lethbridge. There were no reports of damage.[216]
  • August 7, A unrated tornado was confirmed near Anola, Manitoba, about 39 km east of Winnipeg. No damage was reported.[217]
  • August 19, An EF1 tornado touched down in a wooded area northeast of Kapuskasing, Ontario, leaving a narrow swath of tree damage 150 meters wide and 3.5 km long. Environment Canada was notified of the tree damage thanks to a pilot flying over the area.[218]
  • September 13, An unrated tornado was confirmed near Didsbury, Alberta causing no damage.
  • October 15, An EF0 tornado was confirmed in Coniston, Ontario, just east of Sudbury thanks to video evidence and eyewitness reports. Multiple trees were snapped, some homes sustained roof damage and a trampoline was lifted 200 feet in the air. No injuries were reported.[219]
2015 Confirmed Tornadoes
0 7 0 6 8 1 0


2016 Confirmed Tornadoes
0 9 6 4 4 4 0

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Weather Doctor's Diary: June - 30 June 1792, Niagara Peninsula, Ontario
  2. ^ The New York Times - "Tornados" Published July 17, 1870
  3. ^ The Weather Doctor's Diary: June - 6 June 1888, Southwestern Quebec
  4. ^ The Weather Doctor - Canada's Deadliest Tornadoes
  5. ^ The Standard - The day of destruction in Merritton
  6. ^ Papers Past - Tornado in Canada
  7. ^ Edmonton Journal - Jul 7, 1965 - Tornado Barely Misses Calgary
  8. ^ F3 & F4 Tornadoes in Saskatchewan - July 6, 1935
  9. ^ - The Montreal Gazette - Jul 7, 1936
  10. ^ Environment Canada - Windsor Tornado
  11. ^ Winnipeg Free Press - Storm Kills Man
  12. ^ The Calgary Herald, Jun 13, 1966 - Small Tornado Hits Near Nanton
  13. ^ American Weather - Southern Ontario Tornado History
  14. ^ Hay Township History - 1960's (wrong date)
  15. ^ CBC Digital Archives - Freak tornado kills 6 in Sudbury
  16. ^ The Calgary Herald - Alberta farms hit by tornado
  17. ^ When the Tornado hit Brighton
  18. ^ CBC Digital Archives - 1974 Windsor Tornado
  19. ^ Toledo Blade, July 24, 1975 - Tornado kills 3 in Quebec
  20. ^ Environment Canada - Elie tornado upgraded
  21. ^ The Weather Doctor - Significant Weather Events, July 30, 1978
  22. ^ Canadian Prairie Storms - Tornado Fatalities in Sask.
  23. ^ Thunderstorm Disasters in Canada - August 8, 1979
  24. ^ "A Fling with Terror". Edmonton Journal. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  25. ^ The Atlas of Canada - Photograph of a Tornado, July 8, 1983 Blackfoot, Alberta
  26. ^ a b Summary and Highlights of 1984 Severe Local Storm Season - The Quebec Region
  27. ^ Summary and Highlights of 1985 Severe Local Storm Season - The Ontario Region
  28. ^ a b Summary and Highlights of 1986 Severe Local Storm Season - The Ontario Region
  29. ^ Edmonton Journal, Jul 27, 1986 - Funnel sightings spur tornado warning
  30. ^ The Montreal Gazette, Aug. 6, 1986 - Twister Tragedy
  31. ^ The Leader Post - Tornadoes strike in Southern Alberta
  32. ^ The Leader Post - Tornadoes touch down in Alberta
  33. ^ Summary and Highlights of 1986 Severe Local Storm Season - The Central Region
  34. ^ 1987 Quebec Tornadoes
  35. ^ "The Edmonton Tornado - Environment Canada (". Archived from the original on 2002-11-15. 
  36. ^ "Chapter 3 -J Other tornadoes in greater Edmonton". A Commemorative Reflection On The Edmonton Tornado And Hail. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  37. ^ Elgin County Archives - 1990 tornado
  38. ^ Canadian Disaster Database - 1991 Sarnia Tornado
  39. ^ Significant tornadoes of the 19th and 20th centuries - 1991 Quebec Tornado
  40. ^
  41. ^ Public Safety Canada – Significant tornadoes of the 19th and 20th centuries
  42. ^ a b The Ontario Weather Page - 2000 Tornado Database
  43. ^ York University - Storm Damage Survey - 9 May 2000
  44. ^ a b Highways & Hailstones - Tornadoes in Canada 2000
  45. ^ a b c Climat-Quebec - Tornadoes in Quebec sine 1985
  46. ^ York University - Storm Damage Survey - Guelph - 17 July 2000
  47. ^ York University - Storm Damage Survey - Melduf - 17 July 2000
  48. ^ CBC News - Rancher survives tornado
  49. ^ Alberta Emergency Management Agency - Review of some of the disaster events in Alberta since 1986
  50. ^ a b The Ontario Weather Page - 2001 Tornado Database
  51. ^ Environment Canada - The Top Ten Canadian Weather Stories for 2001
  52. ^ Weather Underground - Tornado over Pointe-Taillon
  53. ^ a b c d Climat-Quebec - 2001 Quebec Tornadoes
  54. ^ CBC News – Tornado touches down near Caroline and possible sightings near Edmonton's north end
  55. ^ CTV Calgary – Tornado touches down west of Edmonton
  56. ^ University of Manitoba - The Vulcan tornado of June 13, 2004
  57. ^ Government of Alberta - CTV News report Vulcan tornado 2004
  58. ^ CBC Alberta - Alberta cleaning up from Tornado
  59. ^ Forum - EC Confirms Tornado
  60. ^ Wild weather spawns tornadoes
  61. ^ CBC News – Tornado hits New Brunswick
  62. ^ Environment Canada – Historical Tornado-Related Events
  63. ^ CTV Winnipeg – Manitoba tornado was strongest ever
  64. ^ Environment Canada – Elie Tornado Upgraded to Highest Level on Damage Scale Canada's First Official F5 Tornado
  65. ^ CBC News – 'Moderate' risk of more tornadoes in Manitoba
  66. ^ CBC News – More tornadoes hit southern Manitoba
  67. ^ Environment Canada - Canada's Top Ten Weather Stories for 2007
  68. ^ The Weather Doctor - Individual Tornado Events and Oddities
  69. ^ CBC News – Cupar-area farm believed destroyed by tornado
  70. ^ Highways & Hailstones - Minor damage at Silver Birch Cabins as witnesses photograph tornado touch down
  71. ^ CTV Winnipeg- Two twisters touch down
  72. ^ CTV Winnipeg- Tornado spotted in southeastern Manitoba
  73. ^ CBC News – Tornado touches down near Manitoba town
  74. ^ Environment Canada - Ontario Weather Review June 2008
  75. ^ CTV Edmonton – Tornado touches down southeast of Edmonton
  76. ^ Calgary Herald – Tornado touches near village
  77. ^ CTV Winnipeg – Twister touches down near Morris
  78. ^ Environment Canada - June 2008 Weather Review
  79. ^ CTV Edmonton – Twister the talk of the town in Viking
  80. ^ CTV Winnipeg- Tornados, wind, rain, and hail
  81. ^ CTV Edmonton – Tornado north of Calgary
  82. ^ CTV Winnipeg- Twister topples trees, sinks boats
  83. ^ CBC News – Tornado touches down in Manitoba
  84. ^ Montreal Gazette – Tornado hits Quebec's Saguenay region
  85. ^ CBC Regina – Severe storm wallops southern Saskatchewan
  86. ^ – South Sask. ravaged by storms
  87. ^ CTV Calgary – Tornado touches down during wild wind storm
  88. ^ – Storm spawns twisters
  89. ^ Ontario Storms Stie! - Tornado in Welland, ON
  90. ^ – Rare waterspout forms in Montreal during storm
  91. ^ CBC News – 4 Sask. towns see twisters touch down
  92. ^ CTV Saskatoon – Twister strikes Saskatchewan, six injured
  93. ^ Steinbach Online - Tornado Spotted in la Broquerie
  94. ^ Environment Canada - Canada's Top Ten Weather Stories for 2009
  95. ^ Environment Canada - Runner-up Weather Stories in 2009
  96. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Government of Canada - Canadian National Tornado Database: Verified Events (1980-2009) - Public
  97. ^ Edmonton Journal – Tornado takes roof off barn
  98. ^ Toronto Sun - Twisters touch down near London
  99. ^ - The Weather Page
  100. ^ CBC Regina – Tornado spotted near Red Deer
  101. ^ CBC News - Tornado kills 2 at Ontario resort
  102. ^ Highways & Hailstones - Three Killed as violent F2 tornado sweeps away cabins at Fisherman's Cove Resort
  103. ^ Climat-Quebec - Thunderstorms, tornado and Heavy rain, July 11th 2009
  104. ^ Highways & Hailstones - Tornado Near Woodstock
  105. ^ Climat-Quebec - July 2009 Climate Summary
  106. ^ Climat-Quebec - 2009 Tornadoes
  107. ^ Climat-Quebec - Tornado in Mont-Laurier, August 4, 2009
  108. ^ CTV Montreal - CTV camera operator killed in helicopter crash
  109. ^ The Weather Network - August 20, 2009: Ontario's historic tornado outbreak
  110. ^ Climate-Quebec - August 2009 Climate Summary
  111. ^ Highways and Hailstones - Cone tornado touches down, travels 3km through city but with only minor damage
  112. ^ CTV Toronto - Bowmanville hit by tornado, says Environment Canada
  113. ^ The Windsor Star – Leamington Tornado coverage
  114. ^ CBC Regina – Twister damages farm
  115. ^ CBC Regina – Sask. tornado confirmed as F3
  116. ^ CTV Winnipeg – Province looks at improving weather warning system
  117. ^ CTV Montreal – Lightning strikes couple, tornado touches down in St. Lazare
  118. ^ CTV Toronto – First Tornado of 2011
  119. ^ The Weather Network – Weak Tornado reported in Saskatchewan
  120. ^ CTV Ottawa – Storms hammer region
  121. ^ Maple Creek News - Tornado strikes Fox Valley
  122. ^ CTV Calgary – Damage left behind as twister touched down near Innisfail
  123. ^ CBC News Calgary - Tornado hit southwest Calgary
  124. ^ Northern Pride - Storm aftermath in photos
  125. ^ The Weather Network – Tallying Canada's confirmed tornadoes
  126. ^ CBC Windsor – Tornado confirmed in Lambton County
  127. ^ CBC News – Heavy tornado damage in Lac Saint-Jean area
  128. ^ CP24 – Environment Canada confirms third tornado in Ontario
  129. ^ – Tornado touchdown confirmed in Trois-Rivières
  130. ^ The Peterborough Examiner - Orono funnel cloud was likely an F0 Tornado
  131. ^ - Tornadoes cause millions in damage in Quebec
  132. ^ CBC News - Tornado Confirmed east of Ottawa
  133. ^ The Weather Network - Tornadoes touch down in southern Alberta
  134. ^ The Weather Network - F1 tornado touchdown in Huntingdon, Quebec
  135. ^ CBC News Calgary - Landspout tornado reported near Stettler, Alta.
  136. ^ The Weather Network - Eight confirmed tornadoes hit west-central Saskatchewan
  137. ^ The Weather Network - EC confirms tornado passed near Sioux Lookout on June 18
  138. ^ Global News Edmonton - EC gets 500 reports of tornadoes in 36 hours
  139. ^ CBC News - Tornadoes touch down in Saskatchewan
  140. ^ The Vancouver Sun - Tornado touches down near Olds, Alberta
  141. ^ The Calgary Herald - Storms hitting southern Alberta harder than usual, experts say
  142. ^ CBC News Ottawa - 2 tornadoes touched down amid eastern Ontario storms
  143. ^ Global Saskatoon - At least 3 confirmed tornadoes in Saskatchewan
  144. ^ Environment Canada - F0 Tornado in Embro
  145. ^ The Weather Network - 5 tornadoes touch down in Saskatchewan
  146. ^ Prairie Storm Tranquillity - Dogpound, Alberta Supercell and Tornado
  147. ^ CBC News Montreal - Tornado touches down in Drummondville
  148. ^ CKWS News Kingston - Odessa Tornado
  149. ^ The Weather Network - Ontario's 9th tornado of the year confirmed
  150. ^ The Weather Network - Weak Tornado Strikes Quebec
  151. ^ CP24 - Environment Canada: Tornado hit Shelburne, Ont.
  152. ^ The Weather Network - EC Confirms Ontario's 2nd Tornado of 2013
  153. ^ Global News Toronto - E.C. Confirms 2 more Tornadoes in Ontario
  154. ^ The Weather Network - Fifth tornado of season touches down in Ontario
  155. ^ CBC News - Family encounters tornado near Maple Creek, Sask.
  156. ^ CBC News - Tornado spotted near Bredenbury, Sask.
  157. ^ Edmonton Journal - Tornado warning sends people scrambling to safety
  158. ^ CTV News Toronto - Tornado spotted outside Barrie
  159. ^ News Talk 650 - Tornado touches down near Shaunavon
  160. ^ The Weather Network - Weak tornado reported in Quebec
  161. ^ CTV Winnipeg - Possible tornado destroys property, unroots trees
  162. ^ CBC News Saskatchewan - More tornadoes possible in Sask.
  163. ^ The Weather Network - Seven possible tornadoes spotted in Saskatchewan
  164. ^ CBC Manitoba- Tornado confirmed at Manitoba First Nation, 2 injured
  165. ^ CBC News - Tornado may have caused 7km of bush damage
  166. ^ a b c Global News Toronto - Environment Canada updates 2013 Ontario tornado count
  167. ^ CBC News - Tornado winds hit 175 km/h, Environment Canada determines
  168. ^ CTV Winnipeg - Tornado confirmed near Boissevain
  169. ^ Global News Winnipeg - Environment Canada confirms tornado south of Winnipeg
  170. ^ CBC Ottawa - Tornado touched down in Ottawa
  171. ^ 1310 News Radio - Environment Canada confirms Ontario’s 11th tornado
  172. ^ CTV News Kitchener - Environment Canada confirms three tornadoes
  173. ^ Global News Toronto - Three more tornadoes confirmed in Ontario
  174. ^ Environment Canada - Canada's Top Ten Weather Stories for 2013 in Quebec
  175. ^ The Weather Network - Environment Canada confirms Quebec's fourth tornado
  176. ^ CTV Kitchener - Environment Canada confirms two long weekend tornadoes near Fergus
  177. ^ The Weather Network - Ontario's first tornado of 2014 season confirmed
  178. ^ CTV London - Second tornado near Listowel confirmed by Environment Canada
  179. ^ The Weather Network - Quebec's first tornado of the season confirmed
  180. ^ CTV Calgary - Alberta's first tornado of 2014 touches down near Gleichen
  181. ^ CTV News Barrie - Tornado tears through Angus neighbourhood
  182. ^ The Weather Network - Ontario's fourth tornado of the season confirmed
  183. ^ Orangeville Banner - Environment Canada confirms tornado landed in Amaranth
  184. ^ CTV News Barrie - Environment Canada surveys tornado damage in New Tecumseth
  185. ^ The Weather Network - Tornado touches down in southern Alberta
  186. ^ Global News Toronto - Seventh tornado of Ontario's storm season confirmed
  187. ^ The Weather Network - Quebec's second tornado of the year confirmed
  188. ^ CTV News Winnipeg - Tornado touches down in Hartney, Man. Saturday evening
  189. ^ Global News Saskatoon - Environment Canada confirms EF2 tornado south of Saskatoon
  190. ^ The Weather Network - Four more tornadoes confirmed in Ontario this season
  191. ^ The Weather Network - Two more tornadoes confirmed in Quebec
  192. ^ a b Global News Toronto - Four more tornadoes confirmed in Ontario
  193. ^ The Weather Network - Tornadoes spotted in Manitoba
  194. ^ CTV Kitchener - Environment Canada confirms tornado touches down in Grand Bend
  195. ^ Montreal Gazette - Tornado strikes Pont-Rouge west of Quebec City; no injuries
  196. ^ The Weather Network - Ontario's thirteenth tornado of the season confirmed
  197. ^ The Weather Network - Two tornadoes confirmed in Windsor Ontario
  198. ^ The Weather Network - Ontario's sixteenth tornado of the season confirmed
  199. ^ CTV News Barrie - Tornado confirmed on Christian Island
  200. ^ Orrilia Packet and Times - Tracking Udney's Twister
  201. ^ Twitter - Dave Sills
  202. ^ The Hamilton Spectator - Environment Canada confirms tornado hit Sheffield
  203. ^ CTV London - First tornado of the year confirmed northeast of London
  204. ^ Calgary Sun - Thursday's stormy skies spawn small landspout tornado northwest of Airdrie
  205. ^ CTV Kitchener - Weak tornado touched down in Huron County, Environment Canada says
  206. ^ Calgary Herald - Environment Canada lifts funnel cloud advisory for Calgary and area
  207. ^ The Weather Network - Two tornadoes touch down in Southern Manitoba.
  208. ^ CTV Winnipeg - Brief tornado touchdown in southwestern Manitoba
  209. ^ CTV Winnipeg - Environment Canada confirms tornado touchdown
  210. ^ CTV Calgary - Tornado touchdown confirmed southwest of Calgary
  211. ^ Radio Canada International - Tornado called ‘incredible’ by officials
  212. ^ CBC News Manitoba - Tornado confirmed in southwestern Manitoba
  213. ^ CTV News London - Weekend storm spawned third tornado: Environment Canada
  214. ^ The Weather Network - Second tornado confirmed from Sunday's strong storms
  215. ^ High River Online - Tornado Spotted Near Langdon, Warning Issued
  216. ^ CBC News Calgary - Tornado touches down near Foremost in southeastern Alberta
  217. ^ CBC News Manitoba - Tornado touches down near Anola
  218. ^ Highways & Hailstones - Tornado Near Kapuskasing
  219. ^ Dave Sills Twitter - Two more 2015 ON tornadoes confirmed
  220. ^ The Weather Network - EF-1 tornado damages barn near Mount Forest, Ont.
  221. ^ CTV Calgary - First tornado of season spotted near Calgary’s eastern edge
  222. ^ The Weather Network - EF-0 tornado touches down in Maniwaki, Quebec
  223. ^ CTV Winnipeg - Tornado touches down near Elgin
  224. ^ Global News Regina - Multiple tornadoes touch down in Saskatchewan on Father’s Day
  225. ^ MétéoMédia - A second tornado in Quebec
  226. ^ a b c d Global News Calgary - Alberta sees 5 tornadoes in 4 days: Environment Canada
  227. ^ The Weather Network - Canada Day tornado confirmed in Ontario
  228. ^ CBC Regina - Tornado confirmed in farmer's field near Biggar, Sask.
  229. ^ CTV Saskatoon - Social media reacts to overnight storm
  230. ^ The Weather Network - Severe storms spawn Quebec's third tornado of the season
  231. ^ CBC Saskatchewan - Tornado touches down near Estevan, Sask.
  232. ^ AM 770 Calgary - Landspout tornado touches down near Endiang
  233. ^ Global News Calgary - Tornado touched down near Okotoks on Sunday: Environment Canada
  234. ^ Radio-Canada Montreal - Barn destroyed in Ulverton : Environment Canada confirmed a tornado
  235. ^ Global News Saskatoon - Tornado destroys farm south of Saskatoon
  236. ^ CTV Winnipeg - Long Plain First Nations families forced from homes after Preliminary EF1 tornado

External links[edit]