Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation
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|Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation/ Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai
|Term limits||5 Years|
|Mayor||Sunil Prabhu, Shiv Sena
Since Brihanmumbai Mahanagar Palika election, 2012
|Municipal Commisioner||Sitaram Kunte|
|यतो धर्मस्ततो जय
(Where there is Righteousness, there shall be Victory)
The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation' (BMC), also known as the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) or the Bruhanmumbai Mahanagar Palika, is the civic body that governs the city of Mumbai and is India's richest municipal organization. The BMC's annual budget is even more than that of some of the small states of India. Established under the Bombay Municipal Corporation Act 1888, it is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city and some suburbs of Mumbai. The BMC's motto, यतो धर्मस्ततो जय (Sanskrit: Yato Dharmastato Jaya or, Where there is Righteousness, there shall be Victory) is inscribed on the banner of its Coat of Arms. Built in the Indo Saracenic style of architecture, the BMC is the largest civic organization in the country.
The BMC is responsible for the following in Mumbai:
- Public health and Hospitals
- Street lighting
- Maintenance of parks and open spaces
- Sewage treatment and disposal
- Garbage disposal and street cleanliness
- Aiding in prevention of epidemic outbreaks through mass production of medicines at the Haffkine Institute
- Cemeteries and crematoria
- Registering of births and deaths
- Removal of encroachments
- Markets, shops, and establishments
Also, the BMC runs more than 1000 schools in Mumbai with a total enrolment of over 650,000 pupils. Their purpose is to provide primary education at low cost. The BMC offers media of study in the following languages:
The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation is headed by a Municipal commissioner, an IAS officer. The commissioner wields the executive power of the house. A quinquennial election is held to elect corporators to power. The corporators are responsible for overseeing that their constituencies have the basic civic infrastructure in place, and that there is no lacuna on the part of the authorities. The mayor (a largely ceremonial post with limited duties) heads the party with the largest vote.
As of June 2008, all administrative business in the BMC is conducted in Marathi.
|Mayor||Sunil Prabhu||March 9, 2012|
|Municipal Commissioner||Shri. Sitaram Kunte|
|Police Commissioner||Satyapal Singh||August 2012|
As of 2009, The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation's legislature, also known as the Corporation Council, is composed of 227 members.
The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation is responsible for most of Mumbai's territory. the BMC's realm extends from Colaba in the south to Mulund and Dahisar in the north. Some regions such as the Defence lands, Mumbai Port Trust lands, and the Borivali National Park area are out of the BMC's jurisdiction. The city is subdivided into alphabetical wards, from A to T. Each ward has own ward office which oversees its territory. The headquarters of the civic administration is in South Mumbai, opposite the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.
Business in Mumbai
The BMC permits organizations to run business after registering them under the Shops and Establishment Act. The certificate is issued by the administrative wing of the BMC.
Mumbai Development Plan 2014-2034
The Mumbai Development Plan 2014-2034 refers to the 20-year development plan for Mumbai city which is currently being prepared by the BMC. Every 20 years, the BMC prepares a development plan which decides how the available land in the city is to be used for public amenities like education, sanitation, and health, to name a few. The Mumbai Development Plan 2014-2034 is an exercise many citizens groups and planners consider critical, given the shortage of open spaces in Mumbai. The BMC has entrusted the task of preparing the Mumbai Development Plan 2014-2034 to Groupe SCE India Pvt Ltd., a consortium of Indian and French urban planning companies. Groupe SCE India Pvt Ltd. has been given the task to prepare comprehensive land use plans, thematic maps, track growth projections and at a later stage prepare the plan. There were objections raised by some quarters within the BMC over the decision to award the contract to Groupe SCE India Pvt Ltd. on the grounds that an outsider would be unable to understand the problems peculiar to Mumbai. The objections were finally overcome and the BMC went ahead with its decision to award the contract to Groupe SCE India Pvt Ltd. The official deadline of 2014 for the development plan is likely to be pushed due to certain early stage delays. At the present time, the BMC has published the existing land use plans for the city, but some citizens groups have raised questions regarding the veracity of some of these plans. Before the plan is approved and cleared for implementation, it is mandatory for the BMC to leave it open to the public for suggestions for a 60-day period. This is to ensure that there is adequate time for the people of the city to study it and raise objections in order to get suitable changes made to the plan.
- Municipal Corporation Building, Mumbai
- Coat of arms of Mumbai
- Administrative divisions of Mumbai
- Mayor of Mumbai
- Municipal Commissioner of Mumbai
- Sheriff of Mumbai
- Praja: Online Complaint Management System for BMC
- "BMC to open green channel for octroi". Financialexpress.com. 2007-09-03. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- "Gold & beautiful, News - Cover Story". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 2010-07-21.
- "BMC-Act-1888.pdf". Retrieved 2013-01-12.
- TNN, June 25, 2008, 04.28am IST (2008-06-25). "From today, BMC will do business only in Marathi". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- Vyas, Sharad (May 3, 2011). "Mumbai's next development plan may be ready by 2016". The Times of India.
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