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Taqdir (Arabic: تقدير‎‎), literally to measure, refers to the doctrine of fate or predestination, qadar (Arabic: قدر‎‎), one of the aspects of aqeeda. The words are used throughout the collections of Hadith to mean predestination. Though qadr and taqdir both refer to predestination, they are of differing grammatical orders and thus not considered interchangeable.

The concept of taqdir is that of the absolute decree of the Divine. It is an integral part of Islamic belief. Muslims typically believe that everything that has happened and everything that will come to pass in the future is the result of the will of God.

The name of the 97th surah of the Qur'an is known as Surat al-Qadr. This surah refers the day of Ramadan known as Laylat al-Qadr (Arabic: لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ‎‎).

References in the Qur'an[edit]

Verily, all things have We created in proportion and measure.
surah 54:49
Glorify the name of thy Guardian-Lord Most High,
Who hath created, and further, given order and proportion;
surah 87:1-2

Taqdir is also mentioned in the following verses: 8:17, 9:51, 8:30, 14:4, 18:101

See also[edit]


Wehr, Hans; J M.Cowan (1994). Arabic-English Dictionary. Urbana, IL: Spoken Language Services Inc. ISBN 0-87950-003-4. 

Hughes, Thomas Patrick (1994). Dictionary of Islam. Chicago, IL: Kazi Publications Inc. USA. ISBN 0-935782-70-2. 

Bosworth, C.E.; E. van Donzel; W.P. Heinrichs; G. le Comte, eds. (1997). Encyclopedia of Islam, the. Leiden Brill. ISBN 90-04-05745-5.