Psalm 14 is the 14th psalm from the Book of Psalms. Attributed to David, it is a prophetical reference to the destruction of the First Temple. With minor differences, it is nearly identical in content with Psalm 53. It or Psalm 53 are quoted in the Epistle to the Romans. Hermann Gunkel dates the psalm to the exile period.
Many authors have commented on the psalms. Including:
- Hilary of Poitiers
- Augustine of Hippo
- Thomas Aquinas
- John Calvin Comment psalms of John Calvin, 1557
- The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doeth good.
- The Lord looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek God.
- They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
- Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people as they eat bread, and call not upon the Lord.
- There were they in great fear: for God is in the generation of the righteous.
- Ye have shamed the counsel of the poor, because the Lord is his refuge.
- Oh that the salvation of Israel were come out of Zion! when the Lord bringeth back the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel shall be glad. King James Version.
David is telling the audience that it is foolish to not believe in God. The opening statement says, "The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God." In the bible when something or someone is referenced to being, "foolish," this means that this person is "someone who disregards God's word." He refers to them as corrupt and does work that is hateful when it says "abominable." David is making it clear that without God, man cannot do any good because we have a sinful nature. One who does not believe in God, is susceptible to hatefulness and corrupt behavior.
David begins to reference the return of Christ to retrieve his people. When he discusses the salvation of Israel and bringing them out of captivity. He is saying that the Lord will bring the ones who call on his name and are his believers to safety. Safety, away from the dominion of sin in the earth.
- The Artscroll Tehillim page 18
- Bennett, Robert A. “Wisdom Motifs in Psalm 14 = 53: Nābāl and 'Ēṣāh.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, no. 220, 1975, pp. 15–21.
- Romans 3:10-12
- Hermann Gunkel, Die Psalmen (61986), p233.
- Comments on the Psalms of Hilary of Poitiers, fourth century , Paris, Editions du Cerf , 2008, collection Christian sources No. 515
- Discourse on the Psalms, of St. Augustine, the fourth century , 2 vols., Collection "Christian Wisdom", Editions du Cerf
- Commentary on the Psalms (up Psalm 54) St. Thomas Aquinas, 1273, Editions du Cerf, 1996
- Jewish commentary on the Psalms, Emmanuel, (Editions Payot, 1963.)
- "Bible Gateway passage: Psalm 14 - King James Version". Bible Gateway.
- "Psalms 14 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete)". Bible Study Tools.
- "Topical Bible: Abominable". biblehub.com.
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