List of mythological objects

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Mythological objects encompass a variety of items (e.g. weapons, armour, clothing) found in mythology, legend, folklore and religion from across the world. This list will be organized according to the category of object.





  • Carnwennan (Little White-Hilt), the dagger of King Arthur. It is sometimes attributed with the magical power to shroud its user in shadow, it was used by Arthur to slice the Very Black Witch in half. (Arthurian legend)
  • Cronus' scythe, Cronus castrated his father Uranus using an Adamant sickle given to him by his mother Gaea. (Greek mythology)
  • Death's scythe, a large scythe appearing in the hands of the Grim Reaper. This stems mainly from the Christian Biblical belief of death as a "harvester of souls".
  • Pashupatastra, an irresistible and most destructive personal weapon of Shiva and Kali, discharged by the mind, the eyes, words, or a bow. (Hindu mythology)
  • Varunastra, a water weapon (a storm) according to the Indian scriptures, incepted by Varuna. In stories it is said to assume any weapon's shape, just like water. (Hindu mythology)
  • Astra, a supernatural weapon, presided over by a specific deity. To summon or use an astra required knowledge of a specific incantation/invocation, when armed. (Hindu mythology)
  • Sling-stone (also Cloich Tabaill), was used by Lugh to slay his grandfather, Balor the Strong-Smiter in the Cath Maige Tuired according to the brief accounts in the Lebor Gabála Érenn. (Irish mythology)
  • Pasha, a supernatural weapon depicted in Hindu iconography. Hindu deities such as Ganesha, Yama and Varuna are depicted with the pasha in their hands. The pasha is used to bind a foe's arms and legs or for hunting animals. (Hindu mythology)
  • Bashōsen (Banana Palm Fan), a giant fan weapon used by Ginkaku. (Chinese mythology)
  • Ankusha (also Elephant Goad), an elephant goad is one of the eight auspicious objects known as Astamangala and certain other religions of the Indian subcontinent. Ankusha is also an attribute of many Hindu gods, including Ganesha. (Hindu mythology)
  • Ayudhapurusha, the anthropomorphic depiction of a divine weapon in Hindu art. Ayudhapurushas are sometimes considered as partial incarnates of their divine owners. (Hindu mythology)
  • Chentu, a horse whip which looks like a crooked stick, and is a typical attribute of Aiyanar, Krishna in his aspect as Rajagopala, and Shiva with Nandi. (Hindu mythology)
  • Agneyastra, the god of fire Agni possess a weapon that would discharge and emit flames inextinguishable through normal means. (Hindu mythology)
  • Varunastra, the god of water Varuna possess a weapon that would discharged and release torrential volumes of water. This weapon is commonly mentioned as being used to counter the Agneyastra. (Hindu mythology)
  • Imhullu, a weapon used by the Assyrian god Marduk to destroy Tiamat, described in the ancient epic of creation Enûma Eliš. (Mesopotamian mythology)
  • Sword of Damocles, a huge sword hanged above the throne where Damocles sat on the throne, it was held at the pommel only by a single hair of a horse's tail. (Greek mythology)
  • Houken, a metaphorical Buddhist sword used to cut away earthly desires, it is wielded by Acala. (Buddhist mythology)


Swords from Celtic mythology[edit]

Swords from Continental Germanic mythology[edit]

Swords from Anglo-Saxon mythology[edit]

Swords from the Matter of Britain[edit]

  • Arondight, Lancelot's sword.
  • Clarent, a sword of peace meant for knighting and ceremonies as opposed to battle, which was stolen and then used to kill Arthur by Mordred.
  • Coreiseuse (Wrathful), the sword of King Ban, Lancelot's father.
  • Excalibur (also Caluburn, Caledfwlch, Calesvol, Kaledvoulc'h, Caliburnus), sometimes attributed with magical powers or associated with the rightful sovereignty of Great Britain. Stated that it was forged in the Isle of Avalon.
  • Galatine, the name of the sword given to Sir Gawain by the Lady of the Lake.
  • Grail Sword, a cracked holy sword which Sir Percival bonded back together, though the crack remained.
  • Secace, The sword that Lancelot used to battle the Saxons at Saxon Rock. It is translated as Seure (Sequence) in the Vulgate Cycle.
  • Sword in the Stone, a sword in the Arthurian legend which only the rightful king of Britain can pull from the stone; sometimes associated with Excalibur.
  • Sword with the Red Hilt, One of the swords wielded by Sir Balin. After his death, Merlin sealed it in the float stone where it remained until it was drawn by Sir Galahad.

Swords from Norse mythology[edit]

  • Angurvadal (Stream of Anguish), a magical sword of Viking, and later Frithiof. The sword was inscribed with Runic letters, which blazed in time of war, but gleamed with a dim light in time of peace.
  • Dáinsleif is king Högni's sword, according to Snorri Sturluson's account of the battle known as the Hjaðningavíg.
  • Freyr's Sword, Freyr's magic sword which fought on its own. It might be Lævateinn.
  • Gram, the sword that Odin struck into the Branstock tree which only Sigmund the Völsung was able to pull out. It broke in battle with Odin but was later reforged by Sigmund's son Sigurd and used it to slay the dragon Fafnir. After being reforged, it could cleave an anvil in half.
  • Hǫfuð, the sword of Heimdallr, the guardian of Bifröst.
  • Hrotti, the sword is mentioned in the Völsung cycle. It was part of Fáfnir's treasure, which Sigurðr took after he slew the dragon.
  • Lævateinn, a sword mentioned in an emendation to the Poetic Edda Fjölsvinnsmál by Sophus Bugge.
  • Legbiter, the sword of Magnus III of Norway.
  • Mistilteinn, the magical sword of Prainn, the draugr, later owned by Hromundr Gripsson.
  • Quern-biter, sword of Haakon I of Norway and his follower, Thoralf Skolinson the Strong, said to be sharp enough to cut through quernstones.
  • Ridill (also Refil), sword of the dwarf Regin.
  • Skofnung, a sword with mythical properties associated with the legendary Danish king Hrólf Kraki.
  • Tyrfing (also Tirfing or Tyrving), the cursed sword of Svafrlami, from the Elder Edda; also said to be the sword of Odin in Richard Wagner's works.

Swords from the Matter of France[edit]

Swords from Spanish mythology[edit]

Swords from Hindu mythology[edit]

  • Asi, a legendary sword mentioned in the epic Mahabharata.
  • Pattayudha, the divine sword of Lord Veerabhadra, commander of Lord Shiva's armies.
  • Nandaka (also Nandaki), the sword of the Hindu god Vishnu.
  • Chandrahas, the divine sword Chandrahas was given to Ravana with a warning that if it was used for unjust causes, it would return to the three-eyed Shiva and Ravana's days would be numbered.


  • Amenonuhoko (Heavenly Jewelled Spear), the naginata used by the Shinto deities Izanagi and Izanami to create the world - also called tonbogiri. (Japanese mythology)
  • Ama-no-Saka-hoko (Heavenly Upside Down Spear) is an antique and mysterious spear, staked by Ninigi-no-Mikoto at the summit of Takachiho-no-mine, where he and his divine followers first landed, according to the legend of Tenson kōrin.
  • Aram, the spear of Jangar. (Mongol mythology)
  • Ascalon, the spear that St. George used to kill a dragon in Beirut and saving a princess from being sacrificed by the town.
  • Gunnar's Atgeir, Gunnar's atgeir would make a ringing sound or "sing" when it was taken down in anticipation of bloodshed. (Norse mythology)
  • Gáe Buide (Yellow Shaft) and the Gáe Derg (Red Javelin), spears of Diarmuid Ua Duibhne, could inflict wound that none can recover from.
  • Gáe Bulg, the spear of Cú Chulainn.
  • Gungnir, Odin's magic spear created by the dwarf Dvalinn.
  • Lance of Olyndicus, the celtiberians' war chief who fought against Rome. According to Florus, he wielded a silver lance that was sent to him by the gods from the sky.[7]
  • Brionac, the spear of Lugh that was said to be impossible to overcome. (Celtic mythology)
  • Lúin of Celtchar (also Spear of Fire or Spear of Destiny), a spear forged by the Smith of Falias for Lugh to use in his fight against Balor.
  • Maltet, the name of the spear of Baligant from The Song of Roland.
  • Nihongo, is one of three legendary Japanese spears created by the famed swordsmith Masazane Fujiwara. A famous spear that was once used in the Imperial Palace. Nihongo later found its way into the possession of Masanori Fukushima, and then Tahei Mori.
  • Otegine, is one of three legendary Japanese spears created by the famed swordsmith Masazane Fujiwara.
  • Rhongomiant, the spear of King Arthur that he used to defeat the legendary Sir Thomas of Wolford. (Arthurian legend)
  • Spear of Achilles, created by Hephaestus and given to Peleus at his wedding with Thetis.
  • Tonbogiri, is one of three legendary Japanese spears created by the famed swordsmith Fujiwara no Masazane, said to be wielded by the legendary daimyō Honda Tadakatsu. The spear derives its name from the myth that a dragonfly landed on its blade and was instantly cut in two. Thus Tonbo (Japanese for "dragonfly") and giri (Japanese for "cutting"), translating this spear's name as "Dragonfly Slaying spear".
  • Bident, a two-pronged implement resembling a pitchfork. In classical mythology, the bident is associated with Pluto/Hades, the ruler of the underworld. (Greek mythology)
  • Devil's pitchfork, depicted as a bident or two-pronged pitchfork belonging to the devil.
  • Kongō, A trident-shaped staff which emits a bright light in the darkness, and grants wisdom and insight. The staff belonged originally to the Japanese mountain god Kōya-no-Myōjin. It is the equivalent of the Sanskrit Vajra, the indestructible lightning-diamond pounder of the king of the gods/rain-god Indra. There the staff represents the three flames of the sacrificial fire, part of the image of the vajra wheel.
  • Trident, associated with Poseidon, the god of the sea in Greek mythology and the Roman god Neptune. When struck the earth in anger, it caused mighty earthquakes and his trident could stir up tidal waves, tsunamis, and sea storms.
  • Trishula, the trident of Shiva, stylized by some as used as a missile weapon and often included a crossed stabilizer to facilitate flight when thrown. Considered to be the most powerful weapon. (Hindu mythology)
  • Holy Lance, also called the Spear of Longinus, is the name given to the lance that pierced the side of Jesus as he hung on the cross, according to the Gospel of John.
  • Vel, a divine javelin associated with Hindu war god Karthikeya. (Hindu mythology)
  • Gae Assail (Spear of Assal), the spear of Lugh, the incantation "Ibar (Yew)" made the cast always hit its mark, and "Athibar (Re-Yew)" caused the spear to return. (Irish mythology)
  • Areadbhar (also Areadbhair), belonged to Pisear, king of Persia. Its tip had to be kept immersed in a pot of water to keep it from igniting, a property similar to the Lúin of Celtchar. (Irish mythology)
  • Crann Buidhe, the spear of Manannán. (Irish mythology)
  • Isis' harpoon, Isis brought some yarn and made a rope. She then took an ingot of copper, melted it, and made a harpoon. She tied the rope to the harpoon's end. Isis could also command her harpoon to release its victim. (Egyptian mythology)
  • Jiuchidingpa (Nine-tooth Iron Rake), the primary weapon of Zhu Bajie.
  • Yueyachan (Crescent-Moon-Shovel), a Monk's spade that is the primary weapon of Sha Wujing. A double-headed staff with a crescent-moon (yuèyá) blade at one end and a spade (chǎn) at the other, with six xīzhàng rings in the shovel part to denote its religious association.
  • Green Dragon Crescent Blade, a legendary weapon wielded by Guan Yu in the historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms. It is a guandao, a type of traditional Chinese weapon. It is also sometimes referred to as the Frost Fair Blade, from the idea that during a battle in the snow, the blade continuously had blood on it; the blood froze and made a layer of frost on the blade. (Chinese mythology)


Rods and Staves[edit]

Axes and Hammers[edit]


  • Kaumodaki, the mace of the Hindu god Vishnu. Vishnu is often depicted holding the Kaumodaki in one of his four hands, it is also found in iconography of some of Vishnu's avatars. (Hindu Mythology)
  • Sharur, the enchanted mace of the Sumerian god Ninurta. It can fly unaided and also may communicate with its wielder. (Ancient Mesopotamian religion)
  • Tishtrya's mace, a mace that Tishtrya used to create lighting and tornados with it. (Persian mythology)
  • Yagrush and Ayamur, two clubs created by Kothar and used by Baal to defeat Yam. (Phoenician mythology)
  • Indravarman III's metalwood bat is a legendary bat, wielded by a Cambodian emperor.[9]
  • Kaladanda, the staff of Death[10] is a special and lethal club used by God Yama or God of Naraka or Hell in Hindu mythology. It is very ferocious weapon. It was once granted by Brahma or God of creation. It was ultimate weapon, once fired would kill anybody before it. No matter what boons he had to protect himself.
  • Club of Dagda, this magic club was supposed to be able to kill nine men with one blow; but with the handle he could return the slain to life. (Irish Mythology)
  • Gada, the main weapon of the Hindu god Hanuman, an avatara of Shiva. (Hindu Mythology)
  • Mace of Bhima, a club that was presented by Mayasura. It was as weapon of Danavas King Vrishaparva. (Hindu Mythology)

Projectile Weapons[edit]

  • Brahmastra, described in a number of the Puranas, it was considered the deadliest weapon. It was said that when the Brahmastra was discharged, there was neither a counterattack nor a defense that could stop it. (Hindu mythology)
  • Narayanastra, the personal missile of Vishnu in his Narayana or Naraina form. (Hindu mythology)
  • Sudarshana Chakra, a legendary spinning disc like weapon used by the Hindu God Vishnu. (Hindu mythology)
  • Thunderbolt, lightning plays a role in many mythologies, often as the weapon of a sky god and weather god. Thunderbolts as divine weapons can be found in many mythologies. In Greek mythology, the thunderbolt is a weapon given to Zeus by the Cyclops, or by Vulcan in Roman mythology. Zibelthiurdos of Paleo-Balkan mythology is a god recognized as similar to the Greek Zeus as a wielder of lightning and thunderbolts. In Igbo mythology, the thunderbolt is the weapon of Amadioha and in Yoruba mythology, the thunderbolt is the weapon of Shango.
  • Vajra, the lightning bolts of Indra. (Hindu mythology)
  • Xiuhcoatl, a lightning-like weapon borne by Huitzilopochtli. (Aztec religion)
  • Holly Dart or Mistletoe, Baldr is killed by a holly dart, mistletoe or an arrow gotten from his father's mischievous blood-brother Loki. (Norse mythology)
  • Arrow of Brahma, the demi-god Rama faced the demon king of Sri-Lanka, Ravana. Rama fired the arrow of Brahma that had been imparted to him by Agastya. The arrow of Brahma burst Ravana's navel, and returned to Rama's quiver. (Hindu mythology)
  • Tathlum, the missile fired by Lugh from the Sling-stone. (Irish mythology)
  • Sagitta, regarded as the weapon that Hercules used to kill the eagle Aquila that perpetually gnawed Prometheus' liver. (Greek mythology)
  • Magic Bullet, an enchanted bullet obtained through a contract with the devil in the German folk legend Freischütz. A marksman has obtained a certain number of bullets destined to hit without fail whatever object he wishes. Six of the magic bullets (German: Freikugeln, literally "free bullets"), are thus subservient to the marksman's will, but the seventh is at the absolute disposal of the devil himself. (German folklore)
  • Silver Bullet, a bullet cast from silver is often the only weapon that is effective against a werewolf, witch, or other monsters.
  • Brahmanda Astra, it is said in the epic Mahabharata that the weapon manifests with the all five heads of Lord Brahma as its tip. Brahma earlier lost his fifth head when he fought with Lord Shiva. This weapon is said to possess the power to destroy entire solar system or Brahmand, the 14 realms according to Hindu cosmology. (Hindu mythology)
  • Brahmashirsha Astra, It is thought that the Brahmashirsha Astra is the evolution of the Brahmastra, and 4 times stronger than Brahmastra. The weapon manifests with the four heads of Lord Brahma as its tip. When it strikes an area it will cause complete destruction and nothing will grow, not even a blade of grass, for the next 12 years. It will not rain for 12 years in that area, and everything including metal and earth become poisoned. (Hindu mythology)
  • Teen Baan, Shiva gave Barbarika three infallible arrows (Teen Baan). A single arrow was enough to destroy all opponents in any war, and it would then return to Barbarika's quiver. (Hindu mythology)
  • Vasavi Shakti, the magical dart of Indra. Used by Karna against Ghatotkacha in the Mahabharata war. (Hindu mythology)


  • Aphrodite's Magic Girdle, a magic material that made whoever the wearer desired fall in love with him/her. (Greek mythology)
  • Babr-e Bayan, the mythical coat worn by the Persian legendary hero Rostam in combat.
  • Falcon Cloak, owned by Freyja, it allows the wielder to turn into a falcon and fly.
  • Girdle of Hippolyta, sometimes called a magical girdle and sometimes a magical belt. It was a symbol of Hippolyta's power over the Amazons; given to her by Ares. Heracles' 9th Labor was to retrieve it. (Greek mythology)
  • Hide of Leviathan was supposedly able to be turned into everlasting clothing or impenetrable suits of armour.
  • Hide of the Nemean lion, the golden fur Heracles earned by overcoming the Nemean lion, was supposedly able to endure every weapon and was unbreakable. (Greek mythology)
  • Mantle of Arthur (also Llen Arthyr yng Nghernyw), whoever was under it could not be seen, and he could see everyone. One of the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain.
  • Pais Badarn Beisrydd, The Coat of Padarn Red-Coat: if a well-born man put it on, it would be the right size for him; if a churl, it would not go upon him. One of the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain.
  • Shoes of Víðarr, these shoes gave the god Vidar unparalleled foot protection. (Norse mythology)
  • Talaria, Hermes's winged sandals which allowed him to fly. (Greek mythology)
  • Tarnkappe, Sigurd's magical cloak that made the wearer invisible. (Norse mythology)
  • Ǒusībùyúnlǚ (Cloud-stepping Boots or Cloud-stepping Shoes), made of lotus fiber, these are one of the treasures of the Dragon Kings; Ào Ming gives them to Sun Wukong in order to get rid of him when he acquires the Ruyi Jingu Bang. (Chinese mythology)
  • Seven-league boots from European folklore were said to allow the wearer to make strides of seven leagues in length.
  • Shirt of Nessus is the poisoned shirt that killed Heracles. (Greek mythology)
  • Fast-walker Boots (сапоги-скороходы), allows the person wearing them to walk and run at an amazing pace. (Russian folklore)
  • Helskór (Hel-shoes), were put on the dead so that they could go to Valhöll. (Norse mythology)
  • Tyet is an ancient Egyptian symbol of the goddess Isis. It seems to be called "the Knot of Isis" because it resembles a knot used to secure the garments that the Egyptian gods wore (also tet, buckle of Isis, girdle of Isis, and the blood of Isis). (Egyptian mythology)
  • Megingjörð (Power-belt), a magic belt worn by the god Thor. (Norse mythology)
  • Járngreipr (Iron Grippers), a pair of iron gauntlets of the god Thor. (Norse mythology)
  • Swan Cloak, a magic robe made of swan feathers belonging to a swan maiden.
  • Robe of the Fire-rat, a legendary robe of China that is made of the fireproof fur of the fire-rat. One of Kaguya-hime's suitor set out to search for the robe. (Japanese mythology)
  • Nábrók (Death Underpants), are a pair of pants made from the skin of a dead man, which are capable of producing an endless supply of money. (Icelandic folklore)
  • Cohuleen druith, Merrows wear a special hat called a cohuleen druith, which enables them to dive beneath the waves. If they lose this cap, it is said that they will lose their power to return beneath the water. (Scottish folklore)




  • Andvaranaut, a magical ring capable of producing gold, first owned by Andvari. (Norse mythology)
  • Draupnir, a golden arm ring possessed by Odin. The ring was a source of endless wealth. (Norse mythology)
  • Ring of Dispel, a ring given to Sir Lancelot by the Lady of the Lake which could dispel any enchantment. In Le Chevalier de la Charrette it is given to him by a fairy instead. He used the ring to cross the Sword Bridge.
  • Ring of Mudarra, the ring that Gonzalo Bustos breaks in two pieces to later on recognize his future son. When Mudarra joins the two halves, it becomes again a complete ring and Gonzalo Bustos heals his blindness, as shown in the epic poem Cantar de los siete infantes de Lara.[11]
  • Ring of Gyges, a mythical magical artifact that granted its owner the power to become invisible at will. (Greek mythology)
  • Seal of Solomon, a magical brass or steel ring that could imprison demons. (JudeoChristian mythology)
  • Svíagris, Adils' prized ring in the Hrólfr Kraki's saga. (Norse mythology)



  • Dandu Monara, king Ravana's flying machine in Ramayana.
  • Magic carpet (also flying carpet), a legendary carpet that can be used to transport humans who are on it instantaneously or quickly to their destination. (Arabian mythology)
  • Flying mortar and pestle of Baba Yaga, she flies around in a mortar and wields a pestle. (Slavic Mythology)
  • Flying Throne of Kai Kavus was an eagle-propelled craft built by the Persian king Kay Kāvus, used for flying the king all the way to China. (Persian mythology)
  • Vimana is a mythological flying machine from the Sanskrit epics, of Hindu origin.
  • Roth Rámach (lit. Rowing Wheel) is the magical flying machine of Mug Ruith, a mythological Irish Druid who along with his feathered headdress (the encennach), hovers across the skies [2]. (Irish Mythology)
  • Flying Canoe (also Bewitched Canoe or Flying Canoe), Baptiste had a canoe with paddles, he made a pact with the devil so his canoe would fly wherever Baptiste wished. However, those within the canoe could not say the name of God, fly over a church, touch any crosses, or the canoe would crash. Baptiste uttered the magic words: "Acabris! Acabras! Acabram" to make the canoe fly. (Canadian folklore)


  • Argo, the ship on which Jason and the Argonauts sailed. She contained in her prow a magical piece of timber from the sacred forest of Dodona, which could speak and render prophecies. (Greek mythology)
  • Caleuche, a mythical ghost ship of the Chilote mythology and local folklore of the Chiloé Island, in Chile. (Chilote mythology)
  • Canoe of Gluskab, able to expand so it could hold an army or shrink to fit in the palm of your hand. (Abenaki mythology)
  • Canoe of Māui, it became the South Island of New Zealand. (Māori mythology)
  • Ellida, a magic dragon ship given to Víking as a gift by Aegir. (Norse mythology)
  • Hringhorni, is the name of the ship of the god Baldr, described as the "greatest of all ships". (Norse mythology)
  • Naglfar, a ship made out of fingernails and toenails of the dead. It will set sail during Ragnarök. (Norse mythology)
  • Sessrúmnir, is both the goddess Freyja's hall located in Fólkvangr, a field where Freyja receives half of those who die in battle, and also the name of a ship. (Norse mythology)
  • Skíðblaðnir, a boat owned by Freyr. (Norse mythology)
  • Guingelot, Thomas Speght, an editor or Chaucer's works from the end of 16th century, made a passing remark that "Concerning Wade and his bote called Guingelot, and also his strange exploits in the same.
  • The Preserver of Life was the ship built in the Epic of Gilgamesh by Utnapishtim and the craftspeople of his village at the request of Enki Ea to hold his wife and relatives, as well as the village craftspeople, the animals to be saved, and various grains and seeds.
  • Mandjet (Boat of Millions of Years), one of two solar boats. A boat that carries the resurrected king with the sun god Ra across the heavens. (Egyptian mythology)
  • Mesektet, the evening boat is one of two solar boats. (Egyptian mythology)
  • Wave Sweeper, a magic boat belonging to Lugh. (Irish mythology)
  • Flying Dutchman, a legendary ghost ship that can never make port and is doomed to sail the oceans forever. (Nautical folklore)
  • Mannigfual, the ship of the giants. (Norse mythology)
  • Prydwen (also Pridwen), the ship of King Arthur, according to the Welsh poem, the Spoils of Annwfn. This ship also appeared in Culhwch and Olwen, when Arthur traveled to Ireland, to fetch the cauldron of Diwrnach and the boar Twrch Trwyth. In later Arthurian legend, Pridwen was the name of Arthur's shield. (Arthurian legend)
  • Ullr's bone, Ullr could traverses the sea on his magic bone. (Norse mythology)






  • Baetylus, a sacred stone which was supposedly endowed with life. (Greek mythology)
  • Cintamani (also Chintamani Stone), a wish-fulfilling jewel within both Hindu and Buddhist traditions, equivalent to the philosopher's stone in Western alchemy.
  • Philosopher's stone, said to perform alchemy without an equal sacrifice being made, such as turning lead to gold, and creating something out of nothing
  • Sessho-seki, a stone that kills anyone who comes into contact with it.
  • Stone of Giramphiel, a stone described in Diu Crône. Sir Gawain wins from the knight Fimbeus and it offers him protection against the fiery breath of dragons and the magic of the sorcerer Laamorz.
  • Singasteinn (Old Norse singing stone or chanting stone), an object that appears in the account of Loki and Heimdallr's fight in the form of seals. (Norse mythology)
  • Llech Ronw (also Slate of Gron), a holed stone located along Afon Bryn Saeth in Blaenau Ffestiniog, Wales. The stone is described as being roughly forty inches by thirty inches with a hole of about an inch in diameter going through it.
  • Adder stone were believed to have magical powers such as protection against eye diseases or evil charms, preventing nightmares, curing whooping cough, the ability to see through fairy or witch disguises and traps if looked at through the middle of the stone, and of course recovery from snakebite.
  • Lyngurium (also Ligurium), the name of a mythical gemstone believed to be formed of the solidified urine of the lynx (the best ones coming from wild males).
  • Toadstone (also Bufonite), a mythical stone or gem thought to be found in, or produced by, a toad, and is supposed to be an antidote to poison.
  • Stone of Scone (also Stone of Destiny), an oblong block of red sandstone.
  • Sledovik, a most widespread type of sacred stones, venerated in Slavic (Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian) and Uralic (Karela, Merya) pagan practices.
  • Lia Fáil (also Stone of Destiny) is a stone at the Inauguration Mound on the Hill of Tara in County Meath, Ireland. In legend, all of the kings of Ireland were crowned on the stone up to Muirchertach mac Ercae c. AD 500.
  • Thunderstone, throughout Europe, Asia, and Polynesia - flint arrowheads and axes turned up by farmer's plows are considered to have fallen from the sky. They were often thought to be thunderbolts and are called "thunderstones".
  • Gjöll, the name of the rock which Fenrir the wolf is bound. (Norse mythology)
  • Batrachite, gemstones that was supposedly found in frogs, to which ancient physicians and naturalists attributed the virtue of resisting poison.
  • Vaidurya, most precious of all stones, sparkling beauty beyond compare, the stone worn by the goddess Lakshmi and the goddess of wealth Rigveda. (Hindu Mythology)
  • Draconite, a mythical gemstone taken from the head of a live dragon and believed to have magical properties.
  • Tide jewels, the kanju (干珠?, lit. "(tide-)ebbing jewel") and manju (満珠?, lit. "(tide-)flowing jewel") were magical gems that the Sea God used to control the tides. (Japanese mythology)

Plants and Herbs[edit]

  • Aglaophotis, an herb. According to Dioscorides, peony is used for warding off demons, witchcraft, and fever.
  • Fern flower, a magic flower that blooms for a very short time on the eve of the Summer solstice. The flower brings fortune to the person who finds it. (Slavic mythology)
  • Hungry grass (also Féar Gortach), a patch of cursed grass. Anyone walking on it was doomed to perpetual and insatiable hunger. (Irish mythology)
  • Lotus tree, a plant that occurs in stories from Greek mythology and later in the Book of Job.
  • Moly, a magical herb Hermes gave to Odysseus to protect him from Circe's magic when he went to her home to rescue his friends.
  • Raskovnik, a magical herb in Slavic mythology. According to lore, the raskovnik has the magical property to unlock or uncover anything that is locked or closed.
  • Ausadhirdipyamanas, healing plants. Used for healing and rejuvenations in battles. These are used by Ashvins. (Hindu mythology)
  • Haoma, is the Avestan language name of a plant and its divinity, both of which play a role in Zoroastrian doctrine and in later Persian culture and mythology.
  • Silphium, a plant that was used in classical antiquity as a seasoning and as a medicine. Legend said that this plant was a gift from the god Apollo. (Roman mythology)


  • Jeweled Branch of Hōrai, a branch from a tree found on Hōrai, these trees of gold have jewels for leaves. One of Kaguya-hime's suitor set out to search for the branch. (Japanese mythology)
  • Kalpavriksha (also kalpataru, kalpadruma or kalpapādapa), is a wish-fulfilling divine tree. (Hindu mythology)
  • Akshayavat or Akshay Vat (Indestructible Banyan Tree), is a sacred fig tree. The sage Markandeya asked Lord Narayana to show him a specimen of the divine power. Narayana flooded the entire world for a moment, during which only the Akshayavat could be seen above the water level. (Hindu mythology)
  • Cypress of Keshmar, a mythical cypress tree of legendary beauty and gargantuan dimensions. (Persian mythology)
  • Ficus Ruminalis, a wild fig tree that had religious and mythological significance in ancient Rome. The tree is associated with the legend of Romulus and Remus. (Roman mythology)
  • Barnstokkr (Child-trunk), a tree that stands in the center of King Völsung's hall. (Norse mythology)
  • Glasir (Gleaming), a tree or grove described as "the most beautiful among gods and men", bearing golden leaves located in the realm of Asgard, outside the doors of Valhalla. (Norse mythology)
  • Læraðr, a tree that is often identified with Yggdrasil. It stands at the top of the Valhöll. Two animals, the goat Heiðrún and the hart Eikþyrnir, graze its foliage. (Norse mythology)
  • Mímameiðr (Mimi's Tree), a tree whose branches stretch over every land, is unharmed by fire or metal, bears fruit that assists pregnant women, and upon whose highest bough roosts the rooster Víðópnir. (Norse mythology)
  • Sacred tree at Uppsala, a sacred tree located at the Temple at Uppsala, Sweden, in the second half of the 11th century. It is not known what species it was, but a scholar has suggested that it was a yew tree. (Norse mythology)
  • Donar's Oak (also Thor's Oak and Jove's Oak), a sacred tree of the Germanic pagans located in an unclear location around what is now the region of Hesse, Germany. (Germanic mythology)
  • Silver Branch, in the Irish poem The Voyage of Bran, it represents entry into the Celtic Otherworld, which the Welsh called Annwn and the Irish Tír na nÓg: "To enter the Otherworld before the appointed hour marked by death, a passport was often necessary, and this was usually a silver branch of the sacred apple-tree bearing blossoms." the branch is also associated with Manannán mac Lir, an Irish sea deity with strong affiliation to Tír na nÓg. As guardian of the Otherworld, Manannán also has strong ties with Emhain Abhlach, the Isle of Apple Trees, where the magical silver apple branch is found. (Irish mythology)
  • Golden Bough, before entering Hades, Deiphobe tells Aeneas he must obtain the bough of gold which grows nearby in the woods around her cave, and must be given as a gift to Proserpina, the queen of Pluto, king of the underworld. (Roman mythology)

World Trees[edit]

  • Yggdrasil, an immense tree that is central in Norse cosmology, in connection to which the nine worlds exist. (Norse mythology)
  • Irminsul (Great/Mighty Pillar or Arising Pillar), a kind of pillar which is attested as playing an important role in the Germanic paganism of the Saxon people. The oldest chronicle describing an Irminsul refers to it as a tree trunk erected in the open air. (Germanic mythology)
  • Égig érő fa (Sky-high Tree), also called Életfa (Tree of Life), Világfa (World Tree), or Tetejetlen Fa (Tree Without a Top), is an element of Hungarian shamanism and native faith, and a typical element of Hungarian folk art and folk tales, and also a distinct folk tale type. (Hungarian mythology)
  • Ashvattha (also Assattha), a sacred tree for the Hindus and has been extensively mentioned in texts pertaining to Hinduism, mentioned as 'peepul' (Ficus religiosa) in Rig Veda mantra I.164.20 . Buddhist texts term the tree as Bodhi tree, a tree under which Gautam Buddha meditated and gained enlightenment. (Hindu mythology)
  • Ağaç Ana, the world tree is a central symbol. According to the Altai Turks, human beings are descended from trees. According to the Yakuts, White Mother sits at the base of Ağaç Ana, whose branches reach to the heavens where it is occupied by various creatures that have come to life there. The blue sky around the tree reflects the peaceful nature of the country and the red ring that surrounds all of the elements symbolizes the ancient faith of rebirth, growth and development of the Turkic peoples. (Turkic mythology)
  • Modun, the world tree. (Mongolian mythology)


  • Ambrosia, the food or drink of the gods often depicted as conferring longevity or immortality upon whoever consumed it. (Greek mythology)
  • Apple of Discord, the goddess Eris inscribed "to the fairest" and tossed in the midst of the festivities at the wedding of Peleus and Thetis. (Greek mythology)
  • Cornucopia (also Horn of Plenty), was the horn of the goat-nymph Amalthea from which poured an unceasing abundance of nectar, ambrosia and fruit. (Greek mythology)
  • Golden apple, an element that appears in various national and ethnic folk legends or fairy tales.
  • Silver apple, magical silver apples can be found on the Isle of Apple Trees. (Irish mythology)
  • Peaches of Immortality, consumed by the immortals due to their mystic virtue of conferring longevity on all who eat them. (Chinese mythology)
  • Mead of poetry (also Mead of Suttungr), is a mythical beverage that whoever "drinks becomes a skald or scholar to recite any information and solve any question. (Norse mythology)
  • Amrita, the drink of the gods which grants them immortality. (Hindu mythology)
  • Soma, it is described as being prepared by extracting juice from the stalks of a certain plant. In both Vedic and Zoroastrian tradition, the name of the drink and the plant are the same, and also personified as a divinity, the three forming a religious or mythological unity. (Hindu mythology)


  • Adamant and similar words are used to refer to any especially hard substance, whether composed of diamond, some other gemstone, or some type of metal.
  • Alkahest, a hypothetical universal solvent, having the power to dissolve every other substance, including gold. It was much sought after by alchemists for what they thought would be its invaluable medicinal qualities.
  • Azoth, it was considered to be a universal medicine or universal solvent sought in alchemy.
  • Eitr, this liquid substance is the origin of all living things: the first giant Ymir was conceived from eitr. The substance is supposed to be very poisonous and is also produced by Jörmungandr and other serpents. (Norse mythology)
  • Elixir of life, a mythical potion that, when drunk from a certain cup at a certain time, supposedly grants the drinker eternal life and/or eternal youth.
  • Ichor, is the ethereal golden fluid that is the blood of the gods and/or immortals. (Greek mythology)
  • Manna (also Mana), is an edible substance that, according to the Bible and the Quran. God provided for the Israelites during their travels in the desert.
  • Orichalcum, a metal mentioned in several ancient writings, including a story of Atlantis in the Critias dialogue, recorded by Plato. According to Critias, orichalcum was considered second only to gold in value, and was found and mined in many parts of Atlantis in ancient times.
  • Panacea, was supposed to be a remedy that would cure all diseases and prolong life indefinitely.
  • Prima materia (also Materia Prima or First Matter), is the ubiquitous starting material required for the alchemical magnum opus and the creation of the philosopher's stone. It is the primitive formless base of all matter similar to chaos, the quintessence, or aether.
  • Yliaster, is the formless base of all matter which is the raw material for the alchemical Great Work.
  • Hydra's poisonous blood, Heracles would use arrows dipped in the Hydra's poisonous blood to kill other foes during his Labours, such as Stymphalian birds and the giant Geryon. (Greek mythology)
  • Hihīrokane, described in the apocryphal Takenouchi Document, an alleged ancient writing in a lost script which details Japan's early history, Hihīrokane was used in the time of Emperor Jimmu, Japan's first emperor. The Kusanagi-no-tsurugi and the other Imperial Regalia of Japan are supposedly made from it. Its weight is lighter than gold, but harder than diamond. It does not rust. It was even said to be able to bring water to a boil without heat, violating the Law of Conservation of Energy. (Japanese mythology)
  • Unicorn horn (also Alicorn), the detached horn of an unicorn was though to have many healing properties and antidote's virtues were attributed to the unicorn's horn. (European folklore)
  • Dragon's teeth, in the legends of the Phoenician prince Cadmus and in Jason's quest for the Golden Fleece. In each case, the dragons are real and breathe fire. Their teeth, once planted, would grow into fully armed warriors. (Greek mythology)
  • Water of Life, water from the Fountain of Youth that supposedly restores the youth of anyone who drinks or bathes in its waters.
  • Camahueto's horn, the most valuable part of a Camahueto is their single horn, machis will use the horn for curing many kinds of illnesses. (Chilote mythology)
  • Cold iron, is historically believed to repel, contain, or harm ghosts, fairies, witches, and/or other malevolent supernatural creatures.

Musical Instruments[edit]

  • Horn of Gabriel, the name refers to the tradition identifying the Archangel Gabriel with the angel who blows the horn to announce Judgement Day, associating the infinite with the divine.
  • Olivant, the horn of Roland, paladin of Charlemagne in the Song of Roland. It was won from the giant Jutmundus and is made of ivory. When blown, it is so loud that it kills birds flying in the sky and causes whole armies to rout.
  • Gjallarhorn, a mystical horn blown at the onset of Ragnarök associated with the god Heimdallr and the wise being Mímir. (Norse mythology)
  • Bragi's harp, a magical golden harp given to Bragi by the dwarfs when he was born. (Norse mythology)
  • Kantele, the mage Väinämöinen makes the first kantele from the jawbone of a giant pike and a few hairs from Hiisi's stallion. The music it makes draws all the forest creatures near to wonder at its beauty. (Finnish mythology)
  • Triton's conch shell, a twisted conch shell on which Triton blew like a trumpet to calm or raise the waves. (Greek mythology)
  • Apollo's lyre, Hermes created the lyre for him from the entrails of one of Apollo's cow. Apollo was furious at Hermes, but after hearing the sound of the lyre, his anger faded. The instrument became a common attribute of Apollo. (Greek mythology)
  • Orpheus' lyre, a golden lyre given to him by Apollo. When Orpheus heard the Siren's voices, he drew his lyre and played music that was louder and more beautiful, drowning out the Sirens' bewitching songs. (Greek mythology)
  • Shankha, a conch shell which is of ritual and religious importance in both Hinduism and Buddhism. The Shankha is a sacred emblem of the Hindu preserver god Vishnu. It is still used as a trumpet in Hindu ritual, and in the past was used as a war trumpet. (Hindu mythology)
  • Pied Piper's magic pipe, Pied Piper was able to lure the rats away with his pipe, which he later turned his power that he put into his pipe on the town of Hamelin's children, leading them away as he had the rats. (German folklore)
  • Sistrum, was one of the most sacred musical instruments in ancient Egypt and was believed to hold powerful magical properties. It was also shaken to avert the flooding of the Nile and to frighten away Set. (Egyptian mythology)


  • Clue of Ariadne, the magical ball of string given to Theseus by Ariadne to help him navigate the Labyrinth. (Greek Mythology)
  • Cup of Jamshid, a cup of divination in the Persian mythology. It was long possessed by rulers of ancient Persia and was said to be filled with an elixir of immortality. The whole world was said to be reflected in it.
  • Eldhrímnir, the cauldron in which Andhrímnir cooks Sæhrímnir. (Norse mythology)
  • Gleipnir, the magic chain that bound the wolf Fenrir. It was light and thin as silk but strong as creation itself and made from six wonderful ingredients. (Norse mythology)
  • Hand of Glory, a disembodied pickled hand of a man who was hanged alive. Said to have the power to unlock any door and, if a candle was placed within made from some body part of the same person, would freeze in place anyone who it was given to. (European folklore)
  • Hlidskjalf, Odin's all-seeing throne in his palace Valaskjálf.
  • Lantern of Diogenes, according to popular legend, carried in broad daylight by the Cynic philosopher Diogenes of Sinope to aid in his fruitless search for an honest man.
  • Māui's Fishhook, used to catch the fish that would become New Zealand's North Island; the hook was also used to create the Hawaiian Islands. (Polynesian mythology)
  • Palladium, a wooden statue that fell from the sky. As long as it stayed in Troy, the city-state could not lose a war. (Greek mythology)
  • Reginnaglar, (Old Norse god nails) are nails used for religious purposes. (Norse mythology)
  • Sampo, a magical artifact of indeterminate type constructed by Ilmarinen that brought good fortune to its holder. (Finnish mythology)
  • Smoking Mirror, the mirror that the god Tezcatlipoca uses to see the whole cosmos. (Aztec mythology)
  • Winnowing Oar, an object that appears in Books XI and XXIII of Homer's Odyssey. (Greek mythology)
  • Pair Dadeni, a magical cauldron able to revive the dead. (Welsh mythology)
  • Nanteos Cup, a medieval wood mazer bowl, since the late 19th century it has been attributed with a supernatural ability to heal those who drink from it.
  • Óðrerir, refers either to one of the vessels that contain the mead of poetry (along with Boðn and Són) or to the mead itself. (Norse mythology)
  • Ankh, appears frequently in Egyptian tomb paintings and other art, often at the fingertips of a god or goddess. (Egyptian mythology)
  • Rati, the name of a drill or auger that was used by Odin during his quest to obtain the mead of poetry. (Norse mythology)
  • Benben, the mound that arose from the primordial waters, Nu, and on which the creator god Atum settled. (Egyptian mythology)
  • Loeðing and Drómi, the first and second fetter that was used to bound Fenrir which broke. (Norse mythology)
  • Svefnthorn (Sleep Thorn), it was used to put an adversary into a deep sleep from which he or she would not awaken for a long time. (Norse mythology)
  • Golden Fleece, sought by Jason and the Argonauts. (Greek mythology)
  • Excalibur's scabbard, was said to have powers of its own. Injuries from losses of blood, for example, would not kill the bearer. In some telling, wounds received by one wearing the scabbard did not bleed at all. (Arthurian legend)
  • Pot of Gold, Leprechaun store away all their coins in a hidden pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. (Irish mythology)
  • Fountain of Youth, is a spring that supposedly restores the youth of anyone who drinks or bathes in its waters.
  • Magic Lamp, an oil lamp that can be rubbed in order to summon a genie who grants wishes. (Arabic mythology)
  • Bag of Wind, Aeolus gave Odysseus a tightly closed leather bag full of the captured winds so he could sail easily home to Ithaca on the gentle West Wind. (Greek mythology)
  • Rota Fortunae (Wheel of Fortune), a concept in medieval and ancient philosophy referring to the capricious nature of Fate. The wheel belongs to the goddess Fortuna, who spins it at random, changing the positions of those on the wheel - some suffer great misfortune, others gain windfalls. (Greek mythology/Roman mythology)
  • Round Table, King Arthur's famed table, around which he and his Knights congregate. As its name suggests, it has no head, implying that everyone who sits there has equal status. (Arthurian legend)
  • Siege Perilous (The Perilous Seat), is a vacant seat at the Round Table reserved by Merlin for the knight who would one day be successful in the quest for the Holy Grail. (Arthurian legend)
  • Firebird's plumage, the feathers of a Firebird that glows brightly emitting red, orange, and yellow light, like a bonfire that is just past the turbulent flame. The feathers do not cease glowing if removed, and one feather can light a large room if not concealed. (Slavic mythology)
  • Libra (Weighing Scales), considered to depict the scales held by Astraea (identified as Virgo), the goddess of justice. (Roman mythology)
  • Ruyi, is a curved decorative object that serves as a ceremonial sceptre in Chinese Buddhism or a talisman symbolizing power and good fortune in Chinese folklore. (Chinese folklore)
  • World Mill (also heavenly mill and cosmic mill), a mytheme suggested as recurring in Indo-European and other mythologies. It involves the analogy of the cosmos or firmament and a rotating millstone.
  • Golden Throne, Hephaestus gained revenge against Hera for rejecting him by making her a magical golden throne which when she sat on it, did not allow her to stand up. (Greek mythology)
  • Kibisis, the ancient Greek word kibisis, said to describe the sack carried by the god Hermes and the sack in which the mythical hero Perseus carried the severed head of the monster Medusa. It has been typically translated as "wallet". (Greek mythology)
  • Ara, identified as the altar where the gods first made offerings and formed an alliance before defeating the Titans. (Greek mythology)
  • Akshay Tunir, an inexhaustible quiver of arrows. (Hindu mythology)
  • Brazen head (also brass head or bronze head), a legendary automaton that often appeared in literature, reputed to be able to answer any question. It was said to have been owned by medieval scholars who were believed to be wizards, or who were reputed to be able to answer any question. The device was always in the form of a man's head, and it could correctly answer any question asked of it. (Medieval legend)
  • Mímisbrunnr, a well associated with the being Mímir, located beneath the world tree Yggdrasil. The water of the well contains much wisdom, and that Odin's eye sacrifice to the well was in exchange for a drink from it. (Norse mythology)
  • Urðarbrunnr (also Well of Wyrd), a well that lies beneath the world tree Yggdrasil, and is associated with a trio of norns (Urðr, Verðandi, and Skuld). (Norse mythology)
  • Skatert-Samobranka (Magic Tablecloth), a magic tablecloth is spread on the ground, saying the magic words and food and drink aplenty will appear. When finished eating, rolling up all the dirty plates, cutlery, and crumbs into the tablecloth and they magically disappear. (Russian folklore)
  • Purple Gold Red Gourd, a powerful magic gourd that sucks anyone who speaks before it inside and melts them down into a bloody stew. (Chinese mythology)
  • Obelisk, a tall, four-sided, narrow tapering monument which ends in a pyramid-like shape or pyramidion at the top. The obelisk symbolized the sun god Ra, and during the brief religious reformation of Akhenaten was said to be a petrified ray of the Aten, the sundisk. It was also thought that the god existed within the structure. (Egyptian mythology)
  • Crater (Cup), identified with the cup of the god Apollo. (Greek mythology)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Carmen Campidoctoris o Poema latino del Campeador, Madrid, Sociedad Estatal España Nuevo Milenio, 2001
  2. ^ The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. 3 Ch. XXXIV Part 1. 
  3. ^ Garbáty, Thomas Jay (1962). The Fallible Sword: Inception of a Motif. The Journal of American Folklore. American Folklore Society. ISBN 1-898577-10-2
  4. ^ Cantar de mio Cid Edition of Alberto Montaner. Ed. Galaxia Gutenberg, 2007.
  5. ^ Cantar de mio Cid. Edition of Alberto Montaner. Ed. Galaxia Gutenberg, 2007.
  6. ^ Don Juan Manuel. El Conde Lucanor. Barcelona: Losada, 1997.
  7. ^ Florus. Epitomae, 1.33.
  8. ^ D'après l'épigraphie cambodgienne du X° siècle, les rois des "Kambuja" prétendaient descendre d'un ancêtre mythique éponyme, le sage ermite Kambu, et de la nymphe céleste Mera, dont le nom a pu être forgé d'après l'appellation ethnique "khmèr" (George Coedes). [1]; See also: Indianised States of Southeast Asia, 1968, p 66, George Coedes.
  9. ^ Sri Dharmaraja
  10. ^ Smith, Bardwell L. "Hinduism: New Essays in the History of Religions". 
  11. ^ Épica medieval española (Cantar de los Siete Infantes de Lara). Madrid, Cátedra, 1991