|Padma Multipurpose Bridge|
|Carries||Motor vehicles, Railway|
|Locale||Louhajong, Munshiganj to Shariatpur and Madaripur|
|Maintained by||Bangladesh Bridge Authority|
|Total length||6,150 m (20,180 ft)|
|Width||18.10 m (59.4 ft)|
|Constructed by||China Major Bridge Company Limited|
|Construction begin||12th December 2015|
|Construction end||expected in 2018|
The Padma Bridge is a multipurpose road-rail bridge across the Padma River to be constructed in Bangladesh. When completed it will be the largest bridge in Bangladesh and the first fixed river crossing for road traffic. It will connect Louhajong, Munshiganj to Shariatpur and Madaripur, linking the south-west of the country, to northern and eastern regions. The project covers three districts — Munshiganj (Mawa Point/North bank), Shariatpur and Madaripur (Janjira/South bank). The total area of land to be acquired and required for its components is 918 hectares. The requisition of land for the construction yard will be for six years on a rental basis. As per the new design, an additional 144.04 ha has been identified for acquisition, bringing the total to 1062.14 hectares. This additional land is required because project site lost significant land due to erosion, for transition structures and due to a change in railway alignment.
The two-level steel truss bridge will carry a four-lane highway on the upper level and a single track railway on a lower level. The project will include 6.15 km long and 18.10 m wide bridge, 15.1 km of approach roads, toll plazas and service areas.
Project cost is estimated to be US$3.00 billion. Funding for the project is provided by the Asian Development Bank (US$615 m), the World Bank ($1.5 billion), Japan International Cooperation Agency ($415 m), Islamic Development Bank ($140 m). The government also signed another $14.84 million agreement with the IDB for the implementation of the water-supply and sanitation project in cyclone-prone coastal areas, and Abu Dhabi Development Group ($30 m). Of the total amount, the government will provide Tk 50 million while the rest will come in the form of project aid.
The Bangladesh Bridge Authority (BBA) invited the pre-qualification tender for the project in April 2010. Construction of the bridge was expected to commence by early 2011 and be ready for major completion in 2013 (and complete all sections by late 2015). The proposed Padma Multipurpose Bridge Project will provide direct connectivity between the central and southwestern part of the country through a fixed link on the Padma River at Mawa-Janjira points. The bridge will contribute significantly towards facilitating the social, economic and industrial development of this relatively underdeveloped region with a population of over 30 million. The area of influence of the direct benefit of the project is about 44,000 km2 or 29% of the total area of Bangladesh. Therefore, the project is viewed as very important infrastructure towards improving the transportation network and regional economic development of the country. The bridge has provisions for rail, gas, electric line and fibre optic cable for future expansion. The project will be co-financed by the government of Bangladesh, the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Islamic Development Bank. The Bangladesh Bridge Authority is the executing agency of the project.
On 16 July, China Railway Engineering Corporation has proposed Government of Bangladesh with a better offer than World Bank to build the Padma bridge about no interest and 3 years work time feature.
After that Bangladesh Govt. contruct the bridge by own fund. On 17 June, 2014,An important progress has been made in construction of Padma Bridge. A construction firm, China Major Bridge Engineering Company Ltd has been selected to construct the long aspired bridge on the river Padma.The 6.15 km bridge, costing an estimated Tk 91.72 billion, will connect 21 southern districts with the capital.This mega project would be completed by the end of 2018. A work order for river management issued in August, 2014.
China proposed building the bridge on the build-own-transfer (BOT) basis by investing $2 billion or 70 percent of the project cost. Four companies - China Major Bridge Engineering Company, Daelim-L&T JV and Samsung C&T Corporation - purchased the tender papers. But only the Chinese company submitted their financial proposal on Apr 24 , 2014.
The state-owned company has constructed structures like the famous 36 km Hangzhou Bay Bridge, the longest sea-crossing bridge in the world.
Padma Bridge, when commissioned, will boost the GDP by as much as 1.2 percent.
Overview of Padma Multipurpose Bridge Project
Component of the Project : a) Main Bridge b) River Training Works(RTW) c) Janjira Approach Road & Selected Bridge End Facilities d) Mawa Approach Road & Selected Bridge End Facilities e) Service Area-2 f) Resettlement g) Environment h) Land Acquisition i) CSC(Main Bridge & RTW) j) CSC(Approach Roads & Service Area-2) k) Engineering Support & Safety Team(ESST)
Main Bridge (6.15 km long): Contractor : China Major Bridge Engineering Co. Ltd, China. Contract Period : 4 years+1year (defect liability period). Contract Cost : BDT: 12,133.39 crore. Date of work order : November 26, 2014. Date of Completion : . Physical Progress of Work : Mobilization of equipments & procurement of materials as well as preparatory works such as geotechnical investigation, survey, steel fabrication of test pile, dredging and Contractor’s accommodation, stack yard, casting yard etc. construction are going on.
River Training Works(14 km length): Contractor : Sinohydro Corporation Limited, China. Contract Period : 4 years+1year (defect liability period). Contract Cost : BDT: 8707.81 crore. Date of work order : December 31, 2014. Date of Completion : . Physical Progress of Work : Handed over land to Contractor, Mobilization of equipments & procurement of materials as well as Contractor’s accommodation, stack yard, casting yard etc. construction are going on.
Janjira Approach Road & Selected Bridge End Facilities (10.5 km length): Contractor : AML-HCM JV. Contract Period : 3 years+1year (defect liability period). Contract Cost : BDT: 1097.40 crore. Date of work order : October 08, 2013. Physical Progress of Work : 29.10%.
Mawa Approach Road & Selected Bridge End Facilities (1.5 km length): Contractor : AML-HCM JV. Contract Period : 2.5 years+1year (defect liability period). Contract Cost : BDT: 193.40 crore. Date of work order : January 27, 2014 Physical Progress of Work : 21.5%.
Service Area-2: Contractor : Abdul Monem Ltd. Contract Period : 2.5 years+1year (defect liability period). Contract Cost : BDT: 208.71 crore. Date of work order : January 12, 2014 Physical Progress of Work : 12%.
Resettlement: Total Additional Grant Paid to the PAP : BDT: 500.71 crore(upto 31/12/2014). Total no. of plots : 2698 No. of residential plots : 2618 No. of commercial plots : 80 977 plots have been handed over to the PAP out of approved 1045 plots(upto 31/12/2014).
Environment: Tree plantation has been started from 2012 and 55150 nos. of tree plantation has been completed up to-date.
Land Acquisition: Land has been acquired 1408.54 hectre.
CSC (Main Bridge & RTW): Consultant : Korea Expressway Corporation, South Korea & Associates. Contract Period : 4 years+1year (defect liability period). Contract Cost : BDT: 383.15 crore. Date of Signing Contract : November 03, 2014. Progress of Work : Deployment of manpower as well as supervision of works are going on.
CSC (Approach Road & Service Area): Consultant : Special Works Organization(SWO-West), Bangladesh Army in association with BRTC, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. Contract Period : 3 years+1year (defect liability period). Contract Cost : BDT: 133.49 crore. Date of Work Order : October 13, 2013. Progress of Work : 40%.
Engineering Support & Safety Team(ESST): ESST : Bangladesh Army. Contract Period : 4 years+1year (defect liability period). Contract Cost : BDT: 72.14 crore. Date of Work Order : October 13, 2013 Progress of Work : 40%
Current status of project
Around 25% construction work of the 6.15-kilometre-long two-tier Padma Multipurpose Bridge has been completed.The China Major Bridge Engineering Corporation (MBEC), which was appointed for the main bridge, will carry out the work. The soil testing and dredging works have been going on for the last four months for the river training.The bridge will have a total of 42 pillars. Each will have six piles beneath. Steel spans will be placed on the pillars. The bridge will have a total of 41 spans.
Work on the Padma Bridge is broadly divided into five parts -- the main bridge, river training, two link roads and infrastructure (service area) construction. China's Sinohydro Corporation was appointed for the river training works while Bangladesh's Abdul Monem Limited was given the contract for the two link roads and infrastructure construction.
From the beginning the Padma bridge negotiation has been involved to corruption and conspiracy. The World Bank stated that they found, "credible evidence corroborated by a variety of sources which points to a high-level corruption conspiracy among Bangladeshi government officials, SNC-Lavalin executives, and private individuals in connection with the Padma Multipurpose Bridge Project." For the corruption, the World Bank turned down to sanction the proposed loan for constructing the bridge. In this circumstances World Bank imposed some conditions to continue the loan talk with the government. According to one of these conditions Communications Minister Syed Abul Hossain resigned, as he was found involved with corruption.
- Jamuna Bridge, a similar completed bridge across the Jamuna River
- Ganges Barrage Project, another proposed mega-project to combat the water deficiency caused by the Farakka Barrage
- , Padma-multipurpose-bridge
- Sultana Munima (14 October 2014). "Korean co gets Padma bridge supervision work". the financial express. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- "Proposed Loans People's Republic of Bangladesh: Padma Multipurpose Bridge Project" (PDF). ADB Asian Development Bank. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- "World Bank to Finalize Padma Bridge Financing". The World Bank. 19 December 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- "ADB Approves Loan for Bangladesh Bridge Project". roadtraffic-technology.com. 30 November 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- "Funds for Padma Bridge Arranged". independent-bangladesh.com. 4 December 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- "World Bank Statement on Padma Bridge". World Bank. Retrieved 8 December 2015.