1816 in Australia
- Governor of New South Wales – Lachlan Macquarie
- Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land – Major Thomas Davey
- 30 March – Francis Greenway is appointed as the government's Civil Architect.
- 1 June – Andrew Bent starts regular publication of the Hobart Town Gazette and Southern Reporter.
- 30 November – Export of horses to India for use by the Indian Army begins with an advertisement in the Sydney Gazette.
- 2 December – John Oxley allots the first land grants in the Illawarra district.
- 12 April – Charles Gavan Duffy
- 7 October – Edward Hargraves
- 15 October – John Robertson
- 23 December – Thomas Sutcliffe Mort