Urfa biber

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Urfa biber
Flaked Isot Chili.jpg
Flaked Urfa biber
SpeciesCapsicum annuum
OriginUrfa, Turkey
Heat Medium
Scoville scale7,500 SHU

Urfa biber (also known as isot pepper, /ɪˈst/) is a dried Turkish chili pepper of the type Capsicum annuum cultivated in the Urfa region of Turkey. It is often described as having a smoky, raisin-like taste.[1] Urfa biber is technically a red (chili) pepper, ripening to a dark maroon on the plant. The peppers go through a two-part process, where they are sun-dried during the day and wrapped tightly at night. The night process is called 'sweating', and works to infuse the dried flesh with the remaining moisture of the pepper.[2] The result is an appearance ranging from deep purple to a dark, purplish black. Urfa biber is less spicy than many other chili peppers, but provides a more lasting build of heat.

The pungency of the urfa biber is 7,500 SHU on the Scoville scale.[3]

It is traditionally used in Turkey in meat and savoury foods.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sannae, Mark. "Urfa Biber". Global Palate. Retrieved 20 January 2022.
  2. ^ "Crushed Urfa Chiles". Savory Spice. Retrieved 20 January 2022.
  3. ^ "Chiles, Urfa Biber". The Spice House. Retrieved 20 January 2022.
  4. ^ "Varietal Pepper Glossary T To Z". The Nibble. September 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2022.

External links[edit]