Urban Municipality of Novi Sad
|Urban Municipality of Novi Sad
Градска општина Нови Сад / Gradska opština Novi Sad
Urban Municipality of Novi Sad (Serbian: Градска општина Нови Сад / Gradska opština Novi Sad) is one of two urban municipalities which comprise the City of Novi Sad in Vojvodina, Serbia (the other urban municipality is Petrovaradin). The biggest population of the municipality in country with 307,760 residents by 2011 census results.
There are names in several languages that could be used for this municipality: Serbian: Градска општина Нови Сад / Gradska opština Novi Sad; Hungarian: Újvidék városi község; Slovak: Obec Novi Sad; Rusyn: Муніципалітет Нови Сад.
Since 2002, when the new statute of the City of Novi Sad came into effect, City of Novi Sad is divided into two city municipalities, Petrovaradin and Novi Sad. From 1989 until 2002, the name Municipality of Novi Sad meant the whole territory of the present-day City of Novi Sad.
Today, municipality doesn't have its own offices. City Municipalities of Novi Sad were established in 2002 because of the sole reason that Novi Sad can get the city status under then-standing law. Under the new Constitution of Serbia (from November 2006), city doesn't have to be divided into municipalities to get the city status. By the city statute from 2002, the City Municipalities of Novi Sad and Petrovaradin do not have any real authority on their territory, Novi Sad's city government runs the whole city.
City Municipality of Novi Sad is situated in the southern part of the Bačka region. Total area of City of Novi Sad is 699 km², so, the area of the city municipality comprise approximately 80% of that (approximately 500 km²). Municipality lies in one of the southern lowest parts of the Pannonian Plain. Alluvial plains along Danube are well formed, especially on the left bank, in some parts 10 km from the river. Large part of Novi Sad municipality lies on a river terrace with elevation of 80-83 m.
The City Municipality includes 11 settlements:
- Novi Sad proper (the Bačka side of the urban area of Novi Sad City)
Ethnic groups in the municipality
According to the 2011 census, the total population of the territory of present-day Novi Sad municipality was 307,760, of whom 241,789 (78.56%) were ethnic Serbs.
There is a Serb Orthodox Kovilj monastery in the municipality. It is situated near the village of Kovilj. The monastery was reconstructed in 1705-1707. According to the legend, the monastery was founded by the first Serb archbishop Saint Sava in the 13th century.